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Orthodontic treatment for distalising upper first molars in children and adolescents

  1. Safa Jambi1,2,*,
  2. Badri Thiruvenkatachari3,
  3. Kevin D O'Brien3,
  4. Tanya Walsh3

Editorial Group: Cochrane Oral Health Group

Published Online: 23 OCT 2013

Assessed as up-to-date: 10 DEC 2012

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD008375.pub2


How to Cite

Jambi S, Thiruvenkatachari B, O'Brien KD, Walsh T. Orthodontic treatment for distalising upper first molars in children and adolescents. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 10. Art. No.: CD008375. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD008375.pub2.

Author Information

  1. 1

    The University of Manchester, School of Dentistry, Manchester, UK

  2. 2

    Taiba University, Medina, Saudi Arabia

  3. 3

    School of Dentistry, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK

*Safa Jambi, safajambi@yahoo.co.uk. safa.jambi-2@postgrad.manchester.ac.uk.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New
  2. Published Online: 23 OCT 2013

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References

References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
Acar 2010 {published and unpublished data}
  • Acar AG, Gursoy S, Dincer M. Molar distalization with a pendulum appliance K-loop combination. European Journal of Orthodontics 2010;32(4):459-65.
  • Polat-Ozsoy O, Gokcelik A, Gungor-Acar A, Kircelli BH. Soft tissue profile after distal molar movement with a pendulum K-loop appliance versus cervical headgear. The Angle Orthodontist 2008;78(2):317-23.
Altug-Atac 2008 {published data only}
  • Altug-Atac AT, Erdem D, Arat ZM. Three-dimensional bimetric maxillary distalization arches compared with a modified Begg intraoral distalization system. European Journal of Orthodontics 2008;30(1):73-9.
Armi 2011 {published data only}
  • Armi P, Cozza P, Baccetti T. Effect of RME and headgear treatment on the eruption of palatally displaced canines: a randomized clinical study. The Angle Orthodontist 2011;81(3):370-4.
Baccetti 2008 {published data only}
Bondemark 2005 {published data only}
  • Bondemark L, Karlsson I. Extraoral vs intraoral appliance for distal movement of maxillary first molars: a randomized controlled trial. The Angle Orthodontist 2005;75(5):699-706.
De Oliveira 2007 {published and unpublished data}
  • de Oliveira Jr JN, de Almeida RR, de Almeida MR, de Oliveira JN. Dentoskeletal changes induced by the Jasper jumper and cervical headgear appliances followed by fixed orthodontic treatment. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 2007;132:54-62.
Karacay 2006 {published data only}
  • Karacay S, Akin E, Olmez H, Gurton AU, Sagdic D. Forsus Nitinol flat spring and Jasper Jumper corrections of Class II division 1 malocclusions. The Angle Orthodontist 2006;76(4):666-72.
Papadopoulos 2010 {published data only}
  • Papadopoulos MA, Melkos AB, Athanasiou AE. Noncompliance maxillary molar distalization with the First Class appliance: A randomized controlled trial. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 2010;137(5):586.e1-13.
Paul 2002 {published data only}
Toy 2011 {published data only}
  • Toy E, Enacar A. The effects of the pendulum distalising appliance and cervical headgear on the dentofacial structures. Australian Orthodontic Journal 2011;27(1):10-6.

References to studies excluded from this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
Abed 2010 {published data only}
Angelieri 2008 {published data only}
  • Angelieri F, de Almeida RR, Janson G, Castanha Henriques JF, Pinzan A. Comparison of the effects produced by headgear and pendulum appliances followed by fixed orthodontic treatment. European Journal of Orthodontics 2008;30(6):572-9.
Cetinsahin 2010 {published data only}
  • Cetinsahin A, Dinçer M, Arman-Ozçirpici A, Uçkan S. Effects of the zygoma anchorage system on canine retraction. European Journal of Orthodontics 2010;32(5):505-13.
Erverdi 1997 {published data only}
  • Erverdi N, Koyuturk O, Kucukkeles N. Nickel-titanium coil springs and repelling magnets: a comparison of two different intra-oral molar distalization techniques. British Journal of Orthodontics 1997;24(1):47-53.
Gelgor 2007 {published data only}
  • Gelgor IE, Karaman AI, Buyukyilmaz T. Comparison of 2 distalization systems supported by intraosseous screws. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 2007;131(2):161.e1-8.
Kaya 2009 {published data only}
  • Kaya B, Arman A, Uckan S, Yazici AC. Comparison of the zygoma anchorage system with cervical headgear in buccal segment distalization. European Journal of Orthodontics 2009;31(4):417-24.
Kinzinger 2003 {published data only}
  • Kinzinger G, Fritz U, Diedrich P. Combined therapy with pendulum and lingual arch appliances in the early mixed dentition. Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics 2003;64(3):201-13.
Kinzinger 2004 {published data only}
  • Kinzinger GS, Fritz UB, Sander FG, Diedrich PR. Efficiency of a pendulum appliance for molar distalization related to second and third molar eruption stage. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 2004;125(1):8-23.
Kinzinger 2005 {published data only}
  • Kinzinger GS, Gross U, Fritz UB, Diedrich PR. Anchorage quality of deciduous molars versus premolars for molar distalization with a pendulum appliance. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 2005;127(3):314-23.
Kinzinger 2006 {published data only}
  • Kinzinger GS, Wehrbein H, Gross U, Diedrich PR. Molar distalization with pendulum appliances in the mixed dentition: effects on the position of unerupted canines and premolars. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 2006;129(3):407-17.
Kinzinger 2010 {published data only}
  • Kinzinger G, Pantel C, Ludwig B, Gulden N, Glasl B, Lisson J. Effects of conventional anchorage on premolar root development during treatment with a pendulum appliance. Journal of Orofacial Orthopedics 2010;71(4):281-9.
Kucukkeles 2007 {published data only}
Liu 2009 {published data only}
Mossaz 2007 {published data only}
  • Mossaz CF, Byloff FK, Kiliaridis S. Cervical headgear vs pendulum appliance for the treatment of moderate skeletal Class II malocclusion. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 2007;132(5):616-23.
Oncag 2007 {published data only}
  • Oncag G, Seckin O, Dincer B, Arikan F. Osseointegrated implants with pendulum springs for maxillary molar distalization: a cephalometric study. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 2007;131(1):16-26.
Sari 2003 {published data only}
  • Sari Z, Goyenc Y, Doruk C, Usumez S. Comparative evaluation of a new removable Jasper Jumper functional appliance vs an activator-headgear combination. The Angle Orthodontist 2003;73(3):286-93.
Schutze 2007 {published data only}
  • Schutze SF, Gedrange T, Zellmann MR, Harzer W. Effects of unilateral molar distalization with a modified pendulum appliance. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 2007;131(5):600-8.
Silvola 2009 {published data only}
  • Silvola AS, Arvonen P, Julku J, Lahdesmaki R, Kantomaa T, Pirttiniemi P. Early headgear effects on the eruption pattern of the maxillary canines. The Angle Orthodontist 2009;79(3):540-5.
Taner 2003 {published data only}
  • Taner TU, Yukay F, Pehlivanoglu M, Cakirer B. A comparative analysis of maxillary tooth movement produced by cervical headgear and pend-x appliance. The Angle Orthodontist 2003;73(6):686-91.
Ucem 1998 {published data only}
  • Ucem TT, Yuksel S. Effects of different vectors of forces applied by combined headgear. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 1998;113(3):316-23.
Uzel 2007 {published and unpublished data}

Additional references

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
Antonarakis 2008
  • Antonarakis GS, Kiliaridis S. Maxillary molar distalization with noncompliance intramaxillary appliances in Class II malocclusion. A systematic review. The Angle Orthodontist 2008;78(6):1133-40.
Atherton 2002
  • Atherton GJ, Glenny AM, O'Brien K. Development and use of a taxonomy to carry out a systematic review of the literature on methods described to effect distal movement of molars. Journal of Orthodontics 2002;29(3):211-6.
Blueher 1959
  • Blueher WA. Cephalometric analysis of treatment with cervical anchorage. The Angle Orthodontist 1959;29(1):45-53.
Bondemark 1994
  • Bondemark L. Orthodontic magnets. A study of force and field pattern, biocompatibility and clinical effects. Swedish Dental Journal Supplement 1994;99:1-148.
Brandao 2006
  • Brandao M, Pinho HS, Urias D. Clinical and quantitative assessment of headgear compliance: a pilot study. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 2006;129(2):239-44.
Carano 1996
  • Carano A, Testa M. The distal jet for upper molar distalization. Journal of Clinical Orthodontics 1996;30(7):374-80.
Cole 2002
CONSORT 2010
  • The CONSORT Statement. http://www.consort-statement.org/consort-statement/ 2010.
Cureton 1993
Feldmann 2006
Fortini 1999
  • Fortini A, Lupoli M, Parri M. The First Class Appliance for rapid molar distalization. Journal of Clinical Orthodontics 1999;33(6):322-8.
Gianelly 1991
Higgins 2011a
  • Higgins JPT, Green S (editors). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Version 5.1.0 [updated March 2011]. The Cochrane Collaboration, 2011. Available from www.cochrane-handbook.org.
Higgins 2011d
  • Higgins JPT, Altman DG, Sterne JAC (editors). Chapter 8: Assessing risk of bias in included studies. Higgins JPT, Green S (editors). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Version 5.1.0 [updated March 2011]. The Cochrane Collaboration, 2011. Available from www.cochrane-handbook.org.
Hilgers 1992
  • Hilgers JJ. The pendulum appliance for Class II non-compliance therapy. Journal of Clinical Orthodontics 1992;26(11):706-14.
Jasper 1995
Jones 1992
  • Jones RD, White JM. Rapid Class II molar correction with an open-coil jig. Journal of Clinical Orthodontics 1992;26(10):661-4.
King 1957
  • King EW. Cervical anchorage in class II division I treatment; a cephalometric appraisal. The Angle Orthodontist 1957;27(2):98-104.
Kinzinger 2008
  • Kinzinger GS, Eren M, Diedrich PR. Treatment effects of intraoral appliances with conventional anchorage designs for non-compliance maxillary molar distalization: a literature review. European Journal of Orthodontics 2008;30(6):558-71.
Klein 1957
  • Klein PL. An evaluation of cervical traction on the maxilla and the upper first permanent molar. The Angle Orthodontist 1957;27(1):61-8.
Moore 1959a
  • Moore AW, Alton W. Orthodontic treatment factors in class II malocclusion. American Journal of Orthodontics 1959;45(5):323-52.
Moore 1959b
  • Moore AW. Observations on facial growth and its clinical significance. American Journal of Orthodontics 1959;45(6):399-423.
Muse 1993
  • Muse DS, Fillman MJ, Emmerson WJ, Mitchell RD. Molar and incisor changes with Wilson rapid molar distalization. American Journal of Orthodontics and Dentofacial Orthopedics 1993;104(6):556-65.
Newcombe 1958
  • Newcombe MR. Some observations on extraoral treatment. The Angle Orthodontist 1958;28(3):131-48.
Pavlick 1998
  • Pavlick CT Jr. Cervical headgear usage and the bioprogressive orthodontic philosophy. Seminars in Orthodontics 1998;4(4):219-30.
Samuels1996
Silverstein 1954
  • Silverstein A. Changes in the bony facial profile coincident with treatment of class II division I malocclusion. The Angle Orthodontist 1954;24(4):214-37.
SPIRIT 2013
  • The SPIRIT Statement. http://www.spirit-statement.org/spirit-statement/ 2013.