Diagnostic Test Accuracy Review

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Magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance arthrography and ultrasonography for assessing rotator cuff tears in people with shoulder pain for whom surgery is being considered

  1. Mário Lenza1,*,
  2. Rachelle Buchbinder2,
  3. Yemisi Takwoingi3,
  4. Renea V Johnston2,
  5. Nigel CA Hanchard4,
  6. Flávio Faloppa5

Editorial Group: Cochrane Bone, Joint and Muscle Trauma Group

Published Online: 24 SEP 2013

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD009020.pub2


How to Cite

Lenza M, Buchbinder R, Takwoingi Y, Johnston RV, Hanchard NCA, Faloppa F. Magnetic resonance imaging, magnetic resonance arthrography and ultrasonography for assessing rotator cuff tears in people with shoulder pain for whom surgery is being considered. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 9. Art. No.: CD009020. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD009020.pub2.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Orthopaedic and Trauma Department, São Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil

  2. 2

    Department of Epidemiology and Preventive Medicine, School of Public Health and Preventive Medicine, Monash University, Monash Department of Clinical Epidemiology, Cabrini Hospital, Malvern, Victoria, Australia

  3. 3

    University of Birmingham, Public Health, Epidemiology and Biostatistics, Birmingham, UK

  4. 4

    Teesside University, Health and Social Care Institute, Middlesbrough, Tees Valley, UK

  5. 5

    Universidade Federal de São Paulo, Department of Orthopaedics and Traumatology, São Paulo, São Paulo, Brazil

*Mário Lenza, Orthopaedic and Trauma Department, Hospital Israelita Albert Einstein, Av. Albert Einstein, 627/701, São Paulo, Sao Paulo, CEP 05651-901, Brazil. mariolenza@yahoo.com.br. mario.lenza@einstein.br.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New
  2. Published Online: 24 SEP 2013

SEARCH

References

References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
De Candia 2002 {published data only}
  • De Candia A, Doratiotto S, Paschina E, Segatto E, Pelizzo F, Bazzocchi M. Real-time compound sonography of the rotator-cuff: evaluation of artefact reduction and image definition. Radiologia Medica 2003;105(4):308-14.
  • De Candia A, Doratiotto S, Pelizzo F, Paschina E, Bazzocchi M. Real time compound ultrasound of the shoulder. Radiology and Oncology 2002;36(4):319-25,+336.
Della Sala 1996 {published data only}
  • Della Sala SW, Bianchini G. Magnetic resonance in the study of the painful shoulder. The surgical comparison in 30 consecutive cases [La Risonanza Magnetica nello studio della spalla dolorosa. Raffronto chirurgico in 30 casi consecutivi]. Radiologia Medica 1996;91(4):348-55.
Gagey 1993 {published data only}
  • Gagey N, Desmoineaux P, Gagey O, Idy-Peretti I, Mazas F. Contribution of MRI to the preoperative evaluation of rotator cuff tears [Apport de l'IRM dans le bilan pre-chirurgical des lesions de la coiffe des rotateurs]. Revue de Chirurgie Orthopedique et Reparatrice de l Appareil Moteur 1991;77(8):521-9.
  • Gagey N, Desmoineaux P, Gagey O, Idy-Peretti I, Mazas F. MRI in the pre-operative evaluation of lesions of the rotator cuff [Apport de l'IRM dans le bilan pre-chirurgical des lesions de la coiffe des rotateurs]. Journal de Radiologie 1993;74(1):39-46.
Iannotti 2005 {published data only}
  • Iannotti JP, Ciccone J, Buss DD, Visotsky JL, Mascha E, Cotman K, et al. Accuracy of office-based ultrasonography of the shoulder for the diagnosis of rotator cuff tears. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume 2005;87(6):1305-11.
Kang 2009 {published data only}
  • Kang CH, Kim SS, Kim JH, Chung KB, Kim YH, Oh YW, et al. Supraspinatus tendon tears: Comparison of 3D US and MR arthrography with surgical correlation. Skeletal Radiology 2009;38(11):1063-9.
Lambert 2009 {published data only}
  • Lambert A, Loffroy R, Guiu B, Mejean N, Lerais JM, Cercueil JP, et al. Rotator cuff tears: value of 3.0T MRI [Perforations de la coiffe des rotateurs: intérêt de l’IRM 3,0T]. Journal de Radiologie 2009;90(5 Pt 1):583-8.
Martin-Hervas 2001 {published data only}
  • Martin-Hervas C, Romero J, Navas-Acien A, Reboiras JJ, Munuera L. Ultrasonographic and magnetic resonance images of rotator cuff lesions compared with arthroscopy or open surgery findings. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery 2001;10(5):410-5.
Milosavljevic 2005 {published data only}
Misamore 1991 {published data only}
  • Misamore GW, Woodward C. Evaluation of degenerative lesions of the rotator cuff. A comparison of arthrography and ultrasonography. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume 1991;73(5):704-6.
Mohtadi 2004 {published data only}
  • Mohtadi NG, Vellet AD, Clark ML, Hollinshead RM, Sasyniuk TM, Fick GH, et al. A prospective, double-blind comparison of magnetic resonance imaging and arthroscopy in the evaluation of patients presenting with shoulder pain. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery 2004;13(3):258-65.
Nicoletti 1994 {published data only}
  • Nicoletti SJ, de Moura L. Rotator cuff disease: do ultrasonography and pneumoarthrography increase diagnostic reliability of the physical examination for supraspinatus lesion detection? [Lesöes do manguito rotator: a ultra-sonografia e a pneumoartrografia aumentam a capacidade diagnóstica do exame físico, para a detecçäo das roturas do supra-espinhal?]. Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia 1994;29(9):656-60.
Sipola 2010 {published data only}
  • Sipola P, Niemitukia L, Kroger H, Hofling I, Vaatainen U. Detection and quantification of rotator cuff tears with ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging - A prospective study in 77 consecutive patients with a surgical reference. Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology 2010;36(12):1981-9.
Stetson 2005 {published data only}
  • Stetson WB, Phillips T, Deutsch A. The use of magnetic resonance arthrography to detect partial-thickness rotator cuff tears. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume 2005;87(Suppl 2):81-8.
Swen 1998 {published data only}
  • Swen WA, Jacobs JW, Neve WC, Bal D, Bijlsma JW. Is sonography performed by the rheumatologist as useful as arthrography executed by the radiologist for the assessment of full thickness rotator cuff tears?. Journal of Rheumatology 1998;25(9):1800-6.
Swen 1999 {published data only}
Taboury 1992 {published data only}
  • Taboury J. Ultrasonography of the shoulder: diagnosis of rupture of tendons of the rotator muscles [Echographie de l'epaule. Diagnostic de rupture des tendons des muscles rotateurs]. Annales de Radiologie 1992;35(3):133-40.
Teefey 2004 {published data only}
  • Teefey SA, Middleton WD, Payne WT, Yamaguchi K. Detection and measurement of rotator cuff tears with sonography: Analysis of diagnostic errors. American Journal of Roentgenology 2005;184(6):1768-73.
  • Teefey SA, Rubin DA, Middleton WD, Hildebolt CF, Leibold RA, Yamaguchi K. Detection and quantification of rotator cuff tears: comparison of ultrasonographic, magnetic resonance imaging, and arthroscopic findings in seventy-one consecutive cases. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume 2004;86(4):708-16.
Venu 2002 {published data only}
  • Venu KM, Howlett DC, Garikipati R, Anderson HJ, Bonnici AV. Evaluation of the symptomatic supraspinatus tendon - A comparison of ultrasound and arthroscopy. Radiography 2002;8(4):235-40.
Wallny 2001 {published data only}
  • Wallny TA, Schild RL, Schulze Bertelsbeck D, Hansmann ME, Kraft CN. Three-dimensional ultrasonography in the diagnosis of rotator cuff lesions. Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology 2001;27(6):745-9.
Yen 2004 {published data only}
  • Yen CH, Chiou HJ, Chou YH, Hsu CC, Wu JJ, Ma HL, et al. Six surgery-correlated sonographic signs for rotator cuff tears: Emphasis on partial-thickness tear. Clinical Imaging 2004;28(1):69-76.

References to studies excluded from this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
Adams 2010 {published data only}
  • Adams CR, Schoolfield JD, Burkhart SS. Accuracy of preoperative magnetic resonance imaging in predicting a subscapularis tendon tear based on arthroscopy. Arthroscopy 2010;26(11):1427-33.
Aliabadi 1991 {published data only}
Aliprandi 2006 {published data only}
  • Aliprandi A, Fausto A, Quarenghi M, Modestino S, Randelli P, Sardanelli F. One-shot CT and MR arthrography of the shoulder with a mixture of iodinated and paramagnetic contrast agents using arthroscopy as a gold standard [Artro-TC e artro-RM di spalla con unica iniezione di una mistura di mezzi di contrasto iodato e paramagnetico. Valutazione dei risultati con gold standard artroscopico]. Radiologia Medica 2006;111(1):53-60.
Allmann 1999 {published data only}
  • Allmann KH, Schafer O, Hauer M, Winterer J, Laubenberger J, Reichelt A, et al. Indirect MR arthrography of the unexercised glenohumeral joint in patients with rotator cuff tears. Investigative Radiology 1999;34(6):435-40.
Al-Shawi 2008 {published data only}
  • Al-Shawi A, Badge R, Bunker T. The detection of full thickness rotator cuff tears using ultrasound. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. British Volume 2008;90(7):889-92.
Ardic 2006 {published data only}
  • Ardic F, Kahraman Y, Kacar M, Kahraman MC, Findikoglu G, Yorgancioglu ZR. Shoulder impingement syndrome: Relationships between clinical, functional, and radiologic findings. American Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2006;85(1):53-60.
Auethavekiat 2006 {published data only}
  • Auethavekiat P, Michet CJ Jr. Images in clinical medicine. Rotator-cuff tear. New England Journal of Medicine 2006;354(19):e20.
Awerbuch 2008 {published data only}
  • Awerbuch MS. The clinical utility of ultrasonography for rotator cuff disease, shoulder impingement syndrome and subacromial bursitis. Medical Journal of Australia 2008;188(1):50-3.
Balich 1997 {published data only}
Bencardino 2010 {published data only}
Blanchard 1999a {published data only}
  • Blanchard TK, Bearcroft PW, Constant CR, Griffin DR, Dixon AK. Diagnostic and therapeutic impact of MRI and arthrography in the investigation of full-thickness rotator cuff tears. European Radiology 1999;9(4):638-42.
Blanchard 1999b {published data only}
  • Blanchard TK, Bearcroft PW, Maibaum A, Hazelman BL, Sharma S, Dixon AK. Magnetic resonance imaging or arthrography for shoulder problems: A randomised study. European Journal of Radiology 1999;30(1):5-10.
Blum 1993 {published data only}
Boisrenoult 1999 {published data only}
  • Boisrenoult P, Gagey O. Second consultation and MR imaging diagnosis of full-thickness tears of the rotator cuff, including subscapularis [Les ruptures transfixiantes de la coiffe des rotateurs. Deuxième consultation: Diagnostic lésionnel par l'imagerie]. Revue de Chirurgie Orthopedique et Reparatrice de l'Appareil Moteur 1999;85(SUPPL. II):97-9.
Boorstein 1992 {published data only}
  • Boorstein JM, Kneeland JB, Dalinka MK, Iannotti JP, Suh JS. Magnetic resonance imaging of the shoulder. Current Problems in Diagnostic Radiology 1992;21(1):5-27.
Brandt 1989 {published data only}
Brasseur 1994 {published data only}
  • Brasseur JL, Lazennec JY, Tardieu M, Richard O, Roger B, Grenier P. Dynamic ultrasonography of the shoulder for tears of the rotator cuff [Echographie dynamique de l'épaule dans le conflit antéro-supérieur]. Revue d'Imagerie Medicale 1994;6(11):629-31.
Brenneke 1992 {published data only}
Bryant 2002 {published data only}
  • Bryant L, Shnier R, Bryant C, Murrell GA. A comparison of clinical estimation, ultrasonography, magnetic resonance imaging, and arthroscopy in determining the size of rotator cuff tears. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery 2002;11(3):219-24.
Burk 1989 {published data only}
  • Burk DL Jr, Karasick D, Kurtz AB, Mitchell DG, Rifkin MD, Miller CL, et al. Rotator cuff tears: prospective comparison of MR imaging with arthrography, sonography, and surgery. American Journal of Roentgenology 1989;153(1):87-92.
Chang 2002 {published data only}
  • Chang CY, Wang SF, Chiou HJ, Ma HL, Sun YC, Wu HD. Comparison of shoulder ultrasound and MR imaging in diagnosing full-thickness rotator cuff tears. Clinical Imaging 2002;26(1):50-4.
Chaubal 2007 {published data only}
  • Chaubal NG. Ultrasonography of shoulder [rotator cuff]. Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging 2007;17(3):209-14.
Chen 1996 {published data only}
  • Chen JD, Jim YF, Chang CY. MR imaging of rotator cuff impingement: correlation with full-thickness rotator cuff tear. Zhonghua Yi Xue Za Zhi (Taipei) 1996;58(3):198-204.
Chiodi 1994 {published data only}
  • Chiodi E, Morini G. Lesions of the rotatory cuff: diagnostic validity of echography. Surgical findings [Le lesioni della cuffia dei rotatori: validita diagnostica dell'ecografia al riscontro chirurgico]. Radiologia Medica 1994;88(6):733-5.
Chiodi 1995 {published data only}
  • Chiodi E, Morini G. Chronic shoulder pain. Ultrasonography versus surgery [Spalla dolorosa cronica. Ecografia e chirurgia a confronto]. Radiologia Medica 1995;89(5):600-3.
Chiou 1999 {published data only}
  • Chiou HJ, Chou YH, Wu JJ, Hsu CC, Tiu CM, Chang CY. High-resolution ultrasonography of the musculoskeletal system: Analysis of 369 cases. Journal of Medical Ultrasound 1999;7(4):212-8.
Chucair 2008 {published data only}
  • Chucair AE. Utility of ultrasound in the study of the musculotendinous pathology of the upper limb: comparison with other methods: part 2 [Ultrasonografía en el estudio de la patología musculotendinosa del miembro superior: comparación con otros métodos: parte 2]. Revista Argentina de Ultrasonido 2008;7(2):111-20.
Chun 2010 {published data only}
  • Chun KA, Kim MS, Kim YJ. Comparisons of the various partial-thickness rotator cuff tears on MR arthrography and arthroscopic correlation. Korean Journal of Radiology 2010;11(5):528-35.
Crass 1987 {published data only}
Crass 1988 {published data only}
Cullen 2007 {published data only}
Cusmano 2000 {published data only}
  • Cusmano F, Pedrazzini M, Uccelli M, Ferrozzi F, Bassi S, Corradi M, et al. Rotator cuff rupture. Diagnostic imaging [Rottura della cuffia dei rotatori. Diagnostica per immagini]. Acta Biomed Ateneo Parmense 2000;71(6):217-26.
D'Erme 1993 {published data only}
  • D'Erme M, De Cupis V, De Maria M, Barbiera F, Maceroni P, Lasagni MP. Echography, magnetic resonance and double-contrast arthrography of the rotator cuff. A prospective study in 30 patients [L'ecografia, la risonanza magnetica e l'artrografia con doppio mezzo di contrasto della cuffia dei rotatori. Studio prospettico in 30 pazienti]. Radiologia Medica 1993;86(1-2):72-80.
Davidson 2005 {published data only}
  • Davidson JF, Burkhart SS, Richards DP, Campbell SE. Use of preoperative magnetic resonance imaging to predict rotator cuff tear pattern and method of repair. Arthroscopy 2005;21(12):1428.
Davis 1991 {published data only}
Demouy 1993 {published data only}
  • Demouy EH, Kaneko K. Rotator cuff disease: The role of plain film and MRI. Postgraduate Radiology 1993;13(4):223-31.
De Muynck 1994 {published data only}
  • De Muynck M. Sonography in the diagnosis of rotator cuff ruptures. European Journal of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 1994;4(4):130-3.
Deutsch 1997 {published data only}
  • Deutsch A, Altchek DW, Veltri DM, Potter HG, Warren RF. Traumatic tears of the subscapularis tendon: Clinical diagnosis, magnetic resonance imaging findings, and operative treatment. American Journal of Sports Medicine 1997;25(1):13-22.
Dhagat 2002 {published data only}
  • Dhagat P, Singh H, Sharma V. Spectrum of rotator cuff injuries on ultrasound. Asian Oceanian Journal of Radiology 2002;7(2):99-103.
Dinter 2008 {published data only}
  • Dinter DJ, Lehmann LJ. Questions related with our inclusion criteria [personal communication]. Email to: D Dinter and L Lehmann 10 July 2011.
  • Dinter DJ, Martetschlager F, Busing KA, Schonberg SO, Scharf HP, Lehmann LJ. Shoulder injuries in overhead athletes: utility of MR arthrography [Schulterverletzungen des Uberkopfsportlers: Wertigkeit der MR-Arthrografie]. Sportverletz Sportschaden 2008;22(3):146-52.
Drakeford 1990 {published data only}
  • Drakeford MK, Quinn MJ, Simpson SL, Pettine KA. A comparative study of ultrasonography and arthrography in evaluation of the rotator cuff. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 1990;(253):118-22.
El-Dalati 2005 {published data only}
  • El-Dalati G, Castellarin G, Martone E, Ricci M, Vecchini E, Caffarri S, et al. Standard sonography and arthrosonography in the study of rotator cuff tears. Radiologia Medica 2005;110(5-6):616-22.
El-Kouba 2010 {published data only}
  • El-Kouba G, Huber TA, Freitas JRW, Steglich V, Ayzemberg H, AMS. Comparison of complementary exams in the diagnosis of rotator cuff injuries [Comparação dos exames complementares no diagnóstico das lesões do manguito rotador]. Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia 2010;45(5):418-25.
Evancho 1988 {published data only}
Fabis 1999a {published data only}
  • Fabis J, Synder M. The sensitivity and specificity of sonographic examination in detection of rotator cuff tear [Czulosc i swoistosc badania ultrasonograficznego w diagnostyce uszkodzenia pierscienia rotatorow]. Chirurgia Narzadów Ruchu I Ortopedia Polska 1999;64(1):19-23.
Fabis 1999b {published data only}
  • Fabis J. Ultrasonographic evaluation of the rotator cuff after its surgical reconstruction [Ultrasonograficzna ocena pierscienia rotatorow po jego chirurgicznej rekonstrukcji]. Chirurgia Narzadów Ruchu I Ortopedia Polska 1999b;64(5):527-31.
Farin 1995 {published data only}
Farin 1996a {published data only}
  • Farin PU, Kaukanen E, Jaroma H, Vaatainen U, Miettinen H, Soimakallio S. Site and size of rotator-cuff tear. Findings at ultrasound, double-contrast arthrography, and computed tomography arthrography with surgical correlation. Investigative Radiology 1996;31(7):387-94.
Farin 1996b {published data only}
  • Farin P, Jaroma H. Sonographic detection of tears of the anterior portion of the rotator cuff (subscapularis tendon tears). Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine 1996;15(3):221-5.
Farley 1992 {published data only}
  • Farley TE, Neumann CH, Steinbach LS, Jahnke AJ, Petersen SS. Full-thickness tears of the rotator cuff of the shoulder: diagnosis with MR imaging. American Journal of Roentgenology 1992;158(2):347-51.
Ferrari 2002 {published data only}
  • Ferrari FS, Governi S, Burresi F, Vigni F, Stefani P. Supraspinatus tendon tears: Comparison of US and MR arthrography with surgical correlation. European Radiology 2002;12(5):1211-7.
Ferri 2005 {published data only}
  • Ferri M, Finlay K, Popowich T, Stamp G, Schuringa P, Friedman L. Sonography of full-thickness supraspinatus tears: Comparison of patient positioning technique with surgical correlation. American Journal of Roentgenology 2005;184(1):180-4.
Flannigan 1990 {published data only}
  • Flannigan B, Kursunoglu-Brahme S, Snyder S, Karzel R, Del Pizzo W, Resnick D. MR arthrography of the shoulder: comparison with conventional MR imaging. American Journal of Roentgenology 1990;155(4):829-32.
Fotiadou 2008 {published data only}
  • Fotiadou AN, Vlychou M, Papadopoulos P, Karataglis DS, Palladas P, Fezoulidis IV. Ultrasonography of symptomatic rotator cuff tears compared with MR imaging and surgery. European Journal of Radiology 2008;68(1):174-9.
  • Vlychou M. Questions related with our inclusion criteria [personal communication]. Email to: M Vlychou 19 July 2011.
  • Vlychou M, Dailiana Z, Fotiadou A, Papanagiotou M, Fezoulidis IV, Malizos K. Symptomatic partial rotator cuff tears: diagnostic performance of ultrasound and magnetic resonance imaging with surgical correlation. Acta Radiologica 2009;50(1):101-5.
Frei 2008 {published data only}
  • Frei R, Chladek P, Trc T, Kopecny Z, Kautzner J. Arthroscopic evaluation of ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging for diagnosis of rotator cuff tear. Ortopedia Traumatologia Rehabilitacja 2008;10(2):111-4.
Fritz 1992 {published data only}
Furtschegger 1988 {published data only}
  • Furtschegger A, Resch H. Value of ultrasonography in preoperative diagnosis of rotator cuff tears and postoperative follow-up. European Journal of Radiology 1988;8(2):69-75.
Girard 1995 {published data only}
  • Girard JM, Garcia J. MRI of the shoulder [IRM de l'épaule]. Radiologie - Journal du CEPUR 1995;15(3):32-7.
Goergen 1996 {published data only}
  • Goergen SK, Bradley WG Jr, Liu J, Tam JK, Dubin MD, Pema PJ, et al. Improving the diagnostic accuracy of MR in the detection of infraspinatus tendon injuries. Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography 1996;20(5):829-33.
Goldberg 2003 {published data only}
Hedtmann 2002 {published data only}
  • Hedtmann A, Fett H. Ultrasound diagnosis of the rotator cuff [Schultersonographie bei Subakromialsyndromen mit Erkrankungen und Verletzungen der Rotatorenmanschette]. Der Orthopäde 2002;31(3):236-46.
Heijne 2004 {published data only}
Herold 2006 {published data only}
  • Herold T, Bachthaler M, Hamer OW, Hente R, Feuerbach S, Fellner C, et al. Indirect MR arthrography of the shoulder: use of abduction and external rotation to detect full- and partial-thickness tears of the supraspinatus tendon. Radiology 2006;240(1):152-60.
Herzog 1997 {published data only}
  • Herzog RJ. Magnetic resonance imaging of the shoulder. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume 1997;79(6):934-53.
Herzog 1998 {published data only}
Hodler 1987 {published data only}
  • Hodler J, Gerber C, Terrier F. Sonography of the rotator cuff [Die Sonographie der Rotatorenmanschette]. Schweizerische Zeitschrift fur Sportmedizin 1987;35(1):5-11.
Hodler 1988 {published data only}
Hodler 1992 {published data only}
  • Hodler J, Kursunoglu-Brahme S, Snyder SJ, Cervilla V, Karzel RP, Schweitzer ME, et al. Rotator cuff disease: Assessment with MR arthrography versus standard MR imaging in 36 patients with arthroscopic confirmation. Radiology 1992;182(2):431-6.
Hollister 1995 {published data only}
  • Hollister MS, Mack LA, Patten RM, Winter TC 3rd, Matsen FA 3rd, Veith RR. Association of sonographically detected subacromial/subdeltoid bursal effusion and intraarticular fluid with rotator cuff tear. American Journal of Roentgenology 1995;165(3):605-8.
Homsi 1989 {published data only}
  • Homsi C, Ferreira Filho AA, Padula FM, Stump X, Zoppi Filho A, Bolliger Neto R. Comparative study between ultrasonography and arthrography of the shoulder in rotator cuff tears [Estudo comparativo entre a ultra-sonografia e a artrografia do ombro nas lesöes do manguito rotador]. Revista Brasileira de Ortopedia 1989;24(11/12):379-82.
Horii 1998 {published data only}
  • Horii M, Takubo Y, Yamaguchi J, Kurokawa M, Kubo T, Hirasawa Y. The diagnostic usefulness of magnetic resonance imaging for a partial- thickness rotator cuff tear. Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery (Hong Kong) 1998;6(1):53-8.
Iannotti 1991 {published data only}
  • Iannotti JP, Zlatkin MB, Esterhai JL, Kressel HY, Dalinka MK, Spindler KP. Magnetic resonance imaging of the shoulder. Sensitivity, specificity, and predictive value. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume 1991;73(1):17-29.
Imhoff 1992 {published data only}
  • Imhoff A, Hodler J. Arthroscopy and MRT of the shoulder - a comparative retrospective analysis [Arthroskopie und MRT an der Schulter - eine vergleichende retrospektive Analyse]. Zeitschrift für Orthopädie und ihre Grenzgebiete 1992;130(3):188-96.
Imhoff 1993 {published data only}
  • Imhoff AB, Hodler J, Perrenoud A. Possibilities of shoulder arthroscopy in comparison with magnetic resonance tomography and arthro-computerized tomography [Moglichkeiten der Schulterarthroskopie im Vergleich zur Magnetresonanz-Tomographie und Arthro-Computertomographie]. Zeitschrift für Unfallchirurgie und Versicherungsmedizin 1993;86(1):4-17.
Imhoff 1996 {published data only}
  • Imhoff AB, Hodler J. Correlation of MR imaging, CT arthrography, and arthroscopy of the shoulder. Bulletin of the Hospital for Joint Diseases 1996;54(3):146-52.
Iovane 2001 {published data only}
  • Iovane A, Midiri M, Bartolotta TV, Carcione A, Lagalla R. Normal anatomy and pathological conditions of subscapular muscle: US findings compared with surgery [Anatomia normale e quadri patologici del muscolo sotoscapolare. Confronto tra ecografia e chirurgia]. Radiologia Medica 2001;101(4):260-4.
Iyengar 2010 {published data only}
Jacobson 2003 {published data only}
  • Jacobson JA. Sonography of the shoulder. Applied Radiology 2003;32(9):19-25.
Jacobson 2004 {published data only}
  • Jacobson JA, Lancaster S, Prasad A, Van Holsbeeck MT, Craig JG, Kolowich P. Full-thickness and partial-thickness supraspinatus tendon tears: value of US signs in diagnosis. Radiology 2004;230(1):234-42.
Jaovisidha 1999 {published data only}
  • Jaovisidha S, Jacobson JA, Lenchik L, Resnick D. MR imaging of rotator cuff tears: Is there a diagnostic benefit of shoulder exercise prior to imaging. Clinical Imaging 1999;23(4):249-53.
Jeyam 2008 {published data only}
  • Jeyam M, Funk L, Harris J. Are shoulder surgeons any good at diagnosing rotator cuff tears using ultrasound?: A comparative analysis of surgeon vs radiologist. International Journal of Shoulder Surgery 2008;2(1):4-6.
Jung 2009 {published data only}
Jung 2010 {published data only}
  • Jung JY, Jee WH, Chun HJ, Ahn MI, Kim YS. Magnetic resonance arthrography including ABER view in diagnosing partial-thickness tears of the rotator cuff: accuracy, and inter- and intra-observer agreements. Acta Radiologica 2010;51(2):194-201.
Kaneko 1994 {published data only}
  • Kaneko K, DeMouy EH, Brunet ME. MR evaluation of rotator cuff impingement: Correlation with confirmed full-thickness rotator cuff tears. Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography 1994;18(2):225-8.
Kautzner 2008 {published data only}
  • Kautzner J, Smetana P, Krotka I, Kos P, Frei R, Trc T. Shoulder joint disorder: Correlation of findings by arthroscopy and magnetic resonance imaging [Korelace patologických nalezu ramenniho kloubu pomocí artroskopie versus nukleární magnetickou rezonancí]. Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca 2008;75(3):190-5.
Kelly 2009 {published data only}
  • Kelly AM, Fessell D. Ultrasound compared with magnetic resonance imaging for the diagnosis of rotator cuff tears: a critically appraised topic. Seminars in Roentgenology 2009;44(3):196-200.
Kerkovsky 2008 {published data only}
  • Kerkovsky M, Sprlakova-Pukova A, Uher T, Vojtanik P, Rouchal M. Role of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of shoulder joint injury [Význam UZ vyšetření v diagnostice poranění ramenního kloubu]. Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca 2008;75(3):167-72.
Kluger 2003 {published data only}
  • Kluger R, Mayrhofer R, Kroner A, Pabinger C, Partan G, Hruby W, et al. Sonographic versus magnetic resonance arthrographic evaluation of full-thickness rotator cuff tears in millimeters. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery 2003;12(2):110-6.
Kneeland 1987 {published data only}
  • Kneeland JB, Middleton WD, Carrera GF, Zeuge RC, Jesmanowicz A, Froncisz W, et al. MR imaging of the shoulder: diagnosis of rotator cuff tears. American Journal of Roentgenology 1987;149(2):333-7.
Kujat 1986 {published data only}
  • Kujat R, Wippermann BW, Gebel M. Sonography of the shoulder in rotator cuff defects. Technic and clinical value [Schultersonographie bei Rotatorendefekten. Technik und Aussagen]. Der Unfallchirurg 1986;89(9):398-401.
Kurol 1991 {published data only}
  • Kurol M, Rahme H, Hilding S. Sonography for diagnosis of rotator cuff tear. Comparison with observations at surgery in 58 shoulders. Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica 1991;62(5):465-7.
Lawson 1991 {published data only}
  • Lawson TL, Middleton WD. MRI and ultrasound evaluation of the shoulder. Acta Orthopaedica Belgica 1991;57 Suppl 1:62-9.
Lee 2002 {published data only}
  • Lee SY, Lee JK. Horizontal component of partial-thickness tears of rotator cuff: imaging characteristics and comparison of ABER view with oblique coronal view at MR arthrography initial results. Radiology 2002;224(2):470-6.
Lipman 1992 {published data only}
Loew 2000 {published data only}
Lopez 2007 {published data only}
  • Lopez M. Rotator cuff. Correlation between magnetic resonance imaging and arthroscopy [Manguito rotador. Correlacion entre resonancia magnetica nuclear y artroscopia]. Artroscopía (Buenos Aires) 2007;14(2):91-5.
Low 1998 {published data only}
  • Low R, Kreitner KF, Runkel M, Zollner J, Thelen M. Low-field MR arthrography of the shoulder: Early results using an open 0.2 T MR system [Niederfeld MR-Arthrographie der Schulter: Erste Ergebnisse mit einem offenen 0,2T MR-System]. RoFo Fortschritte auf dem Gebiete der Rontgenstrahlen und der Neuen Bildgebenden Verfahren 1998;168(4):316-22.
Lucas 1991 {published data only}
  • Lucas C, Duvauferrier R, De Korvin B, Thomazeau H, Lelievre N, Ramee A. MRI of the shoulder [IRM de l'épaule]. Feuillets de Radiologie 1991;31(1):68-76.
Mack 1988 {published data only}
  • Mack LA, Gannon MK, Kilcoyne RF, Matsen RA 3rd. Sonographic evaluation of the rotator cuff. Accuracy in patients without prior surgery. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 1988;(234):21-7.
  • Mack LA, Matsen FA 3rd, Kilcoyne RF, Davies PK, Sickler ME. US evaluation of the rotator cuff. Radiology 1985;157(1):205-9.
Magee 2003a {published data only}
  • Magee T, Shapiro M, Williams D, Ramnath RR, Simon J. Usefulness of the simultaneous acquisition of spatial harmonics technique during MRI of the shoulder. American Journal of Roentgenology 2003;181(4):961-4.
Magee 2003b {published data only}
Magee 2006 {published data only}
Magee 2007 {published data only}
Magee 2009 {published data only}
Malvestiti 1997 {published data only}
  • Malvestiti O, Mariani C, Scorsolini A, Ratti F, Ferraris G, Columbaro G. Subacromial impingement syndrome and rotator cuff tear. Ultrasonography of 140 cases [Sindrome da conflitto sotto-acromiale e lesioni della cuffia dei rotatori. Esperienza ecografica in 140 casi]. Radiologia Medica 1997;94(1-2):37-42.
Martin 2008 {published data only}
Masaoka 1999 {published data only}
  • Masaoka S, Hashizume H, Senda M, Nishida K, Nagoshi M, Inoue H. Ultrasonographic analysis of shoulder rotator cuff tears. Acta Medica Okayama 1999;53(2):81-9.
Masciocchi 1989 {published data only}
  • Masciocchi C, Barile A, Fascetti E, Gallucci M, Beomonte Zobel B, Laconi MM, et al. Magnetic resonance of the shoulder: technique, anatomy and clinical results [Risonaza magnetica della spalla: tecnica, anatomia e risultati clinici]. Radiologia Medica 1989;78(5):485-91.
Meister 2004 {published data only}
  • Meister K, Thesing J, Montgomery WJ, Indelicato PA, Walczak S, Fontenot W. MR arthrography of partial thickness tears of the undersurface of the rotator cuff: An arthroscopic correlation. Skeletal Radiology 2004;33(3):136-41.
Mendieta-Sevilla 2009 {published data only}
  • Mendieta-Sevilla SR, de Lourdes Munoz-Carlin M, Canto-Vera R, Gonzalez-Perez CE, Trejo-Trejo JS, Torres-Zavala A. Evaluation with ultrasound and arthro-ultrasonography of complete rotator cuff rupture [Evaluacion por ultrasonido y artroultrasonografia de la ruptura completa del manguito de los rotadores]. Revista de Investigacion Clinica; Organo del Hospital de Enfermedades de la Nutricion 2009;61(1):33-40.
Merl 1996 {published data only}
  • Merl T, Weinhardt H, Ottl G, Lenz M, Riel KA. Diagnostic imaging of the shoulder joint in impingement [Bildgebende Diagnostik des Schultergelenkes bei Impingement]. Rontgenpraxis; Zeitschrift fur radiologische Technik 1996;49(1):8-11.
Middleton 1993 {published data only}
  • Middleton WD. Sonographic detection and quantification of rotator cuff tears. American Journal of Roentgenology 1993;160(1):109-10.
Miller 2008 {published data only}
Montrucchio 1997 {published data only}
  • Montrucchio E, Iovane A, Midiri M, Finazzo M, La Tona G, Lagalla R. Normal anatomy and pathologic features of the supraspinatus muscle: comparison between ultrasonography and surgery. Analysis of the potential sources of diagnostic errors [Anatomia normale e quadri patologici del muscolo sovraspinato: confronto tra ecografia e chirurgia. Analisi delle possibili fonti di errore diagnostico]. Radiologia Medica 1997;93(4):342-7.
Monu 1994 {published data only}
  • Monu JU, Pruett S, Vanarthos WJ, Pope TL Jr. Isolated subacromial bursal fluid on MRI of the shoulder in symptomatic patients: correlation with arthroscopic findings. Skeletal Radiology 1994;23(7):529-33.
Moosmayer 2005 {published data only}
  • Moosmayer S, Smith HJ. Diagnostic ultrasound of the shoulder - a method for experts only? Results from an orthopedic surgeon with relative inexpensive compared to operative findings. Acta Orthopaedica 2005;76(4):503-8.
Moosmayer 2007 {published data only}
Morrison 1990 {published data only}
  • Morrison DS, Ofstein R. The use of magnetic resonance imaging in the diagnosis of rotator cuff tears. Orthopedics 1990; Vol. 13, issue 6:633-7.
Naqvi 2009 {published data only}
  • Naqvi GA, Jadaan M, Harrington P. Accuracy of ultrasonography and magnetic resonance imaging for detection of full thickness rotator cuff tears. International Journal of Shoulder Surgery 2009;3(4):94-7.
Narbona 2007 {published data only}
  • Narbona P. Superior labrum anterior-posterior lesions in rotator cuff rupture. Efficacy of clinical and imaging findings [Diagnostico de la lesion SLAP en las rupturas del manguito rotador. Eficacia del examen fisico y de la resonancia magnetica nuclear sin contraste]. Artroscopía (Buenos Aires) 2007;14(2):96-101.
Needell 1997 {published data only}
Nelson 1991 {published data only}
  • Nelson MC, Leather GP, Nirschl RP, Pettrone FA, Freedman MT. Evaluation of the painful shoulder. A prospective comparison of magnetic resonance imaging, computerized tomographic arthrography, ultrasonography, and operative findings. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume 1991;73(5):707-16.
Nogueira-Barbosa 2002 {published data only}
  • Nogueira-Barbosa MH, Volpon JB, Elias Júnior J, Muccillo G. Diagnostic imaging of shoulder rotator cuff lesions [Diagnóstico por imagem nas rupturas do manguito rotador]. Acta Ortopedica Brasileira 2002;10(4):31-9.
Norregaard 2002 {published data only}
Oh 2009 {published data only}
  • Oh DK, Yoon YC, Kwon JW, Choi SH, Jung JY, Bae S, et al. Comparison of indirect isotropic MR arthrography and conventional MR arthrography of labral lesions and rotator cuff tears: a prospective study. American Journal of Roentgenology 2009;192(2):473-9.
Oh 2010 {published data only}
  • Oh JH, Kim JY, Choi JA, Kim WS. Effectiveness of multidetector computed tomography arthrography for the diagnosis of shoulder pathology: comparison with magnetic resonance imaging with arthroscopic correlation. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery 2010;19(1):14-20.
Ostlere 1997 {published data only}
  • Ostlere SJ. Imaging the rotator cuff - A practical approach. Imaging 1997;9(2):89-93.
Ozcakar 2005 {published data only}
Paavolainen 1994 {published data only}
Palmer 1993 {published data only}
Palmer 1994 {published data only}
Parsa 1997 {published data only}
  • Parsa M, Tuite M, Norris M, Orwin J. MR imaging of rotator cuff tendon tears: comparison of T2*-weighted gradient-echo and conventional dual-echo sequences. American Journal of Roentgenology 1997;168(6):1519-24.
Pattee 1988 {published data only}
  • Pattee GA, Snyder SJ. Sonographic evaluation of the rotator cuff: correlation with arthroscopy. Arthroscopy 1988;4(1):15-20.
Patten 1994 {published data only}
  • Patten RM, Spear RP, Richardson ML. Diagnostic performance of magnetic resonance imaging for the diagnosis of rotator cuff tears using supplemental images in the oblique sagittal plane. Investigative Radiology 1994;29(1):87-93.
Peetrons 1986 {published data only}
  • Peetrons P, Delmotte S, Stehman M, Peetrons A. Lesions of the rotator cuff: the specific value of echography [Lesions de la coiffe des rotateurs: apport specifique de l'echographie]. Acta Orthopaedica Belgica 1986;52(6):703-16.
Pfirrmann 1999 {published data only}
Pfirrmann 2004 {published data only}
  • Pfirrmann CW, Schmid MR, Zanetti M, Jost B, Gerber C, Hodler J. Assessment of fat content in supraspinatus muscle with proton MR spectroscopy in asymptomatic volunteers and patients with supraspinatus tendon lesions. Radiology 2004;232(3):709-15.
Pigeau 1992 {published data only}
  • Pigeau I, Doursounian L, Sokolow C, Valenti P, Djermag Y, Maigne JY, et al. Contribution of gradient-echo MRI in the study of subacromial pathology: correlation between surgery and arthrography [Apport de l'IRM par echo de gradient dans l'etude de la pathologie sous-acromiale: correlation chirurgicale et arthrographique]. Annales de Radiologie 1992;35(3):143-9.
Poey 1990 {published data only}
  • Poey C, Fajadet P, Pages M, Chaffai MA, Lassoued S, Maquin P, et al. MRI in subacromial pathology. Report of 20 cases [IRM dans la pathologie sous-acromiale. A propos de 20 observations]. Journal de Radiologie 1990;71(8-9):457-66.
Porcellini 1994 {published data only}
  • Porcellini G, Campi F, de Nicolo F, Vottari S, Valbonesi C, Arcangeli E. Rotator cuff rupture in the shoulder impingement syndrome. Echography and arthrography: 2 diagnostic methods compared [Rottura della cuffia dei rotatori nella sindrome da attrito della spalla. Ecografia e artrografia: due metodiche diagnostiche a confronto]. Radiologia Medica 1994;88(5):564-8.
Prendergast 1992 {published data only}
Quinn 1995 {published data only}
Rafii 1990 {published data only}
Read 1998 {published data only}
Recht 1993 {published data only}
Recht 1994 {published data only}
  • Recht MP, Resnick D. Magnetic resonance imaging studies of the shoulder: diagnosis of lesions of the rotator cuff. Instructional Course Lectures 1994;43:483-92.
Reinus 1995 {published data only}
  • Reinus WR, Shady KL, Mirowitz SA, Totty WG. MR diagnosis of rotator cuff tears of the shoulder: value of using T2-weighted fat-saturated images. American Journal of Roentgenology 1995;164(6):1451-5.
Roberts 1998 {published data only}
  • Roberts CS, Galloway KP, Honaker JT, Hulse G, Seligson D. Sonography for the office screening of suspected rotator cuff tears: early experience of the orthopedic surgeon. American Journal of Orthopedics 1998;27(7):503-6.
Roberts 2001 {published data only}
  • Roberts CS, Walker JA 2nd, Seligson D. Diagnostic capabilities of shoulder ultrasonography in the detection of complete and partial rotator cuff tears. American Journal of Orthopedics 2001;30(2):159-62.
Robertson 1995 {published data only}
  • Robertson PL, Schweitzer ME, Mitchell DG, Schlesinger F, Epstein RE, Frieman BG, et al. Rotator cuff disorders: interobserver and intraobserver variation in diagnosis with MR imaging. Radiology 1995;194(3):831-5.
Rouaud 1989 {published data only}
  • Rouaud JP, Dufour D, Caroit M. Echography in simple shoulder pain [L'echographie dans les epaules douloureuses simples]. Revue du Rhumatisme et des Maladies Osteo-Articulaires 1989;56(12):805-7.
Rubin 1997 {published data only}
Rutten 2010a {published data only}
  • Rutten MJ, Jager GJ, Kiemeney LA. Ultrasound detection of rotator cuff tears: observer agreement related to increasing experience. American Journal of Roentgenology 2010;195(6):W440-6.
Rutten 2010b {published data only}
  • Rutten MJ, Spaargaren GJ, van Loon T, de Waal Malefijt MC, Kiemeney LA, Jager GJ. Detection of rotator cuff tears: the value of MRI following ultrasound. European Radiology 2010;20(2):450-7.
Sahin-Akyar 1998 {published data only}
  • Sahin-Akyar G, Miller TT, Staron RB, McCarthy DM, Feldman F. Gradient-echo versus fat-suppressed fast spin-echo MR imaging of rotator cuff tears. AJM. American Journal of Roentgenology 1998;171(1):223-7.
Sartoris 1992 {published data only}
  • Sartoris DJ. Diagnosing shoulder pain: What's the best imaging approach?. Physician and Sportsmedicine 1992;20(9):151-6,159-62,164.
Sasaki 1990 {published data only}
Schneider 2003 {published data only}
  • Schneider TL, Schmidt-Wiethoff R, Drescher W, Fink B, Schmidt J, Appell HJ. The significance of subacromial arthrography to verify partial bursal-side rotator cuff ruptures. Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery 2003;123(9):481-4.
Schreinemachers 2009 {published data only}
  • Schreinemachers SA, van der Hulst VP, Willems WJ, Bipat S, van der Woude HJ. Detection of partial-thickness supraspinatus tendon tears: is a single direct MR arthrography series in ABER position as accurate as conventional MR arthrography?. Skeletal Radiology 2009;38(10):967-75.
Schultz 1994 {published data only}
Seeger 1988 {published data only}
Sheah 2009 {published data only}
  • Sheah K, Bredella MA, Warner JJ, Halpern EF, Palmer WE. Transverse thickening along the articular surface of the rotator cuff consistent with the rotator cable: identification with MR arthrography and relevance in rotator cuff evaluation. American Journal of Roentgenology 2009;193(3):679-86.
Shellock 1996 {published data only}
Shellock 2001 {published data only}
Shiv 1990 {published data only}
  • Shiv VK, Marya SK, Taneja K, Mehrotra G, Mittal SK, Bhargava SK. Sonographic evaluation of rotator cuff injuries. Indian Journal of Radiology and Imaging 1990;44(3):197-200.
Singer 1995 {published data only}
  • Singer B, Cotten A, Chastanet P. Ultrasonography of the rotator cuff [Échographie de la coiffe des rotateurs]. Radiologie - Journal du CEPUR 1995;15(5):11-9.
Singson 1996 {published data only}
  • Singson RD, Hoang T, Dan S, Friedman M. MR evaluation of rotator cuff pathology using T2-weighted fast spin-echo technique with and without fat suppression. American Journal of Roentgenology 1996;166(5):1061-5.
Skib 1998 {published data only}
Soble 1989 {published data only}
Sonin 1996 {published data only}
  • Sonin AH, Peduto AJ, Fitzgerald SW, Callahan CM, Bresler ME. MR imaging of the rotator cuff mechanism: comparison of spin-echo and turbo spin-echo sequences. American Journal of Roentgenology 1996;167(2):333-8.
Sonnabend 1997 {published data only}
  • Sonnabend D, Hughes HJ, Giuffre B, Farrell R. Ultrasound assessment of shoulder pathology. Surgery of the shoulder. 6th International Congress, Helsinki, Finland. 1995:13–7.
  • Sonnabend DH, Hughes JS, Giuffre BM, Farrell R. The clinical role of shoulder ultrasound. Australian and New Zealand Journal of Surgery 1997;67(9):630-3.
Soto Araiza 1998 {published data only}
  • Soto Araiza G, Arredondo Estrada JH, Onofre Castillo J, Arredondo Galán JH, Padilla Dieste A, Garza Montemayor M, et al. Ultrasound of the painful shoulder: study of 42 patients [El ultrasonido en el hombro doloroso: estudio de 42 pacientes]. Revista Mexicana de Radiología 1998;52(4):163-7.
Steinbach 2000 {published data only}
Strauss 1998 {published data only}
  • Strauss J, Krause D, Holtzmann P, Gonzalves M, Maillefert JF, Tavernier C. Correlations and discordante observations MRI versus arthroscopy in shoulder cuff tears [Correlations et analyse de discordances – IRM – Arthroscopie dans les ruptures de coiffe de l’epaule]. Rhumatologie 1998;50(8):266-73.
Suder 1994 {published data only}
  • Suder PA, Hougaard K, Frich LH, Rasmussen OS, Lundorf E. Intraarticular findings in the chronically painful shoulder. A study of 32 posttraumatic cases. Acta Orthopaedica Scandinavica 1994;65(3):339-43.
Sunde 2001 {published data only}
  • Sunde P, Edenberg J. Diagnosis of rotator cuff injury [Diagnostikk av rotatorcuffskade]. Tidsskrift for Den Norske Laegeforening 2001;121(18):2203.
Sunde 2008 {published data only}
  • Sunde P, Tariq R. Ultrasound - a good alternative to MR in shoulder problems [Ultralyd - et godt alternativ til MR ved skulderlidelser]. Tidsskrift for Den Norske Laegeforening 2008;128(7):842.
Taboury 1995 {published data only}
  • Taboury J. Ultrasonography of the tendons of the rotator cuffs of the shoulder [Etude echographique des tendons des muscles rotateurs de l'epaule]. Annales de Radiologie 1995;38(5):275-9.
Takagishi 1993 {published data only}
  • Takagishi K, Itoman M, Araki T, Nishimura A, Yamamoto M, Ikeda T. MR imaging of recurrent dislocation and impingement syndrome of the shoulder. Journal of Orthopaedic Surgery 1993;1(1):99-101.
Takagishi 1996 {published data only}
Teefey 2000 {published data only}
  • Teefey SA, Hasan SA, Middleton WD, Patel M, Wright RW, Yamaguchi K. Ultrasonography of the rotator cuff: A comparison of ultrasonographic and arthroscopic findings in one hundred consecutive cases. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. American Volume 2000;82(4):498-504.
Teefey 2009 {published data only}
Theodoropoulos 2010 {published data only}
  • Theodoropoulos JS, Andreisek G, Harvey EJ, Wolin P. Magnetic resonance imaging and magnetic resonance arthrography of the shoulder: Dependence on the level of training of the performing radiologist for diagnostic accuracy. Skeletal Radiology 2010;39(7):661-7.
Tirman 1994 {published data only}
  • Tirman PF, Bost FW, Steinbach LS, Mall JC, Peterfy CG, Sampson TG, et al. MR arthrographic depiction of tears of the rotator cuff: benefit of abduction and external rotation of the arm. Radiology 1994;192(3):851-6.
Torstensen 1999 {published data only}
Touzard 1991 {published data only}
  • Touzard RC, Pigeau I, Doursounian L, Maigne JY, Vadrot D. Contribution of echogradient magnetic resonance imaging in the study of subacromial diseases. Surgical and arthrographic correlations [Apport de l'IRM par echo de gradient dans l'etude de la pathologie sous-acromiale. Correlation chirurgicale et arthrographique]. Chirurgie 1991;117(7):569-76.
Toyoda 2005 {published data only}
  • Toyoda H, Ito Y, Tomo H, Nakao Y, Koike T, Takaoka K. Evaluation of rotator cuff tears with magnetic resonance arthrography. Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 2005;(439):109-15.
Traughber 1992 {published data only}
  • Traughber PD, Goodwin TE. Shoulder MRI: arthroscopic correlation with emphasis on partial tears. Journal of Computer Assisted Tomography 1992;16(1):129-33.
Traughber 1996 {published data only}
Traughber 2006 {published data only}
Tuite 1994 {published data only}
  • Tuite MJ, Yandow DR, DeSmet AA, Orwin JF, Quintana FA. Diagnosis of partial and complete rotator cuff tears using combined gradient echo and spin echo imaging. Skeletal Radiology 1994;23(7):541-5.
Tuite 1995 {published data only}
Tuite 1998 {published data only}
Tuite 2001 {published data only}
Turrin 1997 {published data only}
  • Turrin A, Cappello A, Mauri M, Zambelloni M. Echography of the shoulder with the patient supine in the diagnosis of rotator cuff rupture [L'ecografia della spalla con paziente supino nella diagnosi della rottura della cuffia dei rotatori]. Radiologia Medica 1997;94(3):170-5.
Vahlensieck 2001 {published data only}
  • Vahlensieck M. On: Indirect MR arthrography in the diagnosis rotator cuff injuries [Zu: Indirekte MR-Arthrographie in der Diagnostik von Rotatorenmanschettenlasionen]. ROFO. Fortschritte auf dem Gebiete der Rontgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin 2001;173(2):161.
Vander Maren 1995 {published data only}
  • Vander Maren C, Shahabpour M, Willems S, Vande Berg B, Handelberg F, Malghem J. The value of MRI in the evaluation of lesions of the supraspinous muscle. Multicentric retrospective study of 66 records [Interet de l'I.R.M. dans le bilan lesionnel du supra-epineux. Etude multicentrique retrospective de 66 dossiers]. Acta Orthopaedica Belgica 1995;61 Suppl 1:8-13.
Van Dyck 2009 {published data only}
  • Van Dyck P, Gielen JL, Veryser J, Weyler J, Vanhoenacker FM, Van Glabbeek F, et al. Tears of the supraspinatus tendon: assessment with indirect magnetic resonance arthrography in 67 patients with arthroscopic correlation. Acta Radiologica 2009;50(9):1057-63.
Vanecek 2000 {published data only}
  • Vanecek I, Kasparek R. Ultrasonographic examination of the rotator cuff of the shoulder: our eight-year experience [Ultrasonograficke vysetreni rotatorove manzety ramenniho kloubu - nase osmilete zkusenosti]. Acta Chirurgiae Orthopaedicae et Traumatologiae Cechoslovaca 2000;67(5):316-23.
Van Holsbeeck 1995 {published data only}
Van Moppes 1995 {published data only}
  • Van Moppes FI, Veldkamp O, Roorda J. Role of shoulder ultrasonography in the evaluation of the painful shoulder. European Journal of Radiology 1995; Vol. 19, issue 2:142-6.
Waldt 2007 {published data only}
  • Waldt S, Bruegel M, Mueller D, Holzapfel K, Imhoff AB, Rummeny EJ, et al. Rotator cuff tears: assessment with MR arthrography in 275 patients with arthroscopic correlation. European Radiology 2007;17(2):491-8.
Wallny 1999 {published data only}
  • Wallny T, Wagner UA, Prange S, Schmitt O, Reich H. Evaluation of chronic tears of the rotator cuff by ultrasound. A new index. Journal of Bone and Joint Surgery. British Volume 1999;81(4):675-8.
Walz 2007 {published data only}
Wang 1994 {published data only}
  • Wang YM, Shih TT, Jiang CC, Su CT, Huang KM, Hang YS, et al. Magnetic resonance imaging of rotator cuff lesions. Journal of the Formosan Medical Association 1994;93(3):234-9.
Weinstabl 1988 {published data only}
  • Weinstabl R, Gritzmann N, Hertz H. Significance of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of shoulder pathology [Stellenwert der Sonographie in der pathologischen Schulterdiagnostik]. Zeitschrift fur Unfallchirurgie, Versicherungsmedizin und Berufskrankheiten 1988;81(3):157-64.
Wiener 1993 {published data only}
  • Wiener SN, Seitz WH Jr. Sonography of the shoulder in patients with tears of the rotator cuff: accuracy and value for selecting surgical options. American Journal of Roentgenology 1993;160(1):103-7.
Wilson 1994 {published data only}
Wnorowski 1997 {published data only}
Wu 2003 {published data only}
  • Wu HP, Dubinsky TJ, Richardson ML. Association of shoulder sonographic findings with subsequent surgical treatment for rotator cuff injury. Journal of Ultrasound in Medicine 2003;22(2):155-61.
Yagci 2001 {published data only}
Yamakawa 2001 {published data only}
  • Yamakawa S, Hashizume H, Ichikawa N, Itadera E, Inoue H. Comparative studies of MRI and operative findings in rotator cuff tear. Acta Medica Okayama 2001;55(5):261-8.
Yeh 2003 {published data only}
  • Yeh LR, Kuen-Huang Chen C, Lai PH. MR arthrographic evaluation of the shoulder: Comparison of neutral position and ABER position. Chinese Journal of Radiology 2003;28(4):209-16.
Yeu 1994 {published data only}
  • Yeu K, Jiang CC, Shih TT. Correlation between MRI and operative findings of the rotator cuff tear. Journal of the Formosan Medical Association 1994;93(2):134-9.
Zehetgruber 2002 {published data only}
  • Zehetgruber H, Lang T, Wurnig C. Distinction between supraspinatus, infraspinatus and subscapularis tendon tears with ultrasound in 332 surgically confirmed cases. Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology 2002;28(6):711-7.
Ziegler 2004 {published data only}
  • Ziegler DW. The use of in-office, orthopaedist-performed ultrasound of the shoulder to evaluate and manage rotator cuff disorders. Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery 2004;13(3):291-7.
Zlatkin 1989 {published data only}
Zlatkin 2004 {published data only}

References to studies awaiting assessment

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
Engebretsen 1994 {published data only}
  • Engebretsen L, Craig EV, Fritts HM. Evaluation of the rotator cuff with magnetic tomography [Evaluering av skulderens rotatormuskulatur med magnettomografi]. Tidsskrift for Den Norske Laegeforening 1994;114(6):682-3.
Farin 1990 {published data only}
  • Farin P, Danner R, Jaroma H. The sonography of rotator cuff ruptures. The correlation of the sonographic, arthrographic and intraoperative findings in rotator cuff ruptures [Sonographie der Rotatorenmanschettenruptur. Korrelation sonographischer, arthrographischer und intraoperativer Befunde bei Rotatorenmanschettenrupturen]. ROFO. Fortschritte auf dem Gebiete der Rontgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin 1990;153(6):711-5.
Guo 2000 {published data only}
  • Guo A, Fujita K, Mizuno K. Diagnostic value of arthrography and MRI in rotator cuff tears. Zhonghua Wai Ke Za Zhi [Chinese Journal of Surgery] 2000;38(4):263-5.
Habermeyer 1984 {published data only}
  • Habermeyer P, Mayer R, Mayr B. Comparison of arthrography, computer tomography and ultrasonography in diagnosis of rotator cuff lesions [Vergleichende Diagnostik der Rotatoren-verletzung durch Arthrographie, Computertomographie und Sonographie]. Zeitschrift fur Unfallchirurgie, Versicherungsmedizin und Berufskrankheiten 1984;77(3):121-9.
Hedtmann 1995 {published data only}
  • Hedtmann A, Fett H. Ultrasonography of the shoulder in subacromial syndromes with disorders and injuries of the rotator cuff [Schultersonographie bei Subakromialsyndromen mit Erkrankungen und Verletzungen der Rotatorenmanschette]. Der Orthopäde 1995;24(6):498-508.
Heininger-Biner 2000 {published data only}
  • Heininger-Biner K, Muller M, Hertel R. Diagnosis of rotator cuff rupture: correlation of clinical findings and magnetic resonance tomography with intraoperative findings [Diagnostik der Rotatorenmanschettenruptur: Korrelation des klinischen Befundes und der Magnetresonanztomographie mit dem intraoperativen Befund]. Zeitschrift fur Orthopadie und Ihre Grenzgebiete 2000;138(6):478-80.
Kayser 2005 {published data only}
  • Kayser R, Hampf S, Pankow M, Seeber E, Heyde CE. Validity of ultrasound examinations of disorders of the shoulder joint [Validitat der sonographischen Untersuchung des Schultergelenkes - Prospektive, randomisierte und doppelt blinde, arthroskopisch kontrollierte Studie an 239 Fallen]. Ultraschall in der Medizin 2005;26(4):291-8.
Kenn 2000 {published data only}
  • Kenn W, Hufnagel P, Muller T, Gohlke F, Bohm D, Kellner M, et al. Arthrography, ultrasound and MRI in rotator cuff lesions: a comparison of methods in partial lesions and small complete ruptures [Arthrographie, Ultraschall und MRT bei Rotatorenmanschettenlasionen - ein Methodenvergleich bei Partiallasionen und kleinen kompletten Rupturen]. RoFo. Fortschritte auf dem Gebiete der Rontgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin 2000;172(3):260-6.
Kumagai 1991 {published data only}
  • Kumagai H, Mikasa M, Tanaka Y, Hashimoto S. MR arthrography with intraarticular Gd-DTPA in the diagnosis of rotator cuff tears. Japanese Journal of Clinical Radiology 1991;36(4):455-60.
Kumagai 1992 {published data only}
  • Kumagai H. MR imaging of rotator cuff tears. Nippon Igaku Hoshasen Gakkai Zasshi 1992;52(2):172-81.
Kumagai 1995 {published data only}
  • Kumagai H, Ito H, Kubo A. Comparison between T2*- and T2-weighted images in diagnosing rotator cuff tears. Nippon Igaku Hoshasen Gakkai Zasshi 1995;55(3):133-7.
Labanauskaite 2002 {published data only}
  • Labanauskaite G. Usefulness of ultrasonography in the diagnosis of rotator cuff tears [Ultragarsinio tyrimo reiksme diagnozuojant peties sanario rotatoriu plysimus]. Medicina 2002;38(2):131-4.
Manych 2007 {published data only}
  • Manych M. MR arthrography enables accurate diagnosis of partial-thickness rotator cuff tears [MR-Arthrographie ermöglicht zuverlässige Diagnose]. RoFo. Fortschritte auf dem Gebiet der Rontgenstrahlen und der Bildgebenden Verfahren 2007;179(9):886.
Nagamori 1995 {published data only}
  • Nagamori M, Okamura K, Usui M, Ishii S. Usefulness of MR imaging for rotator cuff tear. Hokkaido Journal of Orthopedic and Traumatic Surgery 1995;38(2):6-9.
Qu 2008 {published data only}
  • Qu N, Yao WW, Yang SX, Lu ZH. MR imaging diagnosis of shoulder joint injury. Chinese Journal of Radiology 2008;42(3):236-41.
Rudolph 2000 {published data only}
  • Rudolph J, Lorenz M, Schroder R, Sudkamp NP, Felix R, Maurer J. Indirect MR arthrography in the diagnosis of rotator cuff lesions [Indirekte MR-Arthrographie in der Diagnostik von Rotatorenmanschettenlasionen]. RoFo: Fortschritte auf dem Gebiete der Rontgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin 2000;172(8):686-91.
Sakuragi 1989 {published data only}
  • Sakuragi K. Morphological and clinical study of shoulder joint diseases by ultrasonography. Journal of the Japanese Orthopaedic Association 1989;63(11):1330-42.
Sasaki 1991 {published data only}
  • Sasaki T, Saito Y, Tarusawa K, Saikawa Y, Yodono H, Takekawa S, et al. MRI of the rotator cuff injury. Japanese Journal of Clinical Radiology 1991;36(4):461-7.
Schedel 1990 {published data only}
  • Schedel H, Hilbertz T, Fink U, Mayr B, Lehrberger K, Theermann R. Use of digital subtraction arthrography in lesions of the rotator cuff -- comparison with ultrasound [Einstz der Digitalen-Subtraktions-Arthrographie bei Lasionen der Rotatorenmanschette - Vergleich mit Ultraschall]. Digitale Bilddiagnostik 1990;10(1):30-5.
Schroder 2003 {published data only}
  • Schroder RJ, Bostanjoglo M, Kaab M, Herzog H, Hidajat N, Rottgen R, et al. Accuracy of routine MRI in lesions of the supraspinatus tendon - comparison with surgical findings [Treffsicherheit der nativen und kontrastverstarkten MRT im Routineeinsatz bei Supraspinatussehnenrupturen - Vergleich mit operativen Ergebnissen]. RoFo. Fortschritte auf dem Gebiete der Rontgenstrahlen und der Nuklearmedizin 2003;175(7):920-8.
Sell 1992 {published data only}
  • Sell S, Konig H, Gutsche I, Kusswetter W. Nuclear magnetic resonance tomography and sonography in diagnosis of lesions of the rotator cuff [Die Kernspintomographie und Sonographie in der Diagnostik von Lasionen der Rotatorenmanschette]. Sportverletz Sportschaden 1992;6(1):20-3.
Sperner 1993 {published data only}
  • Sperner G, Resch H, Golser K, Lener M, Seykora P. The value of sonography in ruptures of the rotator cuff [Die Wertigkeit der Sonographie bei Rupturen der Rotatorenmanschette]. Der Unfallchirurg 1993;96(3):119-23.
Vahlensieck 1996 {published data only}
  • Vahlensieck M, Sommer T. Indirect MR arthrography of the shoulder. An alternative to direct MR arthrography? [Indirekte MR-Arthrographie der Schulter. Alternative zur direkten MR-Arthrographie?]. Der Radiologe 1996;36(12):960-5.
Wallny 2000 {published data only}
  • Wallny T, Schild RL, Perlick L, Schultz Bertelsbeck D, Schmitt O. Three-dimensional ultrasound evaluation of the rotator cuff. Preliminary results of clinical application [Die dreidimensionale Ultraschalluntersuchung der Rotatorenmanschette. Erste Ergebnisse in der klinischen Anwendung]. Ultraschall in der Medizin 2000;21(4):180-5.
Wang 2009 {published data only}
  • Wang YL, Guo XG, Cheng LQ, Wei M, Xu X, Ma L. MR image-guided anterior direct arthrography of the shoulder. Zhongguo Gu Shang 2009;22(9):665-7.

Additional references

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
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