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Endoscopic release for carpal tunnel syndrome

  1. Haris S Vasiliadis1,2,*,
  2. Petros Georgoulas3,
  3. Ian Shrier4,
  4. Georgia Salanti5,
  5. Rob JPM Scholten6

Editorial Group: Cochrane Neuromuscular Group

Published Online: 31 JAN 2014

Assessed as up-to-date: 5 NOV 2012

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD008265.pub2


How to Cite

Vasiliadis HS, Georgoulas P, Shrier I, Salanti G, Scholten RJPM. Endoscopic release for carpal tunnel syndrome. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2014, Issue 1. Art. No.: CD008265. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD008265.pub2.

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Ioannina, Department of Orthopaedics, Ioannina, Greece

  2. 2

    Sahlgrenska University Hospital, Gothenburg University, Molecular Cell Biology and Regenerative Medicine, Gothenburg, Sweden

  3. 3

    University of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece

  4. 4

    Jewish General Hospital, Lady Davis Institute for Medical Research, McGill University, Centre for Clinical Epidemiology, Montreal, Quebec, Canada

  5. 5

    University of Ioannina School of Medicine, Department of Hygiene and Epidemiology, Ioannina, Greece

  6. 6

    University Medical Center Utrecht, Julius Center for Health Sciences and Primary Care, Utrecht, Netherlands

*Haris S Vasiliadis, Department of Orthopaedics, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, Greece. vasiliadismd@gmail.com. hvasil@cc.uoi.gr.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New
  2. Published Online: 31 JAN 2014

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References

References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
  6. References to other published versions of this review
Agee 1992 {published data only}
  • Agee JM, McCarroll HR Jr, Tortosa RD, Berry DA, Szabo RM, Peimer CA. Endoscopic release of the carpal tunnel: a randomized prospective multicenter study. Journal of Hand Surgery 1992;17(6):987-95. [PUBMED: 1430964]
Atroshi 2006 {published data only}
  • Atroshi I, Hofer M, Larsson GU, Ornstein E, Johnsson R, Ranstam J. Open compared with 2-portal endoscopic carpal tunnel release: a 5-year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Hand Surgery 2009;34(2):266-72. [PUBMED: 19181226]
  • Atroshi I, Larsson GU, Ornstein E, Hofer M, Johnsson R, Ranstam J. Outcomes of endoscopic surgery compared with open surgery for carpal tunnel syndrome among employed patients: randomised controlled trial. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.) 2006;332(7556):1473. [PUBMED: 16777857]
Benedetti/Sennwald 1995 {published data only}
  • Benedetti VR, Sennwald G. Agee endoscopic decompression of the median nerve: prospective study with comparison to open decompression [Endoskopische Dekompression des N. medianus nach Agee: Prospektive Studie mit Vergleich zur offenen Dekompression]. Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie 1996;28(3):151-5. [PUBMED: 8767947]
  • Sennwald GR, Benedetti R. The value of one-portal endoscopic carpal tunnel release: a prospective randomized study. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy 1995;3(2):113-6. [PUBMED: 7553006]
Brown 1993 {published data only}
  • Brown RA, Gelberman RH, Seiler JG 3rd, Abrahamsson SO, Weiland AJ, Urbaniak JR, et al. Carpal tunnel release. A prospective, randomized assessment of open and endoscopic methods. Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery. American Volume 1993;75(9):1265-75. [PUBMED: 8408148]
Dumontier 1995 {published data only}
  • Dumontier C, Sokolow C, Leclercq C, Chauvin P. Early results of conventional versus two-portal endoscopic carpal tunnel release. A prospective study. Journal of Hand Surgery (Edinburgh, Scotland) 1995;20(5):658-62. [PUBMED: 8543875]
Eichhorn 2003 {published data only}
  • Eichhorn JD, Dieterich K. Open versus endoscopic carpal tunnel release. Results of a prospective study [Offene versus endoskopische Karpaltunnelspaltungen. Ergebnisse einer prospektiven Studie]. Chirurgische Praxis 2003;61:279-83. [EMBASE: 2003168434]
Erdmann 1994 {published data only}
Ferdinand 2002 {published data only}
  • Ferdinand RD, MacLean JG. Endoscopic versus open carpal tunnel release in bilateral carpal tunnel syndrome. A prospective, randomised, blinded assessment. Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery. British Volume 2002;84(3):375-9. [PUBMED: 12002496]
Foucher 1993 {published data only}
  • Foucher G, Bush N, Van Overstraeten L, Gautherie M, Jesel M. Carpal tunnel syndrome. Can it still be a controversial topic?. Chirurgie 1993;119(1-2):80-4.
  • Foucher G, Van Overstraeten L, Braga Da Silva J. Prospective randomized study of grasp after three different techniques of carpal tunnel release (CTR). Journal of Hand Surgery. British Volume 1994;19(Suppl 1):13.
Giele 2000 {published data only}
  • Giele H. Bilateral simultaneous carpal tunnel release to prospectively compare endoscopic and open techniques. Journal of Hand Surgery. British Volume 2000;25B(Suppl 1):28-9, Abstract no: 36.
Hoefnagels 1997 {published data only}
  • Hoefnagels WAJ, Van Kleef JGF, Mastenbroek GGA, De Blok A, Breukelman A J, De Krom MCT. Surgical treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome: endoscopic or classical (open)? A prospective randomized trial [Operatieve behandeling wegens carpaletunnelsyndroom: endoscopisch of klassiek (open)? Een prospectief gerandomiseerd onderzoek]. Nederlands Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde 1997;141(18):878-82.
Incoll 2004 {published data only}
  • Incoll IW, Bateman E, Myers A. Endoscopic vs open carpal tunnel release. Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery. British Volume. 2004; Vol. 86B, issue Suppl IV:478-d.
Jacobsen 1996 {published data only}
  • Jacobsen MB, Rahme H. A prospective, randomized study with an independent observer comparing open carpal tunnel release with endoscopic carpal tunnel release. Journal of Hand Surgery (Edinburgh, Scotland) 1996;21(2):202-4. [PUBMED: 8732400]
Koskella 1996 {published data only}
  • Koskella KR, Alexander C. A comparison between open and endoscopic carpal tunnel release. Orthopaedic Transactions 1996;20(4):1102.
Macdermid 2003 {published data only}
  • Macdermid JC, Richards RS, Roth JH, Ross DC, King GJ. Endoscopic versus open carpal tunnel release: a randomized trial. Journal of Hand Surgery 2003;28(3):475-80. [PUBMED: 12772108]
Mackenzie 2000 {published data only}
Malhotra 2007 {published data only}
  • Malhotra R, Kiran EK, Dua A, Mallinath SG, Bhan S. Endoscopic versus open carpal tunnel release: a short-term comparative study. Indian Journal of Orthopaedics 2007;41(1):57-61. [PUBMED: 21124684]
Rab 2006 {published data only}
  • Rab M, Grünbeck M, Beck H, Haslik W, Schrögendorfer KF, Schiefer HP, et al. Intra-individual comparison between open and 2-portal endoscopic release in clinically matched bilateral carpal syndrome. Journal of Plastic, Reconstructive & Aesthetic Surgery 2006;59(7):730-6. [PUBMED: 16782569]
Saw 2003 {published data only}
  • Saw NL, Jones S, Shepstone L, Meyer M, Chapman PG, Logan AM. Early outcome and cost-effectiveness of endoscopic versus open carpal tunnel release: a randomized prospective trial. Journal of Hand Surgery (Edinburgh, Scotland) 2003;28(5):444-9. [PUBMED: 12954254]
Schäfer 1996 {published data only}
  • Schäfer W, Sander KE, Walter A, Weitbrecht WU. Agee endoscopic operation of carpal tunnel syndrome in comparison with open surgical technique [Endoskopische Operation des Karpaltunnelsyndroms nach Agee im Vergleich mit der offenen Operationstechnik]. Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie 1996;28(3):143-6.
Stark 1996 {published data only}
  • Stark B, Engkvist-Löfmark C. Endoscopic operation or conventional open surgical technique in carpal tunnel syndrome: a prospective comparative study. Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie 1996;28(3):128-32. [PUBMED: 8767942]
Sørensen 1997 {published data only}
  • Sørensen AI, Boeckstyns M, Nielsen NS, Haugegard M. Carpal tunnel release, a comparison of 3 methods - a preliminary report. Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica 1997;68(Suppl 277):24-5.
Tian 2007 {published data only}
  • Tian Y, Zhao H, Wang T. Prospective comparison of endoscopic and open surgical methods for carpal tunnel syndrome. Chinese Medical Sciences Journal 2007;22(2):104-7. [PUBMED: 17763582]
Trumble 2002 {published data only}
  • Trumble TE, Diao E, Abrams RA, Gilbert-Anderson MM. Single-portal endoscopic carpal tunnel release compared with open release: a prospective, randomized trial. Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery. American Volume 2002;84-A(7):1107-15. [PUBMED: 12107308]
Tüzüner 2008 {published data only}
  • Tüzüner S, Inceoglu S, Bilen FE. Median nerve excursion in response to wrist movement after endoscopic and open carpal tunnel release. Journal of Hand Surgery 2008;33(7):1063-8. [PUBMED: 18762098]
Werber 1996 {published data only}
  • Werber KD, Braver RB, Richtarsky I. Endoscopic carpal tunnel release versus open procedure: a prospective randomized study. Journal of Hand Surgery. British Volume 1996;21 B Suppl 1:11-2.
Westphal 2000 {published data only}
  • Westphal KP, Bayat M, Wustner-Hofmann M, Hofmann A. Course of clinical symptoms before and after surgical decompression in carpal tunnel surgery. Lymphologie in Forschung Und Praxis 2000;4(2):69-73. [EMBASE: 2002067974]
Wong 2003 {published data only}
  • Wong KC, Hung LK, Ho PC, Wong JM. Carpal tunnel release. A prospective, randomised study of endoscopic versus limited-open methods. Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery. British Volume 2003;85(6):863-8. [PUBMED: 12931807]

References to studies excluded from this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
  6. References to other published versions of this review
Atroshi 2007 {published data only}
Bal 2008 {published data only}
  • Bal E, Piskin A, Ada S, Ademoglu Y, Toros T, Kayalar M. [Comparison between two mini incision techniques utilized in carpal tunnel release] [Acik karpal tunel gevsetmesinde iki farkli mini kesi yonteminin karsilastirilmasi]. Acta Orthopaedica et Traumatologica Turcica 2008;42(4):234-7. [PUBMED: 19060516]
Cellocco 2005 {published data only}
  • Cellocco P, Rossi C, Bizzarri F, Patrizio L, Costanzo G. Mini-open blind procedure versus limited open technique for carpal tunnel release: a 30-month follow-up study. Journal of Hand Surgery 2005;30(3):493-9. [PUBMED: 15925158]
Dimitriou 1997 {published data only}
  • Dimitriou GG, Kapetanos G, Koukou C, Symeonides PP. Bilateral carpal tunnnel syndrome. Open vs endoscopic release. Journal of Hand Surgery. British and European Volume 1997;22 Suppl 1:59.
Flores 2005 {published data only}
  • Flores LP. [Endoscopic carpal tunnel release: a comparative study to the conventional open technique] [Descompressão do túnel do carpo pela técnica endoscópica: estudo comparativo com a técnica convencional aberta]. Arquivos de Neuro-Psiquiatria 2005;63(3A):637-42. [PUBMED: 16172714]
Futami 1995 {published data only}
Hallock 1995 {published data only}
  • Hallock GG, Lutz DA. Prospective comparison of minimal incision "open" and two-portal endoscopic carpal tunnel release. Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery 1995;96(4):941-7. [PUBMED: 7652069]
Katz 1994a {published data only}
  • Katz JN, Gelberman RH, Wright EA, Abrahamsson SO, Lew RA. A preliminary scoring system for assessing the outcome of carpal tunnel release. Journal of Hand Surgery 1994;19(4):531-8. [PUBMED: 7963303]
Katz 1994b {published data only}
  • Katz JN, Gelberman RH, Wright EA, Lew RA, Liang MH. Responsiveness of self-reported and objective measures of disease severity in carpal tunnel syndrome. Medical Care 1994;32(11):1127-33. [PUBMED: 7967853]
Lorgelly 2005 {published data only}
  • Lorgelly PK, Dias JJ, Bradley MJ, Burke FD. Carpal tunnel syndrome, the search for a cost-effective surgical intervention: a randomised controlled trial. Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England 2005;87(1):36-40. [PUBMED: 15720906]
Povlsen 1997 {published data only}
  • Povlsen B, Tegnell L, Revell M, Adolfsson L. Touch allodynia following endoscopic (single portal) or open decompression for carpal tunnel syndrome. Journal of Hand Surgery (Edinburgh, Scotland) 1997;22(3):325-7. [PUBMED: 9222910]
Uchiyama 2002 {published data only}
  • Uchiyama S, Toriumi H, Nakagawa H, Kamimura M, Ishigaki N, Miyasaka T. Postoperative nerve conduction changes after open and endoscopic carpal tunnel release. Clinical Neurophysiology 2002;113(1):64-70. [PUBMED: 11801426]
Uchiyama 2004 {published data only}
  • Uchiyama S, Yasutomi T, Fukuzawa T, Nakagawa H, Kamimura M, Miyasaka T. Median nerve damage during two-portal endoscopic carpal tunnel release. Clinical Neurophysiology 2004;115(1):59-63. [PUBMED: 14706469]
Vasiliadis 2010 {published data only}
  • Vasiliadis HS, Xenakis TA, Mitsionis G, Paschos N, Georgoulis A. Endoscopic versus open carpal tunnel release. Arthroscopy 2010;26(1):26-33. [PUBMED: 20117624]
Worseg 1996 {published data only}
  • Worseg AP, Kuzbari R, Korak K, Höcker K, Wiederer C, Tschabitscher M, et al. Endoscopic carpal tunnel release using a single-portal system. British Journal of Plastic Surgery 1996;49(1):1-10. [PUBMED: 8705095]
Zhao 2004 {published data only}
  • Zhao H, Zhao Y, Tian Y, Yang B, Qiu GX. [Comparison of endoscopic versus open surgical treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome]. Zhongguo yi xue ke xue yuan xue bao. Acta Academiae Medicinae Sinicae 2004;26(6):657-60. [PUBMED: 15663227]

References to studies awaiting assessment

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
  6. References to other published versions of this review
Aslani 2012 {published data only}
  • Aslani HR, Alizadeh K, Eajazi A, Karimi A, Karimi MH, Zaferani Z, et al. Comparison of carpal tunnel release with three different techniques. Clinical Neurology and Neurosurgery 2012;114(7):965-8.
Braga 1996 {published data only}
  • Braga-Siva J, Fontes Neto P, Foucher G, Fridman M. Postoperative strength after surgical release of the carpal tunnel: A randomized prospective study. Revista Brasileira De Ortopedia 1996;31(4):355-7.
Ejiri 2012 {published data only}
  • Soichi E, Shin-ichi K, Masato M, Yasufumi S, Ryoichi K, Shin-ichi K. Short-term results of endoscopic (Okutsu method) versus palmar incision open carpal tunnel release: a prospective randomized controlled trial. Fukushima Journal of Medical Science 2012;58(1):49-59.
Kang 2013 {published data only}
  • Kang HJ, Koh IH, Lee TJ, Choi YR. Endoscopic carpal tunnel release is preferred over mini-open despite similar outcome: a randomized trial. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 2013;471(5):1548-54.
Ugurlu 2009 {published data only}
  • Ugurlu MO, Öztürk AM, Tecimel O, Kiliçaslan K, Sener EE, Tosun N. The comparison of endoscopic and open carpal tunnel surgery results according to functional scores and cost effectiveness of treatment [Endoskopik ve Açik Teknikle Yapilan Karpal Tünel Cerrahi Sonuçlarinin Fonksiyonel Sonuçlar ve Tedavi Maliyeti Açisindan Karsilastirilmasi]. Turkiye Klinikleri Journal of Medical Sciences 2009;29(2):469-73.

References to ongoing studies

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
  6. References to other published versions of this review
NCT00880295 {unpublished data only}
  • NCT00880295. Patient outcomes with endoscopic versus open carpal tunnel release. http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00880295 (accessed 28 March 2013).
NCT01756820 {unpublished data only}
  • NCT01756820. Single-portal endoscopic carpal tunnel release versus Knifelight for carpal tunnel syndrome. A randomized control trial (CTS-HV). http://clinicaltrials.gov/ct2/show/NCT01756820 (accessed 28 March 2013).

Additional references

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
  6. References to other published versions of this review
Ablove 1994
  • Ablove RH, Peimer CA, Diao E, Oliverio R, Kuhn JP . Morphologic changes following endoscopic and two-portal subcutaneous carpal tunnel release. Journal of Hand Surgery 1994;19(5):821-6. [PUBMED: 7806811]
Agee 1994
  • Agee JM, McCarroll HR, North ER. Endoscopic carpal tunnel release using the single proximal incision technique. Hand Clinics 1994;10(4):647-59. [PUBMED: 7868632]
Atroshi 1999
Atroshi 2009
  • Atroshi I, Hofer M, Larsson GU, Ornstein E, Johnsson R, Ranstam J. Open compared with 2-portal endoscopic carpal tunnel release: a 5-year follow-up of a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Hand Surgery 2009;34(2):266-72. [PUBMED: 19181226]
Benedetti 1996
  • Benedetti VR, Sennwald G. Agee endoscopic decompression of the median nerve: prospective study with comparison to open decompression [Endoskopische Dekompression des N. medianus nach Agee: Prospektive Studie mit Vergleich zur offenen Dekompression.]. Handchirurgie, Mikrochirurgie, Plastische Chirurgie 1996;28(3):151-5. [PUBMED: 8767947]
Benson 2006
  • Benson LS, Bare AA, Nagle DJ, Harder VS, Williams CS, Visotsky JL. Complications of endoscopic and open carpal tunnel release. Arthroscopy 2006;22(9):919-24, 924.e1-2. [PUBMED: 16952718]
Boeckstyns 1999
  • Boeckstyns ME, Sørensen AI. Does endoscopic carpal tunnel release have a higher rate of complications than open carpal tunnel release? An analysis of published series. Journal of Hand Surgery. British Volume 1999;24(1):9-15. [PUBMED: 10190596]
Bongers 2007
  • Bongers FJ, Schellevis FG, van den Bosch WJ, van der Zee J. Carpal tunnel syndrome in general practice (1987 and 2001): incidence and the role of occupational and non-occupational factors. British Journal of General Practice 2007;57(534):36-9. [PUBMED: 17244422]
Chow 1989
  • Chow JC. Endoscopic release of the carpal ligament: a new technique for carpal tunnel syndrome. Arthroscopy 1989;5(1):19-24. [PUBMED: 2706047]
Chow 1993
Cowan 2012
  • Cowan J, Makanji H, Mudgal C, Jupiter J, Ring D. Determinants of return to work after carpal tunnel release. Journal of Hand Surgery 2012;37(1):18-27. [PUBMED: 22137062]
Curtis 1973
  • Curtis RM, Eversmann WW Jr. Internal neurolysis as an adjunct to the treatment of the carpal-tunnel syndrome. Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery. American Volume 1973;55(4):733-40. [PUBMED: 4283745]
Fissette 1979
Foucher 1994
  • Foucher G, Van Overstraeten L, Braga Da Silva J. Prospective randomized study of grasp after three different techniques of carpal tunnel release (CTR). Journal of Hand Surgery. British Volume 1994;19 Suppl 1:13.
Fuchs 1991
Gelberman 1988
  • Gelberman RH, Rydevik BL, Pess GM, Szabo RM, Lundborg G. Carpal tunnel syndrome. A scientific basis for clinical care. Orthopedic Clinics of North America 1988;19(1):115-24. [PUBMED: 3275920]
Gerritsen 2001
Higgins 2002
Higgins 2011a
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Higgins 2011b
  • Higgins JPT, Altman DG, Sterne JAC (editors). Chapter 8: Assessing risk of bias in included studies. In: Higgins JPT, Green S (editors). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Version 5.1.0 (updated March 2011). The Cochrane Collaboration, 2011. Available from www.cochrane-handbook.org.
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Karlsson 1997
  • Karlsson MK, Lindau T, Hagberg L. Ligament lengthening compared with simple division of the transverse carpal ligament in the open treatment of carpal tunnel syndrome. Scandinavian Journal of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery and Hand Surgery / Nordisk Plastikkirurgisk Forening [and] Nordisk Klubb for Handkirurgi 1997;31(1):65-9. [PUBMED: 9075290]
Latinovic 2006
Levine 1993
  • Levine DW, Simmons BP, Koris MJ, Daltroy LH, Hohl GG, Fossel AH, et al. A self-administered questionnaire for the assessment of severity of symptoms and functional status in carpal tunnel syndrome. Journal of Bone & Joint Surgery. American Volume 1993;75(11):1585-92. [PUBMED: 8245050]
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O'Connor 2003
  • O'Connor D, Marshall S, Massy-Westropp N. Non-surgical treatment (other than steroid injection) for carpal tunnel syndrome. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2003, Issue 1. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003219; PUBMED: 12535461]
Okutsu 1989
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Phalen 1966
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Sanati 2011
  • Sanati KA, Mansouri M, Macdonald D, Ghafghazi S, Macdonald E, Yadegarfar G. Surgical techniques and return to work following carpal tunnel release: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of Occupational Rehabilitation 2011;21(4):474-81. [PUBMED: 21528400]
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  • Scholten RJ, Mink van der Molen A, Uitdehaag BM, Bouter LM, de Vet HC. Surgical treatment options for carpal tunnel syndrome. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2007, Issue 4. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD003905.pub3; PUBMED: 17943805]
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  • Schünemann HJ, Oxman AD, Higgins JPT, Vist GE, Glasziou P, Guyatt GH. Chapter 11: Presenting results and 'Summary of findings' tables. In: Higgins JPT, Green S editor(s). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Version 5.0.1 (updated September 2008). The Cochrane Collaboration, 2008. Available from www.cochrane-handbook.org.
Sennwald 1995
  • Sennwald GR, Benedetti R. The value of one-portal endoscopic carpal tunnel release: a prospective randomized study. Knee Surgery, Sports Traumatology, Arthroscopy 1995;3(2):113-6. [PUBMED: 7553006]
Stevens 1992
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Thoma 2004
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U.S. Department of Labor 2009
  • U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. Occupational injuries and illnesses by selected characteristics news release. Table 11. Percent distribution of nonfatal occupational injuries and illnesses involving days away from work by selected injury or illness characteristics and number of days away from work, 2009 [This table was reissued in December 4, 2009]. http://www.bls.gov/news.release/archives/osh2_12042009.htm, table 11 (accessed December 2013).
Vasiliadis 2006
  • Vasiliadis HS, Tokis AV, Andrikoula SI, Kordalis NV, Beris AE, Xenakis T, et al. Microsurgical dissection of the carpal tunnel with respect to neurovascular structures at risk during endoscopic carpal tunnel release. Arthroscopy 2006;22(8):807-12. [PUBMED: 16904575]
Wilson 2003

References to other published versions of this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
  6. References to other published versions of this review
Vasiliadis 2010b
  • Vasiliadis HS, Shrier I, Salanti G, Scholten RJPM. Endoscopic release for carpal tunnel syndrome. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2010, Issue 1. [CENTRAL: 008265; DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD008265]