Personal assistance for children and adolescents (0-18) with physical impairments
Editorial Group: Cochrane Developmental, Psychosocial and Learning Problems Group
Published Online: 16 JUL 2008
Assessed as up-to-date: 28 JUN 2005
Copyright © 2008 The Cochrane Collaboration. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
How to Cite
Mayo-Wilson E, Montgomery P, Dennis JA. Personal assistance for children and adolescents (0-18) with physical impairments. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2008, Issue 3. Art. No.: CD006277. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD006277.pub2.
- Publication Status: New
- Published Online: 16 JUL 2008
There is a high and increasing prevalence of impairments among children and adolescents in the West. Many countries offer personal assistance in the form of individualised support for people living in the community by a paid assistant other than a healthcare professional for at least 20 hours per week.
To assess the effectiveness of personal assistance for children and adolescents with physical impairments, and the impacts of personal assistance on others, compared to other interventions.
Electronic databases including CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, ERIC, Dissertation Abstracts International and a variety of specialist Swedish databases were searched from 1980 to June 2005; reference lists were checked; 345 experts, organisations, government bodies and charities were contacted in an attempt to locate relevant research.
Children and adolescents with physical impairments (0-18 years) living in the community who require assistance to perform tasks of daily living (e.g., bathing and eating) and participate in normal activities due to permanent impairments. Controlled studies of personal assistance in which participants were prospectively assigned to study groups and in which control group outcomes were measured concurrently with intervention group outcomes were included.
Data collection and analysis
Titles and abstracts were examined by two reviewers. 130 full papers were examined. None met the inclusion criteria.
No eligible studies were found.
Research in this field is limited. When implementing new programmes, recipients could be randomly assigned to different forms of assistance. While advocates may support personal assistance for myriad reasons, this review demonstrates that further studies are required to determine which models of personal assistance are most effective and efficient for particular people.
Plain language summary
Studies urgently needed to assess effects of Personal Assistance for children and teens with physical impairments
Personal assistance is here defined as paid support of at least 20 hours per week for people with impairments. This review investigated the effectiveness of personal assistance versus any other form of care for children and adolescents with physical impairments. A literature search identified no studies that met the inclusion criteria. This review is part of a series of reviews; evidence from related reviews about different populations might be informative to researchers and practitioners.
對於有肢體障礙的兒童和青少年(0 – 18歲)之個人協助
我們搜尋了從1980年到2005年6月的電子資料庫，包括Central，MEDLINE，EMBASE，CINAHL，PsycINFO，ERIC, Dissertation Abstracts International，以及多種專業瑞典資料庫；也檢查了參考文獻目錄，並且聯絡了345個專家、組織、政府機構和慈善機構，嘗試去確定相關研究的地點。
居住在社區的有肢體障礙的兒童和青少年(0 – 18歲)，因永久性的損害而需要協助來執行日常生活的事務(如洗澡、吃飯)，和參與正常活動。收納的試驗為關於個人協助的對照試驗，其中受試者以前瞻性方式，被分配到不同的研究組別中，並且同時測量介入組和對照組的結果預後。
此翻譯計畫由臺灣國家衛生研究院 (National Health Research Institutes, Taiwan) 統籌。