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Air versus saline in the loss of resistance technique for identification of the epidural space

  1. Pedro L Antibas1,
  2. Paulo do Nascimento Junior2,
  3. Leandro G Braz2,
  4. João Vitor Pereira Doles3,
  5. Norma SP Módolo2,
  6. Regina El Dib2,*

Editorial Group: Cochrane Anaesthesia, Critical and Emergency Care Group

Published Online: 18 JUL 2014

Assessed as up-to-date: 7 SEP 2013

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD008938.pub2


How to Cite

Antibas PL, do Nascimento Junior P, Braz LG, Vitor Pereira Doles J, Módolo NSP, El Dib R. Air versus saline in the loss of resistance technique for identification of the epidural space. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2014, Issue 7. Art. No.: CD008938. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD008938.pub2.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Hospital Sírio Libanês, Department of Anaesthesiology, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

  2. 2

    Botucatu Medical School, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Department of Anaesthesiology, Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil

  3. 3

    Botucatu Medical School, UNESP–Universidade Estadual Paulista, Botucatu, São Paulo, Brazil

*Regina El Dib, Department of Anaesthesiology, Botucatu Medical School, Universidade Estadual Paulista (UNESP), Distrito de Rubião Júnior, s/n, Botucatu, São Paulo, 18603-970, Brazil. eldib@fmb.unesp.br. re.lucci@terra.com.br.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New
  2. Published Online: 18 JUL 2014

SEARCH

[Figure 1]
Figure 1. Study flow diagram.
[Figure 2]
Figure 2. Risk of bias graph: review authors' judgements about each risk of bias item presented as percentages across all included studies.
[Figure 3]
Figure 3. Risk of bias summary: review authors' judgements about each risk of bias item for each included study.
[Analysis 1.1]
Analysis 1.1. Comparison 1 Air versus saline, Outcome 1 Inability to locate the epidural space.
[Analysis 1.2]
Analysis 1.2. Comparison 1 Air versus saline, Outcome 2 Accidental intravascular catheter placement.
[Analysis 1.3]
Analysis 1.3. Comparison 1 Air versus saline, Outcome 3 Accidental subarachnoid catheter placement.
[Analysis 1.4]
Analysis 1.4. Comparison 1 Air versus saline, Outcome 4 Combined spinal epidural failure.
[Analysis 1.5]
Analysis 1.5. Comparison 1 Air versus saline, Outcome 5 Unblocked segments.
[Analysis 1.6]
Analysis 1.6. Comparison 1 Air versus saline, Outcome 6 Adverse events.
[Analysis 1.7]
Analysis 1.7. Comparison 1 Air versus saline, Outcome 7 Pain relief.