Diagnostic Test Accuracy Review

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Physical tests for shoulder impingements and local lesions of bursa, tendon or labrum that may accompany impingement

  1. Nigel CA Hanchard1,*,
  2. Mário Lenza2,
  3. Helen HG Handoll1,
  4. Yemisi Takwoingi3

Editorial Group: Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group

Published Online: 30 APR 2013

Assessed as up-to-date: 15 APR 2010

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007427.pub2


How to Cite

Hanchard NCA, Lenza M, Handoll HHG, Takwoingi Y. Physical tests for shoulder impingements and local lesions of bursa, tendon or labrum that may accompany impingement. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 4. Art. No.: CD007427. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007427.pub2.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Teesside University, Health and Social Care Institute, Middlesbrough, Tees Valley, UK

  2. 2

    Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Orthopaedic and Trauma Department, São Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil

  3. 3

    University of Birmingham, Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Birmingham, UK

*Nigel CA Hanchard, Health and Social Care Institute, Teesside University, Middlesbrough, Tees Valley, TS1 3BA, UK. n.hanchard@tees.ac.uk.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: Edited (no change to conclusions)
  2. Published Online: 30 APR 2013

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[Figure 1]
Figure 1. Flow diagram.
[Figure 2]
Figure 2. Methodological quality summary: review authors' judgements about each methodological quality item for each included study. Coding: + = 'Yes'; - = 'No'; ? = unclear.
[Figure 3]
Figure 3. Methodological quality graph: review authors' judgements about each methodological quality item presented as percentages across all included studies.
[Figure 4]
Figure 4. Subacromial and internal impingement
[Figure 5]
Figure 5. Rotator cuff tendinopathy or tears - non-specific disease of the 'rotator cuff'
[Figure 6]
Figure 6. Rotator cuff tendinopathy or tears - specific disease of the 'rotator cuff'
[Figure 7]
Figure 7. Rotator cuff tendinopathy or tears: non-specific disease of the 'posterosuperior rotator cuff'
[Figure 8]
Figure 8. Rotator cuff tendinopathy or tears: specific disease of the 'posterosuperior rotator cuff'.
[Figure 9]
Figure 9. Rotator cuff tendinopathy or tears: non-specific disease of supraspinatus
[Figure 10]
Figure 10. Rotator cuff tendinopathy or tears: specific disease of supraspinatus.
[Figure 11]
Figure 11. Rotator cuff tendinopathy or tears: disease of infraspinatus
[Figure 12]
Figure 12. Rotator cuff tendinopathy or tears: non-specific disease of subscapularis
[Figure 13]
Figure 13. Rotator cuff tendinopathy or tears: specific disease of subscapularis
[Figure 14]
Figure 14. LHB tear or tendinitis
[Figure 15]
Figure 15. Glenoid labral lesion: non-specific labral lesion
[Figure 16]
Figure 16. Glenoid labral lesions: non-specific SLAP lesion
[Figure 17]
Figure 17. Glenoid labral lesions: type II-IV SLAP lesion
[Figure 18]
Figure 18. Glenoid labral lesions: type II SLAP lesion
[Figure 19]
Figure 19. Non-specific
[Test 1]
Test 1. Target condition: SIS. Index test: combination of ALL 7 tests +ve (see table 7)..
[Test 2]
Test 2. Target condition: SIS. Index test: combination of Hawkins' test AND Neer's sign (modified procedure) +ve..
[Test 3]
Test 3. Target condition: SIS. Index test: combination of Hawkins' test OR Neer's sign (modified procedure) +ve..
[Test 4]
Test 4. Target condition: SIS. Index test: drop arm test (modified interpretation)..
[Test 5]
Test 5. Target condition: SIS. Index test: Gum-turn test (novel).
[Test 6]
Test 6. Target condition: SIS. Index test:. Hawkins' test (standard)..
[Test 7]
Test 7. Target condition: SIS. Index test: Neer's sign (standard)..
[Test 8]
Test 8. Target condition: SIS. Index test: Neer's sign (modified procedure)..
[Test 9]
Test 9. Target condition: SIS. Index test: painful arc test (standard)..
[Test 10]
Test 10. Target condition: SIS. Index test: passive horizontal adduction (modified interpretation)..
[Test 11]
Test 11. Target condition: SIS. Index test: Speed's test (modified interpretation)..
[Test 12]
Test 12. Target condition: SIS. Index test: Yergason's test (modified interpretation)..
[Test 13]
Test 13. Target condition: SIS (SA-SD bursitis). Index test: combination of Hawkins' test, Neer's sign, 'Yocum's (impingement) test' (overall criterion for +ve result not given)..
[Test 14]
Test 14. Target condition: SIS versus internal impingement, differentiation. Index test: internal rotation resistance strength test (novel)..
[Test 15]
Test 15. Target condition: rotator cuff, any disease of. Index test: relocation test for pain (Jobe 1989: standard)..
[Test 16]
Test 16. Target condition: rotator cuff, any disease of. Index test: relocation test for pain (Jobe 1989: modified procedure)..
[Test 17]
Test 17. Target condition: rotator cuff, FTT or PTT of. Index test: combination of Hawkins' test (modified interpretation) OR Neer's sign (modified procedure, modified interpretation) +ve..
[Test 18]
Test 18. Target condition: rotator cuff, FTT or PTT of. Index test: combination of Hawkins' test (modified interpretation) AND Neer's sign (modified procedure,modified interpretation) +ve..
[Test 19]
Test 19. Target condition: rotator cuff, FTT or PTT of. Index test: empty can test for pain ± weakness (modified interpretation)..
[Test 20]
Test 20. Target condition: rotator cuff, FTT or PTT of. Index test: empty can test for pain OR weakness (ONE ONLY) (modified interpretation)..
[Test 21]
Test 21. Target condition: rotator cuff, FTT or PTT of. Index test: empty can test for pain AND weakness (BOTH) (modified interpretation)..
[Test 22]
Test 22. Target condition: rotator cuff, FTT or PTT of. Index test: empty can test for weakness ± pain (modified interpretation)..
[Test 23]
Test 23. Target condition: rotator cuff, FTT or PTT of. Index test: full can test for pain ± weakness (modified interpretation)..
[Test 24]
Test 24. Target condition: rotator cuff, FTT or PTT of. Index test: full can test for pain OR weakness (ONE ONLY) (modified interpretation)..
[Test 25]
Test 25. Target condition: rotator cuff, FTT or PTT of. Index test: full can test for pain AND weakness (BOTH) (modified interpretation)..
[Test 26]
Test 26. Target condition: rotator cuff, FTT or PTT of. Index test: full can test for weakness ± pain (standard)..
[Test 27]
Test 27. Target condition: rotator cuff, FTT or PTT of. Index test: Hawkins' test (modified interpretation)..
[Test 28]
Test 28. Target condition: rotator cuff, FTT or PTT of. Index test: 'Impingement sign' (no reference or details given)..
[Test 29]
Test 29. Target condition: rotator cuff, FTT or PTT of. Index test: 'Impingement test' (no reference or details given)..
[Test 30]
Test 30. Target condition: rotator cuff, FTT or PTT of. Index test: Neer's sign (modified procedure, modified interpretation)..
[Test 31]
Test 31. Target condition: rotator cuff, PTT or tendinitis of. Index test: empty can test for pain WITHOUT weakness (modified interpretation)..
[Test 32]
Test 32. Target condition: rotator cuff, FTT of. Index test: empty can test for pain ± weakness (modified interpretation)..
[Test 33]
Test 33. Target condition: rotator cuff, FTT of. Index test: empty can test for pain OR weakness (ONE ONLY) (modified interpretation)..
[Test 34]
Test 34. Target condition: rotator cuff, FTT of. Index test: empty can test for pain AND weakness (BOTH) (modified interpretation)..
[Test 35]
Test 35. Target condition: rotator cuff, FTT of. Index test: empty can test for weakness ± pain (modified interpretation)..
[Test 36]
Test 36. Target condition: rotator cuff, FTT of. Index test: full can test for pain ± weakness (modified interpretation)..
[Test 37]
Test 37. Target condition: rotator cuff, FTT of. Index test: full can test for pain OR weakness (ONE ONLY) (modified interpretation)..
[Test 38]
Test 38. Target condition: rotator cuff, FTT of. Index test: full can test for pain AND weakness (BOTH) (modified interpretation)..
[Test 39]
Test 39. Target condition: rotator cuff, FTT of. Index test: full can test for weakness ± pain (modified interpretation)..
[Test 40]
Test 40. Target condition: rotator cuff, FTT of. Index test: 'impingement sign' (no reference or details given)..
[Test 41]
Test 41. Target condition: rotator cuff, FTT of. Index test: 'impingement test' (no reference or details given)..
[Test 42]
Test 42. Target condition: rotator cuff, FTT of. Index test: rent test (standard)..
[Test 43]
Test 43. Target condition: rotator cuff, FTT of, massive or large. Index test: empty can test for weakness ± pain (modified interpretation)..
[Test 44]
Test 44. Target condition: rotator cuff, PTT of. Index test: 'Impingement sign' (no reference or details given)..
[Test 45]
Test 45. Target condition: rotator cuff, PTT of. Index test: 'Impingement test' (no reference or details given)..
[Test 46]
Test 46. Target condition: rotator cuff, postero-superior (supraspinatus AND infraspinatus), FTT of. Index test: Gum-turn test (novel)..
[Test 47]
Test 47. Target condition: rotator cuff, postero-superior, FTT or PTT of. Index test: drop sign (novel)..
[Test 48]
Test 48. Target condition: rotator cuff, postero-superior, FTT or PTT of. Index test: empty can test for weakness ± pain (modified interpretation)..
[Test 49]
Test 49. Target condition: rotator cuff, postero-superior, FTT or PTT of. Index test: external rotation lag sign (novel)..
[Test 50]
Test 50. Target condition: rotator cuff, postero-superior, FTT of. Index test: drop sign (modified interpretation)..
[Test 51]
Test 51. Target condition: rotator cuff, postero-superior, FTT of. Index test: external rotation lag sign (modified interpretation)..
[Test 52]
Test 52. Target condition: rotator cuff, postero-superior, FTT of. Index test: Gum-turn test (novel)..
[Test 53]
Test 53. Target condition: rotator cuff, FTT, multiple- versus single-tendon. Index test: active abduction range (novel)..
[Test 54]
Test 54. Target condition: supraspinatus, any disease of, including calcification. Index test: empty can test (no reference or details given)..
[Test 55]
Test 55. Target condition: supraspinatus, FTT, degeneration or tendinitis,of. Index test: Hawkins' test (modified procedure, modified interpretation)..
[Test 56]
Test 56. Target condition: supraspinatus, FTT, PTT or tendinitis,of. Index test: empty can test for pain AND/OR weakness (standard)..
[Test 57]
Test 57. Target condition: supraspinatus, FTT or degeneration of. Index test: Hawkins' test (modified procedure, modified interpretation)..
[Test 58]
Test 58. Target condition: supraspinatus, FTT or PTT of. Index test: empty can test for pain ± weakness (modified interpretation)..
[Test 59]
Test 59. Target condition: supraspinatus, FTT or PTT of. Index test: empty can test for weakness ± pain (standard)..
[Test 60]
Test 60. Target condition: supraspinatus, FTT or PTT of. Index test: empty can test for weakness (< grade 3) ± pain.(modified interpretation).
[Test 61]
Test 61. Target condition: supraspinatus, FTT or PTT of. Index test: full can test for pain ± weakness (modified interpretation)..
[Test 62]
Test 62. Target condition: supraspinatus, FTT or PTT of. Index test: full can test for weakness (< grade 3) ± pain (modified interpretation)..
[Test 63]
Test 63. Target condition: supraspinatus, FTT or PTT of. Index test: full can test for weakness ± pain (standard)..
[Test 64]
Test 64. Target condition: supraspinatus, FTT of. Index test: drop arm test (standard)..
[Test 65]
Test 65. Target condition: supraspinatus, FTT of. Index test: empty can test for pain ± weakness (modified interpretation)..
[Test 66]
Test 66. Target condition: supraspinatus, FTT of. Index test: empty can test for pain AND/OR weakness (modified interpretation)..
[Test 67]
Test 67. Target condition: supraspinatus, FTT of. Index test: empty can test for weakness ± pain (standard)..
[Test 68]
Test 68. Target condition: supraspinatus, FTT of. Index test: full can test for pain ± weakness (modified interpretation)..
[Test 69]
Test 69. Target condition: supraspinatus, FTT of. Index test: full can test for pain AND/OR weakness (modified interpretation)..
[Test 70]
Test 70. Target condition: supraspinatus, FTT of. Index test: full can test for weakness ± pain (standard)..
[Test 71]
Test 71. Target condition: supraspinatus, FTT of. Index test: Gum-turn test (novel)..
[Test 72]
Test 72. Target condition: supraspinatus, FTT of. Index test: Hawkins' test (modified interpretation)..
[Test 73]
Test 73. Target condition: supraspinatus, FTT of. Index test: Hawkins' test (modified procedure, modified interpretation)..
[Test 74]
Test 74. Target condition: supraspinatus, FTT of. Index test: Neer's sign (modified interpretation)..
[Test 75]
Test 75. Target condition: supraspinatus, FTT of. Index test: painful arc test (modified interpretation)..
[Test 76]
Test 76. Target condition: supraspinatus, FTT of. Index test: passive horizontal adduction (standard)..
[Test 77]
Test 77. Target condition: supraspinatus, FTT of. Index test: Speed's test (modified interpretation)..
[Test 78]
Test 78. Target condition: supraspinatus, FTT of. Index test: Yergason's test (modified interpretation)..
[Test 79]
Test 79. Target condition: supraspinatus, FTT of, full-width. Index test: external rotation lag sign (standard)..
[Test 80]
Test 80. Target condition: supraspinatus, isolated PTT of. Index test: external rotation lag sign (standard)..
[Test 81]
Test 81. Target condition: supraspinatus, tendinitis of. Index test: empty can test for pain WITHOUT weakness (standard)..
[Test 82]
Test 82. Target condition: infraspinatus, any disease of, including calcification. Index test: resisted lateral rotation from neutral rotation (no reference or details given)..
[Test 83]
Test 83. Target condition: infraspinatus, FTT, PPT or tendinitis,of. Index test: Patte's test for pain AND/OR weakness (standard)..
[Test 84]
Test 84. Target condition: infraspinatus, FTT or PTT of. Index test: Patte's test for weakness ± pain (standard)..
[Test 85]
Test 85. Target condition: infraspinatus, FTT or PTT of. Index test: resisted lateral rotation from neutral rotation for weakness < grade 3 ± pain (modified interpretation)..
[Test 86]
Test 86. Target condition: infraspinatus, tendinitis of. Index test: Patte's test for pain WITHOUT weakness (standard)..
[Test 87]
Test 87. Target condition: subscapularis, any disease of, including calcification. Index test: resisted medial rotation from neutral rotation (no reference or details given)..
[Test 88]
Test 88. Target condition: subscapularis, any tear or tendinitis of. Index test: combination of lift-off test and resisted medial rotation from neutral rotation (overall criterion for +ve result not given)..
[Test 89]
Test 89. Target condition: subscapularis, any tear of. Index test: bear-hug test (novel).
[Test 90]
Test 90. Target condition: subscapularis, any tear of. Index test: belly-press test (standard).
[Test 91]
Test 91. Target condition: subscapularis, any tear of. Index test: internal rotation lag sign (novel)..
[Test 92]
Test 92. Target condition: subscapularis, any tear of. Index test: lift-off test (Gerber 1991: modified interpretation)..
[Test 93]
Test 93. Target condition: subscapularis, any tear of. Index test: lift-off test (Gerber 1991: probably standard).
[Test 94]
Test 94. Target condition: subscapularis, any tear of. Index test: Napoleon test (Burkhart 2002: standard)..
[Test 95]
Test 95. Target condition: subscapularis, any tear of. Index test:: lift-off test with force for weakness < grade 2 ± pain (modified procedure, modified interpretation)..
[Test 96]
Test 96. Target condition: subscapularis, any tear of. Index test: combination of lift-off test and resisted medial rotation from neutral rotation (overall criterion for +ve result not given)..
[Test 97]
Test 97. Target condition: subscapularis, complete tear of. Index test: bear-hug test (novel)..
[Test 98]
Test 98. Target condition: subscapularis, complete tear of. Index test: belly-press test (modified procedure)..
[Test 99]
Test 99. Target condition: subscapularis, complete tear of. Index test: lift-off test (Gerber 1991: modified interpretation)..
[Test 100]
Test 100. Target condition: subscapularis, complete tear of. Index test: Napoleon test (Burkhart 2002: standard)..
[Test 101]
Test 101. Target condition: subscapularis, FTT of. Index test: internal rotation lag sign (modified interpretation)..
[Test 102]
Test 102. Target condition: subscapularis, partial tear of. Index test: bear-hug test (novel)..
[Test 103]
Test 103. Target condition: subscapularis, partial tear of. Index test: belly-press test (modified procedure)..
[Test 104]
Test 104. Target condition: subscapularis, partial tear of. Index test: lift-off test (Gerber 1991: modified interpretation)..
[Test 105]
Test 105. Target condition: subscapularis, partial tear of. Index test: Napoleon test (Burkhart 2002: standard)..
[Test 106]
Test 106. Target condition: subscapularis, tendinitis of. Index test: combination of lift-off test and resisted medial rotation from neutral rotation (overall criterion for +ve result not given)..
[Test 107]
Test 107. Target condition: LHB, tear or tendinitis of. Index test: Speed's test (standard)..
[Test 108]
Test 108. Target condition: LHB, tear or tendinitis of. Index test: active compression test (standard).
[Test 109]
Test 109. Target condition: LHB, tear or tendinitis of. Index test: anterior slide test (modified procedure, modified interpretation)..
[Test 110]
Test 110. Target condition: LHB, tear or tendinitis of. Index test: bear-hug test (modified interpretation).
[Test 111]
Test 111. Target condition: LHB, tear or tendinitis of. Index test: belly-press test (standard).
[Test 112]
Test 112. Target condition: LHB, tear or tendinitis of. Index test: modified dynamic labral shear (novel).
[Test 113]
Test 113. Target condition: LHB, tear or tendinitis of. Index test: Speed's test (modified procedure).
[Test 114]
Test 114. Target condition: LHB, tear or tendinitis of. Index test: upper-cut test (novel).
[Test 115]
Test 115. Target condition: LHB, tear or tendinitis of. Index test: Yergason's test (modified procedure).
[Test 116]
Test 116. Target condition: LHB, tear or tendinitis of. Index test: combination of Yergason's test and Gilcreest's test (modified procedure, modified interpretation).(Overall criterion for +ve result not given.).
[Test 117]
Test 117. Target condition: labrum, any tear of. Index test: active compression test (novel)..
[Test 118]
Test 118. Target condition: labrum, any tear of. Index test: active compression test (modified interpretation)..
[Test 119]
Test 119. Target condition: labrum, any tear,of. Index test: crank test (novel/standard)..
[Test 120]
Test 120. Target condition: labrum, any tear,of. Index test: 'impingement sign' (no reference or details given)..
[Test 121]
Test 121. Target condition: labrum, any tear,of. Index test: 'impingement test' (no reference or details given)..
[Test 122]
Test 122. Target condition: labrum, any SLAP lesion of. Index test: active compression test (modified interpretation)..
[Test 123]
Test 123. Target condition: labrum, any SLAP lesion of. Index test: anterior apprehension test at 90° for pain (Krishnan 2004: modified interpretation)..
[Test 124]
Test 124. Target condition: labrum, any SLAP lesion,of. Index test: anterior release test (Gross 1997: modified interpretation)..
[Test 125]
Test 125. Target condition: labrum, any SLAP lesion of. Index test: anterior slide test (modified procedure, modified interpretation)..
[Test 126]
Test 126. Target condition: labrum, any SLAP lesion of. Index test: bear-hug test (modified interpretation)..
[Test 127]
Test 127. Target condition: labrum, any SLAP lesion of. Index test: belly-press test (modified interpretation)..
[Test 128]
Test 128. Target condition: labrum, any SLAP lesion of. Index test: crank test (Liu 1996b: modified procedure, modified interpretation)..
[Test 129]
Test 129. Target condition: labrum, any SLAP lesion of. Index test: modified dynamic labral shear (novel)..
[Test 130]
Test 130. Target condition: labrum, any SLAP lesion of. Index test: palpation for bicipital groove tenderness (modified interpretation)..
[Test 131]
Test 131. Target condition: labrum, any SLAP lesion of. Index test: passive compression test (novel)..
[Test 132]
Test 132. Target condition: labrum, any SLAP lesion of. Index test: Speed's test (modified procedure, modified interpretation)..
[Test 133]
Test 133. Target condition: labrum, any SLAP lesion of. Index test: Speed's test (modified interpretation)..
[Test 134]
Test 134. Target condition: labrum, any SLAP lesion of. Index test: upper cut test (novel)..
[Test 135]
Test 135. Target condition: labrum, any SLAP lesion of. Index test: Yergason's test (modified interpretation)..
[Test 136]
Test 136. Target condition: labrum, any SLAP lesion of. Index test: Yergason's test (modified procedure, modified interpretation)..
[Test 137]
Test 137. Target condition: labrum, type II-IV SLAP lesion of. Index test: active compression test (modified interpretation)..
[Test 138]
Test 138. Target condition: labrum, type II-IV SLAP lesion of. Index test: anterior slide test (modified procedure)..
[Test 139]
Test 139. Target condition: labrum, type II-IV SLAP lesion of. Index test: combination of active compression test (modified interpretation) OR passive distraction test (standard)..
[Test 140]
Test 140. Target condition: labrum, type II-IV SLAP lesion of. Index test: passive compression test (novel, modified interpretation)..
[Test 141]
Test 141. Target condition: labrum, type II-IV SLAP lesion of. Index test: passive distraction test (standard)..
[Test 142]
Test 142. Target condition: labrum, type II SLAP lesion of. Index test: active compression test (modified interpretation 2)..
[Test 143]
Test 143. Target condition: labrum, type II SLAP lesion of. Index test: active compression test (modified interpretation 1,2)..
[Test 144]
Test 144. Target condition: labrum, type II SLAP lesion of. Index test: anterior apprehension test at 90° for pain OR apprehension (Rowe 1981: modified interpretation)..
[Test 145]
Test 145. Target condition: labrum, type II SLAP lesion of. Index test: anterior slide test (modified interpretation)..
[Test 146]
Test 146. Target condition: labrum, type II SLAP lesion of. Index test: biceps load test II (novel/standard)..
[Test 147]
Test 147. Target condition: labrum, type II SLAP lesion of. Index test: compression-rotation test (modified interpretation)..
[Test 148]
Test 148. Target condition: labrum, type II SLAP lesion of. Index test: crank test (modified procedure, modified interpretation)..
[Test 149]
Test 149. Target condition: labrum, type II SLAP lesion of. Index test: Hawkins' test (modified procedure, modified interpretation)..
[Test 150]
Test 150. Target condition: labrum, type II SLAP lesion of. Index test: modified relocation test for posterosuperior glenoid impingement (modified interpretation)..
[Test 151]
Test 151. Target condition: labrum, type II SLAP lesion of. Index test: Neer's sign (modified procedure, modified interpretation)..
[Test 152]
Test 152. Target condition: labrum, type II SLAP lesion of. Index test: pain provocation test (modified interpretation)..
[Test 153]
Test 153. Target condition: labrum, type II SLAP lesion of. Index test: palpation for bicipital groove tenderness (modified interpretation)..
[Test 154]
Test 154. Target condition: labrum, type II SLAP lesion of. Index test: relocation test for pain OR apprehension (modified interpretation)..
[Test 155]
Test 155. Target condition: labrum, type II SLAP lesion of. Index test: Speed's test (modified interpretation)..
[Test 156]
Test 156. Target condition: labrum, type II SLAP lesion of. Index test: Speed's test (modified procedure, modified interpretation)..
[Test 157]
Test 157. Target condition: labrum, type II SLAP lesion of. Index test: Whipple's test (modified interpretation)..
[Test 158]
Test 158. Target condition: labrum, type II SLAP lesion of. Index test: Yergason's test (modified interpretation 2)..
[Test 159]
Test 159. Target condition: labrum, type II SLAP lesion of. Index test: Yergason's test (modified interpretation 1,2)..
[Test 160]
Test 160. Target condition: multiple (LHB tendinitis/LHB avulsion/SLAP lesion, any). Index test: Speed's test (modified procedure, modified interpretation 1)..
[Test 161]
Test 161. Target condition: multiple (LHB lesion, any/type II or IV SLAP lesion). Index test: Speed's test (modified procedure, modified interpretation 1,2)..
[Test 162]
Test 162. Target condition: multiple (LHB lesion, any/type II or IV SLAP lesion). Index test: Yergason's test (modified interpretation 1,2)..
[Test 163]
Test 163. Target condition: multiple (SA-SD bursitis/bursal side degeneration of supraspinatus ± other pathology of tendon or labrum ± instability). Index test: Empty can test (modified interpretation)..
[Test 164]
Test 164. Target condition: multiple (SA-SD bursitis/bursal side degeneration of supraspinatus ± other pathology of tendon or labrum ± instability). Index test: Hawkins' test (standard)..
[Test 165]
Test 165. Target condition: multiple (SA-SD bursitis/bursal side degeneration of supraspinatus ± other pathology of tendon or labrum ± instability). Index test: Neer's sign (modified procedure)..
[Test 166]
Test 166. Target condition: multiple (SA-SD bursitis/bursal side degeneration of supraspinatus ± other pathology of tendon or labrum ± instability). Index test: painful arc test (standard)..
[Test 167]
Test 167. Target condition: multiple (SA-SD bursitis/bursal side degeneration of supraspinatus ± other pathology of tendon or labrum ± instability) Index test: resisted lateral rotation from neutral rotation for weakness ± pain (modified interpretation 1,2)..
[Test 168]
Test 168. Target condition: multiple (SA-SD bursitis/bursal side degeneration of supraspinatus ± other pathology of tendon or labrum ± instability). Index test: combination of 3 or more tests +ve (see table 11)..
[Test 169]
Test 169. Target condition: multiple (SIS/rotator cuff tendinitis or tear). Index test: Hawkins' test (modified interpretation)..
[Test 170]
Test 170. Target condition: multiple (SIS/rotator cuff tendinitis or tear). Index test: Neer's sign (modified interpretation)..