Intervention Review

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Psychosocial interventions for prevention of psychological disorders in law enforcement officers

  1. Valentina Peñalba1,*,
  2. Hugh McGuire2,
  3. Jose R Leite3

Editorial Group: Cochrane Depression, Anxiety and Neurosis Group

Published Online: 16 JUL 2008

Assessed as up-to-date: 11 MAY 2008

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005601.pub2


How to Cite

Peñalba V, McGuire H, Leite JR. Psychosocial interventions for prevention of psychological disorders in law enforcement officers. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2008, Issue 3. Art. No.: CD005601. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD005601.pub2.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Psicobiologia, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

  2. 2

    National Coordinating Centre for Women and Child Health, London, UK

  3. 3

    Escola Paulista de Medicina, Psicobiologia, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

*Valentina Peñalba, Psicobiologia, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Rua Napoleao de Barros 925 1st floor, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil. vpenalba@gmail.com . vpenalba@hotmail.com.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: Edited (no change to conclusions)
  2. Published Online: 16 JUL 2008

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References

References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
Aremu 2006 {published data only}
  • Aremu OA. The effect of two psychological intervention programmes on the improvement of interpersonal relationships of police officers in Osogbo, Nigeria. Criminal Justice Studies 2006;19(2):139-52.
Backman 1997 {published data only}
Doctor 1994 {published data only}
McNulty 1984 {published data only}
  • McNulty S, Jefferys D, Singer G, Singer L. Use of Hormone analysis in the assessment of the efficacy of stress management training in police recruits. Journal of Police Science and Administration 1984;12(2):130-2.
Norvell 1993 {published data only}
O'Neill 1982 {published data only}
  • O'Neill MW, Hanewicz BW, Fransway ML, Cassidy-Riske C. Stress inoculation training and job performance. Journal of Police Science and Administration 1982;10(4):388-97.
Sarason 1979 {published data only}
Shipley 2002 {published data only}
  • Shipley P, Baranski JV. Police officer performance under stress: A pilot study on the effects of visuo-motor behaviour rehearsal. International Journal of Stress Management 2002;9:71-80.
Short 1984 {published data only}
Wilson 2001 {published data only}
  • Wilson SA, Tinker RH, Becker LA, Logan CR. Stress management with law enforcement personnel: a controlled outcome study of EMDR versus a traditional stress management program. International Journal of Stress Management 2001;8(3):179-200.

References to studies excluded from this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
Arokoski 2002 {published data only}
  • Arokoski JPA, Juntunen M, Luikku J. Use of the health care services, work absenteeism, leisure-time physical activity, musculoskeletal symptoms and physical performance after vocationally oriented medical rehabilitation-description of the courses and a one-hand-a-half-year follow-up study with farmers, loggers, police officers and hairdressers. International Journal of Rehabilitation Research 2002;25:119-31.
Bar 2004 {published data only}
  • Bar O, Pakle C, Dahm P, Weiss U, Heuft G. Secondary prevention for police officers involved in job-related psychologically stressful or traumatic situations [Sekundarpravention bei shwerer belastung und traumatisierung durch beruflich bedingte exposition im polizeidienst]. Zeitschrift fur psychosomatishe medizin und psychotherapie 2004;50:190-2.
Carlier 1998 {published data only}
Carlier 2000 {published data only}
Danish 1970 {published data only}
Gersons 2000 {published data only}
Godschalx 1984 {published data only}
Harrel 1993 {published data only}
  • Harrel JS, Griggs TR, Roskin EW, Meibohm AR. Impact of 12-week aerobic exercise and weight program for Law Enforcement Trainees. American Journal of Health Promotion 1993;7(6):410-20.
McMurray 1998 {published data only}
  • McMurray RG, Ainsworth BE, Harrel JS, Griggs TR, Williams OD. Is physical activity or aerobic power more influential on reducing cardiovascular disease risk factors. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 1998;30(10):1521-9.
Meadows 1985 {published data only}
  • Meadows RJ. Police training strategies and the role perceptions of police recruits. Journal of Police Science and Administration 1985;13(3):195-200.
Norris 1990 {published data only}
  • Norris R, Carrol D, Cochrane R. The effects of aerobic and anaerobic training on fitness, blood pressure, and psychological stress and well-being. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 1990;34(4):367-75.
Pinfold 2003 {published data only}
  • Pinfold V, Huxley P, Thornicroft G, Farmer P, Toulmin H, Graham T. Reducing psychiatric stigma and discrimination.Evaluating an educational intervention with the police force in England. Society Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 2003;38:337-44.
Richmond 1999b {published data only}
  • Richmond RL, Kehoe L, Hailstone S, Wodak A, Uebel-Yan M. Quantitative and qualitative evaluations of brief interventions to change excessive drinking, smoking and stress in the police force. Addiction 1999;94(10):1509-21.
Schmit 1996 {published data only}
  • Schmit MJ, Stanard SJ. The utility of personality inventories in the employee assistance process:a study of EAP referred police officers. Employee Assistance Quarterly 1996;11(4):21-42.
Tolin1999 {published data only}
Wallace 1977 {published data only}
  • Walllace MA, Screiber BF. Crisis intervention training for police officers: a practical program for local police departments. Journa of Psychoatric Nursing and Mental Health Services 1977;15(2):25-9.

References to studies awaiting assessment

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
Greene 1985 {published data only}
  • Greene DJ. The enhancement of the performance and judgement of SWAT officers involved in stress-shooting. Dissertation Abstracts International 1985; Vol. 45, issue 10-B:3320.
Ranta 2008 {published data only}
  • Ranta RS, Sud A. Management of stress and burnout of police personnel. Journal of the Indian Academy of Applied Psychology 2008;34(1):29-39.

Additional references

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
Albucher 2002
Alderson 2004
  • Alderson P, Green S, Higgins JPT, editors. Cochrane Reviewers’ Handbook 4.2.2 [updated March 2004]. Chichester,UK: John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., 2004.
Alexander 1993
  • Alexander DA, Walker LG, Innes G, Irving BL. Police stress at work. London: Police Foundation, 1993.
Altman 1996
Berg 2005
Brown 1994
  • Brown JM, Campbell EA. Stress and policing: Sources and strategies. Chichester: Wiley, 1994.
Burke 2000
  • Burke RJ. Stress in police. Encyclopedia of Stress. Vol. 3, George Fink, 2000:175-8.
Chambless 2001
Chen 2006
  • Chen HC, Chou FH, Chen MC, Su SF, Wang SY, Feng WW, et al. A survey of quality of life and depression for police officers in Kaohsiung, Taiwan. Quality of Life Research 2006;15(5):925-32.
Collins 2003
  • Collins PA, Gibbs AC. Stress in police officers: a study of the origins, prevalence and severity of stress-related symptoms within a county police force. Occupational Medicine 2003;53(4):256-64.
Crews 1987
  • Crews DJ, Landers DM. A meta-analytic review of aerobic fitness and reactivity to psychosocial stressors. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 1987;19(5 Suppl):S114-20.
Davey 2000
  • Davey JD, Obst PL, Sheehan MC. Developing a profile of alcohol consumption patterns of police officers in a large scale sample of an Australian police service. European Addiction Research 2000;6(4):205-12.
DH 2001
  • Departament of Health. Treatment Choice in Pychological Therapies and Counselling. Evidence Based Clinical Practise Guideline.. London: Departament of Health, 2001.
Evans 1993
FBI 2002
  • FBI. Uniform crime reports - law enforcement officers killed and assaulted (LEOKA). http://www.fbi.gov/ucr/ucr.htm#leoka (accessed 10 October 2004).
Fox 1999
  • Fox KR. The influence of physical activity on mental well-being.. Public Health Nutrition 1999;2(3A):411-8.
Hart 2002
  • Hart PM, Cotton P. Conventional wisdom is often misleading: police stress within an organizational health framework. In: MF Dollard, AH Winefield, HRWinefield editor(s). Occupational stress in the service professions. London: Taylor & Francis, 2002.
He 2002
  • He N, Zhao J, Archbold Carol A. Gender and police stress: the convergent and divergent impact of work environment, work-family conflict, and stress coping mechanisms of female and male police officers. Policing: An International Journal of Police Strategies and Management 2002;25(4):687-708.
Hem 2001
Hem 2004
Higgins 2003
HMIC 1997
  • HM Inspectorate of Constabulary (HMIC). Lost Time: An HMIC thematic inspection report on the management of sickness absence and medical retirement in the police service. www.homeoffice.gov.uk/hmic/pubs.htm#2004 (accessed 10 June 2005).
Hunot 2007
Karlsson 2003
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Kelly 1998
  • Kelly S, Bunting J. Trends in suicide in England and Wales, 1982-96. Population Trends 1998;92:29-41.
Kirkaldy 1995
Kroes 1974
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Kroes 1974b
Larun 2006
Loo 2003
Loo 2004
Maia 2007
  • Maia DB, Marmar CR, Metzler T, Nobrega A, Berger W, Mendlowicz MV, et al. Post-traumatic stress symptoms in an elite unit of Brazilian police officers: prevalence and impact on psychosocial functioning and on physical and mental health. Journal of Affective Disorders 2007;97(1-3):241-5.
Marine 2006
Marzuk 2002
Neylan 2002
Paluska 2000
Richmond 1999
  • Richmond RL, Kehoe L, Hailstone S, Wodak A, Uebel-Yan M. Quantitative and qualitative evaluations of brief interventions to change excessive drinking, smoking and stress in the police force. Addiction 1999;94(10):1509-21.
Saathoff 1990
Stansfeld 2003
  • Stansfeld SA, Head J, Rasul F, Singleton N, Lee A. Occupation and Mental Health: Secondary Analysis of the ONS Psychiatric Morbidity Survey of Great Britain. www.hse.gov.uk/research/rrpdf/rr168.pdf (accessed 30 October 2006).
Stearns 1990
  • Stearns GM, Moore RJ. Job burnout in the Royal Canadian Mounted Police: Preliminary findings from a Sasketchewan sample. Journal of Police Science and Administration 1990;17(3):183-93.
Unnebrink 2001
Violanti 1985
  • Violanti JM, Marshall JR, Howe B. Stress coping and alcohol use: the police connection. Journal of Police Science and Administration 1985;31(2):106-10.