Intervention Review

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Theory-based interventions for contraception

  1. Laureen M Lopez1,*,
  2. Elizabeth E. Tolley2,
  3. David A Grimes3,
  4. Mario Chen4,
  5. Laurie L Stockton5

Editorial Group: Cochrane Fertility Regulation Group

Published Online: 7 AUG 2013

Assessed as up-to-date: 3 JUL 2013

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007249.pub4


How to Cite

Lopez LM, Tolley EE, Grimes DA, Chen M, Stockton LL. Theory-based interventions for contraception. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 8. Art. No.: CD007249. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007249.pub4.

Author Information

  1. 1

    FHI 360, Clinical Sciences, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA

  2. 2

    FHI, Behavioral and Social Sciences, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA

  3. 3

    University of North Carolina, School of Medicine, Obstetrics and Gynecology, Chapel Hill, North Carolina, USA

  4. 4

    FHI 360, Division of Biostatistics, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA

  5. 5

    FHI360, Health Services Research, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, USA

*Laureen M Lopez, Clinical Sciences, FHI 360, P.O. Box 13950, Research Triangle Park, North Carolina, 27709, USA. llopez@fhi360.org.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New search for studies and content updated (no change to conclusions)
  2. Published Online: 7 AUG 2013

SEARCH

References

References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
  4. References to other published versions of this review
Barnet 2009 {published data only}
  • Barnet B, Liu J, DeVoe M, Duggan AK, Gold MA, Pecukonis E. Motivational intervention to reduce rapid subsequent births to adolescent mothers: a community-based randomized trial. Annals of Family Medicine 2009, issue 5:436-45.
Berenson 2012 {published data only}
  • Berenson A B, Rahman M. A randomized controlled study of two educational interventions on adherence with oral contraceptives and condoms. Contraception 2012;86(6):716-24.
Black 2006 {published data only (unpublished sought but not used)}
  • Black MM, Bentley ME, Papas MA, Oberlander S, Teti LO, McNary S, et al. Delaying second births among adolescent mothers: a randomized, controlled trial of a home-based mentoring program. Pediatrics 2006;118(4):e1087-99.
  • Black MM, Siegel EH, Abel Y, Bentley ME. Home and videotape intervention delays early complementary feeding among adolescent mothers. Pediatrics 2001;107(5):e67.
Boyer 2005 {published and unpublished data}
  • Boyer CB, Shafer MA, Shaffer RA, Brodine SK, Pollack LM, Betsinger K, et al. Evaluation of a cognitive-behavioral, group, randomized controlled intervention trial to prevent sexually transmitted infections and unintended pregnancies in young women. Preventive Medicine 2005;40(4):420-31.
Cowan 2010 {published data only}
  • Cowan F M, Pascoe S J, Langhaug L F, Dirawo J, Chidiya S, Jaffar S, et al. The Regai Dzive Shiri Project: a cluster randomised controlled trial to determine the effectiveness of a multi-component community-based HIV prevention intervention for rural youth in Zimbabwe--study design and baseline results. Tropical Medicine & International Health 2008;13(10):1235-44.
  • Cowan F M, Pascoe S J, Langhaug L F, Mavhu W, Chidiya S, Jaffar S, et al. The Regai Dzive Shiri project: results of a randomized trial of an HIV prevention intervention for youth. AIDS 2010;24(16):2541-52.
  • Hayes RJ, Changaluchab J, Ross DA, Gavyolec A, Todd J, Obasi AIN, et al. The MEMA kwa Vijana Project: Design of a community randomised trial of an innovative adolescent sexual health intervention in rural Tanzania. Contemporary Clinical Trials 2005;26(4):430-42.
  • Obasi AI, Cleophas B, Ross DA, Chima KL, Mmassy G, Gavyole A, et al. Rationale and design of the MEMA kwa Vijana adolescent sexual and reproductive health intervention in Mwanza Region, Tanzania. AIDS Care 2006;18(4):311-22.
Coyle 2001 {published data only}
  • Coyle K, Basen-Engquist K, Kirby D, Parcel G, Banspach S, Collins J, et al. Safer Choices: Reducing teen pregnancy, HIV, and STDs. Public Health Reports 2001;116(Suppl 1):82-93.
  • Coyle K, Basen-Engquist K, Kirby D, Parcel G, Banspach S, Harrist R, et al. Short-term impact of Safer Choices: a multicomponent, school-based HIV, other STD, and pregnancy prevention program. Journal of School Health 1999;69(5):181-8.
  • Kirby DB, Baumler E, Coyle KK, Basen-Engquist K, Parcel GS, Harrist R, et al. The "Safer Choices" intervention: its impact on the sexual behaviors of different subgroups of high school students. Journal of Adolescent Health 2004;35(6):442-52.
Coyle 2006 {published data only (unpublished sought but not used)}
  • Coyle KK, Kirby DB, Robin LE, Banspach SW, Baumler E, Glassman JR. All4You! A randomized trial of an HIV, other STDs, and pregnancy prevention intervention for alternative school students. AIDS Education and Prevention 2006;18(3):187-203.
Floyd 2007 {published data only}
  • Floyd RL, Sobell M, Velasquez MM, Ingersoll K, Nettleman M, Sobell L, et al. Preventing alcohol-exposed pregnancies. A randomized controlled trial. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2007;32(1):1-10.
  • Ingersoll K, Floyd l, Sobell M, Velasquez MM, Project CHOICES Intervention Research Group. Reducing the risk of alcohol-exposed pregnancies: a study of a motivational intervention in community settings. Pediatrics 2003;111(5 Part 2):1131-5.
  • Velasquez MM, Ingersoll KS, Sobell MB, Floyd RL, Sobell LC, von Sternberg K. A dual-focus motivational intervention to reduce the risk of alcohol-exposed pregnancy. Cognitive and Behavioral Practice. 2010/05/18 2010; Vol. 17, issue 2:203-12.
Ingersoll 2005 {published and unpublished data}
  • Ceperich S D, Ingersoll K S. Motivational interviewing + feedback intervention to reduce alcohol-exposed pregnancy risk among college binge drinkers: determinants and patterns of response. J Behav Med 2011;34(5):381-95.
  • Ingersoll KS, Ceperich SD, Nettleman MD, Karanda K, Brocksen S, Johnson BA. Reducing alcohol-exposed pregnancy risk in college women: initial outcomes of a clinical trial of a motivational intervention. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment 2005;29(3):173-80.
Kirby 2010 {published data only}
  • Kirby D, Raine T, Thrush G, Yuen C, Sokoloff A, Potter SC. Impact of an intervention to improve contraceptive use through follow-up phone calls to female adolescent clinic patients. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health 2010;42(4):251-7. [NCT00230880]
  • Raine TR. Young Woman's Reach Project: Trial of an Intervention to Impact Contraceptive Behavior, Unintended Pregnancy, and Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs) Among Adolescent Females (REACH). http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00230880 (accessed 10 Dec 2010).
Peipert 2008 {published data only}
  • Peipert J F, Zhao Q, Meints L, Peipert B J, Redding C A, Allsworth J E. Adherence to dual-method contraceptive use. Contraception 2011;84(3):252-8.
  • Peipert J, Redding CA, Blume J, Allsworth JE, Iannuccillo K, Lozowski F, Mayer K, Morokoff PJ, Rossi JS. Design of a stage-matched intervention trial to increase dual method contraceptive use (Project PROTECT). Contemporary Clinical Trials 2007;28(5):626-37.
  • Peipert JF, Redding CA, Blume JD, Allsworth JE, Matteson KA, Lozowski F, et al. Tailored intervention to increase dual-contraceptive method use: a randomized trial to reduce unintended pregnancies and sexually transmitted infections. American Journal of Obstetrics & Gynecology 2008;198(6):630.e1-8.
Petersen 2007 {published and unpublished data}
Ross 2007 {published data only}
  • Doyle A M, Ross D A, Maganja K, Baisley K, Masesa C, Andreasen A, et al. Long-term biological and behavioural impact of an adolescent sexual health intervention in Tanzania: follow-up survey of the community-based MEMA kwa Vijana Trial. PLoS Med 2010;7(6):e1000287.
  • Hayes RJ, Changaluchab J, Ross DA, Gavyolec A, Todd J, Obasi AIN, et al. The MEMA kwa Vijana Project: Design of a community randomised trial of an innovative adolescent sexual health intervention in rural Tanzania. Contemporary Clinical Trials 2005;26(4):430-42.
  • Obasi AI, Cleophas B, Ross DA, Chima KL, Mmassy G, Gavyole A, et al. Rationale and design of the MEMA kwa Vijana adolescent sexual and reproductive health intervention in Mwanza Region, Tanzania. AIDS Care 2006;18(4):311-22.
  • Ross DA, Changaluchab J, Obasia AIN, Todd J, Plummer ML, Cleophas-Mazige B, et al. Biological and behavioural impact of an adolescent sexual health intervention in Tanzania: a community-randomized trial. AIDS 2007;21(14):1943-55.
Schinke 1981 {published data only (unpublished sought but not used)}
Sieving 2013 {published data only}
  • Sieving RE, McMorris BJ, Beckman KJ, Pettingell SL, Secor-Turner M, Kugler K, et al. Prime Time: 12-month sexual health outcomes of a clinic-based intervention to prevent pregnancy risk behaviors. Journal of Adolescent Health 2011;49(2):172-9.
  • Sieving RE, McRee AL, McMorris BJ, Beckman KJ, Pettingell SL, Bearinger LH, et al. Prime time: sexual health outcomes at 24 months for a clinic-linked intervention to prevent pregnancy risk behaviors. JAMA Pediatrics 2013;167(4):333-40.
  • Tanner AE, Secor-Turner M, Garwick A, Sieving R, Rush K. Engaging vulnerable adolescents in a pregnancy prevention program: perspectives of Prime Time staff. Journal of Pediatric Health Care 2010;26(4):254-65.
Stanton 2004 {published data only}
  • Stanton B, Cole M, Galbraith J, Li X, Pendleton S, Cottrel L, et al. Randomized trial of a parent intervention: parents can make a difference in long-term adolescent risk behaviors, perceptions, and knowledge. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 2004;158(10):947-55.
  • Stanton BF, Li X, Galbraith J, Cornick G, Feigelman S, Kaljee L, et al. Parental underestimates of adolescent risk behavior: a randomized, controlled trial of a parental monitoring intervention. Journal of Adolescent Health 2000;26(1):18-26.
Wight 2002 {published data only}
  • Henderson M, Wight D, Raab GM, Abraham C, Parkes A, Scott S, et al. Impact of a theoretically based sex education programme (SHARE) delivered by teachers on NHS registered conceptions and terminations: final results of cluster randomised trial. British Medical Journal 2006;334(7585):133.
  • Wight D, Abraham C. From psycho­social theory to sustainable classroom practice: developing a research­based teacher­delivered sex education programme. Health Education Research 2000;15(1):25-38.
  • Wight D, Raab GM, Henderson M, Abraham C, Buston K, Hart G, et al. Limits of teacher delivered sex education: interim behavioural outcomes from randomised trial. British Medical Journal 2002;324(7351):1430.

References to studies excluded from this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
  4. References to other published versions of this review
Bachanas 2012 {published data only (unpublished sought but not used)}
  • Bachanas P. HIV Prevention for PLHIV: Evaluation of an Intervention Toolkit for HIV Care & Treatment Settings. http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01256463 (accessed 31 Jul 2012).
  • Kidder DP, Bachanas P, Medley A, Pals S, Nuwagaba-Biribonwoha H, Ackers M, et al. HIV prevention in care and treatment settings: baseline risk behaviors among HIV patients in Kenya, Namibia, and Tanzania. PloS one. 2013/03/06 2013; Vol. 8, issue 2:e57215.
Barnet 2007 {published data only}
  • Barnet B, Liu J, DeVoe M, Alperovitz-Bichell K, Duggan AK. Home visiting for adolescent mothers: effects on parenting, maternal life course, and primary care linkage. Annals of Family Medicine 2007;5:224-32.
Barth 1992 {published data only}
  • Barth RP, Fetro JV, Leland N, Volkan K. Preventing adolescent pregnancy with social and cognitive skills. Journal of Adolescent Research 1992;7:208-32.
  • Kirby D, Barth RP, Leland N, Fetro JV. Reducing the Risk: impact of a new curriculum on sexual risk-taking. Family Planning Perspectives 1991;23:253-63.
Boekeloo 1999 {published data only}
Brown 2011 {published data only}
Carneiro 2011 {published data only}
  • Carneiro Gomes Ferreira A L, Impieri Souza A, Evangelista Pessoa R, Braga C. The effectiveness of contraceptive counseling for women in the postabortion period: an intervention study. Contraception 2011;84(4):377-83.
Chung-Park 2008 {published data only}
DiClemente 2004 {published data only}
  • DiClemente RJ, Wingood GM, Harrington KF, Lang DL, Davies SL, Hook EW 3rd, et al. Efficacy of an HIV prevention intervention for African-American adolescent girls: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of the American Medical Association 2004;292(2):171-9.
  • Wingood GM, DiClemente RJ, Harrington KF, Lang DL, Davies SL, Hook EW 3rd, et al. Efficacy of an HIV prevention program among female adolescents experiencing gender-based violence. American Journal of Public Health 2006;96(6):1085-90.
  • Wingood GM, DiClemente RJ, Hubbard McCree D, Harrington K, Davies SL. Dating violence and the sexual health of Black adolescent females. Pediatrics 2001;107(5):e72.
DiIorio 2006 {published data only}
  • DiIorio C, Resnicow K, McCarty F, De AK, Dudley WN, Wang DT, et al. Keepin' it R.E.A.L.!: results of a mother-adolescent HIV prevention program. Nursing Research 2006;55(1):43-51.
  • DiIorio C, Resnicow K, Thomas S, Wang DT, Dudley WN, Van Marter DF, et al. Keepin' It R.E.A.L.!: program description and results of baseline assessment. Health Education & Behavior 2002;29(1):104-23.
Eisen 1990 {published data only}
  • Eisen M, Zellman GL, McAlister AL. A Health Belief Model-Social Learning Theory approach to adolescents' fertility control: findings from a controlled field trial. Health Education Quarterly 1992;19:249-62.
  • Eisen M, Zellman GL, McAlister AL. Evaluating the impact of a theory-based sexuality and contraceptive education program. Family Planning Perspectives 1990;22:261-71.
Ferrer 2011 {published data only}
  • Ferrer R A, Fisher J D, Buck R, Amico K R. Pilot test of an emotional education intervention component for sexual risk reduction. Health Psychol 2011;30(5):656-60.
Gallegos 2008 {published data only}
  • Gallegos EC, Villarruel AM, Loveland-Cherry C, Ronis DL, Yan Zhou M. [Intervention to reduce adolescents sexual risk behaviors: a randomized controlled trial]. Salud Pública de México 2008;50:59-66.
  • Villarruel AM, Zhou Y, Gallegos EC, Ronis DL. Examining long-term effects of Cuidate-a sexual risk reduction program in Mexican youth. Revista Panamericana de sSalud Pública. 2010/07/06 2010; Vol. 27, issue 5:345-51.
Garbers 2012 {published data only}
  • Garbers S, Meserve A, Kottke M, Hatcher R, Chiasson M A. Tailored health messaging improves contraceptive continuation and adherence: results from a randomized controlled trial. Contraception 2012;86(5):536-42.
  • Garbers S, Meserve A, Kottke M, Hatcher R, Ventura A, Chiasson M A. Randomized controlled trial of a computer-based module to improve contraceptive method choice. Contraception 2012;86(4):383-90.
Hanna 1993 {published data only}
Hoffman 2003 {published data only}
  • Ehrhardt AA, Exner TM, Hoffman S, Silberman I, Leu C-S, Miller S, et al. A gender-specific HIV/STD risk reduction intervention for women in a health care setting: short- and long-term results of a randomized clinical trial. AIDS Care 2002;14(2):147-61.
  • Ehrhardt AA, Exner TM, Hoffman S, Silberman I, Yingling S, Adams-Skinner J, et al. HIV/STD risk and sexual strategies among women family planning clients in New York: Project FIO. AIDS and Behavior 2002;6(1):1-13.
  • Hoffman S, Exner TM, Leu CS, Ehrhardt AA, Stein Z. Female-condom use in a gender-specific family planning clinic trial. American Journal of Public Health 2003;93(11):1897-903.
  • Miller S, Exner TM, Williams SP, Ehrhardt AA. A gender-specific intervention for at-risk women in the USA. AIDS Care 2000;12(5):603-12.
Ingersoll 2013 {published data only}
  • Ingersoll K S, Ceperich S D, Hettema J E, Farrell-Carnahan L, Penberthy J K. Preconceptional motivational interviewing interventions to reduce alcohol-exposed pregnancy risk. J Subst Abuse Treat 2013;44(4):407-16.
Ito 2008 {published data only}
  • Ito KE, Kalyanaraman S, Ford CA, Brown JD, Miller WC. "Let's Talk About Sex": pilot study of an interactive CD-ROM to prevent HIV/STIs in female adolescents. AIDS Education and Prevention 2008;20:78-89.
James 2006 {published data only}
  • James S, Reddy P, Ruiter RA, McCauley A, van den Borne B. The Impact of an HIV and AIDS Life Skills Program on Secondary School Students in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. AIDS Education and Prevention 2006;18:281-94.
Jemmott 2005 {published data only}
  • Jemmott JB 3rd, Jemmott LS, Braverman PK, Fong GT. HIV/STD risk reduction interventions for African American and Latino adolescent girls at an adolescent medicine clinic: a randomized controlled trial. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 2005;159(5):440-9.
Jemmott 2007 {published data only}
  • Jemmott LS, Jemmott JB 3rd, O'Leary A. Effects on sexual risk behavior and STD rate of brief HIV/STD prevention interventions for African American women in primary care settings. American Journal of Public Health 2007;97(6):1034-40.
  • O'Leary A, Jemmott LS, Jemmott JB. Mediation analysis of an effective sexual risk-reduction intervention for women: the importance of self-efficacy. Health Psychology 2008;27(2(Suppl)):S180-4.
Jewkes 2008 {published data only}
  • Jewkes R, Nduna M, Levin J, Jama N, Dunkle K, Khuzwayo N, et al. A cluster randomized-controlled trial to determine the effectiveness of Stepping Stones in preventing HIV infections and promoting safer sexual behaviour amongst youth in the rural Eastern Cape, South Africa: trial design, methods and baseline findings. Tropical Medicine and International Health 2006;11(1):3-16.
  • Jewkes R, Nduna M, Levin J, Jama N, Dunkle K, Puren A, et al. Impact of stepping stones on incidence of HIV and HSV-2 and sexual behaviour in rural South Africa: cluster randomised controlled trial. BMJ. 2008/08/09 2008; Vol. 337:a506.
  • Welbourn A. Stepping Stones: a positive force for change. Reproductive Health Matters 1996;4(7):177-8.
Kalichman 1999 {published data only}
  • Kalichman SC, Cherry C, Browne-Sperling F. Effectiveness of a video-based motivational skills-building HIV risk-reduction intervention for inner-city African American men. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 1999;67(6):959-66.
Kiene 2006 {published data only}
  • Kiene SM, Barta WD. A brief individualized computer-delivered sexual risk reduction intervention increases HIV/AIDS preventive behavior. Journal of Adolescent Health 2006;39(3):404-10.
Kirby 1997 {published data only}
  • Kirby D, Korpi M, Adivi C, Weissman J. An impact evaluation of Project SNAPP: an AIDS and pregnancy prevention middle school program. AIDS Education and Prevention 1997;9(Suppl A):44-61.
Kraft 2007 {published and unpublished data}
  • Kraft JM, Harvey SM, Thorburn S, Henderson JT, Posner SF, Galavotti C. Intervening with couples: assessing contraceptive outcomes in a randomized pregnancy and HIV/STD risk reduction intervention trial. Womens Health Issues 2007;17(1):52-60.
Langston 2010 {published data only}
  • Langston AM, Rosario L, Westhoff CL. Structured contraceptive counseling--a randomized controlled trial. Patient Education and Counseling. 2010/09/28 2010; Vol. 81, issue 3:362-7.
  • Westhoff C. Randomized controlled trial of structured contraceptive counseling in adult women. http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT00746993 (accessed 25 Mar 2010). [NCT00746993]
  • World Health Organization. Decision-making tool for family planning clients and providers. http://www.who.int/reproductivehealth/publications/family_planning/9241593229index/en/index.html (accessed 08 Jan 2012).
Lederman 2003 {published data only}
  • Lederman RP, Chan W, Roberts-Gray C. Parent-Adolescent Relationship Education (PARE): program delivery to reduce risks for adolescent pregnancy and STDs. Behavioral Medicine 2008;33(4):137-143.
  • Lederman RP, Chan W, Roberts-Gray C. Sexual risk attitudes and intentions of youth aged 12-14 years: survey comparisons of parent-teen prevention and control groups. Behavioral Medicine 2004;29(4):155-63.
  • Lederman RP, Mian TS. The Parent-Adolescent Relationship Education (PARE) Program: a curriculum for prevention of STDs and pregnancy in middle school youth. Behavioral Medicine 2003;29(1):33-41.
Lee 2007 {published data only}
Lee 2011 {published data only}
  • Lee J T, Tsai J L, Tsou T S, Chen M C. Effectiveness of a theory-based postpartum sexual health education program on women's contraceptive use: a randomized controlled trial. Contraception 2011;84(1):48-56.
Legardy 2005 {published data only}
  • Legardy JK, Macaluso M, Artz L, Brill I. Do participant characteristics influence the effectiveness of behavioral interventions? Promoting condom use to women. Sexually Transmitted Diseases 2005;32(11):665-71.
Melnick 2008 {published data only}
  • Melnick AL, Rdesinski RE, Creach ED, Choi D, Harvey SM. The influence of nurse home visits, including provision of 3 months of contraceptives and contraceptive counseling, on perceived barriers to contraceptive use and contraceptive use self-efficacy. Womens Health Issues. 2008/10/18 2008; Vol. 18, issue 6:471-81.
Moberg 1998 {published data only}
Morrison-Beedy 2005 {published and unpublished data}
Peragallo 2005 {published and unpublished data}
  • Peragallo N, Deforge B, O'Campo P, Lee SM, Kim YJ, Cianelli R, et al. A randomized clinical trial of an HIV-risk-reduction intervention among low-income Latina women. Nursing Research 2005;54(2):108-18.
Roberto 2007 {published data only}
  • Roberto AJ, Zimmerman RS, Carlyle KE, Abner EL. A computer-based approach to preventing pregnancy, STD, and HIV in rural adolescents. Journal of Health Communication 2007;12(1):53-76.
Roye 2007 {published and unpublished data}
  • Roye C, Perlmutter Silverman P, Krauss B. A brief, low-cost, theory-based intervention to promote dual method use by black and Latina female adolescents: a randomized clinical trial. Health Education & Behavior 2007;34(4):608-21.
  • Roye CF, Hudson M. Developing a culturally appropriate video to promote dual-method use by urban teens: rationale and methodology. AIDS Education and Prevention 2003;15(2):148-58.
Shain 1999 {published data only (unpublished sought but not used)}
  • Shain RN, Perdue ST, Piper JM, Holden AEC, Champion JD, Newton ER, et al. Behaviors changed by intervention are associated with reduced STD recurrence. Sexually Transmitted Diseases 2002;29(9):520-9.
  • Shain RN, Piper JM, Newton ER, Perdue ST, Ramos R, Champion JD, et al. A randomized, controlled trial of a behavioral intervention to prevent sexually transmitted disease among minority women. New England Journal of Medicine 1999;340(2):93-100.
  • Thurman AR, Holden AEC, Shain RN, Perdue S, Piper JM. Preventing recurrent sexually transmitted diseases in minority adolescents. Obstetrics and Gynecology 2008;111(6):1417-25.
Sieving 2012 {published data only}
  • Sieving RE, Bernat DH, Resnick MD, Oliphant J, Pettingell S, Plowman S, et al. A clinic-based youth development program to reduce sexual risk behaviors among adolescent girls: prime time pilot study. Health Promotion Practice. 2011/05/25 2012; Vol. 13, issue 4:462-71.
Stanton 1996 {published data only}
  • Stanton B, Fang X, Li X, Feigelman S, Galbraith J, Ricardo I. Evolution of risk behaviors over 2 years among a cohort of urban African American adolescents. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 1997;151(4):398-406.
  • Stanton BF, Li X, Ricardo I, Galbraith J, Feigelman S, Kaljee L. A randomized, controlled effectiveness trial of an AIDS prevention program for low-income African-American youths. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 1996;150(4):363-72.
Stanton 2005 {published data only}
  • Stanton B, Guo J, Cottrell L, Galbraith J, Li X, Gibson C, et al. The complex business of adapting effective interventions to new populations: an urban to rural transfer. Journal of Adolescent Health 2005;37(2):163.
  • Stanton B, Harris C, Cottrell L, Li X, Gibson C, Guo J, et al. Trial of an urban adolescent sexual risk-reduction for rural youth: a promising but imperfect fit. Journal of Adolescent Health 2006;38(1):25-36.
Stephenson 2004 {published data only}
  • Stephenson JM, Strange V, Forrest S, Oakley A, Copas A, Allen E, et al. Pupil-led sex education in England (RIPPLE study): cluster-randomised intervention trial. Lancet 2004;364(9431):338-46.
Thato 2008 {published data only}
  • Thato R, Jenkins RA, Dusitsin N. Effects of the culturally-sensitive comprehensive sex education programme among Thai secondary school students. J Adv Nurs. 2008/05/15 2008; Vol. 62, issue 4:457-69.
Tortolero 2008 {published data only}
  • Tortolero SR, Markham CM, Addy RC, Baumler ER, Escobar-Chaves SL, Basen-Engquist KM, et al. Safer choices 2: rationale, design issues, and baseline results in evaluating school-based health promotion for alternative school students. Contemporary Clinical Trials 2008;29:70-82.
Villarruel 2006 {published data only (unpublished sought but not used)}
  • Villarruel AM, Jemmott JB 3rd, Jemmott LS, Ronis DL. Predictors of sexual intercourse and condom use intentions among Spanish-dominant Latino youth: a test of the planned behavior theory. Nursing Research 2004;53(3):172-81.
  • Villarruel AM, Jemmott JB III, Jemmott LS. A randomized controlled trial testing an HIV prevention intervention for Latino youth. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 2006;160(8):772-7.
  • Villarruel AM, Jemmott LS, Jemmott JB III. Designing a culturally based intervention to reduce HIV sexual risk for Latino adolescents. Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care 2005;16(2):23-31.
Vogt 2012 {published data only}
  • Vogt Claudia, Schaefer Marion. Knowledge matters — Impact of two types of information brochure on contraceptive knowledge, attitudes and intentions. The European Journal of Contraception and Reproductive Health Care 2012;17(2):135-43.
Weeks 1997 {published data only}
  • Levy SR, Perhats C, Weeks K, Handler AS, Zhu C, Flay BR. Impact of a school-based AIDS prevention program on risk and protective behavior for newly sexually active students. Journal of School Health 1995;65(4):145-51.
  • Weeks K, Levy SR, GOrdon AK, Handler A, Perhats C, Flay BR. Does parental involvement make a difference? The impact of parent interactive activities on students in a school-based AIDS prevention program. AIDS Education and Prevention 1997;9(Suppl A):90-106.
Winter 1993 {published data only}
Zimmerman 2008 {published data only}
  • Zimmerman RS, Cupp PK, Donohew L, Sionean CK, Feist-Price S, Helme D. Effects of a school-based, theory-driven HIV and pregnancy prevention curriculum. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health. 2008/03/06 2008; Vol. 40, issue 1:42-51.

Additional references

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
  4. References to other published versions of this review
Ajzen 1980
  • Ajzen I, Fishbein M. Understanding Attitudes and Predicting Social Behavior. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1980.
Albarracín 2005
  • Albarracín D, Gillette JC, Earl AN, Glasman LR, Durantini MR. A test of major assumptions about behavior change: a comprehensive look at the effects of passive and active HIV-prevention interventions since the beginning of the epidemic. Psychological Bulletin 2005;131(6):856-97.
Aral 2007
  • Aral SO, Douglas JM, Lipshutz JA. Behavioral interventions for prevention and control of sexually transmitted diseases. New York (NY): Springer Science+Business Media, LLC, 2007.
Balshem 2011
  • Balshem H, Helfand M, Schünemann HJ, Oxman AD, Kunz R, Brozek J, et al. GRADE guidelines: 3. Rating the quality of evidence. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 2011;64(4):401-6.
Bandura 1986
  • Bandura A. Social Foundations of Thought and Action: A Social Cognitive Theory. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1986.
Baranowski 2002
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References to other published versions of this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
  4. References to other published versions of this review
Lopez 2009