Endometriosis is a chronic, recurring condition that can develop during the reproductive years. It is characterized by the development of endometrial tissue outside the uterine cavity. It is the most common cause of pelvic pain in women. This endometrial tissue development is dependent on estrogen produced primarily by the ovaries and, therefore, traditional management has focused on suppression of ovarian function. The mounting evidence shows that altered immune function plays a crucial role in the genesis and development of endometriosis. In this review we considered modulating the inflammation as an alternative approach.