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Skin-to-skin care for procedural pain in neonates

  • Protocol
  • Intervention

Authors


Abstract

This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows:

Primary Objectives:

  1. To determine the effect of SSC alone on pain from medical/nursing procedures in neonates undergoing painful procedures compared to no intervention, sucrose or other analgesics, or additions to simple SSC such as rocking.

  2. To determine effects of the amount of SSC (minutes in SSC), method of administration (who is providing SSC, positioning of caregiver/neonate pair) of SSC in reducing pain from medical/nursing procedures in neonates.

Secondary Objectives:

  1. To determine the safety of SSC care for relieving procedural pain in infants, specifically reports of:

    1. bradycardia = heart rate less than 100 for 15 seconds, desaturation = transcutaneous oxygen saturation readings of less than 80% for 15 seconds, or

    2. apneoa = absence of spontaneous respiration for 20 seconds or 10 seconds if accompanied by bradycardia or desaturation (Lagercrantz 1992).

  2. To compare the outcomes of neonates receiving SSC in the following gestational age categories: less than 32 weeks, 32 to 36 weeks, full term (37 to 42 weeks).

  1. bradycardia = heart rate less than 100 for 15 seconds, desaturation = transcutaneous oxygen saturation readings of less than 80% for 15 seconds, or

  2. apneoa = absence of spontaneous respiration for 20 seconds or 10 seconds if accompanied by bradycardia or desaturation (Lagercrantz 1992).

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