Intervention Review

You have full text access to this OnlineOpen article

Larvivorous fish for preventing malaria transmission

  1. Deirdre P Walshe1,
  2. Paul Garner1,
  3. Ahmed A Abdel-Hameed Adeel2,
  4. Graham H Pyke3,4,
  5. Tom Burkot5,*

Editorial Group: Cochrane Infectious Diseases Group

Published Online: 10 DEC 2013

Assessed as up-to-date: 18 JUN 2013

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD008090.pub2


How to Cite

Walshe DP, Garner P, Abdel-Hameed Adeel AA, Pyke GH, Burkot T. Larvivorous fish for preventing malaria transmission. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 12. Art. No.: CD008090. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD008090.pub2.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine, Department of Clinical Sciences, Liverpool, UK

  2. 2

    King Saud University, College of Medicine, Riyadh, Saudi Arabia

  3. 3

    University of Technology Sydney, School of the Environment, Broadway, NSW, Australia

  4. 4

    Macquarie University, Department of Biology, Ryde, Australia

  5. 5

    James Cook University, School of Public Health, Tropical Medicine and Rehabilitation Sciences, Cairns, Queensland, Australia

*Tom Burkot, School of Public Health, Tropical Medicine and Rehabilitation Sciences, James Cook University, Cairns, Queensland, 4870, Australia. tom.burkot@jcu.edu.au. tomburkot@gmail.com.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New
  2. Published Online: 10 DEC 2013

SEARCH

References

References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
Fletcher 1992 {published data only}
Howard 2007 {published data only}
  • Howard AF, Zhou G, Omlin FX. Malaria mosquito control using edible fish in western Kenya: preliminary findings of a controlled study. BMC Public Health 2007;7(199):1-6.
Imbahale 2011a {published data only}
Kim 2002 {published data only}
  • Kim HC, Lee JH, Yang KH, Yu HS. Biological control of Anopheles sinensis with native fish predators (Aplocheilus and Aphyocypris) and herbivorous fish Tilapia in natural rice fields in Korea. Korean Journal of Entomology 2002;32(4):247-50.
Kusumawathie 2008a {published data only}
  • Kusumawathie PHD, Wickremasinghe AR, Karunaweera ND, Wijeyaratne MJS. Larvivorous potential of the guppy, Poecilia reticulata, in anopheline mosquito control in riverbed pools below the Kotmale dam, Sri Lanka. Asia-Pacific Journal of Public Health 2008;20(1):56-63.
Kusumawathie 2008b {published data only}
  • Kusumawathie PHD, Wickremasinghe AR, Karunaweera ND, Wijeyaratne MJS. Costs and effectiveness of application of Poecilia reticulata (guppy) and temephos in anopheline mosquito control in river basins below the major dams of Sri Lanka. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 2008;102:705-11.
Mahmoud 1985 {published data only}
  • Mahmoud AA. Mosquitofish Gambusia affinis holbrooki as a malaria vector control agents in Gezira irrigation canals of the Sudan. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 1985;1(4):524-6.
Menon 1978 {published data only}
  • Menon PKB, Rajagopalan PK. Control of mosquito breeding in wells by using Gambusia affinis and Aplocheilus blochii in Pondicherry town. Indian Journal of Medical Research 1978;68:927-33.
Nalim 1988 {published data only}
  • Nalim S, Boewono DT, Haliman A, Winoto E. Control demonstration of the ricefield breeding mosquito Anopheles aconitus Donitz in Central Java, using Poecilia reticulata through community participation: 3. Field trial and evaluation. Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan 1988;16(1):6-11.
Sabatinelli 1991 {published data only}
  • Sabatinelli G, Blanchy S, Majori G, Papakay M. Impact of the use of larvivorous fish Poecilia reticulata on the transmission of malaria in FIR of Comoros [Impact de l'utilisation du poisson larvivore Poecilia reticulata sur la transmission du paludisme en RFI des Comores]. Annales de Parasitologie et Humaine et Comparee 1991;66(2):84-8.
Sitaraman 1976 {published data only}
  • Sitaraman NL, Mahadevan S, Swamidas S. Biological control of A. stephensi larvae in wells by Poecilia reticulatus in Greater Hyderabad City, India. Journal of Communicable Diseases 1976;8(4):315-9.
Yu 1989 {published data only}
  • Yu IS, Lee JH. Biological control of malaria vector (Anopheles sinensis Wied.) by combined use of larvivorous fish (Aplocheilus latipes) and herbivorous hybrid (Tilapia mossambicus niloticus) in rice paddies of Korea. Korean Journal of Applied Entomology 1989;28(4):229-36.

References to studies excluded from this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
Alio 1985a {published data only}
  • Alio AY, Isaq A, Delfini LF. Field trial on the impact of Oreochromis spilurus spilurus on malaria transmission in Northern Somalia, 1985. http://whqlibdoc.who.int/malaria/WHO_MAL_85.1017.pdf (accessed 17 June 2009). Geneva: World Health Organization.
Alio 1985b {published data only}
  • Alio AY, Isaq A, Delfini LF. Using fish against mosquito-borne diseases. Malaria World Heatlh Forum 1985;6:320-1.
Asimeng 1993 {published data only}
  • Asimeng EJ, Mutinga MJ. Effect of rice husbandry on mosquito breeding at Mwea Rice Irrigation Scheme with reference to biocontrol strategies. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 1993;9(1):17-22.
Austen 1919 {published data only}
  • Austen EE. Anti-mosquito measures in Palestine during the campaigns of 1917–1918. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1919;13(4):47-62.
Bang 1988 {published data only}
  • Bang YH. Vector-borne diseases associated with rice cultivation and their control in Southeast Asia. In: Bos R, Enriquez VG, Cervantes EP, Smith WH editor(s). Vector-Borne Disease Control Through Rice Agrosystem Management: Proceedings of the Workshop on Research and Training Needs in the Field of Integrated Vector Borne Disease Control in Riceland Agroecosystems of Developing Countries. International Rice Research Institute, Los Baños, 9-14 March 1987. Philippines: International Rice Research Institute, 1988:93-100.
Bay 1967 {published data only}
Bedford 1936 {published data only}
  • Bedford HW. Medical Entomology. Reports of the Sudan Medical Service 1938:77-83.
Beltran 1973 {published data only}
  • Beltran O. The Use of Larvivorous Fish in Mosquito Control. London, UK: University of London, 1973.
Bolay 1989 {published data only}
  • Bolay FK, Trpis M, Davidson EW, Faust RM, Margalit J, Tahori AS. Control of mosquitoes with Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis and larvivorous fish, Tilapia nilotica, in rice fields in Liberia, West Africa. Israel Journal of Entomology 1989;23:77-82.
Borel 1926 {published data only}
  • Borel M. Anopheles and malaria in the Chaudoc region (Cochin China). Results of an investigation made from 16 to 21 January 1926 [Anopheles et paludisme dans la region de Chaudoc (Cochinochine). Resultats d'une enquete faite du 16 au 21 janvier 1926]. Bulletin de la Societe de Pathologie Exotique et de ses Filiales 1926;19(9):806-11.
Caillouet 2008 {published data only}
  • Caillouet KA, Keating J, Eisele TP. Characterization of aquatic mosquito habitat, natural enemies, and immature mosquitoes in the Artibonite Valley, Haiti. Journal of Vector Ecology 2008;33(1):191-7.
Carlson 2004 {published data only}
Carnevale 1990 {published data only}
  • Carnevale P, Mouchet J. Vector control and malaria control. Medecine Tropicale 1990;50(4):391-8.
Chandra 2008 {published data only}
Chapman 1974 {published data only}
Das 1991 {published data only}
  • Das MK, Prasad RN. Evaluation of mosquito fish Gambusia affinis in the control of mosquito breeding in rice fields. Indian Journal of Malariology 1991;28(3):171-7.
De Burca 1939 {published data only}
  • De Burca B. Note on anti-malaria measures in Quetta Cantonment during 1938. Journal of the Malaria Institute of India 1939;2:121-30.
Dev 2008 {published data only}
Devi 2010 {published data only}
  • Devi NP, Jauhari RK, Hasan SF. Water quality and larvivorous activity of a killifish, Aplocheilus panchax (Ham.) against Anopheles annularis larvae in fragments of Loktak lake (Manipur). Journal of Experimental Zoology India 2010;13(2):509-12.
Dua 1991 {published data only}
  • Dua VK, Sharma SK, Sharma VP. Bioenvironmental control of malaria at the Indian Drugs and Pharmaceuticals Ltd., Rishikesh (U.P). Indian Journal of Malariology 1991;28(4):227-35.
Dua 1997 {published data only}
  • Dua VK, Sharma SK, Srivastava A, Sharma VP. Bioenvironmental control of industrial malaria at Bharat Heavy Electricals Ltd., Hardwar, India—results of a nine-year study (1987-95). Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 1997;13(3):278-85.
Fletcher 1993 {published data only}
  • Fletcher M, Teklehaimanot A, Yemane G, Kassahun A, Kidane G, Beyene Y. Prospects for the use of larvivorous fish for malaria control in Ethiopia: search for indigenous species and evaluation of their feeding capacity for mosquito larvae. Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1993;96(1):12-21.
Gammans 1926 {published data only}
  • Gammans LD. Anti-malaria work at Port Dickson. Malayan Medical Journal 1926;1(2):24-8.
Ghosh 2005 {published data only}
  • Ghosh SK, Tiwari SN, Sathyanarayan TS, Sampath TR, Sharma VP, Nanda N, et al. Larvivorous fish in wells target the malaria vector sibling species of the Anopheles culicifacies complex in villages in Karnataka, India. Transaction of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 2005;99(2):101-5.
Ghosh 2007 {published data only}
Ghrab 1999 {published data only}
  • Ghrab J, Bouattour A. Experimental study of larval efficiency of Gambusia affinis holbrooki (GIRARD, 1859) (fish-Poecilidae) [Etude experimental de l'efficacile larvivore de Gambusia affinis holbrooki]. Archives de l'Institut Pasteur de Tunis 1999;76(1-4):33-8.
Gupta 1989 {published data only}
  • Gupta DK, Sharma RC, Sharma VP. Bioenvironmental control of malaria linked with edible fish production in Gujarat. Indian Journal of Malariology 1989;26(1):55-9.
Gupta 1992 {published data only}
  • Gupta DK, Bhatt RM, Sharma RC, Gautam AS, Rajnikant. Intradomestic mosquito breeding sources and their management. Indian Journal of Malariology 1992;29(1):41-6.
Haas 1984 {published data only}
  • Haas R, Pal R. Mosquito larvivorous fishes. Bulletin of the Entomological Society of American 1984;30(1):17-25.
Hackett 1938 {published data only}
  • Hackett LW, Russell PF, Scharff JW, Senior White R. The present use of naturalistic measures in the control of malaria. Bulletin of the Health Organization of the League of Nations 1938;7:1046-64.
Hadjinicolaou 1973 {published data only}
  • Hadjinicolaou J, Betzios B. Gambusia Fish as a Means of Biological Control of Anopheles sacharovi in Greece. Geneva: World Health Organization, 1973:1-7.
Holland 1933 {published data only}
  • Holland EA. An experiment in the control of malaria in New Ireland by distribution of Gambusia affinis. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1933;26(6):529-38.
Homski 1994 {published data only}
  • Homski D, Goren M, Gasith A. Comparative evaluation of the larvivorous fish Gambusia affinis and Aphanius dispar as mosquito control agents. Hydrobiologia 1994;284:137-46.
Howard 1920 {published data only}
  • Howard HH. Malaria control in rural communities by anti-mosquito measures. Southern Medical Journal 1920;13(4):260-6.
Hurlbert 1972 {published data only}
Imbahale 2011b {published data only}
  • Imbahale S. Integrated malaria vector control in different agro-ecosystems in western Kenya. Entomologische Berichten 2011;71(4):94-103.
Inci 1992 {published data only}
  • Inci R, Yildirim M, Bagei N, Inci S. Biological control of mosquito larvae by mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis) in the Batman-Siirt Area. Turkiye Parazitoloji Dergisi 1992;16(2):60-6.
Jayawardana 2001 {published data only}
  • Jayawardana. A case study on physical and biological factors in relation to mosquito emergence in abandoned gem pits in Elahera, Sri Lanka. Tropical Agricultural Research 2001;13:401-10.
Julvez 1987 {published data only}
  • Julvez J, Galtier J, Ali Halidi M, Henry M, Mouchet J. Epidemiology of malaria and the antimalarial campaign in Mayotte (Comoro archipelago, Indian Ocean). Development of the situation between 1976 and 1986. Outlook. Bulletin de la Societe de la Pathologie Exotique et de ses Filiales 1987;80(3 Pt 2):505-19.
Kaneko 2000 {published data only}
Kligler 1930 {published data only}
  • Kligler IJ. The Epidemiology and Control of Malaria in Palestine. Chicago, Illinois: The University of Chicago Press, 1930.
Kumar 1998 {published data only}
  • Kumar A, Sharma VP, Sumodan PK, Thavaselvam D. Field trials of biolarvicide Bacillus thuringiensis var. israelensis strain 164 and the larvivorous fish Aplocheilus blocki against Anopheles stephensi for malaria control in Goa, India. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 1998;14(4):457-62.
Kusumawathie 2006 {published data only}
  • Kusumawathie PH, Wickremasinghe AR, Karunaweera ND, Wijeyaratne MJ. Larvivorous potential of fish species found in river bed pools below the major dams in Sri Lanka. Journal of Medical Entomology 2006;43(1):79-82.
Lacey 1990 {published data only}
  • Lacey LA, Lacey CM. The medical importance of riceland mosquitoes and their control using alternatives to chemical insecticides. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association Society 1990;2:1-93.
Legendre 1921 {published data only}
  • Legendre J. Plan of the antimalaria campaign for Madagascar [Plan de campagne antipaludique pour Madagascar]. Bulletin de la Societe de Pathologie Exotique et de ses Filiales 1921;14(2):97-100.
Louis 1988 {published data only}
  • Louis JP, Albert JP. Malaria in Djibouti. Biological control strategies, using the larvivorous indigenous fish—Aphanius dispar and bacterial toxins. Medecine Tropicale 1988;48(2):127-31.
Luh 1981 {published data only}
  • Luh PL. The present status of biocontrol of mosquitoes in China. In: Laird M editor(s). Biocontrol of Medical and Veterinary Pests. New York: Praeger, 1981:54-77.
Malhotra 1992 {published data only}
  • Malhotra MS, Prakash A. Enhancing the efficacy of Gambusia affinis to control mosquito breeding in ponds. Indian Journal of Malariology 1992;29(1):65-8.
Mandoul 1954 {published data only}
  • Mandoul R, Rejenet J. Lessons from the sanitation of the malarial oasis of Ouargla, Algerian Sahara. Bulletin de la Societe de Pathologie Exotique et de ses Filiales 1954;47(3):443-52.
Menon 1977 {published data only}
  • Menon AGK. Fish and malaria control. Science and Culture 43;3:110-4.
Merle 1955 {published data only}
  • Merle F, Maillot L. Vector control campaigns against malaria in Brazzaville [Campagnes de deinsectisation contre le paludisme a Brazzaville]. Bulletin de la Societe de Pathologie Exotique et de ses Filiales 1955;48(2):242-69.
Missiroli 1930 {published data only}
  • Missiroli A. The prevention of malaria in practice. Third Report (1928-1929) [La prevenzione della malaria nel campo pratico. Terza relazione (1928-1929)]. Rivista di Malariologia 1930;9(6):667-705.
Mohamed 2003 {published data only}
  • Mohamed AA. Study of larvivorous fish for malaria vector control in Somalia, 2002. East Mediterranean Health Journal 2003;9(4):618-26.
Molloy 1924 {published data only}
  • Molloy DM. Some personal experiences with fish as anti-mosquito agencies in the tropics. International Health Board, Managua, Nicaragua. American Journal of Tropical Medicine 1924;4(2):175-94.
Morin 1934 {published data only}
  • Morin HGS, Martin P. General concepts on the use of fish for the fights against mosquitoes [Notions generales sur l'utilisation des poissons a la lutte contre les moustiques]. Archives des Instituts Pasteur d'Indochine 1936;23:443-61.
Nalim 1987 {published data only}
  • Nalim S, Tribuwono. Control demonstration of the ricefield breeding mosquito Anopheles aconitus Donitz in Central Java, using Poecilia reticulata through community participation: 2. Culturing, distribution and use of fish in the field. Buletin Penelitian Kesehatan 1987;15(4):1-7.
Ossi 1984 {published data only}
  • Ossi GT. Malaria in Iraq from 1980 to 1983. Bulletin of Endemic Diseases 1984;2(4-5):5-20.
Panicker 1985 {published data only}
  • Panicker KN, Srinivasan R, Viswam K, Rajagopalan PK. Larvivorous potential of some cypriniformes fishes. Indian Journal of Medical Research 1985;82:517-20.
Patra 2010 {published data only}
  • Patra AK. Laboratory trials on the feeding pattern of mosquito larvae by ornamental fishes (Mollies and Swordtails) in domestic well water. Uttar Pradesh Journal of Zoology 2010;30(1):47-52.
Pecori 1930 {published data only}
  • Pecori G, Escalar G. Report on the anti-malarial campaign in 1929 in the government district of Rome [Relazione sulla campagna antimalarica dell'anno 1929]. Rivista di Malariologia 1930;9(5):479-549.
Prasad 1993 {published data only}
  • Prasad H, Prasad RN, Haq S. Control of mosquito breeding through Gambusia affinis in rice fields. Indian Journal of Malariology 1993;30(2):57-65.
Pyke 2008 {published data only}
  • Pyke GH. Plague minnow or mosquito fish? A review of the biology and impacts of introduced Gambusia species. Annual Review of Ecology, Evolution and Systematics 2008;39:171-91.
Raina 1945 {published data only}
  • Raina BL. Larvicidal fish of Kangra Valley-Schizothorax Progastus. Indian Medical Gazette 1945;80(5):273-4.
Rajnikant 1993 {published data only}
  • Rajnikant, Bhatt RM, Gupta DK, Sharma RC, Srivastava HC, Gautam AS. Observations on mosquito breeding in wells and its control. Indian Journal of Malariology 1993;30(4):215-20.
Rao 1942 {published data only}
  • Rao RB, Ramoo H. Observations on the relative utility of Gambusia affinis and Panchax parvus in the control of mosquito breeding in tanks and wells. Journal of the Malaria Institute of India 1942;4:633-4.
Rimbaut 1935 {published data only}
  • Rimbaut G, Mathis M. Use of fish for biological control against Anopheles in Dakar [Utilisation des poissons millions pour la lutte biologique contre les larves d'Anopheles a Dakar]. Bulletin de la Societe de Pathologie Exotique et de ses Filiales 1935;28:575-81.
Robert 1998 {published data only}
  • Robert V, Awono-Ambene HP, Thiolouse J. Ecology of larval mosquitoes, with special reference to Anopheles arabiensis (Diptera: Culicidae) in market-garden wells in urban Dakar, Senegal. Journal of Medical Entomology 1998;35(6):948-55.
Rojas 2004 {published data only}
  • Rojas E, Gamboa M, Villalobos S, Cruzado F. Efficacy of control of larvae of the vectors of malaria with native larvivorous fish in San Martin, Peru [Eficacia del control de larvas de vectores de la malaria con peces larvivoros nativos en San Martin, Peru]. Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica 2004;21(1):44-50.
Roule 1934 {published data only}
  • Roule S. Role des Poissons Larvivores dans la Prophylaxie du Paludisme. Paris: E. Le Francois, 1934.
Roy 1938 {published data only}
  • Roy DN. On the control of malaria-mosquitoes in Bengal by the use of predacious fish and on the habits of two of them. Journal of the Malaria Institute of India 1938;1(4):405-16.
Rupp 1996 {published data only}
  • Rupp HR. Adverse assessments of Gambusia affinis: an alternate view for mosquito control practitioners. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 1996;12(2 Pt 1):155-9.
Russell 1942 {published data only}
  • Russell PF, Knipe FW, Rao HR. On agricultural malaria and its control with special reference to South India. Indian Medical Gazette 1942;77:744-54.
Sabatinelli 1988 {published data only}
  • Sabatinelli G, Petarca V, Petrangeli G. Preliminary data on the An. gambiae complex in the RFI of the Comores [Donnees preliminaires sur le complexe An. gambiae dans la RFI des Comores]. Parassitologia 1988;30(Suppl):178-9.
Sella 1927 {published data only}
  • Sella M. Larvivorous fish and the experimental antimalarial campaign with Gambusia at Rovigno, Istria [I pesci larvifagi a l'esperimento di campagna antimalarica con le Gambusie a Rovigno d'Istria]. Rivista di Malariologia 1927;6(6):881-909.
Sella 1929 {published data only}
  • Sella M. Gambusia and paris green in anti-malarial work at Rovigno (report for 1928) and notes on the campaign in Istria [Gambusia e verde di Parigi nella lotta antimalarica a Rovigno (relazione per il 1928) e cenni sulla lotta in Instria]. Rivista di Malariologia 1929;8(4):357-92.
Sergiev 1937 {published data only}
  • Sergiev PG, Kovtun AS. Organization of the campaign against malaria in the USSR towards the twentieth anniversary of the October revolution [Organisation de la lutte contre le paludisme en l'URSS vers le vingtieme anniversaire de la revolution d'octobre]. Meditsinskaia Parazitologiia i Parazitarnye Bolezni 1937;6(6):723-55.
Sharma 1986a {published data only}
  • Sharma SK, Rajagopal R. Efficacy of fish larvivore, Gambusia affinis, for the control of mosquito breeding in wells in semi-urban areas near Delhi. Journal of Communicable Diseases 1986;18(2):95-102.
Sharma 1986b {published data only}
Sharma 1989a {published data only}
  • Sharma VP, Sharma RC. Community-based integrated vector control of malaria in India. Progress in Vaccinology 1989;2:393-9.
Sharma 1989b {published data only}
  • Sharma VP, Sharma RC. Community based bio-environmental control of malaria in Kheda district, Gujarat. Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 1989;5(4):514-21.
Sharma 1991 {published data only}
  • Sharma VP, Gautam AS, Bhatt RM, Gupta DK, Sharma VP. The Kheda malaria project: the case for environmental control. Health Policy and Planning 1991;6(3):262-70.
Sharma 1997 {published data only}
  • Sharma SN, Kaul SM, Lal S. Use of Gambusia affinis in different habitats as a mosquito control agent. Journal of Communicable Diseases 1997;29(4):371-3.
Singh 1989 {published data only}
  • Singh N, Sharma VP, Mishra AK, Singh OP. Bio-environmental control of malaria in a tribal area of Mandla District, Madhya Pradesh, India. Indian Journal of Malariology 1989;26(2):103-20.
Singh 2006 {published data only}
Sitaraman 1975 {published data only}
  • Sitaraman NL, Karim MA, Reddy GV. Observations in the use of Gambusia affinis Holbrooki to control A. stephensi in wells. Results of two years study in Greater Hyderabad City-India. Indian Journal of Medical Research 1975;63(10):1509-16.
Tabibzadeh 1970 {published data only}
  • Tabibzadeh I, Behbehani G, Nahkai R. Use of Gambusia fish in the malaria eradication programme of Iran. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 1970;43(4):623-6.
Teklehaimanot 1993 {published data only}
  • Teklehaimanot A, Kassahun A, Fletcher M. Using fish against malaria: a local initiative. World Health Forum 1993;14(2):176-7.
Tisohlbr 1950 {published data only}
  • Tisohlbr W. The malaria situation and mosquito control in Montenegro. Anzeiger fur Schadlingskunde 1950;23(5):65-9.
Trausmiller 1932 {published data only}
  • Trausmiller O. On the limits of malaria control by means of Gambusia holbrooki [Uber die Grenzen der Malaria- Bekampfung mittels Gambusien]. Archivs fur Schiffs und Tropenhygiene 1932;36(10):530-9.
Ungureanu 1981 {published data only}
  • Ungureanu E, Pull JH, Pal R. Detailed Study Design for Field Studies Regarding the Evaluation of the Efficacy of Larvivorous Fish for the Control of Malaria [WHO/MAL/81.974]. Geneva: World Health Organization, 1981.
Usenbaev 2006 {published data only}
  • Usenbaev NT, Ezhov MN, Zvantsov AB, Annarbaev A, Zhoroev AA, Almerekov KSh. An outbreak of Plasmodium vivax malaria in Kyrgyzstan. Meditsinskaia Parazitologiia i Parazitarnye Bolezni 2006;1:17-20.
Van Dam 2007 {published data only}
  • Van Dam AR, Walton WE. Comparison of mosquito control provided by the arroyo chub (Gila orcutti) and the mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis). Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 2007;23(4):430-41.
Velichkevich 1935 {published data only}
  • Velichkevich AI. New data on the biology of Anopheles and on the epidemiology of malaria in the southern coast of the Crimea. Meditsinskaia Parazitologiia i Parazitarnye Bolezni 1935;4(6):481-5.
Victor 1994 {published data only}
  • Victor TJ, Chandrasekaran B, Reuben R. Composite fish culture for mosquito control in rice fields in southern India. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 1994;25(3):522-7.
Vitlin 1987a {published data only}
  • Vitlin LM, Artem'ev MM, Bol'shakov. Trials of Xenotoca eiseni (Rutter), 1896 (Cyprinodontiformes, Goodeidae) as a means of controlling mosquito larvae in the field. Meditsinskaia Parazitologiia i Parazitarnye Bolezni 1987;3:26-9.
Vitlin 1987b {published data only}
  • Vitlin DM, Artem'ev MM. Trial of spawning tropical fish to control mosquito larvae in south USSR in field conditions. Meditsinskaia Parazitologiia i Parazitarnye Bolezni 1987;4:64-8.
Walton 2007 {published data only}
Wickramasinghe 1986 {published data only}
  • Wickramasinghe MB, Costa HH. Mosquito control with larvivorous fish. Parasitology Today 1986;2(8):228-30.
Wu 1991 {published data only}
  • Wu N, Liao GH, Li DF, Luo YL, Zhong GM. The advantages of mosquito biocontrol by stocking edible fish in rice paddies. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 1991;22(3):436-42.
Yadav 1992 {published data only}
  • Yadav RS, Sampath RR, Sharma VP. Pyrethroid-impregnated bednets and bioenvironmental approach for control of malaria in Orissa with special reference to community participation and intersectoral cooperation. In: Sharma VP editor(s). Community Participation in Malaria Control. Malaria Research Centre, Indian Council of Medical Research, 1993:259-82.
Yu 1982a {published data only}
  • Yu HS. Annual progress report (1981): Biological control of mosquitoes in South Korea. Seoul, Korea: Division of Medical Entomology, National Institute of Health, Republic of Korea; 1982 13 June. 1-47.
Yu 1982b {published data only}
  • Yu HS, Lee DK, Lee WJ. Mosquito control by the release of fish predator, Aphyocypris chinensis in natural mosquito breeding habitats of fice paddies and stream seepage in South Korea. Korean Journal of Entomology 1982;12:61-7.
Yu 1982c {published data only}
  • Yu HS, Lee DK, Lee WJ. Field evaluation of fish predator Aphyocypris chinensis and Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis in mosquito breeding habitats of rice paddy, marsh and sewage effluent. Korean Journal of Entomology 1982;12(1):122.
Yu 1986 {published data only}
  • Yu HS, Ban SJ, Kim HC. Integrated control of encephalitis vector (Culex tritaeniorhynchus) by using Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis and larvivore Aphyocypris chinensis in parsley field, South Korea. Korean Journal of Entomology 1986;16(1):49-56.
Zaman 1980 {published data only}
  • Zaman MS. Malaria control through fish. Pakistan Journal of Science 1980;32(3/4):163-8.

Additional references

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
Bence 1986
Bond 2005
Garner 2006
Gerberich 1968
  • Gerberich JB, Laird M. Food and Agricultural Organization of the United Nations. Vol. 75, Rome: United Nations, 1968:1-70.
Goutam 2013
  • Goutam C, Anupam G, Indranil B, Ghosk SK. Use of larvivorous fish in biological and environmental control of disease vectors. In: Cameron MM, Lorenz LM editor(s). Biological and Environmental Control of Disease Vectors. Wallingford, UK: CABI, 2013.
HELI 2005
  • Health and Environment Linkages Initiative. Malaria control: the power of integrated action. http://www.who.int/heli/risks/vectors/malariacontrol/en/index2.html 2005 (accessed September 2013).
Lengeler 2004
Lyimo 1993
Meremikwu 2012
  • Meremikwu MM, Donegan S, Sinclair D, Esu E, Oringanje C. Intermittent preventive treatment for malaria in children living in areas with seasonal transmission. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012, Issue 2. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003756.pub4]
Pyke 2005
Raghavendra 2008
  • Raghavendra K, Sharma P, Dash AP. Biological control of mosquito populations through frogs: opportunities and constraints. Indian Journal of Medical Research 2008;128(1):22-5.
Silver 2008
  • Silver J. Mosquito Ecology—Field Sampling Methods. 3rd Edition. Dordrecht: Springer, 2008.
Sinclair 2009
Sinclair 2011
Sinclair 2012
Takken 1998
  • Takken W, Klowden MJ, Chambers GM. Effect of body size on host seeking and blood meal utilization in Anopheles gambiae sensu stricto (Diptera: Culicidae): the disadvantage of being small. Journal of Medical Entomology 1998;35(5):639-45.
Tanser 2007
  • Tanser FC, Pluess B, Lengeler C, Sharp BL. Indoor residual spraying for preventing malaria. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2007, Issue 3. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD006657]
Tusting 2013
UNDP 2013
  • United Nations Development Programme. Malaria elimination in Tajikistan for 2009-2014. http://www.undp.org/content/tajikistan/en/home/operations/projects/hiv_aids/malaria/ (accessed September 2013).
Walker 2007
WHO 1974
  • World Health Organization. Malaria control in countries where time-limited eradication is impractical at present: report of a WHO interregional conference. WHO Technical Report Series. Vol. 537, Geneva: World Health Organization, 1974:72.
WHO 2001
  • World Health Organization, Regional Office for Europe. Malaria vectors and approaches to their control in malaria affected countries of the WHO European Region: the proceedings of a regional meeting on vector biology and control, Almaty, Kazakhstan, 3-5 May 2001 [EUR/01/5027499]. Copenhagen: World Health Organization, Regional Office for Europe, 2001.
WHO 2006a
  • World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe. Regional strategy: from malaria control to elimination 2006-2015 in the WHO European Region [EUR/05/5061322]. Copenhagen: WHO Regional Office for Europe, 2006.
WHO 2006b
  • World Health Organization. Malaria Vector Control and Personal Protection. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2006.
WHO 2007
  • World Health Organization. Malaria Elimination: A Field Manual for Low and Moderate Endemic Countries. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2007.
WHO 2012
  • World Health Organization. World Malaria Report 2012. Geneva: World Health Organization, 2012.
WHO-GMP 2012
  • World Health Organization Global Malaria Programme. Interim Position Statement: the role of larviciding for malaria control in sub-Saharan Africa. http://www.who.int/malaria/publications/atoz/interim_position_statement_larviciding_sub_saharan_africa.pdf (accessed April 2012).
Wurtsbaugh 1980
  • Wurtsbaugh WA, Cech JJ, Compton J. Effect of fish size on prey selection in Gambusia affinis. Proceedings and papers of the forty-eighth annual Conference of the California Mosquito and Vector Control Association, January 20-23. 1980; Vol. 48:48-51.