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Altered dietary salt for preventing pre-eclampsia, and its complications

  1. Lelia Duley1,*,
  2. David J Henderson-Smart2,
  3. Shireen Meher3

Editorial Group: Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Group

Published Online: 19 OCT 2005

Assessed as up-to-date: 23 JUN 2005

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005548


How to Cite

Duley L, Henderson-Smart DJ, Meher S. Altered dietary salt for preventing pre-eclampsia, and its complications. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2005, Issue 4. Art. No.: CD005548. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005548.

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Nottingham, Nottingham Clinical Trials Unit, Nottingham, UK

  2. 2

    Faculty of Medicine, University of Sydney, Central Clinical School, Sydney, NSW, Australia

  3. 3

    The University of Liverpool, Department of Women's and Children's Health, Liverpool, UK

*Lelia Duley, Nottingham Clinical Trials Unit, University of Nottingham, B39, Medical School, Queen's Medical Centre Campus, Nottingham, NG7 2UH, UK. lelia.duley@nottingham.ac.uk.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: Edited (no change to conclusions)
  2. Published Online: 19 OCT 2005

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References

References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Netherlands 1997 {published data only}
  • Delemarre FM, van Leest LA, Jongsma HW, Steegers EA. Effects of low-sodium diet on uteroplacental circulation. Journal of Maternal-Fetal Medicine 2000;9(4):197-200.
  • Delemarre FMC, Thomas CMG, van den Berg RJ, Jongsma HW, Steegers EAP. Urinary prostaglandin excretion in pregnancy: the effect of dietary sodium restriction. Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes, and Essential Fatty Acids 2000;63(4):209-15.
  • Steegers EAP, van Buul EJA. Chronic dietary sodium restriction in the prevention of hypertension during pregnancy: preliminary results of a Dutch multicentered trial. Proceedings of the 9th International Congress, International Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy; 1994 March 15-18; Sydney, Australia. 1994:54.
  • Steegers EAP, Van Lakwijk HPJM, Jongsma HW, Fast JH, De Boo T, Eskes TKAB, et al. (Patho)physiological implications of chronic dietary sodium restriction during pregnancy; a longitudinal prospective randomized study. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 1991;98:980-7.
  • van Buul BJA, Steegers EAP, Jongsma HW, Rijpkema AL, Eskes TKAB, Thomas CMG, et al. Dietary sodium restriction in the prophylaxis of hypertensive disorders of pregnancy: effects on the intake of other nutrients. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1995;62:49-57.
  • van Buul BJA, Steegers EAP, van der Maten GD, Delemarre FMC, Jongsma HW, Oosterbaan HP, et al. Dietary sodium restriction does not prevent gestational hypertension: a Dutch two-center randomized trial. Hypertension in Pregnancy 1997;16:335-46.
  • van Buul E, Rijpkema A, Steegers E, Jongsma T, Eskes P. Chronic dietary sodium restriction in pregnancy reduces calcium intake. Journal of Perinatal Medicine 1992;20(Suppl 1):216.
  • van Buul EJA, Steegers EAP, Jongsma HW, Thomas CMG, Hein PR. Chronic dietary sodium restriction in pregnancy: effects on urinary prostaglandin excretion. Proceedings of 2nd European Congress on Prostaglandins in Reproduction; 1991; The Hague, The Netherlands. 1991:186.
  • Van der Maten GD. Low sodium diet in pregnancy: effects on maternal nutritional status. European Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology and Reproductive Biology 1995;61:63-4.
  • van der Maten GD, van der Hammen RM, Visman L, Oosterban HP, De Boer R, van der Heijden LJM, et al. Effect of sodium restricted diet during pregnancy on maternal blood pressure and zinc status. Journal of Perinatal Medicine 1992;20(Suppl 1):49.
  • van der Maten GD, van Raaij JM, Visman L, van der Heijden LJ, Oosterbaan HP, de Boer R, et al. Low-sodium diet in pregnancy: effects on blood pressure and maternal nutritional status. British Journal of Nutrition 1997;77(5):703-20.
  • van der Post JA, van Buul BJ, Hart AA, van Heerikhuize JJ, Pesman G, Legros JJ, et al. Vasopressin and oxytocin levels during normal pregnancy: effects of chronic dietary sodium restriction. Journal of Endocrinology 1997;152:345-54.
Netherlands 1998 {published data only}

References to studies excluded from this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Australia 1986a {published data only}
Australia 1986b {published data only}
  • Brown MA, Sinosich MJ, Saunders DM, Gallery EDM. Potassium regulation and progesterone-aldosterone interrelationships in human pregnancy: a prospective study. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 1986;155:349-53.
Belgium 1986 {published and unpublished data}
  • Loquet P, Rutsaert R, Buytaert P, De Broe ME. The influence of salt intake on some parameters that may be involved in the pathogenesis of pre-eclampsia. 5th International Congress for the International Society for the Study of Hypertension in Pregnancy; 1986 July 7-10; Nottingham, England. 1986:50.
UK 1958 {published data only}
UK 1961 {published data only}
  • Bower D. The influence of dietary salt intake on pre-eclampsia. Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology of the British Commonwealth 1961;63:123-6.
USA 1961 {published data only}

References to studies awaiting assessment

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Brown 1985 {published data only}
  • Brown MA, Nicholson E, Prendergast JS, Ross MR, Gallery EDM. Control of the renin-aldosterone system in primigravid human pregnancy [abstract]. Kidney International 1985;28:861.

Additional references

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Alderson 2004
  • Alderson P, Green S, Higgins JPT, editors. Cochrane Reviewers' Handbook 4.2.2 [updated March 2004]. In: The Cochrane Library, Issue 2, 2004. Oxford: Update Software. Updated quarterly.
DH 2002
  • Department of Health, Scottish Executive Health Department and Department of Health, Social Services, Public Safety. Northern Ireland. Why Mothers Die. The sixth report on confidential enquiries into maternal deaths in the United Kingdom 2000-2002. London: RCOG Press, 2002.
Generic Protocol 2005
  • Meher S, Duley L, on behalf of the Prevention of Pre-eclampsia Cochrane Review authors. Interventions for prevention of pre-eclampsia and its consequences: generic protocol. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2005, Issue 2.
Green 1989
  • Green J. Diet and the prevention of pre-eclampsia. In: Chalmers I, Enkin MW, Keirse MJNC editor(s). Effective care in pregnancy and childbirth. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1989:281-300.
NHBPEP 2000
  • Gifford RW Jr, August PA, Cunningham G, Green LA, Lindhemier MD, McNellis D, et al. Report of the national high blood pressure education program working group on high blood pressure in pregnancy. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2000;183(Suppl):1-22.
RevMan 2003
  • The Cochrane Collaboration. Review Manager (RevMan). 4.2 for Windows. Oxford, England: The Cochrane Collaboration, 2003.
WHO 1988
  • World Health Organization International Collaborative Study of Hypertensive Disorders in Pregnancy. Geographic variation in the incidence of hypertension in pregnancy. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 1988;158:80-3.

References to other published versions of this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Duley 1995
  • Duley L. Low vs high salt intake in pregnancy. Keirse MJNC, Renfrew MJ, Neilson JP, Crowther C (eds.) Pregnancy and Childbirth Module. In: The Cochrane Pregnancy and Childbirth Database. Oxford: Update Software, 1995, issue 2.
Duley 1999
  • Duley L, Henderson-Smart D. Reduced salt intake compared to normal dietary salt, or high intake, in pregnancy. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 1999, Issue 3.