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Strategies for communicating contraceptive effectiveness

  1. Laureen M Lopez1,*,
  2. Markus Steiner2,
  3. David A Grimes3,
  4. Deborah Hilgenberg4,
  5. Kenneth F Schulz5

Editorial Group: Cochrane Fertility Regulation Group

Published Online: 30 APR 2013

Assessed as up-to-date: 13 FEB 2013

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD006964.pub3

How to Cite

Lopez LM, Steiner M, Grimes DA, Hilgenberg D, Schulz KF. Strategies for communicating contraceptive effectiveness. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 4. Art. No.: CD006964. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD006964.pub3.

Author Information

  1. 1

    FHI 360, Clinical Sciences, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA

  2. 2

    FHI, Clinical Sciences, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA

  3. 3

    University of North Carolina, School of Medicine, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA

  4. 4

    FHI 360, Scientific Affairs, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA

  5. 5

    FHI 360 and UNC School of Medicine, Quantitative Sciences, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA

*Laureen M Lopez, Clinical Sciences, FHI 360, P.O. Box 13950, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, 27709, USA.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New search for studies and content updated (no change to conclusions)
  2. Published Online: 30 APR 2013



References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to ongoing studies
  4. Additional references
Kraft 2007 {published and unpublished data}
  • Kraft JM, Harvey SM, Thorburn S, Henderson JT, Posner SF, Galavotti C. Intervening with couples: assessing contraceptive outcomes in a randomized pregnancy and HIV/STD risk reduction intervention trial. Womens Health Issues 2007;17(1):52-60.
Langston 2010 {published data only}
  • Langston AM, Rosario L, Westhoff CL. Structured contraceptive counseling--a randomized controlled trial. Patient Education and Counseling. 2010/09/28 2010; Vol. 81, issue 3:362-7.
  • Westhoff C. Randomized controlled trial of structured contraceptive counseling in adult women. (accessed 25 Mar 2010). [: NCT00746993]
  • World Health Organization. Decision-making tool for family planning clients and providers. (accessed 08 Jan 2012).
Marshall 1984 {published data only}
Omu 1989 {published data only}
  • Omu AE, Weir SS, Janowitz B, Covington DL, Lamptey PR, Burton NN. The effect of counseling on sterilization acceptance by high-parity women in Nigeria. International Family Planning Perspectives 1989;15(2):66-71.
Steiner 2003 {published data only}
  • Steiner MJ, Dalebout S, Condon S, Dominik R, Trussell J. Understanding risk: a randomized controlled trial of communicating contraceptive effectiveness. Obstetrics & Gynecology 2003;102(4):709-17.
Steiner 2006 {published and unpublished data}
  • Steiner MJ, Trussell J, Mehta N, Condon S, Subramaniam S, Bourne D. Communicating contraceptive effectiveness: a randomized controlled trial to inform a World Health Organization family planning handbook. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2006;195(1):85-91.
Stephenson 2011 {published data only}
  • Allen 2007. Preventing unplanned pregnancies in HIV infected Zambian couples. 00067522 (accessed 31 Jul 2012). [: NCT00067522]
  • Stephenson R, Vwalika B, Greenberg L, Ahmed Y, Vwalika C, Chomba E, et al. A randomized controlled trial to promote long-term contraceptive use among HIV-serodiscordant and concordant positive couples in Zambia. Journal of Women's Health. 2011/03/18 2011; Vol. 20, issue 4:567-74.

References to studies excluded from this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to ongoing studies
  4. Additional references
Akman 2010 {published data only}
  • Akman M, Tüzün S, Uzuner A, Başgul A, Kavak Z. The influence of prenatal counselling on postpartum contraceptive choice. Journal of International Medical Research. 2010/10/12 2010; Vol. 38, issue 4:1243-9.
Barnet 2009 {published data only}
  • Barnet B, Liu J, DeVoe M, Duggan AK, Gold MA, Pecukonis E. Motivational intervention to reduce rapid subsequent births to adolescent mothers: a community-based randomized trial. Annals of Family Medicine 2009;7(5):436-45.
Bashour 2008 {published data only}
Bolam 1998 {published data only}
  • Bolam A, Manandhar DS, Shrestha O, Ellis M, Costello AM. The effects of postnatal health education for mothers on infant care and family planning practices in Nepal: a randomised controlled trial. BMJ 1998;316(7134):805-11.
Carneiro 2011 {published data only}
  • Carneiro Gomes Ferreira A L, Impieri Souza A, Evangelista Pessoa R, Braga C. The effectiveness of contraceptive counseling for women in the postabortion period: an intervention study. Contraception 2011;84(4):377-83.
Chewning 1999 {published data only}
  • Chewning B, Mosena P, Wilson D, Erdman H, Potthoff S, Murphy A, et al. Evaluation of a computerized contraceptive decision aid for adolescent patients. Patient Education and Counseling 1999;38(3):227-39.
Danielson 1990 {published data only}
Floyd 2007 {published data only}
  • Floyd RL, Sobell M, Velasquez MM, Ingersoll K, Nettleman M, Sobell L, et al. Preventing alcohol-exposed pregnancies. A randomized controlled trial. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2007;32:1-10.
Garbers 2012 {published data only}
  • Garbers S, Meserve A, Kottke M, Hatcher R, Chiasson M A. Tailored health messaging improves contraceptive continuation and adherence: results from a randomized controlled trial. Contraception 2012;86(5):536-42.
  • Garbers S, Meserve A, Kottke M, Hatcher R, Ventura A, Chiasson M A. Randomized controlled trial of a computer-based module to improve contraceptive method choice. Contraception 2012;86(4):383-90.
Harvey 2004 {published data only}
Lazcano Ponce 2000 {published data only}
  • Lazcano Ponce EC, Sloan NL, Winikoff B, Langer A, Coggins C, Heimburger A, et al. The power of information and contraceptive choice in a family planning setting in Mexico. Sexually Transmitted Infections 2000;76(4):277-81.
Lee 2007 {published data only}
Lei 1996 {published data only}
  • Lei Z-W, Wu SC, Garceau RJ, Jiang S, Yang Q-Z, Wang W-L, et al. Effect of pretreatment counseling on discontinuation rates in Chinese women given depo-medroxyprogesterone acetate for contraception. Contraception 1996;53(6):357-61.
Marcy 1983 {published data only}
McBride 2000 {published data only}
Melnick 2008 {published data only}
  • Melnick AL, Rdesinski RE, Creach ED, Choi D, Harvey SM. The influence of nurse home visits, including provision of 3 months of contraceptives and contraceptive counseling, on perceived barriers to contraceptive use and contraceptive use self-efficacy. Women’s Health Issues 2008;18(6):271-81.
Nobili 2007 {published data only}
  • Nobili MP, Piergrossi S, Brusati V, Moja EA. The effect of patient-centered contraceptive counseling in women who undergo a voluntary termination of pregnancy. Patient Education and Counseling 2007;65(3):361-8.
Peipert 2008 {published data only}
  • Peipert JF, Redding CA, Blume JD, Allsworth JE, Matteson KA, Lozowski F, et al. Tailored intervention to increase dual-contraceptive method use: a randomized trial to reduce unintended pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2008;198:630.e1-8.
Petersen 2007 {published data only}
Saeed 2008 {published data only}
Schunmann 2006 {published data only}
  • Schunmann C, Glasier A. Specialist contraceptive counselling and provision after termination of pregnancy improves uptake of long-acting methods but does not prevent repeat abortion: a randomized trial. Human Reproduction 2006;21(9):2296-303.
Shlay 2003 {published data only}
  • Shlay JC, Mayhugh B, Foster M, Maravi ME, Baron AE, Douglas JM Jr. Initiating contraception in sexually transmitted disease clinic setting: a randomized trial. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology 2003;189(2):473-81.
Smith 2002 {published data only}
Vogt 2012 {published data only}
  • Vogt C, Schaefer M. Knowledge matters--impact of two types of information brochure on contraceptive knowledge, attitudes and intentions. European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care. 2011/12/28 2012; Vol. 17, issue 2:135-43.
Wight 2002 {published data only}
  • Wight D, Raab GM, Henderson M, Abraham C, Buston K, Hart G, et al. Limits of teacher delivered sex education: interim behavioural outcomes from randomised trial. BMJ 2002;324(7351):1430.
Zhu 2009 {published data only}
  • Zhu JL, Zhang W-H, Cheng Y, Xu J, Xu X, Gibson D, et al. Impact of post-abortion family planning services on contraceptive use and abortion rate among young women in China: a cluster randomized trial. European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care 2009;14(1):46-54.

References to ongoing studies

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to ongoing studies
  4. Additional references
Madden 2011 {published data only}
  • Madden TE. Computerized Decision Aid (CDM RCT). (accessed 26 Aug 2012). [: NCT01479985]

Additional references

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to ongoing studies
  4. Additional references
Albarracín 2005
  • Albarracín D, Gillette JC, Earl AN, Glasman LR, Durantini MR. A test of major assumptions about behavior change: a comprehensive look at the effects of passive and active HIV-prevention interventions since the beginning of the epidemic. Psychological Bulletin 2005;131(6):856-97.
Aral 2007
  • Aral SO, Douglas JM, Lipshutz JA. Behavioral interventions for prevention and control of sexually transmitted diseases. New York (NY): Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, 2007.
ARHP 2006
  • Association of Reproductive Health Professionals. Helping Your Patients Decide: Making Informed Health Choices about Hormonal Contraception. Washington (DC): ARHP, 2006.
Balshem 2011
Baranowski 2002
  • Baranowski T, Perry CL, Parcel GS. How individuals, environments, and health behavior interact. Social Cognitive Theory. In: Glanz K, Rimer RK, Lewis FM editor(s). Health Behavior and Health Education. Theory, Research, and Practice. 3rd Edition. San Francisco (CA): Jossey-Bass, 2002:165-84.
Bellg 2004
  • Bellg AJ, Borrelli B, Resnick B, Hecht J, Minicucci DS, Ory M, et al. Enhancing treatment fidelity in health behavior change studies: best practices and recommendations from the NIH Behavior Change Consortium. Health Psychology 2004;23(5):443-51.
Borrelli 2005
  • Borrelli B, Sepinwall D, Ernst D, Bellg AJ, Czajkowski S, Breger R, et al. A new tool to assess treatment fidelity and evaluation of treatment fidelity across 10 years of health behavior research. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 2005;73(5):852-60.
Borrelli 2011
  • Borrelli B. The assessment, monitoring, and enhancement of treatment fidelity in public health clinical trials. Journal of Public Health Dentistry. 2011/04/19 2011; Vol. 71, issue s1:S52-63.
DiCenso 2002
  • DiCenso A, Guyatt G, Willan A, Griffith WL. Interventions to reduce unintended pregnancies among adolescents: systematic review of randomized controlled trials. BMJ 2002;324(7351):1426.
Fishbein 2000
Fisher 1992
Garcia 1997
  • Garcia SG, Snow R, Aitken I. Preferences for contraceptive attributes: voices of women in Cuidad Juárez, Mexico. International Family Planning Perspectives 1997;23(2):52-8.
Grady 1999
Guyatt 2011
  • Guyatt G, Oxman AD, Akl EA, Kunz R, Vist G, Brozek J, et al. GRADE guidelines: 1. Introduction-GRADE evidence profiles and summary of findings tables. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 2011;64(4):383-94.
Halpern 2011
Higgins 2011
  • Higgins JPT, Green S (editors). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions 5.1.0 [updated March 2011]. The Cochrane Collaboration, 2011. Available from John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, (accessed 26 Mar 2012).
Janz 2002
  • Janz NK, Champion VL, Strecher VJ. The Health Belief Model. In: Glanz K, Rimer BK, Lewis FM editor(s). Health Behavior and Health Education. Theory, Research, and Practice. 3rd Edition. San Francisco (CA): Jossey-Bass, 2002:45-66.
Lete 2007
  • Lete I, Doval JL, Pérez-Campos E, Sánchez-Borrego R, Correa M, de la Viuda E, et al. Factors affecting women's selection of a combined hormonal contraceptive method: the TEAM-06 Spanish cross-sectional study. Contraception 2007;76(2):77-83.
Lopez 2011
Lopez 2012
Mahajan 2007
Mayo-Wilson 2007
  • Mayo-Wilson E. Reporting implementation in randomized trials: proposed additions to the consolidated standards of reporting trials statement. American Journal of Public Health 2007;97(4):630-3.
O'Connor 2003
  • O'Connor AM, Stacey D, Rovner D, Holmes-Rovner M, Tetroe J, Llewellyn-Thomas H, et al. Decision aids for people facing health treatment or screening decisions. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2003, Issue 1. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD001431]
Schulz 1995
Schulz 2002
Secura 2010
  • Secura GM, Allsworth JE, Madden T, Mullersman JL, Peipert JF. The Contraceptive CHOICE Project: reducing barriers to long-acting reversible contraception. American Journal of Obstetrics and Gynecology. 2010/06/15 2010; Vol. 203, issue 2:115 e1-7.
Strauss 2011
  • Strauss SE, Glasziou P, Richardson WS, Haynes RB. Evidence-based Medicine: How to Practice and Teach It. Fourth. New York: Churchill Livingstone Elsevier, 2011.
Van Vliet 2001
  • Van Vliet HAAM, Grimes DA, Popkin B, Smith U. Lay persons' understanding of the risk of Down's Syndrome in genetic counseling. British Journal of Obstetrics and Gynaecology 2001;108(6):649-50.