Intervention Review

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Theory-based interventions for contraception

  1. Laureen M Lopez1,*,
  2. Elizabeth E. Tolley2,
  3. David A Grimes3,
  4. Mario Chen4,
  5. Laurie L Stockton5

Editorial Group: Cochrane Fertility Regulation Group

Published Online: 7 AUG 2013

Assessed as up-to-date: 3 JUL 2013

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007249.pub4


How to Cite

Lopez LM, Tolley EE, Grimes DA, Chen M, Stockton LL. Theory-based interventions for contraception. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 8. Art. No.: CD007249. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007249.pub4.

Author Information

  1. 1

    FHI 360, Clinical Sciences, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA

  2. 2

    FHI, Behavioral and Social Sciences, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA

  3. 3

    University of North Carolina, School of Medicine, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA

  4. 4

    FHI 360, Division of Biostatistics, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA

  5. 5

    FHI360, Health Services Research, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA

*Laureen M Lopez, Clinical Sciences, FHI 360, P.O. Box 13950, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, 27709, USA. llopez@fhi360.org.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New search for studies and content updated (no change to conclusions)
  2. Published Online: 7 AUG 2013

SEARCH

[Analysis 1.1]
Analysis 1.1. Comparison 1 Prevent second births: home-based mentoring versus usual care, Outcome 1 Second birth by 24 months.
[Analysis 2.1]
Analysis 2.1. Comparison 2 Multiple risk reduction: group youth and parent programs, Outcome 1 Been pregnant or gotten someone pregnant, self-reported (at 24 months).
[Analysis 2.2]
Analysis 2.2. Comparison 2 Multiple risk reduction: group youth and parent programs, Outcome 2 Used contraception at last sex (at 24 months).
[Analysis 2.3]
Analysis 2.3. Comparison 2 Multiple risk reduction: group youth and parent programs, Outcome 3 Used condom at last sex (at 24 months).
[Analysis 3.1]
Analysis 3.1. Comparison 3 Reducing risk for alcohol-exposed pregnancy: motivational interviewing versus pamphlet on women's health, Outcome 1 Ineffective contraceptive use.
[Analysis 3.2]
Analysis 3.2. Comparison 3 Reducing risk for alcohol-exposed pregnancy: motivational interviewing versus pamphlet on women's health, Outcome 2 Effective contraceptive use (at 3 months).
[Analysis 4.1]
Analysis 4.1. Comparison 4 Pregnancy and STI prevention: motivational interviewing versus general health counseling, Outcome 1 Contraceptive use maintained at high level or improved.
[Analysis 4.2]
Analysis 4.2. Comparison 4 Pregnancy and STI prevention: motivational interviewing versus general health counseling, Outcome 2 Pregnancy (by 12 months).
[Analysis 5.1]
Analysis 5.1. Comparison 5 Pregnancy and STI prevention: computer-delivered, tailored versus non-tailored intervention, Outcome 1 Any dual-method use (at 24 months).
[Analysis 5.2]
Analysis 5.2. Comparison 5 Pregnancy and STI prevention: computer-delivered, tailored versus non-tailored intervention, Outcome 2 Consistent condom use (at 24 months).
[Analysis 5.3]
Analysis 5.3. Comparison 5 Pregnancy and STI prevention: computer-delivered, tailored versus non-tailored intervention, Outcome 3 Unplanned pregnancy (at 24 months).
[Analysis 6.1]
Analysis 6.1. Comparison 6 Prevent repeat births: computer-assisted motivational interviewing (CAMI) + parenting curriculum versus CAMI versus usual care, Outcome 1 Repeat birth by 24 months.
[Analysis 7.1]
Analysis 7.1. Comparison 7 Adherence to OCs and condom use: counseling + phone calls versus counseling versus standard care, Outcome 1 Consistent OC use: counseling + phone versus counseling.
[Analysis 7.2]
Analysis 7.2. Comparison 7 Adherence to OCs and condom use: counseling + phone calls versus counseling versus standard care, Outcome 2 Consistent OC use: counseling versus standard care.
[Analysis 7.3]
Analysis 7.3. Comparison 7 Adherence to OCs and condom use: counseling + phone calls versus counseling versus standard care, Outcome 3 Dual-method use: counseling + phone versus counseling.
[Analysis 7.4]
Analysis 7.4. Comparison 7 Adherence to OCs and condom use: counseling + phone calls versus counseling versus standard care, Outcome 4 Dual-method use: counseling versus standard care.
[Analysis 7.5]
Analysis 7.5. Comparison 7 Adherence to OCs and condom use: counseling + phone calls versus counseling versus standard care, Outcome 5 Condom use at last sex: counseling + phone versus counseling.
[Analysis 7.6]
Analysis 7.6. Comparison 7 Adherence to OCs and condom use: counseling + phone calls versus counseling versus standard care, Outcome 6 Condom use at last sex: counseling versus standard care.
[Analysis 7.7]
Analysis 7.7. Comparison 7 Adherence to OCs and condom use: counseling + phone calls versus counseling versus standard care, Outcome 7 Pregnancy (by 12 months).
[Analysis 7.8]
Analysis 7.8. Comparison 7 Adherence to OCs and condom use: counseling + phone calls versus counseling versus standard care, Outcome 8 Would recommend OC use to a friend: counseling + phone versus counseling.
[Analysis 7.9]
Analysis 7.9. Comparison 7 Adherence to OCs and condom use: counseling + phone calls versus counseling versus standard care, Outcome 9 Would recommend OC use to a friend: counseling versus standard care.