Long-term opioid management for chronic noncancer pain

  • Protocol
  • Intervention

Authors


Abstract

This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows:

  • To determine the effectiveness of long-term opioid therapy for chronic noncancer pain;

  • to identify the adverse effects of long-term opioid therapy for chronic noncancer pain; and

  • to assess withdrawal rates from treatment by reasons for withdrawal based on patient statements.

Ancillary