Intervention Review

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Interventions to enhance adherence to dietary advice for preventing and managing chronic diseases in adults

  1. Sophie Desroches1,2,*,
  2. Annie Lapointe1,2,
  3. Stéphane Ratté1,
  4. Karine Gravel2,
  5. France Légaré3,
  6. Stéphane Turcotte1

Editorial Group: Cochrane Consumers and Communication Group

Published Online: 28 FEB 2013

Assessed as up-to-date: 20 DEC 2011

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD008722.pub2

How to Cite

Desroches S, Lapointe A, Ratté S, Gravel K, Légaré F, Turcotte S. Interventions to enhance adherence to dietary advice for preventing and managing chronic diseases in adults. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD008722. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD008722.pub2.

Author Information

  1. 1

    St-François d'Assise Hôpital, Centre de recherche du Centre hospitalier universitaire de Québec (CHUQ), Québec, Québec, Canada

  2. 2

    Université Laval, Département des sciences des aliments et de nutrition, Québec, Canada

  3. 3

    Université Laval, Département de médecine familiale et d'urgence, Québec, Québec, Canada

*Sophie Desroches,

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New
  2. Published Online: 28 FEB 2013



References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
  6. References to other published versions of this review
Aldarondo 1999 {published and unpublished data}
  • Aldarondo F. Adherence among individuals in an exercise, nutrition, and weight loss program (PhD thesis). University of Indiana. US: ProQuest Information & Learning, 1999; Vol. 60.
Arcand 2005 {published and unpublished data}
  • Arcand JA, Brazel S, Joliffe C, Choleva M, Berkoff F, Allard JP, et al. Education by a dietitian in patients with heart failure results in improved adherence with a sodium-restricted diet: a randomized trial. American Heart Journal 2005;150:716.
Assuncao 2010 {published and unpublished data}
  • Assuncao MC, Gigante DP, Cardoso MA, Sartorelli DS, Santos IS. Randomized, controlled trial promotes physical activity and reduces consumption of sweets and sodium among overweight and obese adults. Nutrition Research 2010;30:541-9.
Baraz 2010 {published and unpublished data}
Beasley 2008 {published and unpublished data}
  • Beasley JM, Riley WT, Davis A, Singh J. Evaluation of a PDA-based dietary assessment and intervention program: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of the American College of Nutrition 2008;27:280-6.
Becker 1998 {published data only}
  • Becker DM, Raqueno JV, Yook RM, Kral BG, Blumenthal RS, Moy TF, et al. Nurse-mediated cholesterol management compared with enhanced primary care in siblings of individuals with premature coronary disease. Archives of Internal Medicine 1998;158:1533-9.
Bennett 1986 {published and unpublished data}
Blanson 2009 {published and unpublished data}
  • Blanson Henkemans OA, van der Boog PJ, Lindenberg J, van der Mast CA, Neerincx MA, Zwetsloot-Schonk BJ. An online lifestyle diary with a persuasive computer assistant providing feedback on self-management. Technology and Health Care 2009;17:253-67.
Chen 2006 {published data only}
Chiu 2010 {published data only}
  • Chiu CW, Wong FK. Effects of 8 weeks sustained follow-up after a nurse consultation on hypertension: a randomised trial. International Journal of Nursing Studies 2010;47:1374-82.
Conrad 2000 {published data only}
  • Conrad BC, Glanville NT, Raine-Travers KD. Adherence to a very low fat diet for cardiac rehabilitation patients. Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research 2000;61:193-5.
Cummings 1981 {published and unpublished data}
  • Cummings KM, Becker MH, Kirscht JP, Levin NW. Intervention strategies to improve compliance with medical regimens by ambulatory hemodialysis patients. Journal of Behavioral Medicine 1981;4:111-27.
French 2008 {published data only}
Gans 1994 {published data only}
  • Gans KM, Lapane KL, Lasater TM, Carleton RA. Effects of intervention on compliance to referral and lifestyle recommendations given at cholesterol screening programs. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 1994;10:275-82.
Gill 2010 {published and unpublished data}
  • Gill CE, Cook EA, Smith CL, Domos CA, Delmonico MJ, Lofgren IE. Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension diet compliance decreases coronary heart disease risk in overweight and obese college-aged women. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2010;110:A-116.
Grace 1996 {published and unpublished data}
  • Grace C, Summerbell C. Does provision of additional dietary information affect actual or only reported compliance to a low-fat diet over 12 weeks in hyperlipidaemic individuals? Report of a pilot study. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics 1996;9:303-7.
Gucciardi 2007 {published and unpublished data}
  • Gucciardi E, Demelo M, Lee RN, Grace SL. Assessment of two culturally competent diabetes education methods: individual versus individual plus group education in Canadian Portuguese adults with type 2 diabetes. Ethnicity and Health 2007;12:163-87.
Hsueh 2007 {published data only}
  • Hsueh H. Compliance with dietary recommendations in adults with irritable bowel syndrome (PhD thesis). University of Washington. University of Washington, 2007.
Hyman 2007 {published data only}
Jiang 2004 {published and unpublished data}
  • Jiang X. The effect of a nurse-led cardiac rehabilitation programme on patients with coronary heart disease in Chengdu, China (PhD thesis). The Hong Kong Polytechnic University. Hong Kong Polytechnic University (People's Republic of China), 2004.
  • Jiang X, Sit JW, Wong TK. A nurse-led cardiac rehabilitation programme improves health behaviours and cardiac physiological risk parameters: evidence from Chengdu, China. Health Technology Assessment 2007;16:1886-97.
Jones 1986 {published data only}
  • Jones SE, Owens HM, Bennett GA. Does behaviour therapy work for dietitians? An experimental evaluation of the effects of three procedures in a weight reduction clinic. Human Nutrition: Applied Nutrition 1986;40:272-81.
Kendall 1987 {published and unpublished data}
  • Kendall PA, Jansen CM, Sjogren DD, Jansen GR. A comparison of nutrient-based and exchange-group methods of diet instruction for patients with noninsulin-dependent diabetes. Annals of Surgery 1987;45:625-37.
Laitinen 1993 {published and unpublished data}
  • Laitinen JH, Ahola IE, Sarkkinen ES, Winberg RL, Harmaakorpi-Iivonen PA, Uusitupa MI. Impact of intensified dietary therapy on energy and nutrient intakes and fatty acid composition of serum lipids in patients with recently diagnosed non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 1993;93:276-83.
Logan 2010 {published and unpublished data}
  • Logan KJ, Woodside JV, Young IS, McKinley MC, Perkins-Porras L, McKeown PP. Adoption and maintenance of a Mediterranean diet in patients with coronary heart disease from a Northern European population: a pilot randomised trial of different methods of delivering Mediterranean diet advice. Journal of Human and Dietetics 2010;23:30-7.
Mahler 1999 {published and unpublished data}
  • Mahler HI, Kulik JA, Tarazi RY. Effects of a videotape information intervention at discharge on diet and exercise compliance after coronary bypass surgery. Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation 1999;19:170-7.
McCulloch 1983 {published data only}
  • McCulloch DK, Mitchell RD, Ambler J, Tattersall RB. Influence of imaginative teaching of diet on compliance and metabolic control in insulin dependent diabetes. British Medical Journal 1983;287:1858-61.
Meland 1994 {published and unpublished data}
  • Meland E, Laerum E, Ulvik RJ. Salt restriction in hypertension: the effect of dietary advice and self monitoring of chloride concentration in urine. Scandinavian Journal of Clinical and Laboratory Investigation 1994;54:399-404.
Micco 2007 {published data only}
  • Micco N, Gold B, Buzzell P, Leonard H, Pintauro S, Harvey-Berino J. Minimal in-person support as an adjunct to internet obesity treatment. Annals of Behavioral Medicine 2007;33:49-56.
Miller 1988 {published data only}
  • Miller P, Wikoff R, Garrett M J, McMahon M, Smith T. Regimen compliance two years after myocardial infarction. Nursing Research 1990;39:333-6.
  • Miller P, Wikoff R, McMahon M, Garrett M J, Ringel K. Influence of a nursing intervention on regimen adherence and societal adjustments postmyocardial infarction. Nursing Research 1988;37:297-302.
  • Miller P, Wikoff R, McMahon M, Garrett MJ, Ringel K, Collura D, et al. Personal adjustments and regimen compliance 1 year after myocardial infarction. Heart and Lung 1989;18:339-46.
Morey 2008 {published data only}
  • Morey B, Walker R, Davenport A. More dietetic time, better outcome? A randomized prospective study investigating the effect of more dietetic time on phosphate control in end-stage kidney failure haemodialysis patients. Nephron Clinical Practice 2008;109:c173-80. [DOI: 10.1159/000145462]
Racelis 1998 {published data only}
  • Racelis MC, Lombardo K, Verdin J. Impact of telephone reinforcement of risk reduction education on patient compliance. Journal of Vascular Nursing 1998;16:16-20.
Ryan 2002 {published and unpublished data}
  • Ryan EA, Todd KR, Estey A, Cook B, Pick M. Diabetes education evaluation: a prospective outcome study. Canadian Journal of Diabetes 2002;26:113-9.
Scisney-Matlock 2006 {published data only}
  • Scisney-Matlock M, Glazewki L, McClerking C, Kachorek L. Development and evaluation of DASH diet tailored messages for hypertension treatment. Applied Nursing Research 2006;19:78-87.
Stewart 2005 {published and unpublished data}
  • Stewart A, Noakes T, Eales C, Shepard K, Becker P, Veriawa Y. Adherence to cardiovascular risk factor modification in patients with hypertension. Cardiovascular Journal of South Africa 2005;16:102-7.
Tsay 2003 {published data only}
Wong 2010 {published and unpublished data}
  • Chow SKY. The effects of a nurse-led case management programme on patients undergoing peritoneal dialysis: a randomized controlled trial (PhD thesis). The Hong Kong Polytechnic University 2006.
  • Wong FK, Chow SK, Chan TM. Evaluation of a nurse-led disease management programme for chronic kidney disease: a randomized controlled trial. International Journal of Nursing Studies 2010;47:268-78.
Wood 2008 {published data only}
  • Wood DA, Kotseva K, Connolly S, Jennings C, Mead A, Jones J, et al. Nurse-coordinated multidisciplinary, family-based cardiovascular disease prevention programme (EUROACTION) for patients with coronary heart disease and asymptomatic individuals at high risk of cardiovascular disease: a paired, cluster-randomised controlled trial. The Lancet 2008;371:1999-2012.
Zhao 2004 {published data only}
  • Zhao Y. Effects of a discharge planning intervention for elderly patients with coronary heart disease in Tianjin, China: a randomized controlled trial (PhD thesis). Hong Kong Polytechnic University (People's Republic of China) 2004.

References to studies excluded from this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
  6. References to other published versions of this review
Abramson 1980 {published data only}
  • Abramson R, Garg M, Cioffari A, Rotman PA. An evaluation of behavioral techniques reinforced with an anorectic drug in a double-blind weight loss study. Journal of Clinical Psychiatry 1980;41:234-7.
Agras 1996 {published data only}
  • Agras WS, Berkowitz RI, Arnow BA, Telch CF, Marnell M, Henderson J, et al. Maintenance following a very-low-calorie diet. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 1996;64:610-3.
Ammerman 2003 {published data only}
  • Ammerman AS, Keyserling TC, Atwood JR, Hosking JD, Zayed H, Krasny C. A randomized controlled trial of a public health nurse directed treatment program for rural patients with high blood cholesterol. Preventive Medicine 2003;36:340-51.
Arnaud-Battandier 1999 {published data only}
  • Arnaud-Battandier F, Lauque S, Paintin M, Mansourian R, Vellas B, Guigoz Y. MNA and nutritional intervention. Nestlé Nutrition Workshop Series Clinical and Performance Programme 1999;1:131-8; discussion 138-40.
Ashurst 2003 {published data only}
  • Ashurst I de B, Dobbie H. A randomized controlled trial of an educational intervention to improve phosphate levels in hemodialysis patients. Journal of Renal Nutrition 2003;13:267-74.
Atwood 1992 {published data only}
  • Atwood JR, Aickin M, Giordano L, Benedict J, Bell M, Ritenbaugh C, et al. The effectiveness of adherence intervention in a colon cancer prevention field trial. Preventive Medicine 1992;21:637-53.
Babamoto 2009 {published data only}
  • Babamoto KS, Sey KA, Camilleri AJ, Karlan VJ, Catalasan J, Morisky DE. Improving diabetes care and health measures among hispanics using community health workers: results from a randomized controlled trial. Health Education and Behavior 2009;36:113-26.
Basler 1982 {published data only}
  • Basler HD, Brinkmeier U, Buser K, Haehn KD, Molders-Kober R. Psychological group treatment of essential hypertension in general practice. British Journal of Clinical Psychology 1982;21 (Pt 4):295-302.
    Direct Link:
Baum 1991 {published data only}
  • Baum JG, Clark HB, Sandler J. Preventing relapse in obesity through posttreatment maintenance systems: comparing the relative efficacy of two levels of therapist support. Journal of Behavioral Medicine 1991;14:287-302.
Befort 2008 {published data only}
  • Befort CA, Nollen N, Ellerbeck EF, Sullivan DK, Thomas JL, Ahluwalia JS. Motivational interviewing fails to improve outcomes of a behavioral weight loss program for obese African American women: a pilot randomized trial. Journal of Behavioral Medicine 2008;31:367-77.
Berra 2007 {published data only}
  • Berra K, Ma J, Klieman L, Hyde S, Monti V, Guardado A, et al. Implementing cardiac risk-factor case management: lessons learned in a county health system. Critical Patway in Cardiology 2007:173-9.
Berteus 2008 {published data only}
  • Berteus Forslund H, Klingstrom S, Hagberg H, Londahl M, Torgerson JS, Lindroos AK. Should snacks be recommended in obesity treatment? A 1-year randomized clinical trial. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2008;62:1308-17.
Bertram 1990 {published data only}
Boeka 2010 {published data only}
  • Boeka AG, Prentice-Dunn S, Lokken KL. Psychosocial predictors of intentions to comply with bariatric surgery guidelines. Psychology, Health and Medicine 2010;15:188-97.
Borg 2002 {published data only}
  • Borg P, Kukkonen-Harjula K, Fogelholm M, Pasanen M. Effects of walking or resistance training on weight loss maintenance in obese, middle-aged men: a randomized trial. International Journal of Obesity 2002;26:676-83.
Bosworth 2008 {published data only}
  • Bosworth HB, Olsen MK, Neary A, Orr M, Grubber J, Svetkey L, et al. Take Control of Your Blood Pressure (TCYB) study: a multifactorial tailored behavioral and educational intervention for achieving blood pressure control. Patient Education and Counseling 2008;70:338-47.
Brekke 2003 {published data only}
  • Brekke HK, Jansson PA, Mansson JE, Lenner RA. Lifestyle changes can be achieved through counseling and follow-up in first-degree relatives of patients with type 2 diabetes. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2003;103:835-43.
Brekke 2005a {published data only}
  • Brekke HK, Lenner RA, Taskinen MR, Mansson JE, Funahashi T, Matsuzawa Y, et al. Lifestyle modification improves risk factors in type 2 diabetes relatives. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 2005;68:18-28.
Brekke 2005b {published data only}
  • Brekke HK, Jansson PA, Lenner RA. Long-term (1- and 2-year) effects of lifestyle intervention in type 2 diabetes relatives. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 2005;70:225-34.
Brekke 2009 {published data only}
  • Brekke HK, Sunesson A, Lenner RA. Unannounced telephone interviews: a useful and positively received tool in the reinforcement of lifestyle intervention. Patient Preference and Adherence 2009;3:357-62.
Broekhuizen 2010 {published data only}
  • Broekhuizen K, van Poppel MN, Koppes LL, Brug J, van Mechelen W. A tailored lifestyle intervention to reduce the cardiovascular disease risk of individuals with Familial Hypercholesterolemia (FH): design of the PRO-FIT randomised controlled trial. BMC Public Health 2010;10:69.
Bruckert 2008 {published data only}
  • Bruckert E, Giral P, Paillard F, Ferrieres J, Schlienger JL, Renucci JF, et al. Effect of an educational program (PEGASE) on cardiovascular risk in hypercholesterolaemic patients. Cardiovascular Drugs and Therapy 2008;22:495-505.
Burke 2005 {published and unpublished data}
  • Burke LE, Dunbar-Jacob J, Orchard TJ, Sereika SM. Improving adherence to a cholesterol-lowering diet: a behavioral intervention study. Patient Education and Counseling 2005;57:134-42.
Burke 2006a {published data only}
  • Burke LE, Sereika S, Choo J, Warziski M, Music E, Styn M, et al. Ancillary study to the PREFER trial: a descriptive study of participants' patterns of self-monitoring--rationale, design and preliminary experiences. Contemporary Clinical Trials 2006;27:23-33.
Burke 2006b {published data only}
  • Burke LE, Choo J, Music E, Warziski M, Styn MA, Kim Y, et al. PREFER study: a randomized clinical trial testing treatment preference and two dietary options in behavioral weight management: rationale, design and baseline characteristics. Contemporary Clinical Trials 2006;27:34-48.
Burke 2007 {published data only}
  • Burke LE, Hudson AG, Warziski MT, Styn MA, Music E, Elci OU, et al. Effects of a vegetarian diet and treatment preference on biochemical and dietary variables in overweight and obese adults: a randomized clinical trial. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2007;86:588-96.
Burke 2008 {published data only}
  • Burke LE, Sereika SM, Music E, Warziski M, Styn MA, Stone A. Using instrumented paper diaries to document self-monitoring patterns in weight loss. Contemporary Clinical Trials 2008;29:182-93.
Burke 2010 {published data only}
Burkett 1990 {published data only}
  • Burkett PA, Southard DR, Herbert WG, Walberg J. Frequent cholesterol feedback as an aid in lowering cholesterol levels. Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation 1990:141-6.
Campbell 1984 {published data only}
  • Campbell DF, Dixon JK, Sanderford LD, Denicola MA. Relaxation: its effect on the nutritional status and performance status of clients with cancer. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 1984;84:201-4.
Campbell 1990 {published and unpublished data}
Campbell 1998 {published data only}
  • Campbell NC, Ritchie LD, Thain J, Deans HG, Rawles JM, Squair JL. Secondary prevention in coronary heart disease: a randomised trial of nurse led clinics in primary care. Heart 1998;80:447-52.
Cangiano 1991 {published data only}
  • Cangiano C, Ceci F, Cairella M, Cascino A, Del Ben M, Laviano A, et al. Effects of 5-hydroxytryptophan on eating behavior and adherence to dietary prescriptions in obese adult subjects. Advances in Experimental Medicine and Biology 1991;294:591-3.
Cangiano 1992 {published data only}
  • Cangiano C, Ceci F, Cascino A, Del Ben M, Laviano A, Muscaritoli M, et al. Eating behavior and adherence to dietary prescriptions in obese adult subjects treated with 5-hydroxytryptophan. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1992;56:863-7.
Cangiano 1998 {published data only}
  • Cangiano C, Laviano A, Del Ben M, Preziosa I, Angelico F, Cascino A, et al. Effects of oral 5-hydroxy-tryptophan on energy intake and macronutrient selection in non-insulin dependent diabetic patients. International Journal of Obesity 1998;22:648-54.
Carels 2005 {published data only}
  • Carels RA, Darby LA, Douglass OM, Cacciapaglia HM, Rydin S. Education on the glycemic index of foods fails to improve treatment outcomes in a behavioral weight loss program. Eating Behaviors 2005;6:145-50.
Carels 2005a {published data only}
  • Carels RA, Darby LA, Rydin S, Douglass OM, Cacciapaglia HM, O'Brien WH. The relationship between self-monitoring, outcome expectancies, difficulties with eating and exercise, and physical activity and weight loss treatment outcomes. Annals of Behavioral Medicine 2005;30:182-90.
Carson 1988 {published data only}
  • Carson MA, Hathaway A, Tuohey JP, McKay BM. The effect of a relaxation technique on coronary risk factors. Behavioral Medicine 1988;14:71-7.
Casebeer 1999 {published data only}
  • Casebeer LL, Klapow JC, Centor RM, Stafford MA, Renkl LA, Mallinger AP, et al. An intervention to increase physicians' use of adherence-enhancing strategies in managing hypercholesterolemic patients. Academic Medicine 1999;74:1334-9.
Cegala 2000 {published data only}
Chang 2009 {published data only}
  • Chang MW, Brown R, Nitzke S. Participant recruitment and retention in a pilot program to prevent weight gain in low-income overweight and obese mothers. BMC Public Health 2009;9:424.
Cheyette 2007 {published data only}
  • Cheyette C. Weight no more: a randomised controlled trial for people with type 2 diabetes on insulin therapy. Practical Diabetes International 2007:450-6.
Chlebowski 1993 {published data only}
  • Chlebowski RT, Blackburn GL, Buzzard IM, Rose DP, Martino S, Khandekar JD, et al. Adherence to a dietary fat intake reduction program in postmenopausal women receiving therapy for early breast cancer. The Women's Intervention Nutrition Study. Journal of Clinical Oncology 1993;11:2072-80.
Costa 2008 {published data only}
  • Costa e Silva R, Pellanda L, Portal V, Maciel P, Furquim A, Schaan B. Transdisciplinary approach to the follow-up of patients after myocardial infarction. Clinics 2008;63:489-96.
Darlington 1986 {published data only}
  • Darlington LG, Ramsey NW, Mansfield JR. Placebo-controlled, blind study of dietary manipulation therapy in rheumatoid arthritis. The Lancet 1986;1:236-8.
Davidson 1996 {published data only}
  • Davidson MH, Kong JC, Drennan KB, Story K, Anderson GH. Efficacy of the National Cholesterol Education Program Step I diet. A randomized trial incorporating quick-service foods. Archives of Internal Medicine 1996;156:305-12.
Dechamps 2009 {published data only}
  • Dechamps A, Gatta B, Bourdel-Marchasson I, Tabarin A, Roger P. Pilot study of a 10-week multidisciplinary Tai Chi intervention in sedentary obese women. Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine 2009;19:49-53.
Del 2009 {published data only}
  • Del Corral P, Chandler-Laney PC, Casazza K, Gower BA, Hunter GR. Effect of dietary adherence with or without exercise on weight loss: a mechanistic approach to a global problem. The Journal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism 2009;94:1602-7.
Demark-Wahnefried 2006 {published data only}
  • Demark-Wahnefried W, Clipp EC, Morey MC, Pieper CF, Sloane R, Snyder DC, et al. Lifestyle intervention development study to improve physical function in older adults with cancer: Outcomes from project LEAD. Journal of Clinical Oncology 2006:3465-73.
Dennis 2001 {published data only}
  • Dennis KE, Tomoyasu N, McCrone SH, Goldberg AP, Bunyard L, Qi BB. Self-efficacy targeted treatments for weight loss in postmenopausal women. An International Journal 2001;15:259-76.
De Zwaan 2005 {published data only}
  • De Zwaan M, Mitchell JE, Crosby RD, Mussell MP, Raymond NC, Specker SM, et al. Short-term cognitive behavioral treatment does not improve outcome of a comprehensive very-low-calorie diet program in obese women with binge eating disorder. Behavior Therapy 2005:89-99.
Digenio 2009 {published data only}
  • Digenio AG, Mancuso JP, Gerber RA, Dvorak RV. Comparison of methods for delivering a lifestyle modification program for obese patients: a randomized trial. Annals of Internal Medicine 2009;150:255-62.
Domenech 1995 {published data only}
  • Domenech MI, Assad D, Mazzei ME, Kronsbein P, Gagliardino JJ. Evaluation of the effectiveness of an ambulatory teaching/treatment programme for non-insulin dependent (type 2) diabetic patients. Acta Diabetologica 1995;32:143-7.
Donnelly 2003 {published data only}
  • Donnelly JE, Kirk EP, Jacobsen DJ, Hill JO, Sullivan DK, Johnson SL. Effects of 16 mo of verified, supervised aerobic exercise on macronutrient intake in overweight men and women: the Midwest Exercise Trial. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2003;78:950-6.
Dyson 1997 {published data only}
  • Dyson PA, Hammersley MS, Morris RJ, Holman RR, Turner RC. The Fasting Hyperglycaemia Study: II. Randomized controlled trial of reinforced healthy-living advice in subjects with increased but not diabetic fasting plasma glucose. Metabolism 1997;46:50-5.
Eriksson 2009 {published data only}
  • Eriksson MK, Franks PW, Eliasson M. A 3-year randomized trial of lifestyle intervention for cardiovascular risk reduction in the primary care setting: the Swedish Bjorknas study. PLOS ONE 2009;4:e5195.
Evers 1987 {published data only}
Farmer 2009 {published data only}
  • Farmer AJ, Wade AN, French DP, Simon J, Yudkin P, Gray A, et al. Blood glucose self-monitoring in type 2 diabetes: a randomised controlled trial. Health Technology Assessment 2009;13:iii-iv, ix-xi, 1-50.
Fehily 1991 {published data only}
  • Fehily AM, Vaughan-Williams E, Shiels K, Williams AH, Horner M, Bingham G. Factors influencing compliance with dietary advice: the Diet and Reinfarction Trial (DART). Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics 1991:33-42.
Ferrante 2010 {published data only}
  • Ferrante D, Varini S, Macchia A, Soifer S, Badra R, Nul D, et al. Long-term results after a telephone intervention in chronic heart failure: DIAL (Randomized Trial of Phone Intervention in Chronic Heart Failure) follow-up. Journal of the American College of Cardiology 2010;56:372-8.
Fitzgibbon 2005 {published data only}
  • Fitzgibbon ML, Stolley MR, Schiffer L, Sanchez-Johnsen LA, Wells AM, Dyer A. A combined breast health/weight loss intervention for Black women. Preventive Medicine 2005;40:373-83.
Forget 1990 {published data only}
  • Forget D, Caranhac G, Quillot MJ, Besnier MO. Compliance with very low protein diet and ketoanalogues in chronic renal failure. The French Multicentric Trial IRCCA. Contributions to Nephrology 1990;81:79-86.
Forli 2001 {published data only}
Forrester 2010 {published data only}
  • Forrester DL, Britton J, Lewis SA, Pogson Z, Antoniak M, Pacey SJ, et al. Impact of adopting low sodium diet on biomarkers of inflammation and coagulation: a randomised controlled trial. Journal of Nephrology 2010;23:49-54.
Fox 1996 {published data only}
  • Fox AA, Thompson JL, Butterfield GE, Gylfadottir U, Moynihan S, Spiller G. Effects of diet and exercise on common cardiovascular disease risk factors in moderately obese older women. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1996;63:225-33.
Frohling 1990 {published data only}
Frost 2007 {published data only}
  • Frost G, Masters K, King C, Kelly M, Hasan U, Heavens P, et al. A new method of energy prescription to improve weight loss. Journal of Human and Dietetics 2007;20:152-6.
    Direct Link:
Fuchs 1993 {published data only}
  • Fuchs Z, Viskoper JR, Drexler I, Nitzan H, Lubin F, Berlin S, et al. Comprehensive individualised nonpharmacological treatment programme for hypertension in physician-nurse clinics: two year follow-up. Journal of Human Hypertension 1993;7:585-91.
Glasgow 2003 {published data only}
  • Glasgow RE, Boles SM, McKay HG, Feil EG, Barrera M Jr. The D-Net diabetes self-management program: long-term implementation, outcomes, and generalization results. Preventive Medicine 2003;36:410-9.
Gorin 2010 {published and unpublished data}
  • Gorin A, Raynor H, Fava J, Maguire K, Robichaud E, Trautvetter J, Crane M, Wing RR. Randomized control trial of a comprehensive home environment-focused weight loss program for adults: 18 month results. Obesity Society Annual Scientific Meeting. 2010:95-OR.
  • Gorin AA, Raynor HA, Fava J, Maguire K, Robichaud E, Trautvetter J, et al. Randomised controlled trial of a comprehensive home environment-focused weight loss program for adults. Health Psychology 2012;Feb 6:E pub ahead of print. [DOI: 10.1037/a0026959]
Grancelli 2003 {published data only}
  • Grancelli H, Varini S, Ferrante D, Schwartzman R, Zambrano C, Soifer S, et al. Randomized Trial of Telephone Intervention in Chronic Heart Failure (DIAL): study design and preliminary observations. Journal of Cardiac Failure 2003;9:172-9.
Greene 1977 {published data only}
  • Greene LR. Effects of verbal evaluation feedback and interpersonal distance on behavioral compliance. Journal of Counseling Psychology 1977;24:10-4.
Hakala 1993 {published data only}
  • Hakala P, Karvetti RL, Ronnemaa T. Group vs. individual weight reduction programmes in the treatment of severe obesity: a five year follow-up study. International Journal of Obesity 1993;17:97-102.
Hartwell 1986 {published data only}
Harvey-Berino 2004 {published data only}
Harvey-Berino 2009 {published data only}
  • Harvey Berino J, West D, Krukowski R, Prewitt E, VanBiervliet A, Ashikaga T, et al. Internet delivered behavioral obesity treatment. Preventive Medicine 2010;51(2):123-8.
  • Harvey-Berino J, West D, Prewitt TE, VanBiervliet A, Ashikaga T. Internet delivered behavioral obesity treatment. Obesity Research 2009;17:S77.
Hebert 2001 {published data only}
  • Hebert JR, Ebbeling CB, Olendzki BC, Hurley TG, Ma Y, Saal N, et al. Change in women's diet and body mass following intensive intervention for early-stage breast cancer. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2001;101:421-31.
Henkin 2000 {published data only}
  • Henkin Y, Shai I, Zuk R, Brickner D, Zuilli I, Neumann L, et al. Dietary treatment of hypercholesterolemia: do dietitians do it better? A randomized, controlled trial. American Journal of Medicine 2000;109:549-55.
Heraief 1985 {published data only}
  • Heraief E, Burckhardt P, Wurtman JJ, Wurtman RJ. Tryptophan administration may enhance weight loss by some moderately obese patients on a protein-sparing modified fast (PSMF) diet. International Journal of Eating Disorders 1985:281-92.
Hyman 1998 {published data only}
Jolly 1998 {published data only}
  • Jolly K, Bradley F, Sharp S, Smith H, Mant D. Follow-up care in general practice of patients with myocardial infarction or angina pectoris: initial results of the SHIP trial. Southampton Heart Integrated Care Project. Family Practice 1998;15:548-55.
Jolly 2007 {published data only}
  • Jolly K, Taylor R, Lip GY, Greenfield S, Raftery J, Mant J, et al. The Birmingham Rehabilitation Uptake Maximisation Study (BRUM). Home-based compared with hospital-based cardiac rehabilitation in a multi-ethnic population: cost-effectiveness and patient adherence. Health Technology Assessment 2007;11:1-118.
Jones 2003 {published data only}
  • Jones H, Edwards L, Vallis TM, Ruggiero L, Rossi SR, Rossi JS, et al. Changes in diabetes self-care behaviors make a difference in glycemic control: the Diabetes Stages of Change (DiSC) study. Diabetes Care 2003:732-7.
Jula 1990 {published data only}
  • Jula A, Ronnemaa T, Rastas M, Karvetti RL, Maki J. Long-term nonpharmacological treatment for mild to moderate hypertension. Journal of Internal Medicine 1990;227:413-21.
Kaiman 2000 {published data only}
  • Kaiman DS, Colker CM, Swain MA, Torina GC, Shi Q. A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of 3-acetyl-7-oxo-dehydroepiandrosterone in healthy overweight adults. Current Therapeutic Research 2000;61:435-42.
Kalodner 1991 {published data only}
  • Kalodner CR, DeLucia JL. The individual and combined effects of cognitive therapy and nutrition education as additions to a behavior modification program for weight loss. Addictive Behaviors 1991;16:255-63.
Kalter-Leibovici 2010 {published data only}
  • Kalter-Leibovici O, Younis-Zeidan N, Atamna A, Lubin F, Alpert G, Chetrit A, et al. Lifestyle intervention in obese Arab women: a randomized controlled trial. Archives of Internal Medicine 2010;170:970-6.
Kattelmann 2009 {published data only}
  • Kattelmann KK, Conti K, Ren C. The medicine wheel nutrition intervention: a diabetes education study with the Cheyenne River Sioux Tribe. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2009;109:1532-9.
Khoo 2007 {published data only}
  • Khoo CK, Vickery CJ, Forsyth N, Vinall NS, Eyre-Brook IA. A prospective randomized controlled trial of multimodal perioperative management protocol in patients undergoing elective colorectal resection for cancer. Annals of Surgery 2007;245:867-72.
Kim 2006 {published data only}
  • Kim SH, Lee SJ, Kang ES, Kang S, Hur KY, Lee HJ, et al. Effects of lifestyle modification on metabolic parameters and carotid intima-media thickness in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Metabolism Clinical and Experimental 2006;55:1053-9.
Kirkman 1994 {published data only}
  • Kirkman MS, Weinberger M, Landsman PB, Samsa GP, Shortliffe EA, Simel DL, et al. A telephone-delivered intervention for patients with NIDDM. Effect on coronary risk factors. Diabetes Care 1994;17:840-6.
Koelewijn-van Loon 2009 {published and unpublished data}
  • Koelewijn-van Loon MS, van der Weijden T, van Steenkiste B, Ronda G, Winkens B, Severens JL, et al. Involving patients in cardiovascular risk management with nurse-led clinics: a cluster randomized controlled trial. Canadian Medical Association Journal 2009;181:E267-74.
Korhonen 1983 {published data only}
  • Korhonen T, Huttunen JK, Aro A, Hentinen M, Ihalainen O, Majander H, et al. A controlled trial on the effects of patient education in the treatment of insulin-dependent diabetes. Diabetes Care 1983;6:256-61.
Korhonen 2003 {published data only}
  • Korhonen M, Kastarinen M, Uusitupa M, Puska P, Nissinen A. The effect of intensified diet counseling on the diet of hypertensive subjects in primary health care: a 2-year open randomized controlled trial of lifestyle intervention against hypertension in eastern Finland. Preventive Medicine 2003;36:8-16.
Krier 1999 {published data only}
  • Krier BP, Parker RD, Grayson D, Byrd G. Effect of diabetes education on glucose control. Journal of the Louisiana State Medical Society 1999;151:86-92.
Kumanyika 1993 {published data only}
  • Kumanyika SK, Hebert PR, Cutler JA, Lasser VI, Sugars CP, Steffen-Batey L, et al. Feasibility and efficacy of sodium reduction in the Trials of Hypertension Prevention, phase I. Trials of Hypertension Prevention Collaborative Research Group. Hypertension 1993;22:502-12.
Lampman 1977 {published data only}
  • Lampman RM, Santinga JT, Hodge MF, Block WD, Flora JD Jr, Bassett DR. Comparative effects of physical training and diet in normalizing serum lipids in men with Type IV hyperlipoproteinemia. Circulation 1977;55:652-9.
Laws 2004 {published data only}
Leermakers 1999 {published data only}
  • Leermakers EA, Perri MG, Shigaki CL, Fuller PR. Effects of exercise-focused versus weight-focused maintenance programs on the management of obesity. Addictive Behaviors 1999;24:219-27.
Lesley 2007 {published data only}
  • Lesley M L. Social problem solving training for African Americans: effects on dietary problem solving skill and DASH diet-related behavior change. Patient Education and Counseling 2007;65:137-46.
Lindahl 2009 {published data only}
  • Lindahl B, Nilssön TK, Borch-Johnsen K, Røder ME, Söderberg S, Widman L, et al. A randomized lifestyle intervention with 5-year follow-up in subjects with impaired glucose tolerance: pronounced short-term impact but long-term adherence problems: erratum. Scandinavian Journal of Public Health 2009;37:443.
Locatelli 1990 {published data only}
Lopez 2006 {published data only}
  • Lopez Cabezas C, Falces Salvador C, Cubi Quadrada D, Arnau Bartes A, Ylla Bore M, Muro Perea N, et al. Randomized clinical trial of a postdischarge pharmaceutical care program vs regular follow-up in patients with heart failure. Farmacia Hospitalaria 2006;30:328-42.
Manchanda 2000 {published data only}
  • Manchanda SC, Narang R, Reddy KS, Sachdeva U, Prabhakaran D, Dharmanand S, et al. Retardation of coronary atherosclerosis with yoga lifestyle intervention. Journal of Association of Physicians of India 2000;48:687-94.
Mathus-Vliegen 1993 {published data only}
  • Mathus-Vliegen LM, Res AM. Dexfenfluramine influences dietary compliance and eating behavior, but dietary instruction may overrule its effect on food selection in obese subjects. Journal of American Dietetic Association 1993;93:1163-5.
McCarron 1998 {published data only}
  • McCarron DA, Oparil S, Resnick LM, Chait A, Haynes RB, Kris-Etherton P, et al. Comprehensive nutrition plan improves cardiovascular risk factors in essential hypertension. American Journal of Hypertension 1998;11:31-40.
McConnon 2007 {published data only}
  • McConnon A, Kirk SF, Cockroft JE, Harvey EL, Greenwood DC, Thomas JD, et al. The Internet for weight control in an obese sample: results of a randomised controlled trial. BMC Health Services Research 2007;7:206.
McConnon 2009 {published data only}
  • McConnon A, Kirk SF, Ransley JK. Process evaluation of an internet-based resource for weight control: use and views of an obese sample. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior 2009;41:261-7.
Melchionda 2006 {published data only}
  • Melchionda N, Forlani G, La Rovere L, Argnani P, Trevisani F, Zocchi D, et al. Disease management of the metabolic syndrome in a community: study design and process analysis on baseline data. Metabolic Syndrome and Related Disorders 2006; Vol. 4, issue 1:7-16.
Melin 2003 {published data only}
  • Melin I, Karlstrom B, Lappalainen R, Berglund L, Mohsen R, Vessby B. A programme of behaviour modification and nutrition counselling in the treatment of obesity: a randomised 2-y clinical trial. International Journal of Obesity 2003;27:1127-35.
Metz 1997 {published data only}
  • Metz JA, Kris-Etherton PM, Morris CD, Mustad VA, Stern JS, Oparil S, et al. Dietary compliance and cardiovascular risk reduction with a prepared meal plan compared with a self-selected diet. American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1997;66:373-85.
Metz 2000 {published data only}
  • Metz JA, Stern JS, Kris-Etherton P, Reusser ME, Morris CD, Hatton DC, et al. A randomized trial of improved weight loss with a prepared meal plan in overweight and obese patients: impact on cardiovascular risk reduction. Archives of Internal Medicine 2000;160:2150-8.
Mhurchu 1998 {published data only}
  • Mhurchu CN, Margetts BM, Speller V. Randomized clinical trial comparing the effectiveness of two dietary interventions for patients with hyperlipidaemia. Clinical Science 1998;95:479-87.
Milas 1995 {published data only}
  • Milas NC, Nowalk MP, Akpele L, Castaldo L, Coyne T, Doroshenko L, et al. Factors associated with adherence to the dietary protein intervention in the Modification of Diet in Renal Disease Study. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 1995;95:1295-300.
Miller 2009 {published data only}
  • Miller CK, Gutshcall MD, Mitchell DC. Change in food choices following a glycemic load intervention in adults with type 2 diabetes. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 2009;109:319-24.
Morgan 2009 {published data only}
Nir 2004 {published data only}
  • Nir Z, Zolotogorsky Z, Sugarman H. Structured nursing intervention versus routine rehabilitation after stroke. American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2004;83:522-9.
Nugent 1984 {published data only}
  • Nugent CA, Carnahan JE, Sheehan ET, Myers C. Salt restriction in hypertensive patients. Comparison of advice, education, and group management. Archives of Internal Medicine 1984;144:1415-7.
Oldroyd 2006 {published data only}
  • Oldroyd JC, Unwin NC, White M, Mathers JC, Alberti KG. Randomised controlled trial evaluating lifestyle interventions in people with impaired glucose tolerance. Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 2006;72:117-27.
Ornish 1998 {published data only}
  • Ornish D, Scherwitz LW, Billings JH, Brown SE, Gould KL, Merritt TA, et al. Intensive lifestyle changes for reversal of coronary heart disease. Journal of the American Medical Association 1998;280:2001-7.
Pater 2000 {published data only}
  • Pater C, Ditlef Jacobsen C, Rollag A, Sandvik L, Erikssen J, Karin Kogstad E. Design of a randomized controlled trial of comprehensive rehabilitation in patients with myocardial infarction, stabilized acute coronary syndrome, percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty or coronary artery bypass grafting: Akershus Comprehensive Cardiac Rehabilitation Trial (the CORE Study). Current Controlled Trials in Cardiovascular Medicine 2000;1:177-83.
Pettman 2008 {published data only}
  • Pettman TL, Misan GM, Owen K, Warren K, Coates AM, Buckley JD, et al. Self-management for obesity and cardio-metabolic fitness: description and evaluation of the lifestyle modification program of a randomised controlled trial. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity 2008;5:53. [DOI: 10.1186/1479-5868-5-53]
Pierce 1997 {published data only}
  • Pierce JP, Faerber S, Wright FA, Newman V, Flatt SW, Kealey S, et al. Feasibility of a randomized trial of a high-vegetable diet to prevent breast cancer recurrence. Nutrition and Cancer 1997;28:282-8.
Pierce 2002 {published data only}
  • Pierce JP, Faerber S, Wright FA, Rock CL, Newman V, Flatt SW, et al. A randomized trial of the effect of a plant-based dietary pattern on additional breast cancer events and survival: the Women's Healthy Eating and Living (WHEL) Study. Controlled Clinical Trials 2002;23:728-56.
Pierce 2007 {published data only}
  • Pierce JP, Newman VA, Natarajan L, Flatt SW, Al-Delaimy WK, Caan BJ, et al. Telephone counseling helps maintain long-term adherence to a high-vegetable dietary pattern. The Journal of Nutrition 2007;137:2291-6.
Pijls 2000 {published data only}
  • Pijls LT, de Vries H, van Eijk JT, Donker AJ. Adherence to protein restriction in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a randomized trial. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2000;54:347-52.
Pringle 1993 {published data only}
  • Pringle M, Stewart-Evans C, Coupland C, Williams I, Allison S, Sterland J. Influences on control in diabetes mellitus: patient, doctor, practice, or delivery of care?. BMJ 1993;306:630-4.
Rabkin 1983 {published data only}
  • Rabkin SW, Boyko E, Wilson A, Streja DA. A randomized clinical trial comparing behavior modification and individual counseling in the nutritional therapy of non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus: comparison of the effect on blood sugar, body weight, and serum lipids. Diabetes Care 1983;6:50-6.
Racette 1995 {published data only}
  • Racette SB, Schoeller DA, Kushner RF, Neil KM. Exercise enhances dietary compliance during moderate energy restriction in obese women. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1995;62:345-9.
Rallidis 2009 {published data only}
  • Rallidis LS, Lekakis J, Kolomvotsou A, Zampelas A, Vamvakou G, Efstathiou S, et al. Close adherence to a Mediterranean diet improves endothelial function in subjects with abdominal obesity. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2009;90:263-8.
Rhew 2007 {published data only}
  • Rhew I, Yasui Y, Sorensen B, Ulrich CM, Neuhouser ML, Tworoger SS, et al. Effects of an exercise intervention on other health behaviors in overweight/obese post-menopausal women. Contemporary Clinical Trials 2007;28:472-81.
Rimmer 2000 {published data only}
  • Rimmer JH, Braunschweig C, Silverman K, Riley B, Creviston T, Nicola T. Effects of a short-term health promotion intervention for a predominantly African-American group of stroke survivors. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2000;18:332-8.
Robertson 1992 {published data only}
  • Robertson I, Phillips A, Mant D, Thorogood M, Fowler G, Fuller A, et al. Motivational effect of cholesterol measurement in general practice health checks. British Journal of General Practice 1992;42:469-72.
Rosman 1989 {published data only}
  • Rosman JB, Langer K, Brandl M, Piers-Becht TP, van der Hem GK, ter Wee PM, et al. Protein-restricted diets in chronic renal failure: a four year follow-up shows limited indications. Kidney International 1989;27:S96-102.
Rosman 1990 {published data only}
  • Rosman JB, Donker-Willenborg MA. Dietary compliance and its assessment in the Groningen trial on protein restriction in renal failure. Contributions to Nephrology 1990;81:95-101.
Roumen 2008 {published data only}
Sadur 1999 {published data only}
  • Sadur CN, Moline N, Costa M, Michalik D, Mendlowitz D, Roller S, et al. Diabetes management in a health maintenance organization. Efficacy of care management using cluster visits. Diabetes Care 1999;22:2011-7.
Sartorio 2003 {published data only}
  • Sartorio A, Lafortuna CL, Marinone PG, Tavani A, La Vecchia C, Bosetti C. Short-term effects of two integrated, non-pharmacological body weight reduction programs on coronary heart disease risk factors in young obese patients. Diabetes, Nutrition & Metabolism 2003;16:262-5.
Schapira 1991 {published data only}
  • Schapira DV, Kumar NB, Lyman GH, Baile WF. The effect of duration of intervention and locus of control on dietary change. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 1991;7:341-7.
Sevick 2008 {published and unpublished data}
  • Sevick MA, Zickmund S, Korytkowski M, Piraino B, Sereika S, Mihalko S, et al. Design, feasibility, and acceptability of an intervention using personal digital assistant-based self-monitoring in managing type 2 diabetes. Contemporary Clinical Trials 2008;29:396-409.
Shaw-Stuart 2000 {published data only}
  • Shaw-Stuart NJ, Stuart A. The effect of an educational patient compliance program on serum phosphate levels in patients receiving hemodialysis. Journal of Renal Nutrition 2000;10:80-4.
Singh 1991 {published data only}
  • Singh RB, Rastogi SS, Sircar AR, Mehta PJ, Sharma KK. Dietary strategies for risk-factor modification to prevent cardiovascular diseases. Nutrition 1991;7:210-4.
Singh 1992 {published data only}
Sisk 2006 {published data only}
  • Sisk JE, Hebert PL, Horowitz CR, McLaughlin MA, Wang JJ, Chassin MR. Effects of nurse management on the quality of heart failure care in minority communities: a randomized trial. Annals of Internal Medicine 2006;145:273-83.
Smith 1997 {published data only}
  • Smith DE, Heckemeyer CM, Kratt PP, Mason DA. Motivational interviewing to improve adherence to a behavioral weight-control program for older obese women with NIDDM. A pilot study. Diabetes Care 1997;20:52-4.
Sone 2010 {published data only}
  • Sone H, Tanaka S, Iimuro S, Oida K, Yamasaki Y, Oikawa S, et al. Long-term lifestyle intervention lowers the incidence of stroke in Japanese patients with type 2 diabetes: a nationwide multicentre randomised controlled trial (the Japan Diabetes Complications Study). Diabetologia 2010;53:419-28.
Southard 2003 {published data only}
  • Southard BH, Southard DR, Nuckolls J. Clinical trial of an Internet-based case management system for secondary prevention of heart disease. Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation 2003;23:341-8.
Sperduto 1986 {published data only}
  • Sperduto WA, Thompson HS, O'Brien RM. The effect of target behavior monitoring on weight loss and completion rate in a behavior modification program for weight reduction. Addictive Behaviors 1986:337-40.
Thoolen 2009 {published data only}
  • Thoolen BJ, de Ridder D, Bensing J, Gorter K, Rutten G. Beyond good intentions: The role of proactive coping in achieving sustained behavioural change in the context of diabetes management. Psychology and Health 2009;24:237-54.
Tilley 1997 {published data only}
  • Tilley BC, Vernon SW, Glanz K, Myers R, Sanders K, Lu M, et al. Worksite cancer screening and nutrition intervention for high-risk auto workers: design and baseline findings of the Next Step Trial. Preventive Medicine 1997;26:227-35.
Toobert 1998 {published data only}
  • Toobert DJ, Glasgow RE, Nettekoven LA, Brown JE. Behavioral and psychosocial effects of intensive lifestyle management for women with coronary heart disease. Patient Education and Counseling 1998;35:177-88.
Toobert 2000 {published data only}
Torgerson 1999 {published data only}
  • Torgerson JS, Agren L, Sjostrom L. Effects on body weight of strict or liberal adherence to an initial period of VLCD treatment. A randomised, one-year clinical trial of obese subjects. International Journal of Obesity 1999;23:190-7.
Tsang 2001 {published data only}
  • Tsang MW, Mok M, Kam G, Jung M, Tang A, Chan U, et al. Improvement in diabetes control with a monitoring system based on a hand-held, touch-screen electronic diary. Journal of Telemedicine and Telecare 2001;7:47-50.
Vale 2003 {published and unpublished data}
  • Vale MJ, Jelinek MV, Best JD, Dart AM, Grigg LE, Hare DL, et al. Coaching patients On Achieving Cardiovascular Health (COACH): a multicenter randomized trial in patients with coronary heart disease. Archives of Internal Medicine 2003;163:2775-83.
van der Weijden 1998 {published data only}
  • van der Weijden T, Grol RPTM, Schouten BJ, Knottnerus JA. Barriers to working according to cholesterol guidelines: A randomized controlled trial on implementation of national guidelines in 20 general practices. European Journal of Public Health 1998;8(2):113-8.
van Gool 2006 {published data only}
  • van Gool CH, Penninx BW, Kempen GI, Miller GD, van Eijk JT, Pahor M, et al. Determinants of high and low attendance to diet and exercise interventions among overweight and obese older adults. Results from the arthritis, diet, and activity promotion trial. Contemporary Clinical Trials 2006;27:227-37.
Verges 1998 {published data only}
  • Verges BL, Patois-Verges B, Cohen M, Casillas JM. Comprehensive cardiac rehabilitation improves the control of dyslipidemia in secondary prevention. European Journal of Public Health 1998;18:408-15.
Voils 2009 {published data only}
  • Voils CI, Yancy WS Jr, Kovac S, Coffman CJ, Weinberger M, Oddone EZ, et al. Study protocol: Couples Partnering for Lipid Enhancing Strategies (CouPLES) - a randomized, controlled trial. Trials 2009;10:10.
von Gruenigen 2008 {published data only}
  • von Gruenigen VE, Courneya KS, Gibbons HE, Kavanagh MB, Waggoner SE, Lerner E. Feasibility and effectiveness of a lifestyle intervention program in obese endometrial cancer patients: a randomized trial. Gynecologic Oncology 2008;109:19-26.
Wadden 1997 {published data only}
  • Wadden TA, Berkowitz RI, Vogt RA, Steen SN, Stunkard AJ, Foster GD. Lifestyle modification in the pharmacologic treatment of obesity: a pilot investigation of a potential primary care approach. Obesity Research 1997;5:218-26.
Wadden 2009 {published data only}
Webber 2010 {published data only}
  • Webber KH, Tate DF, Ward DS, Bowling JM. Motivation and its relationship to adherence to self-monitoring and weight loss in a 16-week Internet behavioral weight loss intervention. Journal of Nutrition Education and Behavior 2010;42:161-7.
Wing 1986 {published data only}
  • Wing RR, Epstein LH, Nowalk MP, Scott N, Koeske R, Hagg S. Does self-monitoring of blood glucose levels improve dietary compliance for obese patients with type II diabetes?. The American Journal of Medicine 1986;81:830-6.
Wing 1996 {published data only}
  • Wing RR, Jeffery RW, Hellerstedt WL, Burton LR. Effect of frequent phone contacts and optional food provision on maintenance of weight loss. Annals of Behavioral Medicine 1996;18:172-6.
Wing 1999 {published data only}
Wing 2003 {published data only}
Witmer 2004 {published data only}
  • Witmer JM, Hensel MR, Holck PS, Ammerman AS, Will JC. Heart disease prevention for Alaska Native women: a review of pilot study findings. Journal of Women's Health 2004;13:569-78.
Wright 1981 {published data only}
Zismer 1982 {published data only}
  • Zismer DK, Gillum RF, Johnson CA, Becerra J, Johnson TH. Improving hypertension control in a private medical practice. Archives of Internal Medicine 1982;142:297-9.

References to studies awaiting assessment

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
  6. References to other published versions of this review
Aldous 2009 {published data only}
  • Aldous D, Firth W. Impact of a nutrition intervention with applied motivational interviewing and behavior change techniques in the Community Cardiovascular Hearts in Motion (CCHIM) program-preliminary findings. Canadian Foundation for Dietetic Research; Showcase of Dietetic Research in Canada. 2009:18.
Amato 1990 {published data only}
  • Amato S, Colajanni E, Averna MR, Barbagallo CM, Lo Cascio ML, Traina G, et al. [Diet and psychological therapy in a group of severely obese patients]. Minerva Endocrinologica 1990;15:219-21.
Clark 2004 {published data only}
  • Clark Marie, Hampson Sarah E, Avery Lorraine, Simpson Robert. Effects of a tailored lifestyle self-management intervention in patients with Type 2 diabetes. British Journal of Health Psychology 2004;9:365-79.
Contel 1993 {published data only}
  • Contel JC, Adell A, Álvarez S, Baulies T, Campamà I, Gómez I, et al. Food-meter glass: usefulness to promote the compliance with the diet in primary care consultations. Annals de Medicina 1993:212.
Duncan 2001 {published data only}
  • Duncan K, Pozehl B, Rosado K. The effects of behavioral feedback on adherence to dietary sodium intake for patients with congestive heart failure. Journal of Cardiopulmonary Rehabilitation 2001:304.
Fernández López 2007 {published data only}
  • Fernández López L, Guerrero Llamas L, Gutiérrez Villaplana JM, Estrada Reventos D, Casal Garcia MC, Andugar Hernández J, et al. Mixed intervention programme on compliance and quality of life in hypertensive patients [Spanish]. Revista de la Sociedad Española de Enfermería Nefrológica 2007;10:7-13.
Firth 2009 {published data only}
  • Firth W, Pancura B. Can a web-based, self-monitoring wellness program augment outcomes and lead to sustained weight management and exercise ability at one year after completing a community cardiac rehabilitation program?. Canadian Foundation for Dietetic Research; Showcase of Dietetic Research in Canada. 2004:19.
González 1987 {published data only}
  • González CA, Forés D, Avilés A, Argimón JM, Boada JM, Cubí R, et al. Efficacy of a self-control method for the compliance with low-salt diet. Atención Primaria 1987:258-62.
Hauner 2006 {published data only}
  • Hauner H. An intense nutritional training program for obese patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus: a randomised controlled two-year intervention study. Current Controlled Trials 2006.
Kim 2003 {published data only}
Koprucki 2010 {published and unpublished data}
  • Koprucki M, Piraino B, Bender F, Snetselaar L, Hall B, Stark S, et al. RCT of Personal Digital Assistant (PDA) supported dietary intervention to reduce sodium intake in PD. American Journal of Kidney Diseases 2010;55:A72.
Lin 2007 {published data only}
  • Lin PH, Appel LJ, Funk K, Craddick S, Chen C, Elmer P, et al. The PREMIER intervention helps participants follow the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension dietary pattern and the current Dietary Reference Intakes recommendations. Obesity 2007;107:1541-51.
Martínez-Marcos 1999 {published data only}
  • Martínez Marcos M, Domínguez Bidagor J, Sempere Jorda R, Benito MJ, Rodríguez Martín R, Rapp Fernández P, et al. Evaluation of a nursing intervention for improving self-care of patients with diabetes [Spanish]. Metas de Enfermería 1999;2:45-51.
Mayeux 2004 {published data only}
  • Mayeux RL, Grim JA, Duffy JK, Kwong WY, Connella KR. Is survival skills diet education using Aramark's nutrition concepts© as effective as traditional diet education?. Journal of American Dietetic Association 2004:36.
Mensink 2003 {published data only}
Paisey 2005 {published and unpublished data}
  • Paisey R. Group education randomisation trial of type II diabetes practice care or continued group education. Current Controlled Trials 2005.
Simpson 2010 {published and unpublished data}
  • Simpson S. A randomised controlled trial of a 12-month multi-component intervention versus a less intensive version on study participants' maintenance of weight loss. Current Controlled Trials 2010.
Song 2009 {published data only}
  • Song MS, Kim HS. Intensive management program to improve glycosylated hemoglobin levels and adherence to diet in patients with type 2 diabetes. Applied Nursing Research 2009;22:42-7.
Stollar 1993 {published data only}
  • Stollar C, Scherch L, Adler S, Kusek J, Caggiula A. Patterns of patient dietary compliance in the modification of diet in renal disease (MDRD) study, Phase III. 12th International Congress of Nephrology; 1993 June 13-18; Jerusalem, Israel. 1993:609.
Wedman 1987 {published data only}

References to ongoing studies

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
  6. References to other published versions of this review
Feldman 2009 {published and unpublished data}
  • Feldman PH, McDonald MV, Mongoven JM, Peng TR, Gerber LM, Pezzin LE. Home-based blood pressure interventions for blacks. Circulation Cardiovascular Quality and Outcomes 2009;2:241-8.
Griva 2010 {published and unpublished data}
  • Griva K. The effectiveness of a self-management intervention to improve outcomes in prevalent haemodialysis patients: a randomised controlled trial. Current Controlled Trials 2010.
Jansink 2006 {published and unpublished data}
  • Jansink R, Braspenning J, van der Weijden T, Niessen L, Elwyn G, Grol R. Nurse-led motivational interviewing to change the lifestyle of patients with type 2 diabetes (MILD-project): protocol for a cluster, randomized, controlled trial on implementing lifestyle recommendations. BMC Health Services Research 2009;9:19.
  • Jansink RME. Motivational interview by practice nurses to improve lifestyle adherence in patients with type 2 diabetes. Current Controlled Trials 2006.
Ma 2009 {published data only}
  • Ma J, King AC, Wilson SR, Xiao L, Stafford RS. Evaluation of lifestyle interventions to treat elevated cardiometabolic risk in primary care (E-LITE): a randomized controlled trial. BMC Family Practice 2009;10:71.
Sher 2002 {published data only}
  • Sher TG, Bellg AJ, Braun L, Domas A, Rosenson R, Canar WJ. Partners for Life: a theoretical approach to developing an intervention for cardiac risk reduction. Health Education Research 2002;17:597-605.

Additional references

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
  6. References to other published versions of this review
Abraham 2008
Ajzen 1991
Aljasem 2001
  • Aljasem LI, Peyrot M, Wissow L, Rubin RR. The impact of barriers and self-efficacy on self-care behaviors in type 2 diabetes. Diabetes Education 2001;27(3):393-404.
Asbeck 2002
  • Asbeck I, Mast M, Bierwag A, Westenhofer J, Acheson KJ, Muller MJ. Severe underreporting of energy intake in normal weight subjects: use of an appropriate standard and relation to restrained eating. Public Health Nutrition 2002;5:683-90.
Baldwin 2011
Bandura 1986
  • Bandura A. Social Foundations of Thought and Action: A Social Cognitive Theory. Englewood Cliffs, N.J.: Prentice Hall, 1986.
Bantle 2008
  • Bantle JP, Wylie-Rosett J, Albright AL, Apovian CM, Clark NG, Franz MJ, et al. Nutrition recommendations and interventions for diabetes: a position statement of the American Diabetes Association. Diabetes Care 2008;31 Suppl 1:S61-78.
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References to other published versions of this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
  6. References to other published versions of this review
Desroches 2010
  • Desroches S, Lapointe A, Ratté S, Gravel K, Légaré F, Njoya MM, et al. Interventions to enhance adherence to dietary advice for preventing and managing chronic diseases in adults. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2010, Issue 9. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD008722]