Intervention Review

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Brief school-based interventions and behavioural outcomes for substance-using adolescents

  1. Tara Carney1,*,
  2. Bronwyn J Myers1,2,
  3. Johann Louw3,
  4. Charles I Okwundu4,5

Editorial Group: Cochrane Drugs and Alcohol Group

Published Online: 4 FEB 2014

Assessed as up-to-date: 20 NOV 2012

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD008969.pub2

How to Cite

Carney T, Myers BJ, Louw J, Okwundu CI. Brief school-based interventions and behavioural outcomes for substance-using adolescents. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2014, Issue 2. Art. No.: CD008969. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD008969.pub2.

Author Information

  1. 1

    South African Medical Research Council, Alcohol and Drug Abuse Research Unit, Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa

  2. 2

    University of Cape Town, Department of Psychiatry and Mental Health, Cape Town, South Africa

  3. 3

    University of Cape Town, Department of Psychology, Cape Town, Western Cape, South Africa

  4. 4

    Stellenbosch University, Centre for Evidence-based Health Care, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, Tygerberg, South Africa

  5. 5

    South African Medical Research Council, South African Cochrane Centre, Tygerberg, Western Cape, South Africa

*Tara Carney, Alcohol and Drug Abuse Research Unit, South African Medical Research Council, Francie van Zyl Drive, Tygerberg, 7505, Parow, Cape Town, Western Cape, 7505, South Africa.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New
  2. Published Online: 4 FEB 2014



References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
McCambridge 2004 {published data only}
McCambridge 2008 {published data only}
Walker 2011 {published data only}
  • Walker DD, Stephens R, Roffman R, DeMarce J, Lozano B, Towe S, Berg B. Randomized controlled trial of motivational enhancement therapy with nontreatment-seeking adolescent cannabis users: a further test of the teen marijuana check-up. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 2011;25(3):474-84.
Werch 2005 {published data only}
  • Werch C, Jobli E, Moore, MJ, DiClemente CC, Dore, H, Brown CH. A brief experimental alcohol beverage-tailored program for adolescents. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 2005;65:284-90.
Winters 2007b {published data only}
Winters 2012 {published data only}
  • Winters KC, Fahnhorst T, Botzet A, Lee S, Lalone B. Brief intervention for drug-abusing adolescents in a school setting: Outcomes and mediating factors. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment 2012;42:279–88.

References to studies excluded from this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
Apsler 2006 {published data only}
  • Apsler R, Formica S, Fraster B, McMahan R. Promoting positive adolescent development for at-risk students with a student assistance program. The Journal of Primary Prevention 2006;27(6):533-54.
Baer 1992 {published data only}
  • Baer S, Marlatt GA, Kivlahan DR, Fromme K, Larimer ME, Williams E. An experimental test of three methods of alcohol risk reduction with young adults. Journal of Consulting and Clinicial Psychology 1992;60(6):974-9.
Barnett 2012 {published data only}
  • Barnett E, Spruijt-Metz D, Unger JB, Sun P, Rohrbach LA, Sussman S. Boosting a teen substance use prevention program with motivational interviewing. Substance Use and Misuse 2012;47(4):418-28.
Bear 2008 {published data only}
  • Bear JS, Beadnell B, Garrett SB, Hartzler B, Wells EA, Peterson PL. Adolescent change language within a brief motivational intervention and substance use outcomes. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors 2008;22(4):570–5.
Cirillo 1998 {published data only}
  • Cirillo KJ, Pruitt BE, Colwell B, Kingery PM, Hurley RS, Ballard D. School violence: Prevalence and intervention strategies for at-risk adolescents. Adolescence 1998;33(130):319-30.
D'Amico 2002 {published data only}
Dennis 2004 {published data only}
  • Dennis M, Godley SH, Diamond G, Tims FM, Babor T, Donaldson J, et al. The cannabis youth treatment (CYT) experiment: main findings from two randomized trials. Journal of Substance Abuse Treatment 2004;27:197–213.
Gray 2005 {published data only}
  • Gray E, McCambridge J, Strang J. The effectiveness of motivational interviewing delivered by youth workers in reducing drinking, cigarette and cannabis smoking among young people: a quasi-experimental study. Alcohol and Alcoholism 2005;40(6):535–9.
Hecht 2003 {published data only}
  • Hecht ML, Marsiglia FF, Elek E, Wagstaff, DA, Kulis S, Dustman P, Miller-Day M. Culturally grounded substance use prevention: An evaluation of the keepin’ it R.E.A.L. curriculum. Prevention Science 2003;4(4):233-48.
Marsden 2006 {published data only}
Martin 2008 {published data only}
Peleg 2001 {published data only}
  • Peleg A, Neumann, L, Friger M, Peleg R, Sperber AD. Outcomes of a brief alcohol abuse prevention program for Israeli high school students. Journal of Adolescent Health 2001;28:263–9.
Saunders 2004 {published data only}
Sinha 2003 {published data only}
Spoth 2001 {published data only}
  • Spoth RL, Redmond C, Shin C. Randomized trial of brief family interventions for general populations: adolescent substance use outcomes 4 years following baseline. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 2001;69(4):627-42.
Srisurapanont 2007 {published data only}
Thaker 2008 {published data only}
  • Thaker S, Steckler V, Khataopush S, Rose J, Hallforts D. Program characteristics and organizational factors affecting the implementation of a school-based indicated prevention program. Health Education Research 2007;23(2):238-48.
Tubman 2002 {published data only}
  • Tubman JG, Wagner EF, Gil AG, Pate KN. Brief motivational intervention for substance-abusing delinquent adolescents: guided self-change as a social work practice innovation. Health and Social Work 2002;27(3):208-12.
Turner 1998 {published data only}
Werch 1999 {published data only}
  • Werch CE, Pappas DM, Carlson JM, DiClemente CC. Six-month outcomes of an alcohol prevention program for inner-city youth. American Journal of Health Promotion 1999;13(4):237-40.
Werch 2010 {published data only}
  • Werch CE, Bian H, Diclemente CC, Moore MJ, Thombs D, Ames SC, et al. A brief image-based prevention intervention for adolescents. Psychology of Addictive Behaviours 2010;24(1):170-5.
Williams 2007 {published data only}
  • Williams AV, Meyer E, Pechansky F. Development of a therapeutic game for relapse prevention and motivation for change in young drug users [Desenvolvimento de um jogo terapêutico para prevenção da recaída e motivação para mudança em Jovens usuários de drogas]. Psicologia: Teoria e Pesquisa 2007;23(4):407-14.
Wu 2003 {published data only}
  • Wu Y, Stanton BF, Galbraith J, Kaljee L, Cottrell L, Li X, et al. Sustaining and broadening intervention impact: a longitudinal randomized trial of 3 adolescent risk reduction approaches. Pediatrics 2003;111(1):e32-8.

Additional references

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. Additional references
Babor 2007
  • Babor TF, McRee BG, Kassebaum PA, Grimaldi PL, Ahmed K, Bray J. Screening, Brief Intervention, and Referral to Treatment (SBIRT). Substance Abuse 2007;28(3):7-30.
Balshem 2011
Barry 1999
  • Barry KL. Brief Interventions and Brief Therapies for Substance Abuse. Treatment Improvement Protocol (TIP) Series 34 1999.
Bernburg 2003
Bien 1993
Bingham 2010
  • Bingham CR, Barretto AI, Walton MA, Bryant CM, Shope JT, Raghunathan TE. Efficacy of a web-based, tailored, alcohol prevention/intervention program for college students: initial findings. Journal of American College Health 2010;58(4):349-56.
Boutron 2007
  • Boutron I, Guittet L, Estellat C, Moher D, Hrobjartsson A, Ravaud P. Reporting methods of blinding in randomized trials assessing nonpharmacological treatments. PLOS Medicine 2007;4(2):370-80.
Brunelle 2000
  • Brunelle N, Brochu S, Cousineau MM. Drug-crime relations among drug-consuming juvenile delinquents: a tripartite model and more. Contemporary Drug Problems 2000;27:835-66.
Campbell 2000
  • CONSORT 2010. Consolidated Standards of Reporting Trials. Library for health research reporting . (accessed 16 July 2010) .
Corneau 2004
  • Corneau M, Lanctôt N. Mental health outcomes of adjudicated males and females: the aftermath of juvenile delinquency. Criminal Behavior and Mental Health 2004;14:251-62.
Eaton 2012
  • Eaton DK, Kann L, Kinchen S, Shanklin S, Ross J, Hawkins J, et al. Youth Risk Behavior Surveillance United States, 2011. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention 2009 Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 2012; Vol. 61, issue 4:1-162.
Feldstein 2006
  • Feldstein SW, Miller WR. Substance use and risk-taking among adolescents. Journal of Mental Health 2006;15(3):633-43.
Gore 2011
Hallfors 2006
  • Hallfors D, Cho H, Brodish PH, Flewelling R, Khatapoush S. Identifying high school students "at risk" for substance use and other problems: implication for prevention. Substance Use and Misuse 2006;41:1-15.
Hibell 2009
  • Hibell B, Guttormsson U. The 2011 ESPAD Report: Substance Use Among Students in 36 European Countries. ESPAD Report 2012.
Higgins 2011
  • Higgins JPT, Green S. Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. 5.1.0. West Sussex: John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2011.
International Center for Alcohol Policies 2010
  • International Center for Alcohol Policies. ICAP Blu Book Module 12: Legal Age Limits. Practical Guides for Alcohol Policy and Prevention Approaches. Washington DC, USA: International Center for Alcohol Policies, 2010.
Jensen 2011
  • Jensen CD, Cushing CC, Aylward BS, Craig JT, Sorell DM, Steele RG. Effectiveness of motivational interviewing interventions for adolescent substance use behavior change: a meta-analytic review. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 2011;79(4):433-40.
Johnston 2013
  • Johnston LD, O’Malley PM, Bachman JG, Schulenberg JE. Monitoring the Future national results on drug use: 2012 overview, key findings on adolescent drug use. Monitoring the Future National Report. Michigan: Ann Arbor: Institute for Social Research, The University of Michigan, 2013.
Lanctôt 2007
Leoschut 2007
  • Leoschut L, Bonora A. Offender Perspective on Violent Crime. Someone Stole my Smile: An Exploration into the Causes of Youth Violence in South Africa. 2007; Vol. Monograph Series, No. 3.
Miller 2002
  • Miller WR, Rollnick S. Motivational interviewing: Preparing people to change addictive behavior. 2nd Edition. New York: Guilford Press, 2002.
Moyer 2002
National Institute on Drug Abuse 2003
  • National Institute of Drug Abuse (NIDA). Preventing Drug Use among Children and Adolescents: A Research-Based Guide for Parents, Educators and Community Leaders. 2nd Edition. Maryland: National Institude of Health, 2003.
NICE 2007
  • National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. School-based interventions on alcohol. NICE public health guidance report 2007; Vol. 7:1-46.
Plüddemann 2010
  • Plüddemann A, Flisher AJ, Mathews C, Parry CDH, Lombard CA. Methamphetamine use, aggressive behaviour and other mental health issues among high-school students in Cape Town: South Africa. Drug and Alcohol Dependence 2010;109:14-19.
Prochaska 1993
  • Prochaska JO, DeClemente CC, Norcross JC. In search of how people change: applications to addictive behaviors. Journal of Addicitions Nursing 1993;15(1):2-16.
Reddy 2010
  • Reddy SP, James S, Sewpaul R, Koopman F, Funani NI, Sifunda S, et al. Umthente Uhlaba Usamila? The South African Youth Risk Behaviour Survey 2008. The South African Youth Risk Behaviour Survey 2008,. Cape Town: South African Medical Research Council, 2010:1-172.
Rollnick 1995
  • Rollnick S, Miller WR. What is motivational interviewing?. Behavioural and Cognitive Psychotherapy 1995;23:325-34.
Storr 2007
Tait 2003
Tevyaw 2004
United Nations 2003
  • United Nations. World Youth Report 2003: The Global Situation of Young People. United Nations Youth Report 2003.
Ward 2007
  • Ward CL, Martin E, Theron C, Distiller GB. Factors affecting resilience in children exposed to violence. South African Journal of Psychology 2007;37(1):165-87.
Watchel 2010
White 2006a
  • White V, Hayman J. Australian Secondary School Students’ Use of Alcohol in 2005. Drug Strategy Branch Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing Report 2006.
White 2006b
  • White V, Hayman J. Australian Secondary School Students’ Use of Over-The-Counter and Illicit Substances in 2005. Drug Strategy Branch Australian Government Department of Health and Ageing Report 2006.
Winters 2007a
Winters 2008
Young 2012
  • Young MM, Stevens A, Porath-Waller A, Pirie T, Garritty C, Skidmore B, et al. Effectiveness of brief interventions as part of the screening, brief intervention and referral to treatment (SBIRT) model for reducing the non-medical use of psychoactive substances: a systematic review protocol. Systematic Reviews 2012;1(22):1-11.