There is a high and increasing prevalence of impairments among children and adolescents in the West. Many countries offer personal assistance in the form of individualised support for people living in the community by a paid assistant other than a healthcare professional for at least 20 hours per week.
To assess the effectiveness of personal assistance for children and adolescents with both physical and intellectual impairments, and the impacts of personal assistance on others, compared to other interventions.
Electronic databases including CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, ERIC, Dissertation Abstracts International and a variety of specialist Swedish databases were searched from 1980 to June 2005; reference lists were checked; 345 experts, organisations, government bodies and charities were contacted in an attempt to locate relevant research.
Children and adolescents with both physical and intellectual impairments (0-18 years) living in the community who require assistance to perform tasks of daily living (e.g., bathing and eating) and participate in normal activities due to permanent impairments. Controlled studies of personal assistance in which participants were prospectively assigned to study groups and in which control group outcomes were measured concurrently with intervention group outcomes were included.
Data collection and analysis
Titles and abstracts were examined by two reviewers. 130 full papers were examined. None met the inclusion criteria.
No eligible studies were found.
Research in this field is limited, though one related review provides some evidence of the effectiveness of personal assistance for children and adolescents with intellectual impairments. When implementing new programmes, recipients could be randomly assigned to different forms of assistance. While advocates may support personal assistance for myriad reasons, this review demonstrates that further studies are required to determine which models of personal assistance are most effective and efficient for particular people.
提供個人助理給有身體和智力損傷的兒童和青少年 (0 – 18歲)
搜尋以下電子資料庫：CENTRAL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, CINAHL, PsycINFO, ERIC, Dissertation Abstracts International and a variety of specialist Swedish databases from 1980 to June 2005。也檢查參考文獻；連絡345位專家，組織,政府和慈善單位以取得相關研究。
有永久性身體和智力損傷的兒童和青少年 (0 – 18歲) ，繼續住在社區裡，但需要協助以完成日常生活活動(洗澡和吃飯)和一般活動的參與。對照組試驗且受試者分配至不同試驗組別，對照組和試驗組在相同時間進行的結果測量。
此翻譯計畫由臺灣國家衛生研究院 (National Health Research Institutes, Taiwan) 統籌。