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The impact of conditional cash transfers on health outcomes and use of health services in low and middle income countries

  1. Mylene Lagarde1,*,
  2. Andy Haines2,
  3. Natasha Palmer1

Editorial Group: Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care Group

Published Online: 7 OCT 2009

Assessed as up-to-date: 4 MAY 2009

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD008137


How to Cite

Lagarde M, Haines A, Palmer N. The impact of conditional cash transfers on health outcomes and use of health services in low and middle income countries. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2009, Issue 4. Art. No.: CD008137. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD008137.

Author Information

  1. 1

    London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, Health Policy Unit, London, UK

  2. 2

    London School of Hygeine & Tropical Medicine, London, UK

*Mylene Lagarde, Health Policy Unit, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, Keppel Street, London, WC1E 7HT, UK. Mylene.Lagarde@lshtm.ac.uk.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New
  2. Published Online: 7 OCT 2009

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References

References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Attanasio 2005 {published data only}
  • Attanasio O, Gómez LC, Heredia P, Vera-Hernandez M. The short-term impact of a conditional cash subsidy on child health and nutrition in Colombia. The Institute of Fiscal Studies, London. London, 2005.
Barham 2005a {published data only}
  • Barham T. The Impact of the Mexican Conditional Cash Transfer on Immunization Rates. Department of Agriculture and Resource Economics, U.C. Berkeley 2005.
Behrman 2005 {published data only}
Gertler 2000 {published data only}
  • Gertler P. Final report: the Impact of PROGESA on Health. International Food Policy Research Institute 2000.
Gertler 2004a {published data only}
  • Gertler P. Do conditional cash transfers improve child health? Evidence from PROGRESA's control randomized experiment?. American Economic Review 2004;94:336-41.
Maluccio 2004 {published data only}
  • Maluccio J, Flores R. Impact evaluation of a conditional cash transfer program: the Nicaraguan Red de Proteccion Social. FCND Discussion paper No 184. Washington, DC, IFPRI 2004.
Morris 2004a {published data only}
  • Morris SS, Flores R, Olinto P, Medina JM. Monetary incentives in primary health care and effects on use and coverage of preventive health care interventions in rural Honduras: Cluster randomised trial. Lancet 2004;364:2030-7.
Morris 2004b {published data only}
  • Morris SS, Olinto P, Flores R, Nilson EAF, Figueiró AC. Conditional Cash Transfers Are Associated with a Small Reduction in the Rate of Weight Gain of Preschool Children in Northeast Brazil. Journal of Nutrition 2004;134:2336-41.
Rivera 2004 {published data only}
  • Rivera JA, Sotres-Alvarez D, Habicht JP, Shamah T, Villalpando S. Impact of the Mexican Programmefor Education, Health, and Nutrition (Progresa) on Rates of Growth and Anemia in Infants and Young Children: A Randomized Effectiveness Study. JAMA 2004;291:2563-70.
Thornton 2006 {published data only}
  • Thornton R. The demand for and impact of learning HIV status: Evidence from a field experiment. Harvard University 2006.

References to studies excluded from this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Ahmed 2003 {published data only}
  • Ahmed SM. Healthcare for the ultra-poor: the case of BRAC's CFPR/TUP programme. Department for International Development Health Systems Resource Centre 2003.
Attanasio 2005b {published data only}
  • Attanasio O, Battistin E, Fitzsimons E, Vera-Hernandez M. How effective are conditional cash transfers? Evidence from Colombia. Institute for Fiscal Studies Briefing Notes 2005.
Barham 2005b {published data only}
  • Barham T. Providing a healthier start of life: the impact of Conditional Cash transfers on infant mortality. Department of Agriculture and Resource Economics, U.C. Berkeley 2005.
Behrman 2001 {published data only}
  • Behrman JR, Hoddinott J. An evaluation of the impact of Progresa on pre-school child height. International Food Policy Research Institute, Food Consumption and Nutrition Division, Washington, D.C. 2001.
Behrman 2004 {published data only}
  • Behrman JR, Parker SW, Todd PE. Medium-Term Effects of the Oportunidades Programme Package, including Nutrition, on Education of Rural Children Age 0-8 in 1997. Technical Document Number 9 on the Evaluation of Oportunidades 2004.
Borghi 2005 {published data only}
  • Borghi J, Gorter A, Sandiford P, Segura Z. The cost-effectiveness of a competitive voucher scheme to reduce sexually transmitted infections in high-risk groups in Nicaragua. Health Policy and Planning 2005;20:222-31.
Chase 2001 {published data only}
  • Chase R, Benz-Sherburne L. Household effects of community Education and health initiatives: evaluating the impact of the Zambia Social Fund. Africa Impact Evaluation Initiative 2001.
Coady 2001 {published data only}
  • Coady D. An evaluation of the distributional power of PROGRESA's cash transfer in Mexico. International Food Policy Research Institute 2001.
Dupas 2005 {published data only}
  • Dupas P. The Impact of Conditional In-Kind Subsidies on Preventive Health Behaviors: Evidence from Western Kenya. working paper. EHESS-PSE, Paris 2005.
Gertler 2001 {published data only}
  • Gertler P, Boyce S. An Experiment in Incentive-Based Welfare: The Impact of PROGESA on Health in Mexico. University of California, Berkeley 2001.
Gertler 2004b {published data only}
  • Gertler P, Fernald L. The Medium Term Impact of OPORTUNIDADES on Child Development in Rural Areas. Cuernavaca, Mexico: Instituto Nacional de Salud Publica 2004.
Levy 2003 {published data only}
  • Levy D, Ohls J. Evaluation of Jamaica's PATH Program: Methodology Report. Mathematica Policy Research, Washington, D.C. 2003.
Mushi 2003 {published data only}
  • Mushi AK, Schellenberg JRMA, Mponda H, Lengeler C. Targeted subsidy for malaria control with treated nets using a discount voucher system in Tanzania. Health Policy and Planning 2003;18:163-71.
Pritchett 2002 {published data only}
  • Pritchett L, Sumarto S, Suryahadia A. Targeted Programmes in an Economic Crisis: Empirical Findings from Indonesia's Experience. CID Working Paper No. 95, Harvard University 2002.
Saadah 2001 {published data only}
  • Saadah F, Pradhan M, Sparrow R. The Effectiveness of the Health Card as an Instrument to Ensure Access to Medical Care for the Poor During the Crisis. report for World Bank, 2001.
Sandiford 2005 {published data only}
  • Sandiford P, Salvetto M, Segura Z, Gorter A. A voucher scheme to give female sex workers access to high quality health services provided by private micro-enterprises. working paper. 2005.
Savedoff 2000 {published data only}
  • Savedoff W. Reaching the poor through demand Subsidies: the Colombian health reform. Inter-American Development Bank 2000.
Schubert 2005 {published data only}
  • Schubert 2005. The Pilot Social Cash Transfer Scheme Kalomo District - Zambia. Chronic Poverty Research Centre (Working Paper 52) 2005.
Weeden 1986 {published data only}
  • Weeden D, Bennett A, Lauro D, Viravaidya M, Techo W. Community-based incentives: increasing contraceptive prevalence and economic opportunity. Asia-Pacific Population Journal 1986;1:31-46.

References to studies awaiting assessment

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Fernald 2008a {published data only}
  • Fernald LC, Gertler PJ, Neufeld LM. Role of cash in conditional cash transfer programmes for child health, growth, and development: an analysis of Mexico's Oportunidades. Lancet 2008;371:828-37.
Fernald 2008b {published data only}
  • Fernald LC, Hou X, Gertler PJ. Oportunidades program participation and body mass index, blood pressure, and self-reported health in Mexican adults. Preventing Chronic Disease 2008;5:2-12.
Fernald 2008c {published data only}
  • Fernald LC, Gertler PJ, Hou X. Cash Component of Conditional Cash Transfer Program Is Associated with Higher Body Mass Index and Blood Pressure in Adults. Journal of Nutrition 2008;138:2250-7.
Jones 2008 {published data only}
  • Jones N, Vargas R, Villar E. Cash transfers to tackle childhood poverty and vulnerability: an analysis of Peru's Juntos programme. Environment and Urbanization 2008;20:255-73.
Levy 2007 {published data only}
  • Levy D, Ohls J. Evaluation of Jamaica's PATH Program: Final Report. Mathematica Policy Research, Washington D.C. 2007.
Powell-Jackson 2008 {published data only}
  • Powell-Jackson T, Neupane BD, Tiwari S, Morrison J, Costello A. Evaluation of the Safe Delivery Incentive Programme: Final report of the evaluation. Support to Safe Motherhood Programme, Nepal 2008.

Additional references

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Behrman 1999
  • Behrman JR, Todd P. Randomness in the experimental samples of PROGRESA (Education, Health and Nutrition Program). International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC.
Courty 2004
Ensor 2003
  • Ensor T. Consumer-led demand side financing for health and education : an international review. Oxford Policy Management 2003.
EPOC 2002
  • Data Collection Checklist. Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care Review Group. http://www.epoc.cochrane.org/Files/Website%20files/Documents/Reviewer%20Resources/datacollectionchecklist.pdf (accessed 4 May 2009).
Lagarde 2006
  • Lagarde M, Palmer N. The impact of health financing strategies on access to health services in low and middle income countries. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2006, Issue 3. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD006092]
Lagarde 2007
Ministry of Health and Family Welfare 2005
  • Ministry of Health and Family Welfare. Janani Suraksha Yojana: Guidelines for implementation. Government of India, New Dehli 2005.
Nepal 2005
  • Nepal GO. Maternity incentive scheme guidelines. Family Health Division, GoN, Kathmandu 2005.
Powell-Jackson 2009
  • Powell-Jackson T, Morrison J, Tiwari S, Neupane BD, Costello AM. The experiences of districts in implementing a national incentive programme to promote safe delivery in Nepal. BMC Health Services Research 2009;9:97.
Propper 2003
Rawlings 2005
  • Rawlings LB, Rubio GM. Evaluating the Impact of Conditional Cash Transfer Programmes: Lessons from Latin America. World Bank Research Observer 2005;20:29-55.
Ukoumunne 1999
  • Ukoumunne O, Gulliford M, Chinn S, Sterne JA, Burney PG. Methods for evaluating area-wide and organization-based interventions in health and health care: a systematic review. Health Technology Assessment 1999;3:iii-92.
World Bank 2006
  • Data & Statistics, World Bank. http://web.worldbank.org/WBSITE/EXTERNAL/DATASTATISTICS/0,,contentMDK:20421402˜menuPK:64133156˜pagePK:64133150˜piPK:64133175˜theSitePK:239419,00.html#lincome.

References to other published versions of this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Lagarde 2007a