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Orthodontic treatment for distalising upper first molars in children and adolescents

  1. Safa Jambi1,2,*,
  2. Badri Thiruvenkatachari3,
  3. Kevin D O'Brien3,
  4. Tanya Walsh3

Editorial Group: Cochrane Oral Health Group

Published Online: 23 OCT 2013

Assessed as up-to-date: 10 DEC 2012

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD008375.pub2


How to Cite

Jambi S, Thiruvenkatachari B, O'Brien KD, Walsh T. Orthodontic treatment for distalising upper first molars in children and adolescents. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 10. Art. No.: CD008375. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD008375.pub2.

Author Information

  1. 1

    The University of Manchester, School of Dentistry, Manchester, UK

  2. 2

    Taiba University, Medina, Saudi Arabia

  3. 3

    School of Dentistry, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK

*Safa Jambi, School of Dentistry, The University of Manchester, Higher Cambridge Street, Manchester, M15 6FH, UK. safajambi@yahoo.co.uk. safa.jambi-2@postgrad.manchester.ac.uk.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New
  2. Published Online: 23 OCT 2013

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[Figure 1]
Figure 1. Study flow diagram.
[Figure 2]
Figure 2. 'Risk of bias' summary: review authors' judgements about each risk of bias item for each included study.
[Figure 3]
Figure 3. 'Risk of bias' graph: review authors' judgements about each risk of bias item presented as percentages across all included studies.
[Figure 4]
Figure 4. Forest plot of comparison: 2 Intraoral appliance versus headgear, outcome: 2.1 Movement of upper first molar [mm].
[Figure 5]
Figure 5. Forest plot of comparison: 2 Intraoral appliance versus headgear, outcome: 2.2 Movement of upper incisor teeth [mm].
[Figure 6]
Figure 6. Forest plot of comparison: 2 Intraoral appliance versus headgear, outcome: 2.3 Change in overjet [mm].
[Analysis 1.1]
Analysis 1.1. Comparison 1 Appliance versus untreated control, Outcome 1 Movement of upper first molars.
[Analysis 1.2]
Analysis 1.2. Comparison 1 Appliance versus untreated control, Outcome 2 Movement of upper incisor teeth.
[Analysis 1.3]
Analysis 1.3. Comparison 1 Appliance versus untreated control, Outcome 3 Loss of anchorage (overjet mm).
[Analysis 2.1]
Analysis 2.1. Comparison 2 Intraoral appliance versus headgear, Outcome 1 Movement of upper first molar.
[Analysis 2.2]
Analysis 2.2. Comparison 2 Intraoral appliance versus headgear, Outcome 2 Movement of upper incisor teeth.
[Analysis 2.3]
Analysis 2.3. Comparison 2 Intraoral appliance versus headgear, Outcome 3 Change in overjet.
[Analysis 3.1]
Analysis 3.1. Comparison 3 Intraoral appliance versus other intraoral appliance, Outcome 1 Movement of upper first molars.
[Analysis 3.2]
Analysis 3.2. Comparison 3 Intraoral appliance versus other intraoral appliance, Outcome 2 Movement of upper incisor teeth.
[Analysis 3.3]
Analysis 3.3. Comparison 3 Intraoral appliance versus other intraoral appliance, Outcome 3 Loss of anchorage (overjet).
[Analysis 3.4]
Analysis 3.4. Comparison 3 Intraoral appliance versus other intraoral appliance, Outcome 4 Duration of treatment.