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Surgical versus conservative interventions for displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures

  1. Julie Bruce1,*,
  2. Alasdair Sutherland2

Editorial Group: Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group

Published Online: 31 JAN 2013

Assessed as up-to-date: 6 OCT 2011

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD008628.pub2


How to Cite

Bruce J, Sutherland A. Surgical versus conservative interventions for displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 1. Art. No.: CD008628. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD008628.pub2.

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Warwick, Warwick Clinical Trials Unit, Coventry, UK

  2. 2

    University of Aberdeen, Department of Orthopaedics, Aberdeen, UK

*Julie Bruce, Warwick Clinical Trials Unit, University of Warwick, Gibbet Hill Rd, Coventry, CV4 7AL, UK. julie.bruce@warwick.ac.uk.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New
  2. Published Online: 31 JAN 2013

SEARCH

References

References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to ongoing studies
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Buckley 2002 {published data only}
  • Barla J, Buckley R, McCormack R, Pate G, Leighton R, Petrie D, et al. Displaced intraarticular calcaneal fractures: long-term outcome in women. Foot and Ankle International 2004;25(12):853-6.
  • Brauer CA, Manns BJ, Ko M, Donaldson C, Buckley R. An economic evaluation of operative compared with nonoperative management of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - British Volume 2005;87(12):2741-9.
  • Buckley R, Tough S, McCormack R, Pate G, Leighton R, Petrie D, et al. Operative compared with nonoperative treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures: a prospective, randomized, controlled multicenter trial. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - American Volume 2002;84(10):1733-44.
  • Buckley RE, Loucks C. Bohler's angle-correlation with long-term outcome in displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures. Orthopaedic Transactions 1997;21(4):1349-50.
  • Dooley P, Buckley R, Tough S, McCormack B, Pate G, Leighton R. Bilateral calcaneal fractures; operative versus nonoperative treatment. Foot and Ankle International 2004;25(2):47-52.
  • Howard JL, Buckley R, McCormack R, Pate G, Leighton R, Petrie D, et al. Complications following management of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures: a prospective randomized trial comparing open reduction internal fixation with nonoperative management. Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma 2003;17(4):241-9.
  • Kingwell S, Buckley R, Willis N. The association between subtalar joint motion and outcome satisfaction in patients with displaced intraarticular calcaneal fractures. Foot and Ankle International 2004;25(9):666-73.
  • O'Brien J, Buckley R, McCormack R, Pate G, Leighton R, Petrie D, et al. Personal gait satisfaction after displaced intraarticular calcaneal fractures: a 2-8 year followup. Foot and Ankle International 2004;25:657-65.
  • Tufescu TV, Buckley R. Age, gender, work capability, and worker's compensation in patients with displaced intraarticular calcaneal fractures. Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma 2001;15(4):275-9.
Chrintz 1993 {published data only}
  • Chrintz H, Sonne-Holm S. Clinical results after conservative versus operative treatment of dislocated intraarticular fractures of calcaneus [Abstract]. Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica - Supplementum 1993;251:64.
  • Chrintz H, Sonne-Holm S. Radiograhic results after conservative versus operative treatment of dislocated intraarticular fractures of calcaneus [Abstract]. Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica - Supplementum 1993;251:63-4.
Parmar 1993 {published data only}
  • Ibrahim T, Rowsell M, Rennie W, Brown A, Taylor G, Gregg P. Displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures: 15 year follow-up of a randomised controlled trial of conservative versus operative treatment. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - British Volume 2009;91(Suppl 1):80.
  • Ibrahim T, Rowsell M, Rennie W, Brown AR, Taylor GJS, Gregg PJ. Displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures: 15-year follow-up of a randomised controlled trial of conservative versus operative treatment. Injury 2007;38(7):848-55.
  • Lowrie IG, Triffitt PD, Gregg PJ. A controlled, prospective, randomised trial of operative versus conservative treatment of displaced intra-articular fractures of the os calcis: a preliminary report. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - British Volume 1990;72(5):948.
  • Parmar H, Triffitt P, Lowrie I, Gregg PJ. A prospective randomized trial of operative and conservative treatment of displaced intra-articular fractures of the os calcis. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - British Volume 1992;74(Suppl 3):269.
  • Parmar HV, Triffitt PD, Gregg PJ. Intra-articular fractures of the calcaneum treated operatively or conservatively. A prospective study. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - British Volume 1993;75(6):932-7.
  • Pavic R. Displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures: 15 year follow-up of a randomised controlled trial of conservative versus operative treatment (Letter). Injury 2008; Vol. 39, issue 3:380.
Thordarson 1996 {published data only}
  • Thordarson DB, Krieger L. ORIF versus non-operative treatment of intraarticular fractures of the calcaneus: A prospective randomised trial [Abstract]. Orthopaedic Transactions 1996;20(1):23.
  • Thordarson DB, Krieger L. ORIF versus non-operative treatment of intra-articular fractures of the calcaneus: A prospective randomized trial [Abstract]. Orthopaedic Transactions 1997;21(2):584-5.
  • Thordarson DB, Krieger LE. Operative versus nonoperative treatment of intra-articular fractures of the calcaneus: A prospective randomized trial. Foot and Ankle International 1996;17(1):2-9.

References to studies excluded from this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to ongoing studies
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Bajammal 2005 {published data only}
Bondi 2007 {published data only}
  • Bondi R, Padua R, Bondi L, Battaglia A, Romanini E, Campi A. Treatment of calcaneal fractures: the available evidence. Journal of Orthopaedics and Traumatology 2007;8(1):36-41.
Bridgman 2002 {published data only}
Buzzard 2003 {published data only}
  • Buzzard BM, Pratt RK, Briggs PJ, Siddique MS, Tasker A, Robinson S. Is pulsed shortwave diathermy better than ice therapy for the reduction of oedema following calcaneal fractures? Preliminary trial. Physiotherapy 2003;89(12):734-42.
Cross 1999 {unpublished data only}
  • Cross AT. Prospective trial on conservative versus operative treatment of type 2 and 3 calcaneal fractures. UK National Research Register Archive: http://www.nihr.ac.uk/Profiles/NRR.aspx?Publication_ID=N0065054214 (accessed April 11 2012).
Erdmann 1992 {published data only}
  • Erdmann MW, Richardson J, Templeton J, Erdmann MW, Richardson J, Templeton J. Os calcis fractures: a randomized trial comparing conservative treatment with impulse compression of the foot. Injury 1992;23(5):305-7.
Gougoulias 2009 {published data only}
Holecek 2002 {published data only}
  • Holecek T, Dedek T. Open versus closed method of operative treatment of calcaneal fractures. European Jornal of Trauma 2002;28(Supp 1):84.
Meggitt 2000 {unpublished data only}
  • Meggitt BF. A multi-centre prospective randomised controlled trial to compare operative with non-operative treatment of displaced intra-articular fractures of the calcaneus. UK National Research Register Archive: http://www.nihr.ac.uk/Profiles/NRR.aspx?Publication_ID=N0287023900 (accessed April 11 2012).
O'Farrell 1993 {published data only}
  • O'Farrell D, McCabe J, O'Byrne J, Stephens M. Operative treatment of fracture of the os calcis. British Journal of Surgery 1993;80:S102.
  • O'Farrell DA, O'Byrne JM, McCabe JP, Stephens MM. Fractures of the os calcis: Improved results with internal fixation. Injury 1993;24(4):263-5.
  • Stephens MM. Operative versus nonoperative treatment of intra-articular fractures of the calcaneus: a prospective randomized trial (letter). Foot and Ankle International 1996; Vol. 17, issue 10:653.
Qi 2009 {published data only}
  • Qi SB, Sun L, Wang MX. Controlled clinical trails of cost-effectiveness analysis on poking reduction and open reduction for the treatment of Sanders Type II calcaneal fractures. China Journal of Orthopaedics & Trauma [Zhongguo Gu Shang] 2009;22(12):886-9.
Randle 2000 {published data only}
  • Randle JA, Kreder HJ, Stephen D, Williams J, Jaglal S, Hu R. Should calcaneal fractures be treated surgically? A meta-analysis. Clinical Orthopaedics 2000;377:217-27.
Schepers 2012 {unpublished data only}
  • Schepers T. Closed reduction versus open reduction and internal fixation versus non-operative study of intra-articular calcaneal fractures (CRONOS) [http://www.controlled-trials.com/ISRCTN67665340]. Unpublished Dutch RCT (contact with author July 2012. Trial closed January 2012 due to low recruitment).
Tennent 2001 {published data only}
  • Tennent TD, Calder PR, Salisbury RD, Allen PW, Eastwood DM. The operative management of displaced intra-articular fractures of the calcaneum: A two-centre study using a defined protocol. Injury 2001;32(6):491-6.
Thermann 1998 {published data only}
  • Thermann H, Krettek C, Hufner T, Schratt HE, Albrecht K, Tscherne H. Management of calcaneal fractures in adults: Conservative versus operative treatment. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 1998;(353):107-24.
Triffitt 1993 {published data only}
Wang 2007 {published data only}
  • Wang C, Tian H, Qu J-H, Tian Z. Operative versus nonoperative treatment for displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures. Chinese Journal of Evidence-Based Medicine 2007;7(4):276-82.

References to ongoing studies

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to ongoing studies
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
UK heel fracture trial {unpublished data only}
  • Griffin D. UK heel fracture trial: surgical treatment versus non-operative care. http://www.controlled-trials.com/ISRCTN37188541 (accessed April 11 2012).

Additional references

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to ongoing studies
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Altman 2003
Bridgman 1999
Buch 1996
Clarke 2007
  • Clarke M. Fractures of the Calcaneus: Trauma. In: Saunders R editor(s). Trauma: Core Knowledge in Orthopaedics. 1st Edition. Philadelphia: Elsevier Mosby, 2007:386-402.
Essex-Lopresti 1952
Folk 1999
Harris 1946
Higgins 2003
Higgins 2009
  • Higgins JPT, Green S (editors). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions 5.0.2 [updated September 2009]. The Cochrane Collaboration, 2009. Available from www.cochrane-handbook.org.
Hildebrand 1996
  • Hildebrand KA, Buckley RE, Mohtadi NG, Faris P. Functional outcome measures after displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery - British Volume 1996;78(1):119-23.
Howard 2003
  • Howard JL, Buckley R, McCormack R, Pate G, Leighton R, Petrie D, et al. Complications following management of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures: a prospective randomized trial comparing open reduction internal fixation with nonoperative management. Journal of Orthopaedic Trauma 2003;17(4):241-9.
Ibrahim 2007
  • Ibrahim T, Rowsell M, Rennie W, Brown AR, Taylor GJS, Gregg PJ. Displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures: 15-year follow-up of a randomised controlled trial of conservative versus operative treatment. Injury 2007;38(7):848-55.
Kitaoka 1994
Koval 2006
  • Koval KJ, Zuckerman JD. Handbook of Fractures. 3rd Edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, 2006.
Lefebvre 2011
  • Lefebvre C, Manheimer E, Glanville J. Chapter 6: Searching for studies. Box 6.4.c: Cochrane Highly Sensitive Search strategy for identifying randomized trials in MEDLINE: sensitivity-maximizing version.. In: Higgins JPT, Green S (editors). Cochrane Handbook for Systemic Reviews of Interventions Version 5.1.0 (updated September 2008). The Cochrane Collaboration, 2008. Available from www.cochrane-handbook.org.
McLaughlin 1963
  • McLaughlin HL. Treatment of late complications after os calcis fractures. Clinical Orthopaedics & Related Research 1963;30:111-5. [MEDLINE: 4172520]
O'Brien 2004
  • O'Brien J, Buckley R, McCormack R, Pate G, Leighton R, Petrie D, et al. Personal gait satisfaction after displaced intraarticular calcaneal fractures: a 2-8 year follow-up. Foot and Ankle International 2004;25:657-65.
Sanders 1991
  • Sanders R, Fortin PT, Walling AK. Subtalar arthrodesis following calcaneal fracture [abstract]. Orthopaedic Transactions 1991;15:656.
Sanders 2000
Sangeorzan 2002
  • Sangeorzan BJ. Commentary and Perspective on "Operative compared with nonoperative treatment of displaced intra-articular calcaneal fractures. A prospective controlled multicentre trial". Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery 2002; Vol. 84, issue 10:Access via: http://www.jbjs.org/Comments/2002/c_p_sang.shtml.
Schepers 2007
  • Schepers T, van Lieshout EMM, van Ginhoven TM, Heetveld MJ, Patka P. Current concepts in the treatment of intra-articular calcaneal fractures: results of a nationwide survey. International Orthopaedics 2008;32(5):711-5.
Tufescu 2001

References to other published versions of this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to ongoing studies
  4. Additional references
  5. References to other published versions of this review
Baliga 2010