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Initial arch wires for tooth alignment during orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances

  1. Fan Jian1,
  2. Wenli Lai1,
  3. Susan Furness2,
  4. Grant T McIntyre3,
  5. Declan T Millett4,
  6. Joy Hickman5,
  7. Yan Wang1,*

Editorial Group: Cochrane Oral Health Group

Published Online: 30 APR 2013

Assessed as up-to-date: 2 AUG 2012

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007859.pub3


How to Cite

Jian F, Lai W, Furness S, McIntyre GT, Millett DT, Hickman J, Wang Y. Initial arch wires for tooth alignment during orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 4. Art. No.: CD007859. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD007859.pub3.

Author Information

  1. 1

    West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, Department of Orthodontics, State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, Chengdu, Sichuan, China

  2. 2

    School of Dentistry, The University of Manchester, Cochrane Oral Health Group, Manchester, UK

  3. 3

    NHS Tayside, Department of Orthodontics, Dundee, Scotland, UK

  4. 4

    Cork University Dental School and Hospital, Oral Health and Development, Cork, Ireland

  5. 5

    Glan Clwyd Hospital, Department of Orthodontics, Rhyl, UK

*Yan Wang, Department of Orthodontics, State Key Laboratory of Oral Diseases, West China Hospital of Stomatology, Sichuan University, No. 14, Section Three, Ren Min Nan Road, Chengdu, Sichuan, 610041, China. lwwylwwy@hotmail.com.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New search for studies and content updated (no change to conclusions)
  2. Published Online: 30 APR 2013

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References

References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
  4. References to other published versions of this review
Cioffi 2012 {published data only}
  • Cioffi I, Piccolo A, Tagliaferri R, Paduano S, Galeotti A, Martina R. Pain perception following first orthodontic archwire placement--thermoelastic vs superelastic alloys: a randomized controlled trial. Quintessence International 2012; Vol. 43, issue 1:61-9.
Cobb 1998 {published data only}
  • Cobb NW 3rd, Kula KS, Phillips C, Proffit WR. Efficiency of multi-strand steel, superelastic Ni-Ti and ion-implanted Ni-Ti archwires for initial alignment. Clinical Orthodontics and Research 1998;1(1):12-9.
Evans 1998 {published data only}
  • Evans TJ. A Clinical Comparison and Performance Perspective of Three Aligning Archwires [MScD dissertation]. Cardiff, UK: University of Wales, 1996.
  • Evans TJ, Jones ML, Newcombe RG. Clinical comparison and performance perspective of three aligning arch wires. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 1998;114(1):32-9.
Fernandes 1998 {published data only}
  • Fernandes LM, Øgaard B, Skoglund L. Pain and discomfort experienced after placement of a conventional or a superelastic NiTi aligning archwire. A randomized clinical trial [Schmerzen und Beschwerden nach Eingliederung eines herkömmlichen und eines superelastischen NiTi-Nivellierungsbogens]. Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics 1998;59(6):331-9.
Jones 1992 {published data only}
  • Chan LSC. Pain and Discomfort Experienced During Orthodontic Treatment: a Randomised Controlled Clinical Trial of Two Initial Aligning Archwires [MScD dissertation]. Cardiff, UK: University of Wales, 1990.
  • Jones M, Chan C. The pain and discomfort experienced during orthodontic treatment: a randomized controlled clinical trial of two initial aligning arch wires. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 1992;102(4):373-81.
  • Jones ML, Staniford H, Chan C. Comparison of superelastic NiTi and multistranded stainless steel wires in initial alignment. Journal of Clinical Orthodontics. 1990/10/01 1990; Vol. 24, issue 10:611-3.
O'Brien 1990 {published data only}
  • O'Brien K, Lewis D, Shaw W, Combe E. A clinical trial of aligning archwires. European Journal of Orthodontics 1990;12(4):380-4.
  • O'Brien KD. A randomized controlled clinical trial of aligning archwires. British Journal of Orthodontics 1987;14:315.
Pandis 2009 {published data only}
  • Pandis N, Polychronopoulou A, Eliades T. Alleviation of mandibular anterior crowding with copper-nickel-titanium vs nickel-titanium wires: a double-blind randomized control trial. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 2009;136(2):152-3.
Sebastian 2012 {published data only}
  • Sebastian B. Alignment efficiency of superelastic coaxial nickel-titanium vs superelastic single-stranded nickel-titanium in relieving mandibular anterior crowding: a randomized controlled prospective study. The Angle Orthodontist 2012;82(4):703-8.
West 1995 {published data only}
  • West AE. A Clinical Comparison of Two Initial Aligning Archwires [MScD dissertation]. Cardiff, UK: University of Wales, 1992.
  • West AE, Jones ML, Newcombe RG. Multiflex versus superelastic: a randomized clinical trial of the tooth alignment ability of initial arch wires. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 1995;108(5):464-71.

References to studies excluded from this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
  4. References to other published versions of this review
AlQabandi 1999 {published data only}
  • AlQabandi AK, Sadowsky C, BeGole EA. A comparison of the effects of rectangular and round arch wires in levelling the curve of Spee. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 1999;116(5):522-9.
Bernhold 2001 {published data only}
  • Bernhold M, Bondemark L. Superelastic nickel-titanium heat-activated archwires for tooth movement - a prospective randomized study of apical root resorption. Swedish Dental Journal 2001;25:177.
Bloom 1998 {published data only}
  • Bloom KL, Bhatia SN. Comparison of copper NiTi and nitinol archwires in initial alignment. European Journal of Orthodontics 1998;20:614.
Chekay 1999 {published data only}
  • Chekay BA, Killiany DM, Purcell MV, Frost RA. Apical root resorption: A comparison of wire materials. Journal of Dental Research 1999;78 Special Issue:202 (Abs No 776).
Dalstra 2004 {published data only}
  • Dalstra M, Melsen B. Does the transition temperature of Cu-NiTi archwires affect the amount of tooth movement during alignment?. Orthodontics & Craniofacial Research 2004;7(1):21–5.
Fleming 2009 {published data only}
  • Fleming PS, Dibiase AT, Sarri G, Lee RT. Pain experience during initial alignment with a self-ligating and a conventional fixed orthodontic appliance system. A randomized controlled clinical trial. The Angle Orthodontist 2009;79(1):46-50.
Fleming 2009a {published data only}
  • Fleming PS, DiBiase AT, Sarri G, Lee RT. Comparison of mandibular arch changes during alignment and leveling with 2 preadjusted edgewise appliances. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 2009;136(3):340-7.
Huffman 1983 {published data only}
  • Huffman DJ, Way DC. A clinical evaluation of tooth movement along arch wires of two different sizes. American Journal of Orthodontics 1983;83(6):453-9.
Jones 1984 {published data only}
Jones 1990 {published data only}
  • Jones ML, Staniford H, Chan C. Comparison of superelastic NiTi and multistranded stainless steel wires in initial alignment. Journal of Clinical Orthodontics 1990;24(10):611-3.
Kuftinec 1980 {published data only}
Lew 1988 {published data only}
  • Lew K. A comparison of archwires used for initial alignment in Begg treatment. Australian Orthodontic Journal 1988;10(3):180-2.
Mandall 2006 {published data only}
  • Mandall N, Lowe C, Worthington H, Sandler J, Derwent S, Abdi-Oskouei M, et al. Which orthodontic archwire sequence? A randomized clinical trial. European Journal of Orthodontics 2006;28(6):561-6.
Ong 2011 {published data only}
  • Ong E, Ho C, Miles P. Alignment efficiency and discomfort of three orthodontic archwire sequences: a randomized clinical trial. Journal of Orthodontics 2011;38(1):32-9.
Pandis 2007 {published data only}
  • Pandis N, Polychronopoulou A, Eliades T. Self-ligating vs conventional brackets in the treatment of mandibular crowding: a prospective clinical trial of treatment duration and dental effects. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 2007;132(2):208-15.
Weiland 2003 {published data only}

Additional references

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
  4. References to other published versions of this review
Ballard 2009
  • Ballard DJ, Jones AS, Petocz P, Darendeliler MA. Physical properties of root cementum: part 11. Continuous vs intermittent controlled orthodontic forces on root resorption. A microcomputed-tomography study. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 2009;136(1):1-8; discussion 8-9.
Burstone 1981
Burstone 1985
Egger 1997
Erdinç 2004
Evans 1996
  • Evans TJ, Durning P. Aligning archwires, the shape of things to come?--a fourth and fifth phase of force delivery. British Journal of Orthodontics 1996;23(3):269-75.
Firestone 1999
  • Firestone AR, Scheurer PA, Bürgin WB. Patients' anticipation of pain and pain-related side effects, and their perception of pain as a result of orthodontic treatment with fixed appliances. European Journal of Orthodontics 1999;21(4):387-96.
Higgins 2011
  • Higgins JPT, Green S (editors). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Version 5.1.0 [updated March 2011]. The Cochrane Collaboration, 2011. Available from www.cochrane-handbook.org.
Kapila 1989
Keim 2002
  • Keim RG, Gottlieb EL, Nelson AH, Vogels DS 3rd. 2002 JCO study of orthodontic diagnosis and treatment procedures. Part 2. Breakdowns of selected variables. Journal of Clinical Orthodontics 2002;36(11):627-36.
Kropmans 1999
  • Kropmans TJ, Dijkstra PU, Stengenga B, Stewart R, de Bont LG. Smallest detectable difference in outcome variables related to painful restriction of the temporomandibular joint. Journal of Dental Research 1999;78(3):784-9.
Kusy 1997
Kusy 2007
  • Kusy RP, Whitley JQ. Thermal and mechanical characteristics of stainless steel, titanium-molybdenum, and nickel-titanium archwires. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 2007;131(2):229-37.
Linge 1983
Linge 1991
  • Linge L, Linge BO. Patient characteristics and treatment variables associated with apical root resorption during orthodontic treatment. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 1991;99(1):35-43.
Little 1975
Manzanera 2009
  • Manzanera D, Montiel-Company JM, Almerich-Silla JM, Gandía JL. Orthodontic treatment need in Spanish schoolchildren: an epidemiological study using the Index of Orthodontic Treatment Need. European Journal of Orthodontics 2009;31(2):180-3.
Marques 2007
  • Marques CR, Couto GB, Orestes Cardoso S. Assessment of orthodontic treatment needs in Brazilian schoolchildren according to the Dental Aesthetic Index (DAI). Community Dental Health 2007;24(3):145-8.
Miura 1986
  • Miura F, Mogi M, Ohura Y, Hamanaka H. The super-elastic property of the Japanese NiTi alloy wire for use in orthodontics. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 1986;90(1):1-10.
Moher 2005
  • Moher D, Schulz KF, Altman D, CONSORT Group. The CONSORT Statement: revised recommendations for improving the quality of reports of parallel-group randomized trials 2001. Explore (New York, NY) 2005;1(1):40-5.
Ng'ang'a 1997
Ngan 1989
O'Brien 1993
  • O'Brien KD, Shaw WC, Roberts CT.  The use of occlusal indices in assessing the provision of orthodontic treatment by the hospital orthodontic service of England and Wales. British Journal of Orthodontics 1993;20(1):25-35.
Proffit 2000
  • Proffit WR. Contemporary Orthodontics. St Louis: CV Mosby Cooperation, 2000.
Quintão 2009
  • Quintão CC, Cal-Neto JP, Menezes LM, Elias CN. Force-deflection properties of initial orthodontic archwires. World Journal of Orthodontics 2009;10(1):29-32.
Richmond 1993
  • Richmond S, Shaw WC, Stephens CD, Webb WG, Roberts CT, Andrews M. Orthodontics in the general dental service of England and Wales: a critical assessment of standards. British Dental Journal 1993;174(9):315-29.
Riley 2009
  • Riley M, Bearn DR. A systematic review of clinical trials of aligning archwires. Journal of Orthodontics 2009;36(1):42-51.
Rudolph 1940
  • Rudolph CE. An evaluation of root resorption occurring during orthodontic treatment. Journal of Dental Research 1940;19:367-71.
Santoro 2001
  • Santoro M, Nicolay OF, Cangialosi TJ. Pseudoelasticity and thermoelasticity of nickel-titanium alloys: a clinically oriented review. Part I: Temperature transitional ranges. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics. 2001/06/08 2001; Vol. 119, issue 6:587-93.
Santoro 2001a
  • Santoro M, Nicolay OF, Cangialosi TJ. Pseudoelasticity and thermoelasticity of nickel-titanium alloys: a clinically oriented review. Part II: Deactivation forces. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics. 2001/06/08 2001; Vol. 119, issue 6:594-603.
Scheurer 1996
van Wyk 2005
  • van Wyk PJ, Drummond RJ. Orthodontic status and treatment need of 12-year-old children in South Africa using the Dental Aesthetic Index. Journal of the South African Dental Association 2005;60(8):334-6, 338.
Whiting-O'Keefe 1984

References to other published versions of this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
  4. References to other published versions of this review
Wang 2010