Intervention Review

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Chinese herbal medicine Huangqi type formulations for nephrotic syndrome

  1. Mei Feng1,2,
  2. Wei Yuan3,
  3. Renzhong Zhang1,
  4. Ping Fu1,
  5. Taixiang Wu4,*

Editorial Group: Cochrane Renal Group

Published Online: 5 JUN 2013

Assessed as up-to-date: 30 APR 2011

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD006335.pub3


How to Cite

Feng M, Yuan W, Zhang R, Fu P, Wu T. Chinese herbal medicine Huangqi type formulations for nephrotic syndrome. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 6. Art. No.: CD006335. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD006335.pub3.

Author Information

  1. 1

    West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Department of Nephrology, Chengdu, Sichuan, China

  2. 2

    Sichuan Cancer Hospital, Radiation Oncology, Chengdu, China

  3. 3

    Tianjin First Center Hospital, Tianjin, China

  4. 4

    West China Hospital, Sichuan University, Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, Chinese Ethics Committee of Registering Clinical Trials, Chengdu, Sichuan, China

*Taixiang Wu, Chinese Clinical Trial Registry, Chinese Ethics Committee of Registering Clinical Trials, West China Hospital, Sichuan University, No. 37, Guo Xue Xiang, Chengdu, Sichuan, 610041, China. txwutx@hotmail.com.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New search for studies and content updated (conclusions changed)
  2. Published Online: 5 JUN 2013

SEARCH

References

References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Ai 2008 {published data only}
  • Ai S, Zhen J. The clinical research on nuclear factor-kappa B, TXBA2, 6-keto-PGF1a in children with frequent relapse nephrotic syndrome by treatment of decoction Shenkangling by tonifying the kidney and promoting blood circulation. Master Thesis of Fu Jian College of Traditional Chinese Medicine 2008:1-33.
Chang 2002a {published data only}
  • Chang ZJ. Effect of Huangqi and Danggui on the function of endothelial cell of nephrotic syndrome patients. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Zqzhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine] 2002;2(6):648-9.
Hu 2002 {published data only}
  • Hu GC, Tang SY, Zhang XJ. Clinical observation on Huangqi injection for primary nephrotic syndrome. Chengde Yixueyuan Xuebao [Chengde Medical College] 2002;19(1):21-2.
Lin 2008 {published data only}
  • Lin FJ, Huang JC, Cui MX. The effect of Huangqi injection on the blood biochemistry and immunoglobulin of children nephrotic syndrome. Zhongguo Zhongziyi Jiehe Shenbing Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Nephrology] 2008;9(1):72-3.
Luo 2008 {published data only}
  • Luo J, Shu HQ, Yi XY, Zhen S. Clinical observation of refractory nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Sichuan Zhongyi [Journal of Sichuan of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2008;26(9):82-3.
Wang 2006a {published data only}
  • Wang Y. Study on the effect of Huangqi injection for children with nephrotic syndrome. Shiyong Yixue Zazhi [Journal of Practical Medicine] 2006;22(11):1328-9.
Yuan 2004 {published data only}
  • Yuang HZ, Xie F, Zhang CT. The effect of Huangqi and red Chinese date in the process of corticosterone reduction in refractory primary nephrotic syndrome with mesangial proliferative glomerulonephritis. Zhongguo Jiehe Yixue Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Medicine] 2004;5(7):413-4.
Zhou 2010 {published data only}
  • Zhou JJ, Kang GG, Zhang Q, Chen HQ, Kang YQ. The effect of Huangqi granules on the serum and urine IFN-γ, IL-13,TGF-β1 in the primary nephrotic syndrome patients. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Shenbing Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Nephrology] 2010;11(3):242-3.
Zou 1997 {published data only}
  • Zou HQ, Wang YQ. Mechanism that Chinese traditional medicine reduces relapses of idiopathic nephrotic syndrome (INS) in children [abstract]. Nephrology 1997:S124.

References to studies excluded from this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Bai 2004 {published data only}
  • Bai YW. Curative observation of the treatment of primary nephrotic syndrome with Huangqi injection. Anhui Yixue [Anhui Medical Journal] 2004;25(4):299-300.
Bai 2010 {published data only}
  • Bai J, Zhu HH, Zeng XR, Wu J. The 56 cases of nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Shanxi Zhongyi [Shanxi Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2010;33(5):51-2.
Bie 2006 {published data only}
  • Bie FY, Lu BS. 30 case observation on the treatment of primary nephrotic syndrome with lisinopril, astragalus and angelica. Shiyong Zhenduan yu Zhiliao [Journal of Practical Diagnosis and Therapy] 2006;20(10):752-3.
Cao 2009 {published data only}
  • Cao XM, An WF. Clinical observation of 56 cases primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Shandong Yiyao [Shandong Medical Journal] 2010;50(16):103.
Chang 2002b {published data only}
  • Chang ZJ. Effect of Huangqi and Danggui on blood fat and apolipoprotein in nephrotic syndrome. Zhonghua Xiandai Linchuang Yixue Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Current Clinical Medicine] 2002;3(9):66-7.
  • Chang ZJ, Huang X. Effect of Huangqi and Danggui on NO in nephrotic syndrome patients. Zhonghua Xiandai Linchuang Yixue Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Current Clinical Medicine] 2002;3(3):76-7.
Chen 1998 {published data only}
  • Chen WQ, Xue CX. Curative observation of hormone, Huangqi and Fufangdanshen for primary nephrotic syndrome. Xibei Guofang Yixue Zazhi [Medical Journal of National Defending Forces in Northwest China] 1998;19(4):276-7.
Chen 1999 {published data only}
  • Chen Y, Liu ZQ, Ding YH. Clinical observation on the treatment of the recrudescent hormone sensitive nephrotic syndrome with Huangqi. Linchuang Huicui [Clinical Focus] 1999;14(5):274-5.
Chen 2001a {published data only}
  • Chen SB, Yu J. Curative observation of the treatment of primary nephrotic syndrome with Longshoudan above other drugs. Shizhen Guoyi Guoyao [Lishizhen Medicine and Materia Medica Research] 2001;12(9):815.
Chen 2001b {published data only}
  • Chen K, Wang WP, Liu H. Triple therapy for primary nephrotic syndrome 35 case. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Shenbing Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Nephrology] 2001;2(11):668-9.
Chen 2001c {published data only}
  • Chen WD, Jia P, Zhang Y. Curative effect observation of the treatment of primary nephrotic syndrome with Huangqi. Bengbu Yixueyuan Xuebao [Journal of Bengbu Medical College] 2001;26(3):202-4.
Chen 2002 {published data only}
  • Chen LP, Zhou QL, Yang TG, Liu ZC, Wang JW. Clinical observation on united use Huangqi therapy on elderly primary nephrotic syndrome. Zhongguo Yixue Gongcheng [China Medical Engineering] 2002;10(6):295-6.
Chen 2003 {published data only}
  • Chen JH, Huang RG, Liu GJ, Li YT, Lin WH. Clinical observation of the treatment of nephrotic syndrome with Huangqi injection and molecular. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Shenbing Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Nephrology] 2003;4(8):484-5.
Chen 2004 {published data only}
  • Chen LP, Zhou Ql, Yang JH, Ou YC. Protective effects of Huangqi injection on tubular in patients with primary nephrotic syndrome. Zhong Nan Da Xue Xue Bao Yi Xue Ban [Journal of Central South University (Medical Sciences)] 2004;9(2):152-3.
Chen 2005 {published data only}
  • Chen ML, Huang XD. Effective observation of the treatment of primary nephrotic syndrome with Huangqi injection above other drugs. Fujian Yiyao Zazhi [Fujian Medical Journal] 2005;27(3):125-6.
Chen 2006a {published data only}
  • Chen TY. 52 case curative observation of the treatment of primary nephrotic syndrome with integrated traditional and western medicine. Linchuang Neike Zazhi [Journal of Clinical Internal Medicine] 2006;15(8):840-1.
Chen 2006b {published data only}
  • Chen ZX. The observational study of 36 cases of nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Gansu Zhongyi [Gansu Journal of Tradition Chinese Medicine] 2006;19(11):30.
Chen 2006c {published data only}
  • Chen ZX. The clinical observation of 80 cases of nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Heilongjiang Zhongyiyao [Heilongjiang Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2006, (6):19-20.
Chen 2007 {published data only}
  • Chen H. The 34 cases of nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Shiyong Zhongyiyao Zazhi [Journal of Practical Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2007;23(3):169.
Chen 2008a {published data only}
  • Chen XF. The study advance of the refractory nephrotic syndrome treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Shenbing Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Nephrology] 2008;9(10):938-40.
Chen 2008b {published data only}
  • Chen J, Chen SQ. Clinical observation of preventing infection in nephrotic syndrome children treated with Huangqi granules. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Zqzhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine] 2008;28(5):467-9.
Chen 2009a {published data only}
  • Chen YS, Zhang LQ, Huang JH. The 50 cases of nephrotic syndrome patients treated with traditional Chinese medicine and aftercare treatment. Zhongyi Zazhi [Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2009;50:198-9.
Chen 2009b {published data only}
  • Chen XP, Liu AH. The clinical observation of 32 cases of hormone dependent refractory nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongyiyao Daobao [Guiding Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2009;15(8):22-3.
Chen 2010a {published data only}
  • Chen ZQ, Kang JH, Liang JQ. Effect observation of traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine on the treatment of nephrotic syndrome. Yiyao Dao Bao [Herald of Medicine] 2010;7(18):57-8.
Chen 2010b {published data only}
  • Chen XF. The study of 70 cases refractory nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongyi Zazhi [Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2010;51(6):533-4.
Chen 2010c {published data only}
  • Chen XF. The clinical observation of 30 cases of adults with frequently relapsing nephrotic syndrome patients treated with traditional Chinese medicine and double shock therapy. Xinzhongyi [Journal of New Chinese Medicine] 2010;42(3):33-4.
Chen 2010d {published data only}
  • Chen F, Li YY, Huang YJ, Yuan FH. Clinical observation of combined treatment with traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine for refractory nephrotic syndrome. Xiandai Zhongxiyijiehe Zazhi [Modern Journal of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine] 2010;19(19):2343-4.
Chen 2011 {published data only}
  • Chen GQ, Zhao AJ, Shen SL, Wang G. The clinical observation of 48 cases primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Sichuan Zhongyi [Journal of Sichuan of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2011;29(1):85-6.
Cheng 2004 {published data only}
  • Cheng M. Integrated traditional and western medicine for primary nephrotic syndrome 40 case. Xiandai Zhongyiyao [Modern Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2004;25(12):1081-2.
Dai 2006 {published data only}
  • Dai QF. Clinical observation on the treatment of children nephrotic syndrome with integrated traditional and western medicine. Shiyong Zhongyiyao Zazhi [Journal of Practical Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2006;22(7):431.
Deng 2003 {published data only}
  • Deng Y, Yu L, Wong ZY, Huang YH, Zhang YX, Zhuo MY. The effect of Huangqi injection on urine protein and plasma protein in children with nephrotic syndrome. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Shenbing Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Nephrology] 2003;4(10):578-9.
Deng 2008 {published data only}
  • Deng ZH. Clinical observation of 48 cases primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongyiyao Daobao [Guiding Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2008;14(2):30-1.
Ding 2008 {published data only}
  • Ding SY, Xiao GX, Ma SY. The 25 cases primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongyi Zazhi [Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2008;49(8):720-1.
Dong 2001 {published data only}
  • Dong Y. Huangqi in treatment of secondary immunodeficiency. Zhongguo Zhongyi Jichu Yixue [Chinese Journal of Basic Medicine in Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2001;7(5):37-8.
Dong 2005 {published data only}
  • Dong H. Clinical observation of the treatment of nephrotic syndrome with Huangqi injection combine other drugs. Zhonghua Linchuang Yixue Yanjiu Zazhi [Chinese Magazine of Clinical Medicinal Professional Research] 2005;11(1):4-6.
Dong 2009 {published data only}
  • Dong YZ, Peng SJ, Zhang WJ. The clinical observation of nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongguo Minzu Minjian Yiyao [Chinese Journal of Ethnomedicine and Ethnopharmacy] 2009, (3):63-4.
Du 2006a {published data only}
  • Du J. The effect of Huangqi and Fufangdanshen injection for nephrotic syndrome. Hei Long Jiang Yi Yao Ke Xue [Heilongjiang Medicine and Pharmacy] 2006;29(1):60.
Du 2006b {published data only}
  • Du WX, Zhang YJ. The 35 cases of nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Henan Zhongyi [Henan Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2006;26(9):62-3.
Duan 2006 {published data only}
  • Duan ZX, Chen BM, Liu YL, Wei L, Deng HT, Cai CM. The clinical observation of children recurrent nephrotic syndrome treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Shiyong Zhongyiyao Zazhi [Journal of Practical Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2006;22(12):754-5.
Fan 2001 {published data only}
  • Fan RF. Clinical observation of the effect of Huangqi on high blood coagulate state in nephrotic syndrome patient. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Shenbing Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Nephrology] 2001;2(11):672-3.
Feng 2007 {published data only}
  • Feng LH. The 58 cases of nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongguo Minjian Laofa [China's Naturopathy] 2007;15(12):4-5.
Feng 2010 {published data only}
  • Feng HH, Shu ZE. Clinical observation of primary nephrotic syndrome treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Shiyong Zhongyiyao Zazhi [Journal of Practical Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2010;26(8):550-1.
Fu 2008 {published data only}
  • Fu YS, Zhang HY. The nephrotic syndrome in children treated with integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine in stages. Shiyong Yiyao Zazhi [Practical Journal of Medicine & Pharmacy] 2008;25(10):1196-7.
Gao 2001 {published data only}
  • Gao F, Zhou XG. Curative effect observation of Chinese traditional medicine for the adverse reaction of hormone therapy in nephrotic syndrome. Hubei Minzu Xueyuan Xuebao (Yixueban) [Journal of Hubei Institute for Nationalities (Medical Edition)] 2001;18(4):28-30.
Gao 2002 {published data only}
  • Gao X, Hu WH, Sun WH. Huangqi Yimutang and hormone for nephrotic syndrome 30 case. Shanxi Zhongyi [Shanxi Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2002;23(10):884-5.
Gong 2007 {published data only}
  • Gong SF, Feng X, Wang FF. Clinical observation of 90 cases of primary nephrotic syndrome treated with Huangqi and prednisone. Suzhou Yixueyuan Xuebao (Yixue Ban) [Suzhou University Journal of Medical Science] 2007;27(5):772-4,754.
Gong 2009 {published data only}
  • Gong LH. Clinical observation of nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongguo Wuzhenxue Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Misdiagnostics] 2009;19(10):2355-6.
Gong 2010 {published data only}
  • Gong ML. The clinical observation of nephrotic syndrome treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongguo Baojian Yingyang [China Health & Nutrition] 2010;8:115.
Gu 1998 {published data only}
  • Gu LY, Xie TZ. Integrated Chinese and western medicine for nephrotic syndrome. Junyi Jinxiu Xueyuan Xuebao [Academic Journal of PLA Postgraduate Medical School] 1998;19(2):146-8.
Guo 1997 {published data only}
  • Guo XY, Li L, Wang Y. Integrated traditional and western medicine for refractory nephrotic syndrome 33 case. Zhongyiyao Xuekan [Correspondence Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 1997;16(4):29.
Guo 1999 {published data only}
  • Guo YF, Ge XP. Clinical observation of Huangqixianlingpitang and Shuizhijiaowan for high coagulation in nephrotic syndrome. Zhongyi Zazhi [Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 1999;40(5):281-4.
Guo 2006 {published data only}
  • Guo NT, Yang J, Li YL, Deng P. Huangqi hushen decoction together with hormone in treating 30 cases of primary nephrotic syndrome. Henan Zhongyi [Henan Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2006;26(1):49-50.
Guo 2008a {unpublished data only}
  • Guo XX, Gong JH, Fu ZC. The observation of the 50 child primary nephrotic syndrome treated with integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine in primary hospital. 2008 national integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine kidney disease in Nanjing BBS paper 2008:259-62.
Guo 2008b {published data only}
  • Guo XX, Gong JH, Fu ZC. Experience of combining traditional Chinese and western medicine treating babies with nephrotic syndrome. Liaoning Zhongyi Xueyuan Xuebao [Journal of Liaoning University of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2008;10(12):120-2.
Guo 2010 {published data only}
  • Guo XD, Wang XQ, Jing JS, Shi JH. The clinical study of refractory nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongyiyao Daobao [Guiding Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2010;16(11):28-30.
Hao 2007 {published data only}
  • Hao RF. 27 cases of child hormone sensitive primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongyiyao Xinxi [Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2007;14(7):66-7.
He 2008 {published data only}
  • He M, Xue S, Wang R. Clinical observation of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Hubei Zhongyi Zazhi [Hubei Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2008;30(12):27-8.
He 2010 {published data only}
  • He S, Li CJ, Shi X. The clinical study of 34 cases children nephrotic syndrome treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongguo Fuyou Baojian [Maternal and Child Health Care of China] 2010;25(36):5541-2.
Hong 2001 {published data only}
  • Hong JD, Li SG, Guo QM, He SJ, Peng WL. Clinical study on the treatment of primary nephrotic syndrome with Astragalus Angelica mixture above other medicine. Fujian Yiyao Zazhi [Fujian Medical Journal] 2001;23(3):112-3.
Hu 2005 {published data only}
  • Hu SJ, Fang Q, Liu JS, Zhang L, Cao EZ. Clinical study on intervention of Liuweidihuang pill on hormonotherapy in treating nephrotic syndrome. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Zqzhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine] 2005;25(2):107-10.
Hu 2006a {published data only}
  • Hu JJ. The study of 30 refractory nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine. Zhejiang Zhongxiyi Jiehe Zazhi [Zhejiang Journal of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine] 2006;45(1):58.
Hu 2006b {published data only}
  • Hu GH, Dang XQ, Wang JH, Yao JC, Wang YC. Clinical effect of Shenbing mistura combined with glucocorticoid on recurrent nephrotic syndrome in children and levels of interleukin-6 and tumor necrosis factor-a in blood and urine. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Zqzhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine] 2006;26(10):892-5.
Hu 2009 {published data only}
  • Hu FT. The clinical observation of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongyiyao Xinxi [Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2009;16(3):73.
Hua 2010 {published data only}
  • Hua SS. 48 adult primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine. Changchun Zhongyiyao Daxue Xuebao [Journal of Changchun University of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2010;26(3):380-1.
Huang 2004a {published data only}
  • Huang YH, Deng Y, Weng ZY, Yu L. The study of the effect of Huangqi injection on urinary protein in children with nephrotic syndrome. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Zqzhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine] 2004;13(12):1562-3.
Huang 2004b {published data only}
  • Huang YY, Liu Y, Liu CM. Renal tubular protection of Shenqifuzheng injection in treating primary nephrotic syndrome. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Zqzhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine] 2004;24(12):1091-3.
Huang 2006 {published data only}
  • Huang CM. The effect observation of refractory nephrotic syndrome treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Shenbing Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Nephrology] 2006;7(9):540-1.
Huang 2007 {published data only}
  • Huang WQ, Chen JH. The study of refractory nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Shenbing Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Nephrology] 2007;8(2):110-1.
Huang 2009a {published data only}
  • Huang ZD. The observation study of 30 cases of nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Hunan Zhongyi Zazhi [Hunan Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2009;25(1):16-7.
Huang 2009b {published data only}
  • Huang YX, Peng JJ, Song QL. The clinical study of 67 cases children primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Xinzhongyi [Journal of New Chinese Medicine] 2009;41(8):67-9.
Huang 2010 {published data only}
  • Huang Q, Liu XL. Primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongyi Zazhi [Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2010;17(29):76,81.
Ji 2009 {published data only}
  • Ji HL. 48 cases of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongyi Yanjiu [Traditional Chinese Medicinal Research] 2009;22(8):31-2.
Jia 2010 {published data only}
  • Jia J. The clinical observation of 53 cases of hormone dependent nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Hebei Beifang Xueyuan Xuebao (Yixueban) [Journal of Hebei North University (Medical Edition)] 2010;27(4):30-1.
Jiang 1997 {published data only}
  • Jiang HQ. Jianpiwenshenhuoxuelishuifa for primary nephrotic syndrome 26 case. Zhejiang Zhongyi Xueyuan Xuebao [Journal of Zhejiang University of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 1997;32(4):161-2.
  • Jiang HQ. Zinijianpihuoxueyushentang for primary nephrotic syndrome 34 case. Jilin Zhongyiyao [Jilin Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 1997;17(4):10-1.
Jiang 2001a {published data only}
  • Jiang WY, Jin XY. Curative effect observation of the treatment of nephrotic syndrome with Huangqi injection. Heilongjiang Yiyao [Heilongjiang Medicine Journal] 2001;14(5):385.
Jiang 2001b {published data only}
  • Jiang XH, Xia QH. Clinical observation of the treatment of primary nephrotic syndrome with integrated traditional and western medicine. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Shenbing Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Nephrology] 2001;2(4):240-1.
Jiang 2001c {published data only}
  • Jiang XH, Wang JM, Tang NB. Clinical observation of compound Huangqi and prednisone for nephrotic syndrome. Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi [China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica] 2001;26(9):643-5.
Jiang 2008a {published data only}
  • Jiang Y. The clinical observation of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with Huangqi injection. Sichuan Yixue [Sichuan Medical Journal] 2008;29(2):164-5.
Jiang 2008b {published data only}
  • Jiang GH, Song RX. The clinical observation of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Hei Long Jiang Yi Yao Ke Xue [Heilongjiang Medicine and Pharmacy] 2008;31(4):47-8.
Jin 2001 {published data only}
  • Jin L, Ren DS, Tao YF, Hui S. Clinical study on the treatment of refractory nephrotic syndrome with Huangqi and cyclophosphamide. Zhongguo Zonghe Linchuang [Clinical Medicine of China] 2001;17(8):597-8.
Jin 2007 {published data only}
  • Jin CH, Zhang PQ. Clinical observation of refractory nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Shenbing Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Nephrology] 2007;8(3):168-9.
Kang 2005 {published data only}
  • Kang GG. Preventive effect of huangqi particle on complicated infection of children with nephrotic syndrome. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Shenbing Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Nephrology] 2005;6(12):718-9.
Kong 2009 {published data only}
  • Kong LX. Clinical research of combination of traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine on the treatment of primary nephrotic syndrome. Hebei Zhongyi [Hebei Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2009;31(5):707-9.
Lai 2006 {published data only}
  • Lai LW, Hou KZ. Clinical analysis of the treatment of primary nephrotic syndrome with Huangqi with Danggui mixture. Gannan Yixueyuan Xuebao [Journal of Gannan Medical University] 2006;26(3):415.
Lan 2005 {published data only}
  • Lan CF, Duan XP. Supplementing Qi reinforcing kidney broth and hormone for nephrotic syndrome 43 case. Shanxi Zhongyi [Shanxi Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2005;26(4):306.
Lan 2007 {published data only}
  • Lan HQ, Kuang HT, Zhou K, Wang XZ. Clinical observation on treating 45 cases of nephrotic syndrome with combination of traditional Chinese and western medicine. Zhongyiyao Daobao [Guiding Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2007;13(6):21-2.
Lei 2006 {published data only}
  • Lei H. Clinical observation of the treatment of primary nephrotic syndrome with losartan and Huangqi with Danggui mixture. Zhonghua Shiyong Zhongxiyi Zazhi [Chinese Journal of the Practical Chinese with Modern Medicine] 2006;19(7):780-1.
Li 1988 {published data only}
  • Li BH. Huangqi gruel for spleen deficiency type nephrotic syndrome. Jiangxi Zhongyiyao [Jiangxi Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 1988, (3):54.
Li 1994 {published data only}
  • Li Y, Li XM, Li XX, Luan LY, Li XL, Zhang BL. Clinical observation of the treatment of nephrotic syndrome with Shuqitang 98 case. Zhongguo Xiangcun Yiyao [Chinese Rural Medicine] 1994;22(2):37.
Li 1997 {published data only}
  • Li L, Huang RZ, Li LN. Reinforcing Qi nourishing Yin, activating blood circulation to dissipate blood stasis and hormone for refractory nephrotic syndrome 30 case. Fujian Zhongyiyao [Fujian Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 1997;28(2):6.
Li 1999a {published data only}
  • Li HM, Li JH, Wang F. The appliance of Huangqi injection in nephrotic syndrome. Zhongxiyi Jiehe Shiyong Linchuang Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine in Intensive and Critical Care] 1999;6(4):162.
Li 1999b {published data only}
  • Li Z, Li XY. Curative effect observation of Huangqi injection for nephrotic syndrome. Luzhou Yixueyuan Xuebao [Journal of Luzhou Medical College] 1999;22(6):529.
Li 2003a {published data only}
  • Li Z, Meng H, Hong J. Clinical observation of 37 nephrotic syndrome patients treated with Quadri-combination therapy combined with Tripterygium wilfordii and Huangqi. Zhongguo Quanke Yixue [Chinese General Practice] 2003;6(3):248.
Li 2003b {published data only}
  • Li SY. The effect of Huangqi on plasma albumin in children with nephrotic syndrome. Gansu Zhongyi Xueyuan Xuebao [Journal of Gansu College of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2003;20(3):41-2.
Li 2004a {published data only}
  • Li T, Wang H. Clinical curative effect observation of Huangqi injection and prednisone for primary nephrotic syndrome. Hunan Zhongyi Xueyuan Xuebao [Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine University of Hunan] 2004;24(1):45-6.
Li 2004b {published data only}
  • Li XK, Feng WX, Wu LJ, Gu BQ, Zhu YB, Meng XH, et al. 32 case effective observation on the treatment of primary nephrotic syndrome with Huangqi and Danggui. Zhongyuan Yikan [Central Plains Medical Journal] 2004;31(6):10-11.
Li 2005 {published data only}
  • Li NQ, Li ZS, Liu GC, Chao Q. Clinical study of low-molecular-weight heparin calcium and radix astragali combine use for the treatment of refractory nephrotic syndrome. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Shenbing Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Nephrology] 2005;6(2):92-4.
Li 2006a {published data only}
  • Li SR, Gui Q. Curative effect of therapy integrated Chinese and western medicine for nephrotic syndrome and its nursing care. Shijie Zhongxiyi Jiehe Zazhi [World Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine] 2006;1(3):168-70.
Li 2006b {published data only}
  • Li W. The clinical observation of 52 cases of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with traditional medicine and hormone. Zhongguo Shiyong Xiangcun Yisheng Zazhi [Chinese Practical Journal of Rural Doctor] 2006;13(10):47.
Li 2006c {published data only}
  • Li JM. The 60 cases of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhonghua Yixue Yanjiu Zazhi [Journal of Chinese Medicine Research] 2006;6(10):1152-3.
Li 2006d {published data only}
  • Li NJ, Li YX. The clinical analysis of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongguo Ziran Yixue Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Natural Medicine] 2006;8(1):20-2.
Li 2006e {published data only}
  • Li WS, Xiao SQ, Hu LX, Cao HZ, Hu XR, Li HQ, Zhang LH. Clinical observation of combined Chinese and western medicine on 52 patients with primary nephrosis syndrome. Hebei Zhongyi [Hebei journal of traditional Chinese medicine] 2006;28(1):54-5.
Li 2007a {published data only}
  • Li YX, Dong W. The effect observation of 78 primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with Chinese traditional medicine to correct the side effect of hormones. Shanxi Yiyao Zazhi [Shanxi Medicine Journal] 2007;36(5):466-7.
Li 2007b {published data only}
  • Li YD, Ding ZS, Li GH, Tang CY, Huang LL. Clinical result observation of treating nephric tubule dysfunction of nephrotic syndrome by TCM and modern medicine. Zhonghua Shiyong Zhongxiyi Zazhi [Chinese Journal of the Practical Chinese with Modern Medicine] 2007;20(17):1522-4.
Li 2007c {published data only}
  • Li DH, Xu YW, Zhao B, Wang Y. The 30 cases of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine. Changchun Zhongyiyao Daxue Xuebao [Journal of Changchun University of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2007;23(6):49.
Li 2007d {published data only}
  • Li M. The clinical observation of 30 cases primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Beijing Zhongyi [Beijing Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2007;26(5):289-90.
Li 2007e {published data only}
  • Li YP. Primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongguo Xiandai Yaowu Yinyong [Chinese Journal of Modern Drug Application] 2007;1(3):49.
Li 2007g {published data only}
  • Li BE, Kang GG. The effect of Huangqi granules on the immune function of simple type nephrotic syndrome children. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Shenbing Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Nephrology] 2007;8(7):413-4.
Li 2008a {published data only}
  • Li H. Clinical observation of Huangqi and Dengzhanhua in treatment of 46 patients with idiopathic nephrotic syndrome. Zhongguo Xiandai Yisheng [China Modern Doctor] 2008;46(19):80-1.
Li 2008b {published data only}
  • Li Y, He Q. The observation of 28 refractory nephrotic syndrome patients treated with cytotoxic drugs and traditional Chinese medicine. Zhongguo Quanke Yixue [Chinese General Practice] 2008;11(7B):1303-4.
Li 2008c {published data only}
  • Li GP. The clinical observation of 36 cases of refractory nephrotic syndrome treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongyiyao Daobao [Guiding Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2008;14(5):43,57.
Li 2008d {published data only}
  • Li XQ, Geng XY, Chen XT, Ye LZ, Shen ZX, Wang H. Effects of Buyanghuanwu decoctions on microalbuminuria in nephrotic syndrome. Zhongyiyao Xuekan [Chinese Archives of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2008;26(3):647-8.
Li 2008e {published data only}
  • Li Z, Zhou Y, Sun MJ, Meng H, Shu L. 26 cases of nephrotic syndrome patients treated with Huangqi injection. Shijie Zhongyiyao [World Chinese Medicine] 2008;3(4):223.
Li 2009 {published data only}
  • Li LY, Ma BY. The clinical analysis of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongyiyao Xinxi [Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2009;26(4):50-1.
Li 2010a {published data only}
  • Li RJ. Effective observation on treating nephrotic syndrome in the integrative medicine. Zhongyi Linchuang Yanjiu [Clinical Journal of Chinese Medicine] 2010;2(11):45-6, 48.
Li 2010b {published data only}
  • Li J. The clinical observation of 40 adults primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Yunnan Zhongyi Zhongyao Zazhi [Yunnan Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Materia Medica] 2010;31(7):22-4.
Li 2011a {published data only}
  • Li JP. The clinical observation of nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Hubei Zhongyi Zazhi [Hubei Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2011;33(2):16-7.
Li 2011b {published data only}
  • Li HG. The clinical observation of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with Huangqi injection. Yixue Xinxi [Medical Information] 2011;24(4):1989-90.
Li 2011c {published data only}
  • Li J. 30 cases primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongguo Zhongyiyao Xiandai Yuancheng Jiaoyu [TCM Modern Distance Education of China] 2011;9(2):83.
Liang 2005 {published data only}
  • Liang RQ, Lin KL, Liang D, Fan GH, Huang DX. Curative effect observation of kidney-supplementing and blood-flow-promoting for refractory nephrotic syndrome. Xinzhongyi [Journal of New Chinese Medicine] 2005;37(8):30-1.
Lin 2006 {published data only}
  • Lin FJ, Gao Y, Chen SM, Zhao JZ, Huang JC, Cui MX. Effect of Huangqi on serum L10 in children with primary nephrotic syndrome. Yiyao Dao Bao [Herald of Medicine] 2006;25(5):415-7.
Lin 2007 {published data only}
  • Lin JR, Deng CE. Effect of astragalus injection in treating children with primary nephrotic syndrome. Shizhen Guoyi Guoyao [Lishizhen Medicine and Materia Medica Research] 2007;18(1):169-70.
Liu 1990 {published data only}
  • Liu JF. Huangqidihaungdang for children with nephrotic syndrome. Sichuan Zhongyi [Journal of Sichuan of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 1990;8(9):19-20.
Liu 1994 {published data only}
  • Liu BH, Dai EL, Cao TM, Zhang YH. Study on efficacy of adult primary nephrotic syndrome with TCM-WM therapy and its hemorrheologic effects. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Zqzhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine] 1994;14(11):658-60.
Liu 1999a {published data only}
  • Liu JH, Zhang YP. 61 case clinical analyse of the treatment of nephrotic syndrome in adult with high dose of Huangqi. Shanxi Linchuang Yiyao [Shanxi Clinical Medicine] 1999;8(5):344-5.
Liu 1999b {published data only}
  • Liu JS, Shi J, Wu SJ, Xu YQ. Curative effect observation of the treatment of children primary nephrotic syndrome with integrated traditional and western medicine. Shantou Daxue Yixueyuan Xuebao [Shantou University Medical College] 1999;12(2):58-9.
Liu 2001a {published data only}
  • Liu Z, Qi XL, Yuan L. Curative effect observation of Huangqi and Danggui for nephrotic syndrome. Zhongguo Jiceng Yiyao [Chinese Journal of Primary Medicine and Pharmacy] 2001;8(5):397-8.
Liu 2001b {published data only}
  • Liu ML. Clinical experience of the treatment of primary nephrotic syndrome with Huangqi injection combine other drugs. Hangkong Hangtian Yiyao [Aerospace Medicine] 2001;12(1):29-30.
Liu 2002 {published data only}
  • Liu YF. The curative effect observation of cyclophosphamide, prednisone and Huangqi for refractory nephrotic syndrome. Huaxia Yixue [Acta Medicinae Sinica] 2002;15(3):333-4.
Liu 2003 {published data only}
  • Liu LS, Wang YM, Guo Q. Effect of Huangqi injection and cyclophosphamide on bone marrow and the blood system in nephrotic syndrome patient. Shanxi Yixue Zazhi [Shanxi Medical Journal] 2003;32(12):1095-7.
Liu 2006 {published data only}
  • Liu DW, Hu SH. The clinical observation of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Guangming Zhongyi [Guangming Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2006;21(11):62-3.
Liu 2007a {published data only}
  • Liu YS. Clinical observation of 35 cases of nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Shiyong Zhongyi Neike Zazhi [Journal of Practical Traditional Chinese Internal Medicine] 2007;21(3):52.
Liu 2007b {published data only}
  • Liu YL. Clinical observation of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Shandong Zhongyi Zazhi [Shandong Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2007;26(6):405-6.
Liu 2008a {published data only}
  • Liu XB. The 55 cases of nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongguo Xiandai Yaowu Yinyong [Chinese Journal of Modern Drug Application] 2008;2(14):67.
Liu 2008b {published data only}
  • Liu LC, Liu X, Feng MJ, Wang WF, He XP. The clinical observation of 30 cases primary refractory nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Xinzhongyi [Journal of New Chinese Medicine] 2008;40(2):28-9.
Liu 2008c {published data only}
  • Liu YP, Zhu PJ. The clinical observation of 40 nephrotic syndrome patients treated with Huangqi injection. Yunnan Zhongyi Zhongyao Zazhi [Yunnan Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Materia Medica] 2008;29(9):8-9.
Liu 2008d {published data only}
  • Liu XX, Li XL, Wang JL, Shi HX, Zhang LL, Xiao Q. Observation on effect of integrated Chinese and western medicine in treating refractory nephrotic syndrome. Weifang Yixueyuan Xuebao [Acta Academiae Medicinae Weifang] 2008;30(1):33-5.
Liu 2008e {published data only}
  • Liu B. 35 cases of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Changchun Zhongyiyao Daxue Xuebao [Journal of Changchun University of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2008;24(6):690.
Liu 2009 {published data only}
  • Liu C, Yang XP, Li YP, Zhang JP, Zhao J, Chen H. The clinical effect of radix astragali on primary nephritic syndrome. Nong Hen Yi Xue [Journal of Nongken Medicine] 2009;31(5):407-9.
Liu 2010a {published data only}
  • Liu XY. The 30 cases primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Shiyong Zhongxiyi Jiehe Linchuang [Practical Clinical Journal of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine] 2010;10(4):22-3.
Liu 2010b {published data only}
  • Liu Z. The clinical observation of 42 nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongyiyao Daobao [Guiding Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2010;16(4):35-6.
Lu 2001 {published data only}
Lu 2004 {published data only}
  • Lu H, Wang YY, Guo MZ, Wang CL. Effect of kidney warming and astringent therapy on plasma endothelin and interleukin 2 receptor in patients with nephrotic syndrome. Zhong Xiyi Jiehe Xuebao [Journal of Chinese Integrative Medicine] 2004;2(1):17-9.
Lu 2007 {published data only}
  • Lu GP, Pang XS, Hu JP. The 30 cases of nephrotic syndrome patients treated with Zi yin jiang huo of traditional Chinese medicine. Shanxi Zhongyi [Shanxi Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2007;28(7):834-5.
Lu 2010 {published data only}
  • Lu LM. The clinical study of child nephrotic syndrome treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongguo Xiandai Yaowu Yinyong [Chinese Journal of Modern Drug Application] 2010;4(14):139-40.
Luo 2002a {published data only}
  • Luo M, Liu JH. Clinical observation of the effect of Huangqi injection on urine protein in nephrotic syndrome. Shiyong Zhongyi Neike Zazhi [Journal of Practical Traditional Chinese Internal Medicine] 2002;16(1):22.
Luo 2002b {published data only}
  • Luo SF, Yao LY, Zhang ZF, Ye JH, Liu J, An XL. Curative effect observation of the treatment of primary nephrotic syndrome with astragalus-angelica mixture. Linchuang Huicui [Clinical Focus] 2002;17(6):316-7.
Luo 2009 {published data only}
  • Luo B. The clinical observation of 36 cases of nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongguo Zhongyiyao Xiandai Yuancheng Jiaoyu [TCM Modern Distance Education of China] 2009;7(5):97.
Luo 2010 {published data only}
  • Luo SY, Zhou G, Lu EF, Fang RM. The observation of the low risk patients with idiopathic membranous nephropathy treated with Danggui Huangqi soup and candesartan cilexetil. Xinan Guofang Yiyao [Medical Journal of National Defending Forces in Southwest China] 2010;20(3):277-9.
Lv 2001 {published data only}
  • Lv BF, Qiao YC, Chen K. 35 case analysis of the treatment of primary nephrotic syndrome with triple therapy. Zhongguo Zhong-Xiyi Jiehe Jijiu Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine in Intensive and Critical Care] 2001;8(6):365-6.
Lv 2006 {published data only}
  • Lv ML. Clinical observation on primary nephrotic syndrome treated with Huangqi and Aweisuanna. DI Shijiuci Quanguo Zhongyi Shenbing Xueshu Jiaoliuhui [The 19th National Academic Communication about Traditional Chinese Medicine of Nephrology] 2006:12-4.
Lv 2007a {published data only}
  • Lv. The clinical observation of 20 cases of children nephrotic syndrome treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhejiang Zhongyiyao Daxue Xuebao [Journal of Zhejiang Chinese Medical University] 2007;31(2):163-4.
Lv 2007b {published data only}
  • Lv YX, Fu ZJ, Hou YL. The clinical observation of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongguo Zhongyi Jizhen [Journal of Emergency in Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2007;16(6):665-6.
Ma 2006 {published data only}
  • Ma JW, Zhang Z. The clinical analysis of refractory nephrotic syndrome treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Liaoning Zhongyi Xueyuan Xuebao [Journal of Liaoning University of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2006;8(4):100-1.
Ma 2007 {published data only}
  • Ma WP. The research progress of nephrotic syndrome treated with Huangqi. Shanxi Zhongyi Xueyuan Xuebao [Journal of Shanxi College of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2007;8(3):56-8.
Mao 2006 {published data only}
  • Mao YY, Cai YH, Chen J. An observation on Gynostemma pentaphyllum (Thunb) Makino and Huangqi in preventing recrudescence of children suffering from primary nephrotic syndrome. Zhongguo Fuyou Baojian [Maternal and Child Health Care of China] 2006;21:1358-9.
Min 2008a {published data only}
  • Min CY, Liu HQ. Integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine treatment of nephrotic syndrome. Zhongyiyao Xuekan [Chinese Archives of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2008;26(3):565-6.
Min 2008b {published data only}
  • Min CY, Liu HQ. Integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine treatment of nephrotic syndrome. Zhongyiyao Xuekan [Chinese Archives of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2008;26(3):565-6.
Mo 2004a {published data only}
  • Mo ZY, Liang D, Si TY, Huang PP, Chen XW. Effect of Huangqi on oxidative stress status in primary nephrotic syndrome. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Shenbing Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Nephrology] 2004;5(4):209-11.
Mo 2004b {published data only}
  • Mo YM. Curative observation of the treatment of nephrotic syndrome with Huangqi and Danggui mixture. Zhongguo Linchuang Yixue [Clinical Medical Journal of China] 2004;3(12):31.
Mo 2010 {published data only}
  • Mo GP. The clinical observation of refractory nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongguo Shiyong Yiyao [China Practical Medicine] 2010;5(5):131-2.
Ni 2007 {published data only}
  • Ni Z. The clinical observation of children refractory nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Paper Assembly of the Chinese Medicine Pediatric Academic Seminar 2007:543-6.
Ni 2009 {published data only}
  • Ni XR. The clinical observation of 35 nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongyiyao Daobao [Guiding Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2009;15(4):26-7.
Nie 1985 {published data only}
  • Nie LF. The experience of Huangqidishentang for nephrotic syndrome. Liaoning Zhongyi Zazhi [Liaoning Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 1985, (5):22-3.
Ning 2002 {published data only}
  • Ning F, Wang YW, Tang C. 40 case of Huangqi injection above other medicine for children with nephrotic syndrome. Zhongyiyao Xuebao [Acta Chinese Medicine and Pharmacology] 2002;30(2):31-2.
Niu 1999 {published data only}
  • Niu HX, Zhai GY, Li XX, Xu Q. Huangqi injection as the main drug for nephrotic syndrome 27 cases. Hunan Zhongyi Zazhi [Hunan Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 1999;14(1):58.
Ou 2003 {published data only}
  • Ou CL, Cheng MC, Peng YM. Clinical study of the treatment of primary nephrotic syndrome with integrated traditional and western medicine. Zhongguo Linchuang Yixue Yanjiu Zazhi [Chinese Magazine of Clinical Medicinal Professional Research] 2003, (80):9-11.
Pang 2010 {published data only}
  • Pang L, Xu XS, Chen JP. The 46 cases of nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Xiandai Zhongyiyao [Modern Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2010;30(3):26-7.
Peng 2008 {published data only}
  • Peng SQ, Zhu LX. The clinical observation of refractory nephrotic syndrome treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Paper Assembly of Kidney Disease Branch Association of Chinese Medicine 2008:462-4.
Peng 2010 {published data only}
  • Peng R, Qiu GP, Zhong XY. The 92 cases of nephrotic syndrome patients treated with traditional Chinese medicine. Zhongguo Xiandai Yisheng [China Modern Doctor] 2010;48(1):55-6.
Qi 1998 {published data only}
  • Qi KQ. Curative effect observation of Huangqi injection for nephrotic syndrome. Linchuang Yixue [Clinical Medicine] 1998;18(11):21.
Qian 2002 {published data only}
  • Qian XH. Curative effect observation of triptoryium wilfordii hook for primary nephrotic syndrome. Zhongguo Jiaotong Yixue Zazhi [Medical Journal of Communications] 2002;16(6):620-1.
Qin 2009 {published data only}
  • Qin WL, Liu GF. The study of the primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine. Zhongguo Shiyong Yiyao [China Practical Medicine] 2009;4(35):125-6.
Qin 2010 {published data only}
  • Qin YJ, Du L. The 59 cases primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Liaoning Zhongyi Zazhi [Liaoning Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2010;37(9):1775-6.
Qiu 2002 {published data only}
  • Qiu L, Fan PJ, Han CH. Use Huangqi injection and Ligustrazine treat nephrotic syndrome above other drugs 22 case. Yiyao Dao Bao [Herald of Medicine] 2002;21(6):365-7.
Qiu 2006 {published data only}
  • Qiu X, Pan CM. Clinical observation of nephrotic syndrome patients treated with Huangqi injection. Handan Yixue Gaodeng Zhuanke Xuexiao Xuebao [Journal of Handan Medical College] 2006;19(5):406-7.
Qiu 2010 {published data only}
  • Qiu DX, Zheng LM. The clinical analysis of children nephrotic syndrome treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhejiang Zhongyiyao Daxue Xuebao [Journal of Zhejiang Chinese Medical University] 2010;34(5):739,742.
Qu 2008 {published data only}
  • Qu ZJ, Wang XT. Clinical observation of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Nei Meng Gu Zhong Yi Yao [Traditional Chinese Medicine and Medicinals of Inner Mongolia] 2008, (8):26-7.
Ren 1999 {published data only}
  • Ren W, Yang M, Chai SR. Huangqi injection and compound injection of red sage root for refractory nephrotic syndrome 47 case. Zhongyiyao Linchuang Zazhi [Clinical Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 1999;11(2):76-7.
Shan 2002 {published data only}
  • Shan FJ, Qi K, Chen GL, Ma L, Zhou ZL. Observation of Huangqi injection for nephrotic syndrome. Renmin Junyi [People's Military Surgeon] 2002;45(12):716-7.
Shen 2002 {published data only}
  • Shen Y, Zhang JL, Yuan HL, Zhao S, Chen F. Clinical observation of the treatment of nephrotic syndrome with Huangqi injection. Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi [China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica] 2002;23(1):23.
Shen 2003 {published data only}
  • Shen J. 68 case generalization of integrated traditional and western medicine for primary nephrotic syndrome. Hunan Zhongyi Zazhi [Hunan Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2003;19(2):16-7.
Shen 2005 {published data only}
  • Shen SJ, Hu ZX, Wang T. Clinical effective observation of Huangqi injection and prednisone for primary nephrotic syndrome. Anhui Yiyao [Anhui Medical and Pharmaceutical Journal] 2005;26(5):409-11.
Shi 2001 {published data only}
  • Shi L, Zhou XR. 57 case of integrated traditional and western medicine for nephrotic syndrome. Hebei Yixue [Hebei Medicine] 2001;33(2):31-2.
Shi 2003a {published data only}
  • Shi JL, Xie Y, He ZG, Chen KZ. 80 case clinical observation of chaiqidaipaoji and corticosteroid for primary nephrotic syndrome. Zhongyi Zazhi [Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2003;44(8):601-2.
Shi 2003b {published data only}
  • Shi P, Lin WM, Fu ZG. Clinical study on the treatment of nephrotic syndrome with high dose Huangqi injection. Zhongshan Yike Daxue [New Chinese Medicine] 2003;2(12):30-1.
Shi 2004 {published data only}
  • Shi W, Liang GZ, Guo AZ, Li XZ. The effect of Huangqi on plasma protein and blood fat in children with nephrotic syndrome. Beijing Zhongyi [Beijing Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2004;11(3):36-7.
Shi 2007 {published data only}
  • Shi Q, Mo YL. The observation of 30 cases of refractory nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Hunan Zhongyi Zazhi [Hunan Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2007;23(1):26-7.
Shi 2010 {published data only}
  • Shi L, Chen X, Zhou LN. The clinical observation of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Liaoning Zhongyi Xueyuan Xuebao [Journal of Liaoning University of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2010;12(1):151-2.
Song 1999a {published data only}
  • Song HB, Chen WQ. Integrated traditional and western medicine for nephrotic syndrome 30 case. Shanxi Zhongyi [Shanxi Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 1999;20(3):146.
Song 1999b {published data only}
  • Song SY, Wang GF. Huangqi combine other drugs for nephrotic syndrome 91 case. Shiyong Erke Linchuang Zazhi [Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics] 1999;14(5):301.
Song 2003 {published data only}
  • Song SR, Duan LY. Observation of the treatment of nephrotic syndrome with integrated traditional and western medicine 40 cases. Shiyong Zhongyiyao Zazhi [Journal of Practical Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2003;19(4):199.
Sun 2004a {published data only}
  • Sun XY, Li GM. Curative observation of the treatment of primary nephrotic syndrome with Huangqi injection. Zhonghua Xiandai Linchuang Yixue Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Current Clinical Medicine] 2004;2(3):234-5.
Sun 2004b {published data only}
  • Sun ZJ. Integrated traditional and western medicine for nephrotic syndrome 40 case. Shanxi Zhongyi [Shanxi Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2004;25(4):306-7.
Sun 2009a {published data only}
  • Sun X. The clinical study of 46 cases children primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongyi Erke Zazhi [Journal of Pediatrics of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2009;5(5):35-7.
Sun 2009b {published data only}
  • Sun ZL. The 40 cases of nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Shandong Zhongyi Zazhi [Shandong Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2009;28(8):564-5.
Sun 2010 {published data only}
  • Sun QK. The clinical study of 36 cases primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Yunnan Zhongyi Zhongyao Zazhi [Yunnan Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Materia Medica] 2010;31(10):18-9.
Tan 2010 {published data only}
  • Tan GL. Clinical observation of 28 cases of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Shiyong Zhongyiyao Zazhi [Journal of Practical Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2010;26(2):96-7.
Tang 2000a {published data only}
  • Tang SF, Hong QG. Clinical observation on the treatment of the nephrotic syndrome with Shenfukang. Guangzhou Zhongyiyao Daxue Xuebao [Journal of Guangzhou University of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2000;17(2):134-6.
Tang 2000b {published data only}
  • Tang ZQ. Primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Zqzhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine] 2000;1(4):235-6.
Tang 2006 {published data only}
  • Tang ZQ. Primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. The Fourth International Conference of Combining Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine Kidney Paper Assembly 2006:227-8.
Tang 2007 {published data only}
  • Tang SR. The 38 cases of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Sichuan Zhongyi [Journal of Sichuan of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2007;25(5):38-9.
Tong 2003 {published data only}
  • Tong DG, Zhang XM. Clinical observation of the treatment of nephrotic syndrome with Huangqi and Danggui mixture. Shiyong Yiji Zazhi [Journal of Practical Medical Techniques] 2003;10(6):613-4.
Wan 2000 {published data only}
  • Wan YL, Zhang JR. Curative observation on the treatment of nephrotic syndrome with integrated traditional and western medicine. Hebei Zhongyi [Hebei Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2000;22(8):626.
Wang 1992 {published data only}
  • Wang YQ, Zou HQ, Gao JC, Xu QR, Wu HS. Study on the effect of Huangqi and Ciwujia on children with refractory nephrotic syndrome. Huazhong Keji Daxue Xuebao (Yixueban) [Acta Medicinae Universitatis Scientiae et Technologiae Huazhong] 1992;30(3):137-8.
Wang 1997 {published data only}
  • Wang SH. Clinical observation of Huangqi for children nephrotic syndrome patients. Journal of Qiannan Medical College for Nationalities 1997;10(2):37-8.
Wang 1999 {published data only}
  • Wang XM, Guo W, Wang L, Wang J, Wang L, Zhao HL, et al. Clinical observation of Huangqi injection for nephrotic syndrome 50 case. Heilongjiang Yi Xue [Heilongjiang Medical Journal] 1999;6:20.
Wang 2000a {published data only}
  • Wang XF, Li H. Clinical observation of the treatment of nephrotic syndrome with integrated traditional and western medicine. Hebei Zhongyi [Hebei Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2000;22(2):149-50.
Wang 2001a {published data only}
  • Wang QY, Wang XY, Li YX, Qing L, Wang RL. Clinical study on the treatment of primary nephrotic syndrome with Fufangsheqi decoction. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Shenbing Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Nephrology] 2001;2(6):337-8.
Wang 2001b {published data only}
  • Wang JS, Sun SL. Integrated traditional and western medicine for nephrotic syndrome 40 case. Shandong Zhongyi Zazhi [Shandong Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2001;20(6):359-60.
Wang 2001c {published data only}
  • Wang YJ. Clinical observation of primary nephrotic syndrome in children treated with Huangqi injection. Jilin Zhongyiyao [Jilin Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2001, (4):21.
Wang 2002a {published data only}
  • Wang ZW, Zhang F, Wen XQ. A forward effect study on Huangqi heji for minimizing the recurring of kidney disease syndrome. Zhonghua Shiyong Zhongxiyi Zazhi [Chinese Journal of the Practical Chinese with Modern Medicine] 2002, (1):59.
Wang 2002b {published data only}
  • Wang SH. Clinical observation on the treatment of nephrotic syndrome in children with Huangqi. Zhonghua Yixue Xiezuo Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Medical Writing] 2002;9(8):618-9.
Wang 2002c {published data only}
  • Wang YF, Shi WZ. Clinical observation on the treatment of nephrotic syndrome in children. Zhonghua Yixue Xiezuo Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Medical Writing] 2002;9(8):618-9.
Wang 2002d {published data only}
  • Wang QY, Wang XY, Ji J. Clinical study on the treatment of primary nephrotic syndrome with Huangqi injection and western medicine. Zhonghua Linchuang Yiyao Zazhi [Journal of Chinese Clinical Medicine] 2002;3(20):49-50.
Wang 2002e {published data only}
  • Wang YF, Shi WZ. Curative effect observation of Huangqi injection for primary nephrotic syndrome. Chenzhou Yixue Gaodeng Zhuanke Xuexiao Xuebao [Journal of Chenzhou Medical College] 2002;4(4):32-4.
Wang 2002f {published data only}
  • Wang ZG, Ye SY, Tao YH. Clinical observation of nephrotic syndrome in children treated with Huangqi granules. Huaxi Yixue [West China Medical Journal] 2002;17(4):552.
Wang 2003 {published data only}
  • Wang MJ, Liu JS, Zhu ZH, Fan XJ. The effect of Huangqi with Danggui mixture on primary nephrotic syndrome. Linchuang Shenzangbing Zazhi [Journal of Clinical Nephrology] 2003;3(4):177-8.
Wang 2004a {published data only}
  • Wang HY, Li ZL, Qin ZH. The effect of Huangqi and Xuesaitong on haemorrheology in patients with nephrotic syndrome. Beijing Daxue Xuebao (Yixueban) [Journal of Peking University (Health Sciences)] 2004;5(11):74.
Wang 2004b {published data only}
  • Wang MJ, Zhu ZH, Chen ZH, Yuan H. The effect of Huangqi with Danggui mixture and losartan on idiopathic nephrotic syndrome. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Shenbing Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Nephrology] 2004;5(5):270-2.
Wang 2006b {published data only}
  • Wang YL, Shi SL. The observational study of 65 cases primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Shiyong Zhongyi Neike Zazhi [Journal of Practical Traditional Chinese Internal Medicine] 2006;20(6):629.
Wang 2006c {published data only}
  • Wang SH. Clinical observation of children simple nephrotic syndrome treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Xiandai Zhongxiyijiehe Zazhi [Modern Journal of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine] 2006;15(18):2505-6.
Wang 2007a {published data only}
  • Wang WF, Chen XH. The 36 cases of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Jiangxi Zhongyiyao [Jiangxi Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2007;38(294):53-4.
Wang 2007b {published data only}
  • Wang ZM. The clinical observation of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongguo Zhongyiyao Xinxi Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2007;14(2):66-7.
Wang 2008a {published data only}
  • Wang Y. The study of 40 cases refractory nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Shandong Zhongyi Zazhi [Shandong Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2008;27(12):829-30.
Wang 2008b {published data only}
  • Wang YR, Zhang Z, Xiao H. Clinical observation of 48 primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Yunnan Zhongyi Zhongyao Zazhi [Yunnan Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Materia Medica] 2008;29(2):22-3.
Wang 2009a {published data only}
  • Wang QZ. The 20 cases of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with medicine of the prescription and hormone. Zhongguo Dangdai Yiyao [China Modern Medicine] 2009;16(10):79-80.
Wang 2010a {published data only}
  • Wang ZL. The clinical observation of refractory nephrotic syndrome treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Yatai Chuantong Yiyao [Asia-Pacific Traditional Medicine] 2010;6(2):40-1.
Wang 2010b {published data only}
  • Wang XT, Liu X, Qu Y, Meng QT. The clinical observation of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongguo Wuzhenxue Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Misdiagnostics] 2010;10(4):788-9.
Wang 2010c {published data only}
  • Wang F. Chinese and Western medicine treatment of children with primary nephrotic syndrome of clinical observation. Master Dissertation of Hubei University of Chinese Medicine 2010:1-26.
Wang 2010d {published data only}
  • Wang HR, Xue AQ, Liu S. The clinical observation of nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongguo Minzu Minjian Yiyao [Chinese Journal of Ethnomedicine and Ethnopharmacy] 2010, (10):134-5.
Wang 2010e {published data only}
  • Wang FQ. Clinical effect of 42 cases of children nephrotic syndrome patients treated with hormone and traditional Chinese medicine. Zhongguo Yiliao Qianyan [National Medical Frontiers of China] 2010;5(17):50,54.
Wang 2011 {published data only}
  • Wang Q, Hou XQ, Cui XJ. The effect on the immune state of the primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with the Huangqi and Baihuasheshecao tang. Shiyong Yiyao Zazhi [Practical Journal of Medicine & Pharmacy] 2011;51(9):69-70.
Wei 1999 {published data only}
  • Wei LB, Zhang ZF, Li ZJ. Clinical observation on integrated treatment of western medicine and traditional Chinese medicine in senile primary nephrotic syndrome. Nanfang Yeie Daxue Xuebao [Journal of Southern Medical University] 1999;19(41):41-3.
Wei 2000a {published data only}
  • Wei LB, Lu YY, Ye RG, Luan T. Clinical observation on integrated treatment of western medicine and traditional Chinese medicine in adult hormone dependent primary nephrotic syndrome. Nanjing Zhongyiyao Daxue Xuebao (Ziran Kexue Ban) [Journal of Nanjing University of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2000;16(4):209-11.
Wei 2000b {published data only}
  • Wei F. The effect of Huangqi with Danggui mixture on blood fat and apolipoprotein in nephrotic syndrome. Hainan Yixue [Hainan Medical Journal] 2000;11(2):63-4.
Wei 2000c {published data only}
  • Wei MM. Clinical observation on the treatment of nephrotic syndrome with Huangqi. Linchuang Huicui [Clinical Focus] 2000;15(18):833-4.
Wei 2000d {published data only}
  • Wei LB, Ye RG, Chen XH, Li ZJ, Lv RH, Luan T. Clinical observation of elderly idiopathic nephrotic syndrome treated with integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Zqzhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine] 2000;20(2):99-101.
Wei 2002a {published data only}
  • Wei XJ, Zhu PJ. The effect of Huangqi on coagulation and fibrinolysis in refractory nephrotic syndrome. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Shenbing Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Nephrology] 2002;3(12):709-10.
Wei 2002b {published data only}
  • Wei XM. 62 case of Leidan Siwu Tang and corticosteroid for nephrotic syndrome. Zhongyi Yanjiu [Traditional Chinese Medicinal Research] 2002;15(3):48-9.
Wei 2003 {published data only}
  • Wei XM. 40 case of the treatment of nephrotic syndrome with benefit kidney, reinforce spleen and betake sputum. Shanxi Zhongyi [Shanxi Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2003;24(4):306-8.
Wei 2004 {published data only}
  • Wei HL, Fan G. 75 case clinical observation of the treatment of nephrotic syndrome with Huangqi injection. Zhongyuan Yikan [Central Plains Medical Journal] 2004;31(9):35-6.
Wei 2005 {published data only}
  • Wei HY. Analysis of Huangqi injection for primary nephrotic syndrome 30 case. Zhonghua Zonghe Yixue Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Synthetic Medicine] 2005;6(6):562-3.
Wei 2009 {published data only}
  • Wei YZ. The clinical observation of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongguo Yiyao Zhinan [Guide of China Medicine] 2009;7(23):60-1.
Wen 2005 {published data only}
  • Wen GY, Huang HQ. Clinical study on the treatment of primary nephrotic syndrome with integrated traditional and western medicine. Jiangsu Zhongyi [Jiangsu Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2005;26(2):16-8.
Wen 2007 {published data only}
  • Wen WB. The study of 60 cases primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Shijie Zhongxiyi Jiehe Zazhi [World Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine] 2007;2:138-9.
Wu 1998b {published data only}
  • Wu YS, Yang JH, Jiang LP, Wang ZK. Clinical study on improving effect of Bu Yang Huan Wu decoction on plasma thromboxane B2, 6-keto prostaglandin F1a, endothelin and calcitonin gene related peptide in primary nephrotic syndrome patients. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Zqzhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine] 1998;18(12):715-7.
Wu 1998c {published data only}
  • Wu XX, Zhang X. The development and effect on nephrotic syndrome of Shenkang capsule. Zhongyaocai [Journal of Chinese Medicinal Materials] 1998;27(3):161-162.
Wu 1999 {published data only}
  • Wu JY, Ye RG. Clinical control observation on treatment of primary nephrotic syndrome with adrenocortical hormone and the syndrome differentiation method. Guangxi Zhongyiyao [Guangxi Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 1999;22(3):1-4.
Wu 2002 {published data only}
  • Wu SJ. Clinical study on the treatment of primary nephrotic syndrome with Huangqi and Danshen apozem. Zhejiang Zhongyi Xueyuan Xuebao [Journal of Zhejiang University of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2002;26(6):29-30.
Wu 2005a {published data only}
  • Wu HB. The effect analysis of the treatment of children nephrotic syndrome with Huangqi injection above other medicine. Yixue Xinzhi Zazhi [Journal of New Medicine] 2005;15(2):69.
Wu 2009a {published data only}
  • Wu MA. Clinical observation of 38 cases of steroid- resistant nephrotic syndrome treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Shijie Zhongxiyi Jiehe Zazhi [World Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine] 2009;14(2):120-2.
Wu 2009b {published data only}
  • Wu YJ. Clinical observation of nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongguo Shiyong Yiyao Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Practical Medicine] 2009;4(11):42-3.
Xi 2003 {published data only}
  • Xi HM, Zhu PJ. The effect of Huangqi injection immunologic function in nephrotic syndrome. Zhejiang Zhongxiyi Jiehe Zazhi [Zhejiang Journal of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine] 2003;13(12):746-8.
Xiang 2007 {published data only}
  • Xiang QY. The clinical observation of primary nephrotic syndrome adult patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Xiandai Zhongxiyijiehe Zazhi [Modern Journal of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine] 2007;16(35):5233, 5238.
Xiao 2000 {published data only}
  • Xiao Q, Zhao XL, Guo M, Zhang Y. Assessment on application of Chinese herbs in process of corticosteroid reduction in nephrotic syndrome. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Zqzhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine] 2000;20(10):725-6.
Xie 2008 {unpublished data only}
  • Xie GB. The experience of 20 hormone resistance nephrotic syndrome patients treated with combining traditional Chinese and western medicine. The 2008 Annual Meeting of Gansu Province Traditional Chinese Medical Association 2008:145-6.
Xie 2010 {published data only}
  • Xie XL, Peng Y. The clinical observation of prevent recurrent infections of nephrotic syndrome patients treated with Huangqi. Hubei Zhongyi Zazhi [Hubei Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2010;32(5):9-10.
Xiu 2002 {published data only}
  • Xiu JH, Xue LF, Cong YH, Xu XY, Shi CH. Clinical observation of the effect of Huangqi on serum immune globulin serum protein in children with nephrotic syndrome. Zhonghua Shiyong Zhongxiyi Zazhi [Chinese Journal of the Practical Chinese with Modern Medicine] 2002, (3):306.
Xu 1999 {published data only}
  • Xu KL, Fan HC. 30 case of Huangqi and Qiyezaodaina injection for nephrotic syndrome. Zhongcheng Yao [Chinese Traditional Patent Medicine] 1999;21(2):75-6.
Xu 2000a {published data only}
  • Xu PJ, Li Q. The effect of Huangqi on the serum globulins and haemocyanin on children with nephrotic syndrome. Shiyong Erke Linchuang Zazhi [Journal of Applied Clinical Pediatrics] 2000;15(5):278-9.
Xu 2002a {published data only}
  • Xu JF, Guo QZ, Song JG, Li YY. Clinical analysis on treating primary nephrotic syndrome with Huangqi and Chuanqiongqin. Neimenggu Minzu Daxue Xuebao [Journal of Inner Mongolia University for Nationalities] 2002;17(2):57-9.
Xu 2002b {published data only}
  • Xu JH, Zhou R. Effect of Huangqi injection on platelet activation in nephrotic syndrome patient. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Shenbing Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Nephrology] 2002;3(4):225.
Xu 2004 {published data only}
  • Xu AH, Wang F. Curative observation of the treatment of refractory nephrotic syndrome with integrated traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine. Zhonghua Shiyong Zhongxiyi Zazhi [Chinese Journal of the Practical Chinese with Modern Medicine] 2002, (3):306.
Xu 2006 {published data only}
  • Xu JJ, Zhang YM. The effect of Shenkangsan on nephrotic syndrome and haemorrheology. Shanxi Zhongyi [Shanxi Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2006;27(8):924-6.
Xu 2008a {published data only}
  • Xu ZY. 40 cases of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with Huangqi. Zhongwai Yiliao [China Foreign Medical Treatment] 2008, (25):46.
Xu 2008b {published data only}
  • Xu YW. Primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. 21st Association of Chinese Medicine Academic Conference Papers Assembly Branch of Kidney Disease 2008:296-7.
Xu 2009 {published data only}
  • Xu ZK. Clinical analysis of 37 cases of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Youjiang Yixue [Youjiang Medical Journal] 2009;37(6):712-3.
Xue 2004b {published data only}
  • Xue N, Pang YB. Huangqi injection for refractory nephrotic syndrome. Zhongwai Yiliao [China and Foreign Medical Treatment] 2004;2(12):59-61.
Xue 2006 {published data only}
  • Xue XJ, Chai HY, Wei YL. The effect of Huangqi with Danggui mixture on primary nephrotic syndrome. Jiankang Dashiye: Yiyao Xueshuban [Medical Academic Forum] 2006;14(6):102-3.
Xue 2007 {published data only}
  • Xue ZH, Huang BT. The clinical observation of nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Xiandai Yiyao Weisheng [Modern Medicine Health] 2007;23(18):2715-6.
Yan 2008 {published data only}
  • Yan WY. The clinical observation of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Xiandai Yiyao Weisheng [Modern Medicine Health] 2008;24(6):854-5.
Yang 2000 {published data only}
  • Yang AH, Sun Y. Curative effect analysis of Huangqi and corticosteroid for primary nephrotic syndrome 35 case. Nongken Yixue [Agricultural Reclamation Medicine] 2000;22(6):395-6.
Yang 2002a {published data only}
  • Yang B, Yang H. The effect of Huangqi injection on immunologic function and urine protein in nephrotic syndrome patient. Zhongguo Yaoye [China Pharmaceuticals] 2002;11(7):74-5.
Yang 2002b {published data only}
  • Yang XD, Shan HY, Tian YJ, Lai SF, Du XC, Ding GY, et al. Clinical observation of the treatment of primary nephrotic syndrome with Huangqi injection. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Shenbing Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Nephrology] 2002;3(8):482.
Yang 2004 {published data only}
  • Yang WM. Curative observation on the treatment of nephrotic syndrome with corticosteroid, Huangqi and Danshen injection. Guizhou Yiyao [Guizhou Medical Journal] 2004;28(8):728-9.
Yang 2005 {published data only}
  • Yang XY. The use of Huangqi in nephrotic syndrome. She Zhi [Journal of Snake] 2005;17(1):34-5.
Yang 2006a {published data only}
  • Yang YT. Effective observation on the treatment of adult refractory nephrotic syndrome with Huangqi and Danggui mixture. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Shenbing Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Nephrology] 2006;7(7):423.
Yang 2006b {published data only}
  • Yang BJ. The clinical observation of 60 cases primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Linchuang He Shiyan Yixue Zazhi [Journal of Clinical and Experimental Medicine] 2006;5(6):753-4.
Yang 2007 {published data only}
  • Yang XM, Liu H. The 16 cases primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Shiyong Zhongyi Neike Zazhi [Journal of Practical Traditional Chinese Internal Medicine] 2007;21(9):51.
Yang 2008 {published data only}
  • Yang J. The 50 cases of nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Guangming Zhongyi [Guangming Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2008;23(12):1989.
Yang 2010 {published data only}
  • Yang H. The 30 cases of primary syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongyi Yanjiu [Traditional Chinese Medicinal Research] 2010;23(12):44-5.
Yao 2010 {published data only}
  • Yao JB. 30 cases of spleen kidney yang xu nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongyi Yanjiu [Traditional Chinese Medicinal Research] 2010;23(8):41-3.
Ye 1999 {published data only}
  • Ye XL, Ye J, Zhang GH, Xu LP, Wei MY. Clinical discuss of Danbailing chongji for nephrotic syndrome. Zhongguo Weixunhuan [Journal of Chinese Microcirculation] 1999;3(4):252.
Ye 2002 {published data only}
  • Ye XB. Clinical observation of the treatment of nephrotic syndrome with Huangqi and Danshen injection. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Zqzhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine] 2002;12(7):425-6.
Yi 2006 {published data only}
  • Yi Q, Cui XJ, Pan L. Huangqi and Baihuasheshecao for primary nephrotic syndrome. Hubei Zhongyi Zazhi [Hubei Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2006;28(9):11-2.
Yin 2000 {published data only}
  • Yin XB. Chuanqiongqin and Huangqi injection combine other drugs for nephrotic syndrome. Jinggangshan Yizhuan Xuebao [Journal of Jinggangshan Medical College] 2000;7(1):61-2.
Yin 2009 {published data only}
  • Yin K. The clinical observation comparison of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongguo Minzu Minjian Yiyao [Chinese Journal of Ethnomedicine and Ethnopharmacy] 2009;18(10):96.
Yu 2000 {published data only}
  • Yu KY, Huang XH, Li WL, Hu JP, Li HD, Pan CS, et al. Clinical observation on treatment of pediatric intractable nephropathy with modified taohongsiwu decoction. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Zqzhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine] 2000;20(11):831-3.
Yu 2001 {published data only}
  • Yu L, Wong ZY, Huang YH, Zhang YX, Zhuo MY. Effect of Huangqi injection on cytokines production and gene expression of in children with nephrotic syndrome. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Shenbing Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Nephrology] 2001;2(9):523-5.
Yu 2003 {published data only}
  • Yu L. Curative analysis of the effect of Huangqi injection on nephrotic syndrome in children. Xiandai Zhongxiyijiehe Zazhi [Modern Journal of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine] 2003;12(6):572-3.
Yu 2005a {published data only}
  • Yu WM, Liu GY. Curative observation of the treatment of adult refractory nephrotic syndrome with Huangqi injection. Shanxi Zhongyi [Shanxi Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2005;6(3):41-2.
Yu 2005b {published data only}
  • Yu XY, Tian Y, Shi J. Curative observation of the treatment of refractory nephrotic syndrome with integrated traditional and western medicine 30 case. Xinzhongyi [Journal of New Chinese Medicine] 2005;37(3):47-8.
Yu 2005c {published data only}
  • Yu P, Wang LF, Wang FX. Curative effect observation of Huangqi on blood fat in nephrotic syndrome patient. Ningxia Yixue Zazhi [Ningxia Medical Journal] 2005;27(1):62.
Yu 2006 {published data only}
  • Yu M, Yu J, Tian Q, Shi YX, Wang AN. The clinical observation of steroid-dependent nephrotic syndrome treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongyiyao Xuekan [Chinese Archives of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2006;24(12):2224-5.
Yu 2007 {published data only}
  • Yu CH. The clinical observation of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Journal of Xianning College 2007;21(6):505-6.
Yu 2008 {published data only}
  • Yu WJ. The 40 cases of refractory nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Shiyong Zhongyi Neike Zazhi [Journal of Practical Traditional Chinese Internal Medicine] 2008;22(5):56.
Yu 2009 {published data only}
  • Yu WZ, Gao GS, He XS, Jin XB. A clinical study of the effect of astragale injection on serum lipids in nephrotic syndrome patients. Assembly of 10th National Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Academic Nephrotic Conference 2009:677-9.
Yuan 2002 {published data only}
  • Yuan ML, Cao WM. Clinical observation of Huangqi injection for nephrotic syndrome 32 case. Shandong Yiyao [Shandong Medical Journal] 2002;35:327-8.
Yuan 2006 {published data only}
  • Yuan YH, Zhou YQ, Bao GX, Shen J, Yuan Y. The clinical observation of the 60 primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine. Heilongjiang Yiyao [Heilongjiang Medicine Journal] 2006, (4):10-2.
Yuan 2008a {published data only}
  • Yuan BR. The clinical observation of nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Yiyao Dao Bao [Herald of Medicine] 2008;5(28):43-4.
Yuan 2008b {published data only}
  • Yuan XT. 25 cases children simple nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Shiyong Zhongyi Neike Zazhi [Journal of Practical Traditional Chinese Internal Medicine] 2008;22(8):38-9.
Yue 2006 {published data only}
  • Yue YT, Wang QM, Song ZM. Ci Wu Jia with Huangqi injection. Yiyao Luntan Zazhi [Journal of Medical Forum] 2006;27(1):62-3.
Zang 2007 {published data only}
  • Zang XL. The 40 cases of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongguo Shiyong Yiyao [China Practical Medicine] 2007;2(29):74.
Zeng 2008 {published data only}
  • Zeng H. Clinical observation on the treatment of renal syndrome with traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine. Zhongguo Redai Yixue [China Tropical Medicine] 2008;8(5):761-2.
Zhang 1993 {published data only}
  • Zhang JL, Wang GZ. The integrated traditional and western medicine for nephrotic syndrome 41 case. Shanxi Zhongyi [Shanxi Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 1993;14(4):158.
Zhang 1994 {published data only}
  • Zhang FS, Liu YH. Integrated Chinese and western medicine for refractory nephrotic syndrome 44 case. Shanxi Zhongyi [Shanxi Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 1994;15(4):153.
Zhang 1997 {published data only}
  • Zhang M, Sun SH, Wang W. Kangshentang for refractory nephrotic syndrome 46 case. Shiyong Zhongyiyao Zazhi [Journal of Practical Traditional Chinese Medicine] 1997;13(3):4-5.
Zhang 1998 {published data only}
  • Zhang SR, Zhang WH. 41 cases of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with Buyanghuanwu soup. Zhongguo Xiangcun Yiyao [Chinese Rural Medicine] 1998;26(6):44.
Zhang 2001a {published data only}
  • Zhang CY, Zhang JR, Ding T, Geng YQ. Huangqi with Danggui mixture and western medicine for nephrotic syndrome. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Shenbing Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Nephrology] 2001;2(9):224.
Zhang 2001b {published data only}
  • Zhang WP, Hu XY, Song GW, Xie RZ. Clinical observation on the treatment of children nephrotic syndrome with reinforce Qi active blood agent. Xinzhongyi [Journal of New Chinese Medicine] 2001;33(2):31-2.
Zhang 2001c {published data only}
  • Zhang GH, Shen ZW, Sun YL, Huang YJ. Clinical observation of nephrotic syndrome in children treated with Huangqi. Linchuang Huicui [Clinical Focus] 2001;16(21):991.
Zhang 2002a {published data only}
  • Zhang MZ, Yu L. Clinical observation of the treatment of nephrotic syndrome in children with Huangqi and hormone. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine] 2002;3(4):300-2.
Zhang 2002b {published data only}
  • Zhang CY, Zhang JR, Ding T, Geng YQ. Huangqi with Danggui mixture and western medicine for nephrotic syndrome 50 case. Wujing Yixue [Medical Journal of the Chinese People's Armed Police Forces] 2002;13(4):224.
Zhang 2004 {published data only}
  • Zhang J. Curative observation of the treatment of nephrotic syndrome with Yijitai. Zhonghua Yixue Xiezuo Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Medical Writing] 2004;11(8):1544-5.
Zhang 2005a {published data only}
  • Zhang JH, Xiao BL. Clinical observation of Huangqi for primary nephrotic syndrome with Huangqi injection. Zhonghua Xiandai Yixue Yu Linchuang [China Modern Medical and Clinical] 2005;2(9):64-5.
Zhang 2005b {published data only}
  • Zhang P, Liang JS. The effect of Huangqi with Danggui mixture and low molecular weight heparin on refractory nephrotic syndrome. Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi [China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica] 2005;33(17):1371-2,1384.
Zhang 2006a {published data only}
  • Zhang JP, Xie FP, Long YC. Clinical efficacy analysis of Huangqi and Bailting on preventing childrens initial nephrotic syndrome. Hainan Yixue [Hainan Medical Journal] 2006;17(10):34-5.
Zhang 2006b {published data only}
  • Zhang LY, Liu Y, Zhu TC, Guo MH. The traditional and western medicine treatment of 40 patients with frequent relapses nephrotic syndrome. Xinxiang Yixueyuan Xuebao [Journal of Xinxiang Medical College] 2006;23(6):613-5.
Zhang 2007a {published data only}
  • Zhang T. The study of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine. Xiandai Zhongxiyijiehe Zazhi [Modern Journal of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine] 2007;16(27):3969-70.
Zhang 2007b {published data only}
  • Zhang QH. The 39 cases of nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Xiandai Zhongxiyijiehe Zazhi [Modern Journal of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine] 2007;16(35):5234.
Zhang 2007c {published data only}
  • Zhang L, Zhen J. The effect of decoction Shenkangling on urinary retinal-binding protein,a1-microglobulin,N-acetyl-beta-d-glucosaminidase of children with frequently relapsing nephrotic syndrome. Master Thesis of Fujian Traditional Chinese Medicine in 2007 2007:1-27.
Zhang 2007d {published data only}
  • Zhang WL, Chen F, Zheng J. The clinical study on the treatment of nephrotic syndrome patients with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongguo Zhongyi Jizhen [Journal of Emergency in Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2007;16(2):165-6.
Zhang 2007e {published data only}
  • Zhang RZ, Cai HQ. 50 cases of primary hydremic nephritis with the traditional Chinese medicine. Henan Zhongyi Xueyuan Xuebao [Journal of Henan University of Chinese Medicine] 2007;22(129):53.
Zhang 2008a {published data only}
  • Zhang HG. The clinical research on the children with primary nephrotic syndrome with the Shu Feng Qing Re Jie Du theory of traditional Chinese medicine. Master Thesis of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine 2008:1-31.
Zhang 2008b {published data only}
  • Zhang ZQ, Zhang WJ, Zhang SJ. The study of refractory nephrotic syndrome treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongguo Zhongyiyao Xinxi Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Information on Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2008;15(9):51-2.
Zhang 2008c {published data only}
  • Zhang J, Chen WM. The clinical effect of 42 cases primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with Zhangyaoyishen soup and hormone. Zhongguo Baojian Yingyang [China Health & Nutrition] 2008;17(18):19-20.
Zhang 2008d {published data only}
  • Zhang L, Wang HX, Chen MJ. The clinical observation of adults refractory primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongguo Zhongyi Jizhen [Journal of Emergency in Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2008;17(10):1378-9, 1387.
Zhang 2008e {published data only}
  • Zhang JH, Song XY. Clinical observation of 40 cases primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Hebei Zhongyi [Hebei Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2008;30(9):956.
Zhang 2009a {published data only}
  • Zhang MP, Zhang Q, Luo YB. The effect observation of the edema phase of the primary nephrotic syndrome treated by combining traditional Chinese and Western medicine. Liaoning Zhongyi Zazhi [Liaoning Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2009;36(4):593-4.
Zhang 2009b {published data only}
  • Zhang XP. The clinical study of nephrotic syndrome in children treated with integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine. Xiandai Zhongxiyijiehe Zazhi [Modern Journal of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine] 2009;18(26):3190-1.
Zhang 2009c {published data only}
  • Zhang MP, Zhang Q, Luo YB. Clinical observation of edema phase of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Liaoning Zhongyi Zazhi [Liaoning Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2009;36(4):593-4.
Zhang 2010a {published data only}
  • Zhang LH. Treating children PNS in TCM. Zhongyi Linchuang Yanjiu [Clinical Journal of Chinese Medicine] 2010;2(13):107-8.
Zhang 2010b {published data only}
  • Zhang AF. The observational study of 51 adult primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongguo Xiandai Yaowu Yinyong [Chinese Journal of Modern Drug Application] 2010;4(18):178-9.
Zhang 2010c {published data only}
  • Zhang XH. The 43 cases of refractory primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Shanxi Zhongyi [Shanxi Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2010;26(4):24,26.
Zhang 2010d {published data only}
  • Zhang HQ, Huang JF. The clinical observation of 80 cases nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Yunnan Zhongyi Zhongyao Zazhi [Yunnan Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Materia Medica] 2010;31(7):15-7.
Zhang 2010e {published data only}
  • Zhang XW. Clinical observation of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with Huangqi injection and hormone. Zhongguo Wuzhenxue Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Misdiagnostics] 2010;10(21):5144.
Zhao 1999a {published data only}
  • Zhao CL, Gao XZ, Zhang X. Binary assaulting integrated traditional and western medicine for refractory nephrotic syndrome 30 case. Qinghai Yiyao Zazhi [Qinghai Medical Journal] 1999;29(12):59.
Zhao 1999c {published data only}
  • Zhao DG, Zhao X, Zhang JD. Clinical observation of the hypercoagulable state in nephrotic syndrome patients treated with Buyanghuanwu soup. Beijing Zhongyi [Beijing Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 1999;18(1):21.
Zhao 2001a {published data only}
  • Zhao XL, Lin SJ. Huangqi with Danggui mixture and western medicine for primary nephrotic syndrome. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Shenbing Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Nephrology] 2001;2(1):23-5.
Zhao 2001b {published data only}
  • Zhao HM. Curative effect observation of the treatment of primary nephrotic syndrome with Huangqi and hormone. Xiandai Zhongxiyijiehe Zazhi [Modern Journal of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine] 2001;10(4):310-1.
Zhao 2001c {published data only}
  • Zhao H. Integrated traditional and western medicine for refractory nephrotic syndrome 30 case. Shanxi Zhongyi [Shanxi Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2001;22(4):204-5.
Zhao 2010 {published data only}
  • Zhao W, Chen CH. The clinical study of child primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with traditional Chinese medicine retention enema mixture. Yiyao Dao Bao [Herald of Medicine] 2010;7(12):118-9.
Zhi 2010 {published data only}
  • Zhi Y, Zhang WL. Clinical observation of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongyi Xuebao [Journal of Chinese Medicine] 2010;25(146):133-4.
Zhong 2002 {published data only}
  • Zhong ZH, Lu JJ, Cai CD. Clinical analysis of the treatment of refractory nephrotic syndrome with hormone and triptolide. Zhongguo Zonghe Linchuang [Clinical Medicine of China] 2002;18(5):435-6.
Zhong 2006 {published data only}
  • Zhong CH. Clinical observation of Danshen and Huangqi injection for nephrotic syndrome. Hebei Yixue [Hebei Medicine] 2006;12(1):71-2.
Zhong 2008 {published data only}
  • Zhong HL, Ou WN. The clinical study of 40 cases of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Dangdai Yixue [China Contemporary Medicine] 2008, (141):90-1.
Zhong 2009 {published data only}
  • Zhong JC. The clinical research on the children with primary nephrotic syndrome with the Shu Feng Qing Re Jie Du theory of traditional Chinese medicine. Master thesis of Guangzhou University of Chinese Medicine 2009:1-27.
Zhong 2011 {published data only}
  • Zhong Y, Zhong A. The clinical observation of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with Huangqi and Danggui mixture. Yixue Xinxi [Medical Information] 2011, (1):216.
Zhou 2000 {published data only}
  • Zhou QF, Zhang YB, Yue CL. Curative observation on the treatment of nephrotic syndrome with Huangqi and Danshen injection. Shijie Jinri Yixue Zazhi [World Journal of Medicine Today] 2000;1(5):532-3.
Zhou 2003 {published data only}
  • Zhou X, Hua XY. Observation of the effect of Huangqi injection and nourishing kidney accommodation immune on T lymphocyte subsets in nephrotic syndrome. Jiangsu Daxue Xuebao: Yixueban [Journal of Jiangsu University Medicine Edition] 2003;13(3):250-1.
Zhou 2004 {published data only}
  • Zhou JZ. The curative observation on the treatment of nephrotic syndrome with Huangqi and Danggui mixture. Hei Long Jiang Yi Yao Ke Xue [Heilongjiang Medicine and Pharmacy] 2004;27(6):50-1.
Zhou 2006 {published data only}
  • Zhou Q. Clinical analysis of nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. The Fourth International Conference of Combining Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine Kidney Paper Assembly 2006:213-4.
Zhou 2007a {published data only}
  • Zhou ZX. 42 primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with the Chinese herb drugs and hormones in stage. Guangxi Zhongyiyao [Guangxi Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2007;30(3):20-1.
Zhou 2007b {published data only}
  • Zhou L. Clinical observation of 23 cases primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Yixue Linchuang Yanjiu [Journal of Clinical Research] 2007;24(5):868-9.
Zhou 2008 {published data only}
  • Zhou Y, Jiang HJ. The observational study of 20 cases of nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Binzhou Yixueyuan Xuebao [Journal of Binzhou Medical University] 2008;31(6):473-4.
Zhou 2009a {published data only}
  • Zhou Z, Dai W, Huang J. The observational study of 28 adults relapsing primary nephrotic syndrome treated with integrated traditional Chinese and western medicine. Yunnan Zhongyi Zhongyao Zazhi [Yunnan Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine and Materia Medica] 2009;30(12):22-3.
Zhou 2009c {published data only}
  • Zhou XR, Fu BC. The clinical observation of 40 cases nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Shanxi Zhongyi Xueyuan Xuebao [Journal of Shanxi College of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2009;10(3):46-7.
Zhu 2001 {published data only}
  • Zhu W, Zhu J, Wang GZ, Gao LL, Gao Y. 35 case curative experience of children primary nephrotic syndrome. Henan Yike Daxue Xuebao [Journal of Henan Medical College] 2001;36(2):211-2.
Zhu 2002 {published data only}
  • Zhu XP. Clinical observation of the treatment of refractory nephrotic syndrome with Chinese traditional medicine and hormone. Shanghai Zhongyiyao Zazhi [Shanghai Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2002;36(9):18-9.
Zhu 2004 {published data only}
  • Zhu PJ, Wei XJ, Zhou X, Liu YP, Zhao H. Clinical study of the effect of Huangqi injection on blood fat and plasma albumin in nephrotic syndrome. Linchuang Shenzangbing Zazhi [Journal of Clinical Nephrology] 2004;4(1):30-2.
Zhu 2006 {published data only}
  • Zhu PJ, Zhou X, Zhao H. Curative effect of prednisone combined with traditional Chinese medicine on child with hydropigenous nephritis according to stage and symptom. Xiandai Zhongxiyijiehe Zazhi [Modern Journal of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine] 2006;15(14):1870-2.
Zhu 2010a {published data only}
  • Zhu LY. The observational study of 26 primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with Huangqi injection and Shuxuetong. Zhejiang Zhongxiyi Jiehe Zazhi [Zhejiang Journal of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine] 2010;45(6):425.
Zhu 2010b {published data only}
  • Zhu JN. The 32 cases nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Zhongguo Zhongyiyao Xiandai Yuancheng Jiaoyu [TCM Modern Distance Education of China] 2010;8(7):44.

References to studies awaiting assessment

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Li 2007f {published data only}
  • Li M. Clinical observation of primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Beijing Zhongyi [Beijing Journal of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2007;26(5):289-90.
Liu 1998 {published data only}
  • Liu H, Wang YL. Curative effect observation of Huangqi injection for nephrotic syndrome. Hebei Zhongxiyi Jiehe Zazhi [Hebei Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Medicine] 1998;7(10):1597.
Ma 2001 {published data only}
  • Ma AQ, Ma SZ. Curative observation on the treatment of nephrotic syndrome with Huangqi and Yimuzao. Zhongguo Zhongxiyi Jiehe Shenbing Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Integrated Traditional and Western Nephrology] 2001;2(9):60.
Su 2000a {published data only}
  • Su LJ, Zhang YZ. Integrated traditional and western medicine for children simplex nephrotic syndrome 30 case. Zhongguo Zhongyao Zazhi [China Journal of Chinese Materia Medica] 2000;21(6):19-20.
Tang 2005 {published data only}
  • Tang JH, Zhu GH, Fang MJ, Yu QS. Primary study on the precaution recrudescent nephrotic syndrome with Huangqi above other medicine. Zhongguo Quanke Yixue [Chinese General Practice] 2005;8(14):1136-7.
Wan 2009 {published data only}
  • Wan MG, Shi W. Primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with Huangqi and Danggui. Zhongguo Minjian Laofa [China's Naturopathy] 2009;17(10):32.
Wang 2000b {published data only}
  • Wang LS. The effect observation on assisted treating adult primary nephrotic syndrome by Huangqi injection. Zhonghua Shiyong Zhongxiyi Zazhi [Chinese Journal of the Practical Chinese with Modern Medicine] 2000;13(7):1451.
Wu 1998a {published data only}
  • Wu WB, Fan ZH. Protective effects of astragali injection on tubular in patients with primary nephrotic syndrome. Zhongyao Xinyao Yu Linchuang Yaoli [Traditional Chinese Drug Research & Clinical Pharmacology] 1998;14(5):33-4.
Xue 2004a {published data only}
  • Xue XJ. Curative analysis of the treatment of primary nephrotic syndrome with astragalus-angelica mixture. Zhongguo Linchuang Yixue [Clinical Medical Journal of China] 2004;3(7):67-8.
Zhang 2010f {published data only}
  • Zhang Y, Zhang H. Therapeutic effects of Huangqi combined with routine therapy with glucocorticosteroid for treating 55 children with nephritic syndrome. Zhongguo Shiyong Yiyao Zazhi [Chinese Journal of Practical Medicine] 2010;5(8):13-4.
Zhao 1999b {published data only}
  • Zhao Y, Yuan SH. 20 case clinical observation on the treatment of the primary nephrotic syndrome in adult with Huangqi and corticosteroid. Xiandai Zhongxiyijiehe Zazhi [Modern Journal of Integrated Traditional Chinese and Western Medicine] 1999;8(12):1961.
  • Zhao Y, Yuan SH. Huangqi and corticosteroid for primary nephrotic syndrome. Shoudu Yiyao [Capital Medicine] 1999;6(11):38.
Zhao 2003 {published data only}
  • Zhao SY. The curative clinical observation on the treatment of primary nephrotic syndrome with Astragalus Angelica mixture. Guiyang Zhongyi Xueyuan Xuebao [Journal of Guiyang College of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2003;25(2):17-8.
Zhou 2009b {published data only}
  • Zhou WH. The clinical analysis of nephrotic syndrome through combined treatment of traditional Chinese medicine and western medicine. Zhonghua Zhongxi Yixue Zazhi [China and Foreign Medical Journal] 2009;7(11):7-8.
Zou 2008 {published data only}
  • Zou MH. Clinical observation of 55 cases primary nephrotic syndrome patients treated with integrated Chinese and western medicine. Association of Chinese Medicine of the 21 Nephropathy Academic Conference Papers Assembly 2008:240-1.

Additional references

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Bao 2003
  • Bao XI, Zhou ZL, Lin L, Wu ZP, Yu P. Western medicine with Astragalus Injection for nephritic proteinuria. Shiyong Zhongyiyao Zazhi [Journal of Practical Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2003;19(3):132-3.
Cattran 1999
  • Cattran DC, Appel GB, Hebert LA, Hunsicker LG, Pohl MA, Hoy WE, et al. A randomized trial of cyclosporine in patients with steroid-resistant focal segmental glomerulosclerosis. North America Nephrotic Syndrome Study Group. Kidney International 1999;56(6):2220–6. [MEDLINE: 10594798]
Cattran 2007
  • Cattran DC, Alexopoulos E, Heering P, Hoyer PF, Johnston A, Meyrier A, et al. Cyclosporin in idiopathic glomerular disease associated with the nephrotic syndrome: workshop recommendations. Kidney International 2007;72(12):1429–47. [MEDLINE: 17898700]
Cohen 2011
  • Cohen EP, Sujeet K. Nephrotic syndrome. http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/244631-overview (accessed March 2013).
Das 2009
  • Das U, Dakshinamurty KV, Prasad N. Ponticelli regimen in idiopathic nephrotic syndrome. Indian Journal of Nephrology 2009;19(2):48-52. [EMBASE: 2009390537 ]
Deng 1998
  • Deng WL, Wang YS, Xue CS. Pharmacology and applications of Chinese Materia Medica. 2nd Edition. Beijing: People's Medical Publishing House, 1998:982-1004.
Doucet 2000
  • Doucet C, Mooser V, Gonbert S, Raymond F, Chapman J, Jacobs C, et al. Lipoprotein(a) in the nephrotic syndrome: molecular analysis of lipoprotein(a) and apolipoprotein(a) fragments in plasma and urine. Journal of the American Society of Nephrology 2000;11(3):507-13. [MEDLINE: 10703674]
Higgins 2003
Higgins 2011
  • Higgins JP, Green S (editors). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. Version 5.1.0 [updated March 2011]. The Cochrane Collaboration1, 2011. Available from www.cochrane-handbook.org.
Koomans 2003
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Lane 2011
  • Lane JC. Pediatric nephrotic syndrome. http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/982920-overview (accessed March 2013).
Li 2000
Li 2006f
  • Li KJ. Systematic review of the primary nephrotic syndrome treated with Buyanghuanwu soup. Liaoning Zhongyi Xueyuan Xuebao [Journal of Liaoning University of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2006;8(6):63-4.
McCarthy 2012
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Meyrier 2004
Orth 1998
Palmer 2008
Peng 2005
Saland 2002
Segarra 2009
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Su 2000b
  • Su L, Chen XJ, Hu JD, Zhou SG, Mao JC. Comparisons different doses of Astragalus membranaceus and Salvia miltiorrhiza in rats proteinuria. Zhongguo Xinyao Yu Linchuang Zazhi [Chinese Journal of New Drugs and Clinical Remedies] 2000;3:205-8.
UMMC 2009
  • Smith JF. Nephrotic syndrome - overview. http://www.umm.edu/ency/article/000490.htm (accessed March 2013).
Waldman 2007
  • Waldman M, Crew RJ, Valeri A, Busch J, Stokes B, Markowitz G, et al. Adult minimal-change disease: clinical characteristics, treatment, and outcomes. Clinical Journal of The American Society of Nephrology: CJASN 2007;2(3):445–53. [MEDLINE: 17699450]
Wang 2002
  • Wang HY, Li JZ, Pan JS, Zou WZ, Li XM, Zhang YK, et al. The effect of Astragali and Angelica on nephrotic syndrome and its mechanisms of action. Beijing Daxue Xuebao (Yixueban) [Journal of Peking University (Health Sciences)] 2002;34:542-52.
Wu 2005
Ye 2003
  • Ye RG, Yang X, Liu GX, Xu HS, Fang JG, Cui JG, et al. Integration of Chinese and western medicine. 1st Edition. Beijing: People's Medical Publishing House, 2003.
Zhou 2009d
  • Zhou LJ. Systematic review of primary nephrotic syndrome in children treated with Huangqi and western medicine. Shandong Zhongyiyao Daxue Xuebao [Journal of Shandong University of Traditional Chinese Medicine] 2009:1-49.

References to other published versions of this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Yuan 2007
  • Yuan W, Wang J, Wu T. Chinese herbal medicine Huangqi type formulation for nephrotic syndrome. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 1, Issue 2007. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD006335]
Yuan 2008
  • Yuan W, Wang J, Wu T. Chinese herbal medicine Huangqi type formulations for nephrotic syndrome. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2, Issue 2008. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD006335.pub2]