Intervention Review

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Non-specialist health worker interventions for the care of mental, neurological and substance-abuse disorders in low- and middle-income countries

  1. Nadja van Ginneken1,2,*,
  2. Prathap Tharyan3,
  3. Simon Lewin4,5,
  4. Girish N Rao6,
  5. SM Meera2,
  6. Jessica Pian7,
  7. Sudha Chandrashekar7,8,
  8. Vikram Patel1,2

Editorial Group: Cochrane Effective Practice and Organisation of Care Group

Published Online: 19 NOV 2013

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD009149.pub2

How to Cite

van Ginneken N, Tharyan P, Lewin S, Rao GN, Meera SM, Pian J, Chandrashekar S, Patel V. Non-specialist health worker interventions for the care of mental, neurological and substance-abuse disorders in low- and middle-income countries. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 11. Art. No.: CD009149. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD009149.pub2.

Author Information

  1. 1

    London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, Centre for Global Mental Health, London, UK

  2. 2

    Sangath, Goa, India

  3. 3

    Christian Medical College, South Asian Cochrane Network & Centre, Prof. BV Moses & ICMR Advanced Centre for Research & Training in Evidence Informed Health Care, Vellore, Tamil Nadu, India

  4. 4

    Norwegian Knowledge Centre for the Health Services, Global Health Unit, Oslo, Norway

  5. 5

    Medical Research Council of South Africa, Health Systems Research Unit, Tygerberg, South Africa

  6. 6

    National Institute of Mental Health and Neuro Sciences, Department of Epidemiology, Bangalore, Karnataka, India

  7. 7

    London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, London, UK

  8. 8

    St. Johns Research Institute, Bangalore, India

*Nadja van Ginneken, Centre for Global Mental Health, London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine, Keppel St, London, WC1E 7HT, UK.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: Edited (no change to conclusions)
  2. Published Online: 19 NOV 2013



References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
Ali 2003 RCT Pakistan {published data only}
  • Ali BS, Rahbar MH, Naeem S. The effectiveness of counselling on anxiety and depression by minimally trained counsellors: a randomised controlled trial. American Journal of Psychotherapy 2003;57(3):324-36.
  • Gul A, Ali BS. The onset and duration of benefit from counselling by minimally trained counsellors on anxiety and depression in women. Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association 2004;54(11):549-52.
Araya 2003 RCT Chile {published data only}
  • Araya R, Flynn T, Rojas G, Fritsch R, Simon G. Cost-effectiveness of a primary care treatment program for depression in low-income women in Santiago, Chile. American Journal of Psychiatry 2006;163(8):1379-87.
  • Araya R, Rojas G, Fritsch R, Gaete J, Rojas M, Simon G, et al. Treating depression in primary care in low-income women in Santiago, Chile: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2003;361(9362):995-1000.
Baker-H 2005 CRCT Jamaica {published data only}
  • Baker-Henningham H, Powell C. The effect of early stimulation on maternal depression: a cluster randomised controlled trial. Archives of Disease in Childhood 2005;80:1230-4.
Bass 2012 CBA Indonesia {published data only}
  • Bass J, Poudyal B, Tol W, Murray L, Nadison M, Bolton P. A controlled trial of problem-solving counselling for war-affected adults in Aceh, Indonesia. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 2012;47(2):279-91.
Berger2009 CRCT SriLanka {published data only}
  • Berger R, Gelkopf M. School-based intervention for the treatment of tsunami-related distress in children: a quasi-randomized controlled trial. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics 2009;78:364-71.
Bolton 2003 C-RCT Uganda {published data only}
  • Bass J, Neugebauer R. Group interpersonal psychotherapy for depression in rural Uganda: 6-month outcomes randomised controlled trial. British Journal of Psychiatry 2006;188:567-73.
  • Bolton P. Group Interpersonal Psychotherapy for Depression in Rural Uganda: a randomized controlled trial. JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association 2003;289(23):3117-24.
  • Clougherty KF, Verdeli H, Weissman MM. Interpersonal psychotherapy for group in Uganda (IPTG-U). Unpublished Manual 2002.
  • Verdeli H, Clougherty K, Bolton P, Speelman L, Lincoln N, Bass J, et al. Adapting group interpersonal psychotherapy for a developing country: experience in rural Uganda. World Psychiatry 2003;2(2):114-20.
Bolton 2007 RCT Uganda {published data only}
  • Bolton P, Bass J. Interventions for depression symptoms among adolescent survivors of war and displacement in northern Uganda. JAMA: the Journal of American Medical Association 2007;298(5):519-27.
  • Bolton P, Betancourt T, Bass J, Speelman S, Onyango G. A Randomized Controlled Trial of Group Interpersonal Psychotherapy and Creative Play for Psychosocial Problems in War-Affected Acholi Adolescents. Final Programme Report 2006.
  • Bolton P, Wilk CM, Ndogoni L. Assessment of depression prevalence in rural Uganda using symptom and function criteria. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 2004;38(6):442-7.
Brown 2009 CBA Rwanda {published data only}
  • Brown L, Thurman TR. Impact of a mentoring program on psychosocial wellbeing of youth in Rwanda: results of a quasi-experimental study. Vulnerable Children and Youth Studies 2009;4(4):288-99.
Chen 2000 RCT Taiwan {published data only}
Dias 2008 RCT India {published data only}
  • Dias A, Dewey ME, D'Souza J, Dhume R, Motghare DD, Shaji KS, et al. The effectiveness of a home care program for supporting caregivers of persons with dementia in developing countries: a randomised controlled trial from Goa, India. PLoS one 2008;3(6):e2333.
Dybdahl 2001 RCT Bosnia {published data only}
  • Dybdahl R. Child Development and Impact of Stress on Young Children. An Intervention Programme for Mothers. Prepared for the UNICEF/Centre for Crisis Psychology Psychosocial Project 1999.
  • Dybdahl R. Children and mothers in war. Child Development 2001;72(4):1214-30.
Ertl 2011 RCT Uganda {published data only}
  • Ertl V, Pfeiffer A, Schauer A, Elbert T, Neuner F. Community-implemented trauma therapy for former child soldiers in Northern Uganda: a randomised controlled trial. JAMA - Journal of the American Medical Association 2011;306(5):503-12.
Fritsch 2007 RCT Chile {published data only}
  • Fritsch R, Araya R, Solis J, Montt E, Pilowsky D, Rojas G. A randomised trial of pharmacotherapy with telephone monitoring to improve treatment of depression in primary care in Santiago, Chile. Revista Medica de Chile 2007;135(5):587-95.
Gavrilova 2009 RCT Russia {published data only}
Gordon 2008 RCT Kosovo {published data only}
Hirani 2010 CRCT Pakistan {published data only}
  • Hirani SS, Karmaliani R, Mcfarlane J, Asad N, Madhani F, Shehzad S. Testing a community derived intervention to promote women's health: preliminary results of a three-arm randomised controlled trial in Karachi, Pakistan. Southern Online Journal of Nursing Research 2010;10(3):e5.
Jenkins 2012 C-RCT Kenya {published data only}
  • Jenkins R. Assessment of the impact of a Kenya Medical Training College delivered structured five day training programme on mental health core concepts, skills and competencies on mental health for primary care staff in Kenya. ISRCTN53515024 2012:ISRCTN53515024.
  • Jenkins R, Kiima D, Njenga F, Okonji M, Kingora J, Kathuku D, et al. Integration of mental health into primary care in Kenya. World Psychiatry 2010;9(2):118-20.
  • Jenkins R, Kiima D, Okonji M, Njenga F, Kingora J, Lock S. Integration of mental health into primary care and community health working in Kenya: context, rationale, coverage and sustainability. Mental Health in Family Medicine 2010;7(1):37-47.
Jordans 2010 C-RCT Nepal {published data only}
Li 1989 RCT China {published data only}
  • Li SC. A report on a feasibility test of "community control of epilepsy" proposed by WHO. Chinese Journal of Neurology and Psychiatry 1989;22(3):144-7.
Loughry 2006 CBA Palestin {published data only}
  • Loughry M, Ager A, Flouri E, Khamis V, Afana AH, Qouta S. The impact of structured activities among Palestinian children in a time of conflict. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, and Allied Disciplines 2006;47(12):1211-8.
Lyketsos1999CBA Argentina {published data only}
  • Lyketsos CG, Taragano F, Treisman GJ, Paz J. Major depression and its response to sertraline in primary care vs psychiatric office practice patients: results of an open-label trial in Argentina. Psychosomatics 1999;40(1):70-5.
Neuner 2008 NRCT Uganda {published data only}
  • Neuner F, Onyut PL, Ertl V, Odenwald M, Schauer E, Elbert T. Treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder by trained lay counsellors in an African refugee settlement: a randomised controlled trial. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 2008;76(4):686-94.
Noknoy 2010 RCT Thailand {published data only}
  • Noknoy S, Rangsin R, Saengcharnchai P, Tantibhaedhyangkul U, McCambridge J. RCT of effectiveness of motivational enhancement therapy delivered by nurses for hazardous drinkers in primary care units in Thailand. Alcohol and Alcoholism (Oxford, Oxfordshire) 2010;45(3):263-70.
Papas 2011 RCT Kenya {published data only}
  • Papas RK, Sidle JE, Gakinya BN, Baliddawa JB, Martino S, Mwaniki MM, et al. Treatment outcomes of a stage 1 cognitive-behavioral trial to reduce alcohol use among human immunodeficiency virus-infected out-patients in Western Kenya. Addiction 2011; Vol. 106, issue 12:2156-66.
  • Papas RK, Sidle JE, Martino S, Baliddawa JB, Songole R, Omolo OE, et al. Systematic cultural adaptation of cognitive-behavioral therapy to reduce alcohol use among HIV-infected outpatients in western Kenya. AIDS and Behavior 2010;14(3):669-78.
Paranthaman2010CBAMalaysi {published data only}
  • Paranthaman V, Satnam K, Lim J-L, Amar-Singh HSS, Sararaks S, Nafiza M-N, et al. Effective implementation of a structured psychoeducation programme among caregivers of patients with schizophrenia in the community. Asian Journal of Psychiatry 2010;3(4):206-12.
Patel 2010 C-RCT India {published data only}
  • Patel V, Weiss HA, Chowdhary N, Naik S, Pednekar S, Chatterjee S, et al. Effectiveness of an intervention led by lay health counsellors for depressive and anxiety disorders in primary care in Goa, India (MANAS): a cluster randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2010;376(9758):2086-95.
  • Patel VH, Kirkwood BR, Pednekar S, Araya R, King M, Chisholm D, et al. Improving the outcomes of primary care attenders with common mental disorders in developing countries: a cluster randomised controlled trial of a collaborative stepped care intervention in Goa, India. Trials 2008;9(4):e.
Rahman 2008 CRCT Pakistan {published data only}
  • Rahman A. Challenges and opportunities in developing a psychological intervention for perinatal depression in rural Pakistan-a multi-method study. Archives of Women's Mental Health 2007;10(5):211-9.
  • Rahman A, Malik A, Sikander S, Roberts C, Creed F. Cognitive behaviour therapy-based intervention by community health workers for mothers with depression and their infants in rural Pakistan: a cluster-randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2008;372(9642):902-9.
Rojas 2007 RCT Chile {published data only}
  • Rojas G, Fritsch R, Solis J, Jadresic E, Castillo C, Gonzalez M, et al. Treatment of postnatal depression in low-income mothers in primary-care clinics in Santiago, Chile: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2007;370(9599):1629-37.
Scholte 2011 CBA Rwanda {published data only}
  • Scholte WF, Verduin F, Kamperman AM, Rutayisire T, Aeilko H. The effect on mental health of a large scale psychosocial intervention for survivors of mass violence: a quasi-experimental study in Rwanda. PLoS One 2011;6(8):e21819.
Shin 2009 RCT Vietnam {published data only}
Sutcliffe2009RCT Thailand {published data only}
  • German D, Sutcliffe CG, Sirirojn B, Sherman SG, Latkin CA, Aramrattana A, et al. Unanticipated effect of a randomised peer network intervention on depressive symptoms among young methamphetamine users in Thailand. Journal of Community Psychology 2012;40(7):799-813.
  • Sutcliffe C, Srirojn B, Latkin CA, Aramratanna A, Celentano DD, Sherman SG. Evaluation of a peer network intervention trial among young methamphetamine users in Chiang Mai, Thailand. Social Science & Medicine 2009;68(1):69-79.
Thabet 2005 CBA Palestine {published data only}
Tiwari 2010 RCT China {published data only}
  • Tiwari A, Fong DYT, Yuen KH, Yuk H, Pang P, Humphreys J, et al. Effect of an advocacy intervention on mental health in Chinese women survivors of intimate partner violence: a randomised controlled trial. JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association 2010;304(5):536-43.
Tol 2008 C-RCT Indonesia {published data only}
  • Jordans MJD, Komproe IH, Tol WA, Susanty D, Vallipuram A, Ntamatumba P, et al. Practice-driven evaluation of a multi-layered psychosocial care package for children in areas of armed conflict. Community Mental Health Journal 2011;47(3):267-77.
  • Tol WA, Komproe IH, Jordans MJD, Gross AL, Susanty D, Macy RD, et al. Mediators and moderators of a psychosocial intervention for children affected by political violence. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 2010;78(6):818-28.
  • Tol WA, Komproe IH, Susanty D, Jordans MJD, Macy RD, De Jong Joop TVM. School-based mental health intervention for children affected by political violence in Indonesia: a cluster randomised trial. JAMA: the Journal of the American Medical Association 2008;300(6):655-62.
Tol 2012 C-RCT SriLanka {published data only}
  • Jordans MJD, Komproe IH, Tol WA, Susanty D, Vallipuram A, Ntamatumba P, et al. Practice-driven evaluation of a multi-layered psychosocial care package for children in areas of armed conflict. Community Mental Health Journal 2011;47(3):267-77.
  • Tol WA, Komproe IH, Jordans MJD, Vallipuram A, Sipsma H, Sivayokan S, et al. Outcomes and moderators of a preventive school-based mental health intervention for children affected by war in Sri Lanka: a cluster randomised trial. World Psychiatry: Official Journal of the World Psychiatric Association (WPA) 2012;11(2):114-22.
Wolmer 2005 CBA Turkey {published data only}
Yeomans 2010 RCT Burundi {published data only}
  • Yeomans PD, Forman EM, Herbert James D, Yuen E. A randomized trial of a reconciliation workshop with and without PTSD psychoeducation in Burundian sample. Journal of Traumatic Stress 2010;23(2):305-12.
Zambori 2002 CBA Hungary {published data only}
  • Zambori J, Szadoczky E, Rozsa S, Furedi J. Cost-outcome of anxiety treatment intervention in primary care in Hungary. Journal of Mental Health Policy and Economics 2002;5:115-20.

References to studies excluded from this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
Abiodun 1991 {published data only}
  • Abiodun OA. Knowledge and attitude concerning mental health of primary health care workers in Nigeria. International Journal of Social Psychiatry 1991;37(2):113-20.
Acha 2007 {published data only}
  • Acha J, Sweetland A, Guerra D, Chalco K, Castillo H, Palacios E. Psychosocial support groups for patients with multidrug-resistant tuberculosis: five years of experience. Global Public Health: an International Journal for Research, Policy and Practice 2007;2(4):404-17.
Acuda 1992 {published data only}
  • Acuda W. Nairobi, Kenya. In: Babor TF, Grant M editor(s). Identification and Management of Alcohol-related Problems: Report on Phase II, a Randomized Clinical Trial of Brief Interventions in Primary Health Care. 91. Geneva: World Health Organization, 1992:113-28.
Adamolekun 2000 {published data only}
Adams 2012 {published data only}
  • Adams JL, Almond MLG. Feasibility of nurse-led antidepressant medication management of depression in an HIV clinic in Tanzania. International Journal of Psychiatry in Medicine 2012;43(2):105-17.
Ahn 2004 {published data only}
  • Ahn Y-M, Kim M-R. The effects of a home-visiting discharge education on maternal self-esteem, maternal attachment, postpartum depression and family function in the mothers of NICU infants. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing 2004;34(8):1468-76.
Ali 2010 {published data only}
  • Ali NS, Ali BS, Azam IS, Khuwaja AK. Effectiveness of counselling for anxiety and depression in mothers of children ages 0-30 months by community workers in Karachi, Pakistan: a quasi experimental study. BMC Psychiatry 2010;10:57.
Alvarado 2011 {published data only}
  • Alvarado R, Rojas G. Evaluation of the program for detection and treatment of depression in Chilean primary health care centers. Revista Médica de Chile 2011;139(5):592-9.
Anand 2005 {published data only}
Apil 2011 {published data only}
Aravena 2011 {published data only}
  • Aravena CP, Ruiz GP. Experience of implementing a mental health first response polyclinic in a primary health centre [Experiencia en la implementacion de un policlinico de Choque de salud mental en un establecimiento de atencion primaria]. Cuadernos médico-sociales 2011;51(1):5-15.
Arcel 1995 {published data only}
  • Arcel LT, Folnegovic-Smalc V, Kozaric-Kovacic D, Marusic A. Psycho-Social Help to War Victims: Refugee Women and their Families. International Rehabilitation Council for Torture Victims, 1995, 1995.
Armstrong 2011 {published data only}
  • Armstrong G, Kermode M, Raja S, Suja S, Chandra P, Jorm AF. A mental health training program for community health workers in India: impact on knowledge and attitudes. International Journal of Mental Health Systems 2011; Vol. 5, issue 1:17.
Babor 1992 {published data only}
  • Babor T, Grant M. Identification and Management of Alcohol-related Problems: Report on Phase II, a Randomised Clinical Trial of Brief Interventions in Primary Health Care. Geneva, Switzerland: World Health Organization, 1992:266.
Babor 1994 {published data only}
Bae 2009 {published data only}
Baker-Henningham 2009 {published data only}
Bakran 2001 {published data only}
  • Bakran Z, Bobinac-Georgievski A, Dzidic I, Jelic M, Eldar R. Medical rehabilitation in Croatia - impact of the 1991-1995 war: past problems, present state, future concerns. Croatian Medical Journal 2001;42(5):556-64.
Balaji 2011 {published data only}
  • Balaji M, Andrews T, Andrew G, Patel V. The acceptability, feasibility, and effectiveness of a population-based intervention to promote youth health: an exploratory study in Goa, India. The Journal of Adolescent Health: Official Publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine 2011;48(5):453-60.
Ball 2000 {published data only}
Bangirana 2006 {published data only}
Barcala 2009 {published data only}
  • Barcala A, Torricelli F, Alvarez ZP, Marotta J. Programa de atencion comunitaria a ninos, ninas y adolescentes con trastornos metales severos. Vertex: revista argentina de psiquiatria 2009;XX:282-92.
Becker 2006 {published data only}
Becker 2007 {published data only}
  • Becker SM. Psychosocial care for adult and child survivors of the tsunami disaster in India. Journal of Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Nursing 2007;20(3):148-55.
Becker 2009 {published data only}
Beckerleg 1996 {published data only}
  • Beckerleg S. Private struggles, public support: rehabilitating heroin users in Kenya. Drugs: Education, Prevention, and Policy 1996;3(2):159-69.
Bedregal 2010 {published data only}
  • Bedregal P, Hernandez V, Prado P, Castanon C, Mingo V, de la Cruz R. Preliminary Report of a Governmental Program on Children Psychosocial Development Care in Chile. Revista Medica Chile 2010;138:791-3.
Bellali 2006 {published data only}
Berman 1993 {published data only}
  • Berman R, Roel G. Encounter with death and destruction: the 1985 Mexico City earthquake. Group Analysis 1993;26:81-9.
Bichescu 2007 {published data only}
  • Bichescu D, Neuner F, Schauer M, Elbert T. Narrative exposure therapy for political imprisonment-related chronic posttraumatic stress disorder and depression. Behaviour Research and Therapy 2007;45(9):2212-20.
Blair 2006 {published data only}
  • Blair KC, Liaupsin CJ, Umbreit J, Kweon G. Function-based intervention to support the inclusive placements of young children. Education and Training in Developmental Disabilities 2006;41(1):48-57.
Boavida 2000 {published data only}
Bochen 2006 {published data only}
  • Bochen D. The role of music therapy in care of terminally ill cancer patients. Onkologia Polska 2006;9(4):133-6.
Bondy 1993 {published data only}
  • Bondy AS, Frost LA. Mands across the water: a report on the application of the picture-exchange communication system in Peru. The Behavior Analyst 1993;16:123-8.
Booth 2011 {published data only}
  • Booth RE, Lehman WEK, Latkin CA, Dvoryak S, Brewster JT, Royer MS, et al. Individual and network interventions with injection drug users in 5 Ukraine cities. American Journal of Public Health 2011;101(2):336-43.
Boothby 2011 {published data only}
  • Boothby N. Evaluating treatment of Axis I mental health disorders in Aceh, Indonesia. The Psychiatrist 2011;35:248-55.
Borucka 2003 {published data only}
  • Borucka A, Pisarska A, Okulicz-Kozaryn K. Evaluation of a school-based intervention method for drug using students. Medycyna Wieku Rozwojowego 2003;1(2):157-72.
Bower 2001 {published data only}
Boyadjieva 1992 {published data only}
  • Boyadjieva M. Centre report: Pleven, Bulgaria. In: Babor TF, Grant M editor(s). Identification and Management of Alcohol-related Problems: Report on Phase II, a Randomised Clinical Trial of Brief Interventions in Primary Health Care. Geneva: World Health Organization, 1992:91-103.
Bragin 2007 {published data only}
  • Bragin M, Prabhu V, Czarnocha B. Mathematics, psychosocial work and human rights: a unique partnership between technical consultants and community organisers in India. Intervention 2007;5(2):97-108.
Brown 2005 {published data only}
Cabildo 1973 {published data only}
Caciula 2010 {published data only}
  • Caciula I, Livingston G, Caciula R, Cooper C. Recognition of elder abuse by home care workers and older people in Romania. International Psychogeriatrics 2010;22(3):403-8.
Caciula 2010a {published data only}
  • Caciula I, Livingston G, Caciula R, Cooper Ca. Recognition of elder abuse by home care workers and older people in Romania. International Psychogeriatrics 2010;22(3):403-8.
Calderon 2008 {published data only}
  • Calderon Diana. Programme to improve psychosocial elements with creative techniques (a youth intervention including treatment for drug abuse) [Programa para mejorar las habilidades psicosociales con tecnicas creativas (intervencion para jovenes en tratamiento por drogadependencia)]. Facultad de Ciencias Medicas. Cordoba: Universidad nacional de Cordoba, 2008; Vol. Magister e:176.
Campillo 1992 {published data only}
  • Campillo SC, Martinez DRD, MMR Mendoza, Sanchez JC, Velazquez JV. Centre report: Mexico City, Mexico. In: Babor TF, Grant M editor(s). Identification and Management of Alcohol-related Problems: Report on Phase II, a Randomised Clinical Trial of Brief Interventions in Primary Health Care. 91. Geneva: World Health Organization, 1992:129-42.
Carli 2010 {published data only}
  • Carli V, C Wasserman, C Hoven, M Sarchiapone, D Wasserman. SAYLE health promoting programme adolescents (risk taking and suicide behaviours). Proceedings of the 18th European Congress of Psychiatry; 2010 Feb 27-Mar 2; Munich. 2010.
Castellarin 1985 {published data only}
  • Castellarin C. Evaluation of a rehabilitation service for the psychosocially chronic patient [Avaliacao de um servico de reabilitacao de doentes psicossocialmente cronicos]. Revista de psiquiatria do Rio Grande do Sul 1985;7(3):199-215.
Catani 2009 {published data only}
  • Catani C, Kohiladevy M, Ruf M, Schauer E, Elbert T, Neuner F. Treating children traumatized by war and Tsunami: a comparison between exposure therapy and meditation-relaxation in North-East Sri Lanka. BMC Psychiatry 2009;9(1):22.
Cavlek 2006 {published data only}
  • Cavlek T, Rezek S, Bartolic A, Dosen D, Jaksic A. Team approach to the treatment of school children with chronic non-communicable diseases: a model and efficiency. Paediatria Croatica 2006;50:79-84.
Cereceda 2011 {published data only}
  • Cereceda Pablo Aravena, Gonzalez Patricio Ruiz. Experience of implementing a mental health first response polyclinic in a primary health center [Experiencia en la implementacion de un policlinico de choque de salud mental en un etablecimiento de atencion primaria]. Cuadernos médico-sociales 2011;51(1):5-15.
Cerny 1975 {published data only}
Chang 2000 {published data only}
  • Chang T, Li I. The effect of social support intervention on home-bound stroke patients' physical and mental health in the Ilan area [in Chinese]. The Journal of Nursing (Taiwan) 2000;8(4):423-34.
Chankrachang 2009 {published data only}
  • Chankrachang S. The evaluation of the first caregiver training program from patient with dementia in Thailand. Journal of the Neurological Sciences 2009;285(Suppl 1):S130.
Chapman 1988 {published data only}
Chatterjee 2003 {published data only}
  • Chatterjee S, Patel V, Chatterjee A, Weiss HA. Evaluation of a community-based rehabilitation model for chronic schizophrenia in rural India. British Journal of Psychiatry 2003;182:57-62.
Chatterjee 2005 {published data only}
Chatterjee 2009 {published data only}
  • Chatterjee S, Pillai A, Jain S, Cohen A, Patel V. Outcomes of people with psychotic disorders in a community-based rehabilitation programme in rural India. British Journal of Psychiatry 2009;195(5):433-9.
Chen 2000a {published data only}
  • Chen C-H, Tseng Y-F, Chou F-H, Wang Sg-Y. Effects of support group intervention in postnatally distressed women: a controlled study in Taiwan. Journal of Psychosomatic Research 2000;49(6):395-9.
Chhabra 2010 {published data only}
  • Chhabra R, Springer C, Leu C-S, Ghosh S, Sharma SK, Rapkin B. Adaptation of an alcohol and HIV school-based prevention program for teens. AIDS and Behavior 2010;14(1):S177-84.
Chibanda 2011 {published data only}
  • Chibanda D, Mesu P, Kajawu L, Cowan F, Araya R, Abas MA. Problem-solving therapy for depression and common mental disorders in Zimbabwe: piloting a task-shifting primary mental health care intervention in a population with a high prevalence of people living with HIV. BMC Public Health 2011;11:828.
Chien 2008 {published data only}
  • Chien W-T, Thompson DR, Norman I. Evaluation of a peer-led mutual support group for Chinese families of people with schizophrenia. American Journal of Community Psychology 2008;42(1-2):122-34.
Chisholm 2000 {published data only}
  • Chisholm D, Sekar K, Kumar Kishore, Saeed K, James S, Mubbashar M, et al. Integration of mental health care into primary care. Demonstration cost-outcome study in India and Pakistan. British Journal of Psychiatry 2000;176:581-8.
Cho 2011 {published data only}
  • Cho S-C, Kim H-W, Kim B-N, Shin M-S, Yoo HJ, Kim J-W, et al. Are teacher ratings and parent ratings differently associated with children's intelligence and cognitive performance?. Psychiatry Investigation 2011;8:15-21.
Chou 2002 {published data only}
Chow 2010 {published data only}
  • Chow W, Law S, Andermann L, Yang J, Leszcz M, Wong J, et al. Multi-family psycho-education group for assertive community treatment clients and families of culturally diverse background: a pilot study. Community Mental Health Journal 2010;46(4):364-71.
Chowdhury 2004 {published data only}
  • Chowdhury AN, Brahma A, Banerjee S. How to operationalise community mental health service at the primary care? Experience of IRMC model from Sundarban, India. International Medical Journal 2004;11(2):105-10.
Chowdhury 2005 {published data only}
  • Chowdhury AN, Brahma A, Banerjee S, Biswas MK. Psychiatric morbidity at primary care: study from a community mental health clinic at Sundarban, India. International Medical Journal 2005;12(1):11-8.
Climent 1981 {published data only}
  • Climent C E, De Arango M V. Primary mental health care in Latin America. The Cali program. Acta Psiquiatrica y Psicologica de America Latina 1981;27(4-5):257-74.
Climent 1983 {published data only}
Colon de Marti 1993 {published data only}
  • Colon de Marti Luz N. Day-treatment center: its origin and impact mental health services for children and adolescents [El centro de tratamiento diurno: su origen e impacto en los servicios de salud mental para ninos y adolescentes]. Boletin de la Asociacion Medica de Puerto Rico 1993;85(1/3):27-33.
Cooper 2002 {published data only}
  • Cooper PJ, Landman M, Tomlinson M, Molteno C, Swartz L, Murray L. Impact of a mother-infant intervention in an indigent peri-urban South African context: pilot study. British Journal of Psychiatry 2002;180(1):76-81.
Cooper 2009 {published data only}
  • Cooper PJ, Tomlinson M, Swartz L, Landman M, Molteno C, Stein A, et al. Improving quality of mother-infant relationship and infant attachment in socioeconomically deprived community in South Africa: randomised controlled trial. BMJ (Clinical Research Ed.) 2009;338:b974.
Coyle 1998 {published data only}
Crawford 2004 {published data only}
  • Crawford MJ, Patton R, Touquet R, Drummond C, Byford S, Barrett B, et al. Screening and referral for brief intervention of alcohol-misusing patients in an emergency department: a pragmatic randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2004;364(9442):1334-39.
Cummings 2008 {published data only}
  • Cummings SM, Long JK, Peterson-Hazan S, Harrison J. The efficacy of a group treatment model in helping spouses meet the emotional and practical challenges of early stage caregiving. Journal of Aging & Mental Health 2008;20(1):29-45.
Dabrowski 1998 {published data only}
  • Dabrowski S, Brodniak W, Gierlacki J, Welbel S. Community self-help houses as a form of community social support. Psychiatria Polska 1998;32(4):453-62.
Das 2006 {published data only}
  • Das S, Saravanan B, Karunakaran KP, Manoranjitham S, Ezhilarasu P, Jacob KS. Effect of a structured educational intervention on explanatory models of relatives of patients with schizophrenia: randomised controlled trial. British Journal of Psychiatry 2006;188(3):286-7.
Davis 1988 {published data only}
  • Davis B, Reis J. Implementation and preliminary evaluation of a community-based prenatal health education programme. Family and Community Health 1988;11(1):8-16.
De Arellano 2005 {published data only}
  • De Arellano MA, Waldrop AE, Deblinger E, Cohen JA, Danielson CK, Mannarino AR. Community outreach programme for child victims of traumatic events: a community-based project for underserved populations. Behavior Modification 2005;29(1):130-55.
De Clercq 2001 {published data only}
  • De Clercq L, Lagerkvist B, Kapelanovic T, Puratic V. Assessment of community mental health care in the Federation of Bosnia-Hercegovina (FBH) after the 1992-95 war. Medicinski arhiv 2001;55(2):105-12.
De Jong 1996 {published data only}
  • De Jong JTVM. A comprehensive public mental health programme in Guinea-Bissau: a useful model for African, Asian and Latin-American countries. Psychological Medicine 1996;26(01):97-108.
Dernovsek 2010 {published data only}
  • Dernovsek M, Sprah L. Assessment of the preventive and promotion activities in the mental health area in 12 Slovenian regions. Conference: 18th European Congress of Psychiatry Munich Germany.Conference Start: 27 February - 2 March. European Psychiatry. 2010.
Devaramane 2011 {published data only}
  • Devaramane V, Pai NB, Vella S-L. The effect of a brief family intervention on primary carer ' s functioning and their schizophrenic relatives levels of psychopathology in India. Asian Journal of Psychiatry 2011;4(3):183-7.
Devine 2007 {published data only}
  • Devine A, Kermode M, Chandra P, Herrman H. A participatory intervention to improve the mental health of widows of injecting drug users in north-east India as a strategy for HIV prevention. BMC International Health and Human Rights 2007;7(1):3.
Dias 2004 {published data only}
Diken 2010 {published data only}
  • Diken IH, Cavkaytar A, Sema BE, Bozkurt F, Kurtyilmaz Y. First step to success - a school/home intervention program for preventing problem behaviors in young children: Examining the effectiveness and social validity in Turkey. Emotional & Behavioural Difficulties 2010;15(3):207-21.
Dorji 2006 {published data only}
Dvorin 1989 {published data only}
  • Dvorin DV, Kuznet ME. Current approaches to conducting anti-alcohol health education work by paramedical personnel. Feldsher Akush 1989;8:38-42.
Eaton 2008 {published data only}
  • Eaton J, Agomoh AO. Developing mental health services in Nigeria: the impact of a community-based mental health awareness programme. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 2008;43(7):552-8.
Ehntholt 2005 {published data only}
  • Ehntholt KA. School-based cognitive-behavioural therapy group intervention for refugee children who have experienced war-related trauma. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry 2005;10(2):235-50.
Eickmann 2003 {published data only}
El Gaili 2002 {published data only}
  • El Gaili DE, Magzoub MM, Schmidt HG. The Impact of a community-oriented medical school on mental health services. Education for Health 2002;15(2):149-57.
El Sayed 2002 {published data only}
  • El Sayed EM. Evaluation of self care programme of mentally retarded children at Alwafaa volunteering social centre, Sohar Wilayat, Sultanate of Oman. Alexandria Journal of Pediatrics 2002;20(1):1-7.
Ensink 2007 {published data only}
  • Ensink K, Robertson BA, Zissis C, Leger P, de Jager W. Conduct disorder among children in an informal settlement. South African Medical Journal 2007;87(11):1533-7.
Erbas 2004 {published data only}
  • Erbas D. Comparison of two approaches for identifying reinforcers in teaching figure coloring to students with Down syndrome. Education and Training in Developmental Disabilities 2004;39(3):253-64.
Ezard 2010 {published data only}
  • Ezard N, Annabel D, Catillon R. Screening and brief intervention for high-risk alcohol use in Mae La refugee camp, Thailand: a pilot project on the feasibility of training and implementation. Intervention 2010;8(3):223-32.
Farooq 2011 {published data only}
  • Farooq S, Nazar Z, Irfan M, Akhter J, Gul E, Irfan U, et al. Schizophrenia medication adherence in a resource-poor setting: randomised controlled trial of supervised treatment in out-patients for schizophrenia (STOPS). British Journal of Psychiatry 2011;199:467-72.
Fawzy 2012 {published data only}
  • Fawzy FI, Fawzy NW, Hyun CS, ER, Guthrie D, Fahey JL, et al. Malignant melanoma. Effects of an early structured psychiatric intervention, coping, and affective state on recurrence and survival 6 years later. Archives of General Psychiatry 2012;50(9):681-9.
Fayyad 2010 {published data only}
  • Fayyad JA, Farah L, Cassir Y, Salamoun MM, Karam EG. Dissemination of an evidence-based intervention to parents of children with behavioral problems in a developing country. European Child & Adolescent Psychiatry 2010;19(8):629-36.
Feksi 1991 {published data only}
Feksi 1991a {published data only}
Fernandes 2007 {published data only}
  • Fernandes PT, Noronha ALA, Sander JW, Bell GS. Training the trainers and disseminating information: a strategy to educate health professionals on epilepsy. Arquivos de Neuropsiquiatria 2007;65(1):14-22.
Fernandes 2011 {published data only}
  • Fernandes PT, Shih L, Hui L, Correa C, Felice N, Min L. Social Interaction Group (GIS): A strategy of empowerment for people with epilepsy [Grupos de Interação Social (GIS): estratégia de empowerment para pessoas com epilepsia]. Journal of Epilepsy and Clinical Neurophysiology 2011;17(2):70-4.
Ferrinho 1993 {published data only}
  • Ferrinho P, Robb D, Cornielje H, Rex G. Primary health care in support of community development. World Health Forum 1993;14(2):158-62.
Fischman 1990 {published data only}
Fleischmann 2008 {published data only}
  • Fleischmann A, Bertolote JM, Wasserman D, De Leo D, Bolhari J, Botega NJ, et al. Effectiveness of brief intervention and contact for suicide attempters: a randomized controlled trial in five countries. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2008;86(9):703-9.
Fleming 1999 {published data only}
  • Fleming MF, Manwell LB, Barry KL, Adams W, Stauffacher EA. Brief physician advice for alcohol problems in older adults: a randomized community-based trial. Journal of Family Practice 1999;48(5):378-84.
Friedlander 1985 {published data only}
  • Friedlander SR, Watkins EC. Therapeutic aspects of support groups for parents of the mentally retarded. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy 1985;35(1):64-78.
Futterman 2010 {published data only}
  • Futterman D, Shea J, Besser M, Stafford S, Desmond K, Comulada WS, et al. Mamekhaya: a pilot study combining a cognitive-behavioral intervention and mentor mothers with PMTCT services in South Africa. AIDS care 2010;22(9):1093-100.
Gardner 2003 {published data only}
  • Gardner JM, Walker SP, Powell CA, Grantham-McGregor S. A randomized controlled trial of a home-visiting intervention on cognition and behavior in term low birth weight infants. Journal of Pediatrics 2003;143(5):634-9.
Gentilello 1999 {published data only}
  • Gentilello LM, Rivara FP, Donovan DM, Jurkovich GJ, Daranciang E, Dunn CW, et al. Alcohol interventions in a trauma centre as a means of reducing the risk of injury recurrence. Annals of Surgery 1999;230(4):473-83.
Ghasseimi 2005 {published data only}
  • Ghasseimi GR, Assadulahi GA, Mallik S. Family education and social adjustment of psychiatric clients. Medical Journal of Islamic World Academy of Sciences 2005;15(12):73-80.
Ghosh 2004 {published data only}
Giannopoulou 2006 {published data only}
  • Giannopoulou I, Dikaiakou A, Yule W. Cognitive-behavioural group intervention for PTSD symptoms in children following the Athens 1999 earthquake: A pilot study. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry 2006;11(4):543-53.
Goenjian 1997 {published data only}
Goldin 2008 {published data only}
  • Goldin S, Hagglof B, Levin L, Persson LA. Mental health of Bosnian refugee children: a comparison of clinician appraisal with parent, child and teacher reports. Nordic Journal of Psychiatry 2008;62(3):204-16.
Gondim 2001 {published data only}
  • Gondim DSM. Analysis of the implementation of a service of psychiatric emergency in the Municipal district of Campos: innovation or reproduction of an assistance model? [Análise da implantação de um serviço de emergência psiquiátrica no município de Campos: inovação ou reprodução do modelo assistencial?]. Masters Dissertation. Fundação Oswaldo CruzEscola Nacional de Saúde Pública 2001:p119.
Goodfriend 2004 {published data only}
Gordon 2004 {published data only}
Gruber 2005 {published data only}
  • Gruber EN, Kajevic M, Bjedov M, Agius M. A combination of psychodynamic, supportive and psycho-educational approaches in parents of patients with schizophrenia [in Croatian]. Soc Psihijat 2005;33:3-9.
Guerra 2011 {published data only}
  • Guerra M, Ferri CP, Fonseca M, Banerjee S, Prince M. Helping carers to care: the 10/66 dementia research group's randomized control trial of a caregiver intervention in Peru. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria 2011;33(1):47.
Guinhouya 2010 {published data only}
  • Guinhouya KM, Aboki A, Kombate D, Kumako V, Apetse K, Belo M, et al. The epilepsy treatment gap in six primary care centres in Togo (2007-2009). Cahiers Sante. Guinhouya, Kokou Mensah: Service de Neurologle CHU de Lome-Tokoin, Lome, Togo, BP 57, John Libbey Eurotext, 2010; Vol. 20, issue 2:93-7.
Guzman 1985 {published data only}
  • Guzman-Baird M, Florenzano-Urzua R. Secondary prevention for alcoholism and drug addiction: a mental health care centre for adolescents in the Comuna de La Reina [Prevencion secundaria de alcoholismo y drogadiccion: un centro de atencion de la salud mental de adolescentes en la Comuna de La Reina]. Revista Brasileira de Psiquiatria 1985;7(24):23-31.
Hamadani 2006 {published data only}
  • Hamadani JD, Huda SN, Khatun F, Grantham-McGregor SM. Psychosocial stimulation improves the development of undernourished children in rural Bangladesh. The journal of Nutrition 2006;136(10):2645-52.
Han 2010 {published data only}
  • Han YR, Song MS, Lim JY. The effects of a cognitive enhancement group training program for community-dwelling elders [in Korean]. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing 2010;40(5):724-35.
Harder 2012 {published data only}
  • Harder VS, Mutiso VN, Khasakhala LI, Burke HM, Ndetei DM. Multiple traumas, post-election violence, and posttraumatic stress among impoverished Kenyan youth. Journal of Traumatic Stress. United States: Africa Mental Health Foundation, Nairobi, Kenya., 2012; Vol. 25, issue 1:64-70.
Harding 1983 {published data only}
  • Harding TW, Busnello EA, Climet CE, El-Hakim A, Giel R, Ibrahim HHA, et al. The WHO collaborative study on strategies for extending mental health care. III: evaluative design and illustrative results. The American Journal of Psychiatry 1983;140(11):1481-5.
Harris 1985 {published data only}
  • Harris MJ, Fisher BS. Group therapy in the treatment of female partners of Vietnam veterans. Journal for Specialists in Group Work 1985;10(1):44-50.
Hasanovic 2009 {published data only}
  • Hasanovic M, Srabovic S, Rasidovic M, Sehovic M, Hasanbasic E, Husanovic J, et al. Psychosocial assistance to students with posttraumatic stress disorder in primary and secondary schools in post-war Bosnia Herzegovina. Psychiatria Danubina 2009;21(4):463-73.
Heather 2006 {published data only}
  • Heather N. WHO collaborative project on identification and management of alcohol-related problems in primary health care. Report on Phase IV. Development of country-wide strategies for implementing early identification and brief intervention in primary health care. World Health Organization 2006:41-51 and 173-189.
Hegerl 2009 {published data only}
  • Hegerl U, Wittenburg L, Arensman E, Audenhove CV, Coyne JC, McDaid D, et al. Optimizing suicide prevention programmes and their implementation in Europe (OSPI Europe): an evidence-based multi-level approach. BMC Public Health 2009;9(428):1-8.
Heh 2003 {published data only}
Hensel-Dittmann 2011 {published data only}
  • Hensel-Dittmann D, Schauer M. Treatment of traumatized victims of war and torture: A randomised controlled comparison of narrative exposure therapy and stress inoculation training. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics 2011;80:345-52.
Hernandez 2003 {published data only}
  • Hernandez FLJ. Evaluation of results and impact of the first phase of a community-based mental health model in localities in Bogotá, D.C. [Evaluación de resultados e impactos de un modelo de salud mental basado en la comunidad en localidades de Bogotá, D.C.]. Revista de Salud Publica 2003;5(3):272-83.
Hu 2006a {published data only}
  • Hu HY, Tang M-N, Ma C, Miao G-D, Hu W-S, Zheng H-B. Evaluation on the effects of community management mode in improving the quality of life in patients with dementia [in Chinese]. Chinese Journal of Clinical Rehabilitation 2006;10(14):3-6.
Idris 2006 {published data only}
  • Idris N. Exploring the effects of TI-84 Plus on achievement and anxiety in mathematics. Eurasia Journal of Mathematics, Science & Technology Education 2006;2(3):66-78.
Igreja 2004 {published data only}
  • Igreja V, Kleijn WC, Schreuder BJN, van Dijk JA, Verschuur M. Testimony method to ameliorate post-traumatic stress symptoms: community-based intervention study with Mozambican civil war survivors. British Journal of Psychiatry 2004;184(3):251-7.
Ivanets 1992 {published data only}
  • Ivanets NN, Lukomskaya MI. Moscow, USSR. In: Babor TF, Grant M editor(s). Identification and management of alcohol-related problems: report on phase II, a randomized clinical trial of brief interventions in primary health care. Geneva: World Health Organisation, 1992:157-74.
Jacob 2007a {published data only}
Jacob 2007b {published data only}
Jain 2010 {published data only}
  • Jain S. The role of paraprofessionals in providing treatment for posttraumatic stress disorder in low-resource communities. Journal of the American Medical Association 2010;304(5):571-2.
James 2006 {published data only}
  • James S, Reddy P, Ruiter RAC, McCauley A, van den Borne B. The impact of an HIV and AIDS life skills programme on secondary school students in KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa. AIDS Education and Prevention 2006;18(4):281-94.
Jenkins 2007 {published data only}
  • Jenkins R, Lancashire S, McDaid D, Samyshkin Y, Green S, Watkins J, et al. Mental health reform in the Russian Federation: an integrated approach to achieve social inclusion and recovery. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2007;85(11):858-66.
Johnson 2011 {published data only}
  • Johnson S, Hinton M, Pilling S, Bebbington P, Hobbs L, Cohen S. Strategies for implementation of early intervention for psychosis in a catchment area mental health system: a mixed methods comparison. Psychiatrische Praxis. 2011; Vol. 38, issue S 01.
Jordan 2006 {published data only}
  • Jordan K. A case study: how a disaster mental health volunteer provided spiritually, culturally, and historically sensitive trauma training to teacher-counselors and other mental health professionals in Sri Lanka, 4 weeks after the tsunami. Brief Treatment and Crisis Intervention 2006;6(4):316-25.
Kaaya 1992 {published data only}
  • Kaaya S, Goldberg D, Gask L. Management of somatic presentations of psychiatric illness in general medical settings: evaluation of a new training course for general practitioners. Medical Education 1992;25(2):138-44.
Kabura 2005 {published data only}
Kaiser 1998 {published data only}
  • Kaiser C, Asaba G, Mugisa C, Kipp W, Kasoro S, Rubaale T, et al. Antiepileptic drug treatment in rural Africa: involving the community. Tropical Doctor 1998;28(2):73-7.
Kalichman 2007 {published data only}
  • Kalichman SC, Simbayi LC, Phil D, Vermaak R, Cain D, Jooste S, et al. HIV/AIDS risk reduction counseling for alcohol using sexually transmitted infections clinic patients in Cape Town, South Africa. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndrome 2007;44(5):594-600.
Kalichman 2008 {published data only}
  • Kalichman SC, Simbayi LC, Vermaak R, Cain D, Smith G, Mthebu J, et al. Randomized trial of a community-based alcohol-related HIV risk-reduction intervention for men and women in Cape Town South Africa. Annals of Behavioral Medicine 2008;36:270-9.
Kalichman 2009 {published data only}
  • Kalichman SC, Simbayi LC, Cloete A, Clayford M, Arnolds W, Mxoli M, et al. Integrated gender-based violence and HIV risk reduction intervention for South African men: results of a quasi-experimental field trial. Prevention Science 2009;10(3):260-9.
Karnell 2006 {published data only}
  • Karnell AP, Cupp PK, Zimmerman RS, Feist-Price S, Bennie T. Efficacy of an American alcohol and HIV prevention curriculum adapted for use in South Africa: Results of a pilot study in five township schools. AIDS Education and Prevention 2006;18(4):295-310.
Kermode 2008 {published data only}
  • Kermode M, Devine A, Chandra P, Dzuvichu B, Gilbert T, Herrman H. Some peace of mind: assessing a pilot intervention to promote mental health among widows of injecting drug users in north-east India. BMC Public Health 2008;8(1):294.
Khamis 2004 {published data only}
  • Khamis V, Macy R. The impact of the classroom / community / camp-based intervention ( CBI ) program on Palestinian children. Save The Children. New York, 2004:104.
Khan 2009 {published data only}
  • Khan TM, Arif NHB, Tahir H, Anwar M. Role of the husband's knowledge and behaviour in postnatal depression: a case study of an immigrant Pakistani woman. Mental Health in Family Medicine 2009;6:195-201.
Kim 2001 {published data only}
Kitsumban 2009 {published data only}
  • Kitsumban V, Thapinta D, Sirindharo PB, Anders RL. Effect of cognitive mindfulness practice program on depression among elderly Thai women. Thai Journal of Nursing Research 2009;13(2):95-108.
Klein 2012 {published data only}
Kozinzky 2012 {published data only}
  • Kozinzky Z, Dudas RB, Devosa I, Csatordai S, Toth E, Szabo D, et al. Can a brief antepartum preventive group intervention help reduce postpartum depressive symptomatology?. Psychotherapy and Psychosomatics 2012;81:98-107.
Kozulin 2010 {published data only}
  • Kozulin A, Lebeer J, Madella-Noja A, Gonzalez F, Jeffrey I, Rosenthal N, et al. Cognitive modifiability of children with developmental disabilities: a multicentre study using Feuerstein's instrumental enrichment-basic program. Research in Developmental Disabilities 2010;31(2):551-9.
Kunz 2004 {published data only}
  • Kunz FM, French MT, Bazargan-Hejazi S. Cost-effectiveness analysis of a brief intervention delivered to problem drinkers presenting at an inner-city hospital emergency department. Journal of Studies on Alcohol 2004;65(3):363-70.
Lafalaise 2003 {published data only}
  • Lafalaise EM. In Haiti a program linking the educational, research, and professional communities with psychological services, education, and training at the mental health hospitals. Dissertation Abstracts International 2003; Vol. 64, issue 5.
Lara 2003 {published data only}
Leitch 2009 {published data only}
  • Leitch L, Miller-Karas E. A case for using biologically-based mental health intervention in post-earthquake china: evaluation of training in the trauma resiliency model. International Journal of Emergency Mental Health 2009;11(4):221-33.
Leteka 2003 {published data only}
  • Leteka JMM. Alcohol use / abuse among teenagers in selected high schools in Maseru city: the development of a health education programme. PhD Thesis. Department of Nursing. University of South Africa 2003:234.
Li 2005 {published data only}
Li 2009 {published data only}
  • Li S, Liu M. Influence of community nursing intervention on recurrence rate of schizophrenia patients [in Chinese]. Chinese Nursing Research 2009;23(5B):1308-9.
Liu 2010 {published data only}
  • Liu X, Li Z. Practice and effect of carrying out comprehensive nursing intervention for patients with traumatic paraplegia [in Chinese]. Chinese Nursing Research 2010;24(7C):1888-90.
Luengo-Fernandez 2011 {published data only}
  • Luengo-Fernandez R, Leal J, Gray AM. Cost of dementia in the pre-enlargement countries of the European Union. Journal of Alzheimers Disease 2011;27:187-96.
Lund 2009 {published data only}
Machona 1992 {published data only}
  • Machona AM. Harare Zimbabwe. In: Babor TF, Grant M editor(s). Identification and management of alcohol-related problems: report on phase II, a randomized clinical trial of brief interventions in primary health care. Geneva: World Health Organisation, 1992:211-20.
Macic 2010 {published data only}
  • Macic A, Mitric B, Stjepcevic A. Problems and opposition to constitution of mental health centers in Montenegro. Conference: 18th European Congress of Psychiatry Munich Germany. 27 Feb-2 March. European Psychiatry. 2010.
Madianos 1999 {published data only}
Maheswaran 1992 {published data only}
Mavrommati 2002 {published data only}
McAuliffe 1985 {published data only}
  • McAuliffe WE, Chien James MN, Launer E, Friedman B. The Harvard group aftercare program: preliminary evaluation results and implementation issues. National Institute of Drug Abuse Research Monograph 1985;58:147-55.
McCorkle 2000 {published data only}
  • McCorkle R, Strumpf NE, Nuamah IF, Adler DC, Cooley ME, Jepson C, et al. A specialized home care intervention improves survival among older post-surgical cancer patients. Journal of the American Geriatrics Society 2000;48(12):1707-13.
Merritt 2007 {published data only}
  • Merritt RK, Price JR, Mollison J, Geddes JR. A cluster randomized controlled trial to assess the effectiveness of an intervention to educate students about depression. Psychological Medicine 2007;37(03):363-72.
Miller 1981 {published data only}
  • Miller WR, Gribskov CJ, Mortell RL. Effectiveness of a self-control manual for problem drinkers with and without therapist contact. The International Journal of the Addictions 1981;16(7):1247-54.
Mishara 2006 {published data only}
  • Mishara BL, Ystgaard M. Effectiveness of a mental health promotion program to improve coping skills in young children: Zippy's Friends. Early Childhood Research Quarterly 2006;21(1):110-23.
Mohammad-Alizadeh-Charandabi 2011 {published data only}
  • Mohammad-Alizadeh CS. Effect of telephone counseling on exclusive breastfeeding and postpartum depression. IRCT201105093706N6 2011.
Montazeri 2001 {published data only}
  • Montazeri A, Jarvandi S, Haghighat S, Vahdani M, Sajadian A, Ebrahimi M, et al. Anxiety and depression in breast cancer patients before and after participation in a cancer support group. Patient Education and Counseling 2001;45(3):195-8.
Montero 1992 {published data only}
  • Montero S. San Jose, Costa Rica. In: Babor TF, Grant M editor(s). Identification and management of alcohol-related problems: report on phase II, a randomized clinical trial of brief interventions in primary health care. 91. Geneva: World Health Organisation, 1992:103-13.
Mooren 2003 {published data only}
Moretti-Pires 2011 {published data only}
  • Moretti-Pires RO, Corradi-Webster CM. Implementation of brief intervention for problematic alcohol use in primary health in the Amazon context [Implementação de intervenções breves para uso problemático de álcool na atenção primária, em um contexto amazônico]. Revista Latino-Americana de Enfermagem 2011;19(Spe No.):813-20.
Morrell 2009 {published data only}
  • Morrell CJ, Warner R, Slade P, Dixon S. Psychological interventions for postnatal depression: cluster randomised trial and economic evaluation. The PoNDER trial. Health Technology and Assessment 2009;13(30):1-173.
Mueller 2011 {published data only}
Mufti 1986 {published data only}
Murphy 1997 {published data only}
  • Murphy L, Pynoose Robert S, Boyd James C. The trauma/grief-focused group psychotherapy module of an elementary school-based violence prevention/intervention program. In: Osofsky JD editor(s). Children in a violent society. New York: Guilford Press, 1997:223-55.
Murthy 2005 {published data only}
  • Murthy RS, Kumar Kishore KKV, Chisholm D, Thomas T, Sekar K, Chandrashekar CR. Community outreach for untreated schizophrenia in rural India: a follow-up study of symptoms, disability, family burden and costs. Psychological Medicine 2005;35:341-51.
Naeem 2003 {published data only}
  • Naeem S, Ali BS. The transformative effect of training in counselling and its application, on the community counsellors themselves. Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association 2003;53(9):388-90.
Neuner 2004 {published data only}
  • Neuner F, Schauer M, Klaschik C, Karunakara U, Elbert T. A comparison of narrative exposure therapy, supportive counseling, and psychoeducation for treating posttraumatic stress disorder in an african refugee settlement. Journal of Consulting and Clinical Psychology 2004;72(4):579-87.
Ng 2008 {published data only}
  • Ng RMK, Cheung MSM. Cognitive-behavioural therapy by novices for supervised community hostel residents with treatment-resistant schizophrenia in Hong Kong: a pilot study. Hong Kong Journal of Psychiatry 2008;18(2):49-54.
Ng 2009 {published data only}
  • Ng C, Ma H, Raphael B, Yu X, Fraser J, Tang D. China-Australia training on psychosocial crisis intervention: response to the earthquake disaster in Sichuan. Australasian Psychiatry 2009;17(1):51-5.
Nizamie 2009 {published data only}
  • Nizamie SH, Akthar S, Banerjee I, Goyal N. Health care delivery model in epilepsy to reduce treatment gap: World Health Organization study from a rural tribal population of India. Epilepsy Research 2009;84(2-3):146-52.
Ockene 1999 {published data only}
  • Ockene JK, Adams A, Hurley TG, Wheeler EV, Hebert JR. Brief physician- and nurse practitioner-delivered counseling for high-risk drinkers: does it work?. Archives of Internal Medicine 1999;159(18):2198-205.
Okuyemi 2006 {published data only}
  • Okuyemi KS, Thomas JL, Hall S, Nollen NL, Richter KP, Jeffries S, et al. Smoking cessation in homeless populations: a pilot clinical trial. Nicotine and Tobacco Research 2006;8(5):689-99.
Omerov 1999 {published data only}
  • Omerov M, Wistedt B. Management of PTSD among Bosnia refugees. Competent personnel when it comes to language and culture. Laekartidningen 1999;96(21):2621-2.
Onbun-Uea 2008 {published data only}
  • Onbun-Uea A, Morrison G. Educating young children with autism in inclusive classrooms in Thailand. Kasetsart Journal 2008;29:268-278.
Ooi 2008 {published data only}
  • Ooi YP, Lam CM, Sung M, Tan WTS, Goh TJ, Fung DSS, et al. Effects of cognitive-behavioural therapy on anxiety for children with high-functioning autistic spectrum disorders. Singapore Medical Journal 2008;49(3):215-20.
Ould 2009 {published data only}
  • Ould HA, Gerard DA. Impact of the Nouadhibou pilot program on access to care of schizophrenic patients: partnerships between public and private sectors. Conference: 17th European Psychiatric Association, EPA Congress Lisbon, Portugal. 24-28 January. European Psychiatry. 2009:S1141.
Paek 2009 {published data only}
  • Paek MJ, Ahn JK, Lim SY, Kim YR, Park MH, Kim BN, et al. The effectiveness of school-based short-term social skills training in children with attention-deficit / hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). Journal of the Korean Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry 2009;20(2):82-9.
Pai 1985 {published data only}
  • Pai S, Channabasavanna SM, Nagarajaiah, Raghuram R. Home care for chronic mental illness in Bangalore: an experiment in the prevention of repeated hospitalisation. British Journal of Psychiatry 1985;147(2):175-9.
Pal 2007 {published data only}
  • Pal HR, Yadav D, Mehta S, Mohan I. A comparison of brief intervention versus simple advice for alcohol use disorders in a North India community-based sample followed for 3 months. Alcohol and Alcoholism 2007;42(4):328-32.
Palyska 1987 {published data only}
  • Palyska M, Raduj J. The attempt to change the attitude towards mentally disturbed persons through education (experiment in the group of teachers). Psychiatria Polska 1987;21(5):401-6.
Park 2010 {published data only}
  • Park JS, Oh YJ. The effects of psychosocial intervention on depression, hope and quality of life of home-based cancer patients. Journal of the Korean Academy of Adult Nursing 2010;22(6):594-605.
Patel 2003a {published data only}
  • Patel V, Chisholm D, Rabe-Hesketh S, Dias-Saxena F, Andrew G, Mann A. Efficacy and cost-effectiveness of drug and psychological treatments for common mental disorders in general health care in Goa, India: a randomised, controlled trial. Lancet 2003;361(9351):33-9.
Patel 2003b {published data only}
  • Patel V, Thara R. Meeting the mental health needs of developing countries: NGO innovations in India. New Delhi: Sage Publications, 2003:402.
Peltzer 2006 {published data only}
  • Peltzer K, Seoka P, Babor T, Tlakula J. Training primary care nurses to conduct alcohol screening and brief interventions in South Africa. Curationis 2006;29(2):16-21.
Perrin 2010 {published data only}
  • Perrin PB, Johnston A, Vogel B, Heesacker M, Anderson J, Rittman M. A culturally sensitive transition assistance program for stroke caregivers: examining caregiver mental health and stroke rehabilitation. Journal of Rehabilitation Research and Development 2010;47(7):605-16.
Perry 1989a {published data only}
  • Perry CL, Grant M, Ernberg G, Florenzano-Urzua R, Langdon MC, Myeni AD, et al. WHO collaborative study on alcohol education and young people: outcomes of a four-country pilot study. The International Journal of the Addictions 1989;24(12):1145-71.
Petersen 2012 {published data only}
  • Petersen I, Bhana A, Baillie K, Consortium MhaPP Research Programme. The feasibility of adapted group-based interpersonal therapy (IPT) for the treatment of depression by community health workers within the context of task shifting in South Africa. Community Mental Health Journal. United States: School of Psychology, Howard College, University of KwaZulu-Natal, Durban, 4000, South Africa,, 2012; Vol. 48, issue 3:336-41.
Placencia 1993 {published data only}
  • Placencia M, Sander JWAS, Shorvon SD, Roman M, Alarcon F, Bimos C, et al. Antiepileptic drug treatment in a community health care setting in northern Ecuador: a prospective 12-month assessment. Epilepsy Research 1993;14(3):237-44.
Powell 2004 {published data only}
  • Powell C, Baker-Henningham H, Walker S, Gernay J, Grantham-McGregor S. Feasibility of integrating early stimulation into primary care for undernourished Jamaican children: cluster randomised controlled trial. British Medical Journal 2004;329(7457):89.
Prasetiyawan, 2006 {published data only}
  • Prasetiyawan, Viora E, Maramis A, Keliat BA. Mental health model of care programmes after the tsunami in Aceh, Indonesia. International Review of Psychiatry 2006;18(6):559-62.
Qi 2007 {published data only}
  • Qi BH, Zeng FL. Interventional strategy for a child with learning disability. Clinical Rehabilitative Tissue Engineering Research 2007;11:39.
Qureshi 2001 {published data only}
  • Qureshi NA, Al-Ghamdy YS, Al-Haddad NS, Abdelgadir MH, Tawfik MH. Integration of mental health care into primary care. Saudi Medical Journal 2001;22(10):899-906.
Rahman 1998 {published data only}
  • Rahman A, Mubbashar MH, Gater R, Goldberg D. Randomised trial of impact of school mental-health programme in rural Rawalpindi, Pakistan. Lancet 1998;352:1002-25.
Ramos-Cerqueira 2005 {published data only}
Ran 2003 {published data only}
  • Ran M-S, Xiang M-Z, Chan CL-W, Leff J, Simpson P, Huang M-S, et al. Effectiveness of psychoeducational intervention for rural Chinese families experiencing schizophrenia-a randomised controlled trial. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 2003;38(2):69-75.
Reay 2012 {published data only}
  • Reay RE, Mulcahy R. The development and content of an interpersonal psychotherapy group for postnatal depression. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy 2012;62(2):221-51.
Reay 2012a {published data only}
  • Reay RE, Owen C, Shadbolt B, Raphael B, Mulcahy R, Wilkinson RB. Trajectories of long-term outcomes for postnatally depressed mothers treated with group interpersonal psychotherapy. Archives of Women's Mental Health 2012;15(3):217-28.
Rhyne 2002 {published data only}
  • Rhyne RL, Hertzman PA. Pursuing community-oriented primary care in a Russian closed nuclear city: the Sarov-Los Alamos community health partnership. American Journal of Public Health 2002;92(11):1740-2.
Rigotti 2009 {published data only}
Rotheram-Borus 2011 {published data only}
  • Rotheram-Borus MJ, le Roux IM, Tomlinson M, Mbewu N, Comulada WS, le Roux K, et al. Philani Plus (+): A mentor mother community health worker home visiting program to improve maternal and infants' outcomes. Prevention Science. Rotheram-Borus, Mary Jane: Center for Community Health, 10920 Wilshire Blvd., Suite 350, Los Angeles, CA, US, 90024-6521, Springer, 2011; Vol. 12, issue 4:372-88.
Rowe 2007 {published data only}
  • Rowe M, Bellamy C, Baranoski M, Wieland M, O'Connell MJ, Benedict P, et al. A peer-support, group intervention to reduce substance use and criminality among persons with severe mental illness. Psychiatric Services 2007;58(7):955-61.
Sadik 2011 {published data only}
  • Sadik S, Abdulrahman S, Bradley M, Jenkins R. Integrating mental health into primary health care in Iraq. Mental Health in Family Medicine 2011;8(1):39-49.
Saltzman 2001 {published data only}
  • Saltzman WR, Pynoos RS, Layne CM, Steinberg AM, Aisenberg E. Trauma / grief-focused intervention for adolescents exposed to community violence: results of a school-based screening and group treatment protocol. Group Dynamics: Theory Research and Practice 2001;5:277-90.
Schoenmakers 2010 {published data only}
  • Schoenmakers B, Buntinx F, Delepeleire J. Supporting family carers of community-dwelling elder with cognitive decline: a randomized controlled trial. International Journal of Family Medicine. Egypt: Academic Centre of General Practice, Catholic University Leuven, Kapucijnenvoer 33, Blok J, box 7001, 3000 Leuven, Belgium., 2010; Vol. 2010:10.
Schultz 1995 {published data only}
  • Schultz R, Greenley JR. Innovating in community mental health: international perspectives. Westport, USA: Greenwood Publishing Group, 1995.
Serrano-Garcia 1991 {published data only}
Skounti 2009 {published data only}
  • Skounti M, Mpitzaraki K, Philalithis A, Galanakis E. Clinical evaluation of children testing positive in screening tests for attention-deficit / hyperactivity. European Journal of Psychiatry 2009;23(2):115-20.
Slupczynska-Kossobudzka 1999 {published data only}
  • Slupczynska-Kossobudzka E, Boguszewska L. Effects of community mobile team intervention in the Drewnica hospital catchment area. 1. patient outcomes. International Journal of Social Psychiatry 1999;45(3):207-15.
Smith 2008 {published data only}
  • Smith EA, Palen L-A, Caldwell LL, Flisher AJ, Graham JW, Mathew C, et al. Substance use and sexual risk prevention in Cape Town, South Africa: An evaluation of the Healthwise program. Prevention Science 2008;9:311-21.
So 2005 {published data only}
  • So H. The effects of environmental enrichment program on cognitive function among institutionalized elderly. Korean Journal of Adult Nursing 2005;17(1):128-38.
Sohlberg 1987 {published data only}
Sokhela 1999 {published data only}
Staples 2011 {published data only}
  • Staples JK, Abdel AJA, Gordon JS. Mind-body skills groups for posttraumatic stress disorder and depression symptoms in Palestinian children and adolescents in Gaza. International Journal of Stress Management 2011;18(3):246-62.
Stein 1975 {published data only}
Stein 2001 {published data only}
Stepakoff 2006 {published data only}
  • Stepakoff S, Hubbard J, Katoh M, Falk E, Mikulu J-B, Nkhoma P, et al. Trauma healing in refugee camps in Guinea: a psychosocial program for Liberian and Sierra Leonean survivors of torture and war. The American Psychologist 2006;61(8):921-32.
Strain 2001 {published data only}
  • Strain PS, Timm MA. Remediation and prevention of aggression: an evaluation of the regional intervention program over a quarter century. Behavioral Disorders 2001;26(4):297-313.
Suh 2004 {published data only}
Suh 2004a {published data only}
  • Suh G-H, Jung HU, Lee CU, Oh BH, Bae JN, Jung H-Y, et al. A prospective, double-blind, community-controlled comparison of three doses of galantamine in the treatment of mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease in a Korean population. Clinical Therapeutics 2004;26(10):1608-18.
Suh 2006 {published data only}
Tadaka 2004 {published data only}
  • Tadaka E, Kanagawa K. A randomized controlled trial of a group care program for community-dwelling elderly people with dementia. Japan Journal of Nursing Science 2004;1:19-25.
Tang 2010 {published data only}
Tareen 2009 {published data only}
  • Tareen A, Mirza I, Minhas A, Minhas F, Rahman A. Developing a child and adolescent mental health service in a low-income country: a global partnership model. Psychiatric Bulletin 2009;33:181-3.
Tezel 2006 {published data only}
  • Tezel A, Gozum S. Comparison of effects of nursing care to problem solving training on levels of depressive symptoms in post partum women. Patient Education and Counseling 2006;63(1-2):64-73.
Tharyan 2005 {published data only}
  • Tharyan P. Traumatic bereavement and the Asian tsunami: perspectives from Tamil Nadu, India. Bereavement Care 2005;24(2):23-6.
Tiwari 2005 {published data only}
Tomasevic 1998 {published data only}
  • Tomasevic A. Evaluative study of the psychosocial reinforcement project of the primary health care [Estudio evaluativo del proyecto de reforzamiento psicosocial de la atencion primaria]. Escuela de Salud Publica, Masters thesis, University of Chile 1998:126.
Tran 2008 {published data only}
Tripathy 2010 {published data only}
  • Tripathy P, Nair N, Barnett S, Mahapatra R, Borghi J, Rath S, et al. Effect of a participatory intervention with women's groups on birth outcomes and maternal depression in Jharkhand and Orissa, India: a cluster-randomised controlled trial. Lancet 2010;375(9721):1182-92.
Turrisi 2009 {published data only}
  • Turrisi R, Larimer ME, Mallett KA, Kilmer JR, Ray AE, Mastroleo NR, et al. A randomized clinical trial evaluating a combined alcohol intervention for high-risk college students. Journal of Studies on Alcohol and Drugs 2009;70(4):555-67.
Uma 1989 {published data only}
  • Uma K, Nagendra HR, Nagarathna R, Vaidehi S, Seethalakshmi R. The integrated approach of yoga: a therapeutic tool for mentally retarded children: a one-year controlled study. Journal of Mental Deficiency Research 1989;33:415-21.
Uys 1996 {published data only}
  • Uys LR, Zulu RN. An evaluation of the implementation and the effectiveness of case management in the rehabilitation of psychiatric outpatients in South Africa. South African Journal of Psychology 1996;26(4):226-30.
van't Hof 2011 {published data only}
  • van't Hof E, Stein DJ, Marks I, Tomlinson M, Cuijpers P. The effectiveness of problem solving therapy in deprived South African communities: results from a pilot study. BMC Psychiatry 2011;11(1):156.
van Emmerik 2002 {published data only}
Velleman 2003 {published data only}
Vera 2010 {published data only}
  • Vera M, Perez-Pedrogo C, Huertas SE, Reyes-Rabanillo ML, Juarbe D, Huertas A, et al. Collaborative care for depressed patients with chronic medical conditions: a randomized trial in Puerto Rico. Psychiatric Services 2010;61(2):144-50.
Vermetten 2007 {published data only}
  • Vermetten E, Middelkoop CJ, Taal L, Carll EK. Online psychotrauma intervention in the aftermath of the tsunami: acommunity-building effort. In: Carll EK editor(s). Trauma Psychology. Issues in violence, disaster, health, and illness, Vol 1: Violence and disaster. Westport, USA: Praeger Publishers/Greenwood Publishing Group, 2007:255-72.
Vijayakumar 2008 {published data only}
  • Vijayakumar L, Suresh KM. Trained volunteer-delivered mental health support to those bereaved by asian tsunami - an evaluation. International Journal of Social Psychiatry 2008;54(4):293-302.
Vijaykumar 2006 {published data only}
Waitzkin 2011 {published data only}
  • Waitzkin H, Getrich C, Heying S, Rodri L, Parmar A, Willging C, et al. Promotoras as mental health practitioners in primary care : a multi-method study of an intervention to address contextual sources of depression. Journal of Community Health 2011;36:316-31.
Walker 2004 {published data only}
  • Walker SP, Chang SM, Powell CA, Grantham-McGregor SM. Psychosocial intervention improves the development of term low-birth-weight infants. The Journal of Nutrition 2004;134(6):1417-23.
Wallander 2010 {published data only}
  • Wallander JL, McClure E, Biasini F, Goudar SS, Pasha O, Chomba E, et al. Brain research to ameliorate impaired neurodevelopment - home-based intervention trial (BRAIN-HIT). BMC Pediatrics 2010;10(1):27.
Wang 2006 {published data only}
  • Wang WZ, Wu JZ, Ma GY, Dai XY, Yang B, Wang TP, et al. Efficacy assessment of phenobarbital in epilepsy: a large community-based intervention trial in rural China. Lancet Neurology 2006;5(1):46-52.
Wang 2012 {published data only}
  • Wang L-Q, Chien W-T, Lee IYM. An experimental study on the effectiveness of a mutual support group for family caregivers of a relative with dementia in mainland China. Contemporary Nurse 2012;40(2):210-24.
Wechsberg 2006 {published data only}
  • Wechsberg WM, Luseno WK, Lam WKK, Parry CDH, Morojele NK. Substance use, sexual risk, and violence: HIV prevention intervention with sex workers in Pretoria. AIDS and Behavior 2006;10(2):131-7.
Wechsberg 2008 {published data only}
  • Wechsberg WM, Luseno WK, Karg RS, Young S, Rodman N, Myers B, et al. Alcohol, cannabis, and methamphetamine use and other risk behaviours among Black and Coloured South African women: a small randomized trial in the Western Cape. International Journal of Drug Policy 2008;19:130-9.
WHO 1996 {published data only}
Wilson 1981 {published data only}
Wimo 1997 {published data only}
Wimo 2003 {published data only}
  • Wimo A, Winblad B, Engedal K, Soininen H, Verhey F, Waldemar G, et al. An economic evaluation of donepezil in mild to moderate Alzheimer's disease: results of a 1-year, double-blind, randomized trial. Dementia and Geriatric Cognitive Disorders 2003;15(1):44-54.
Wimo 2007 {published data only}
Wolmer 2011 {published data only}
Wong 2002 {published data only}
  • Wong DFK, Sun SYK, Tse J, Wong F. Evaluating the outcomes of a cognitive-behavioral group intervention model for persons at risk of developing mental health problems in Hong Kong: a pretest-posttest study. Research on Social Work Practice 2002;12(4):534-45.
Wong 2007 {published data only}
  • Wong SYS, Cheung AKY, Lee A, Cheung N, Leung A, Wong W, et al. Improving general practitioners' interviewing skills in managing patients with depression and anxiety: a randomized controlled clinical trial. Medical Teacher 2007;29(6):175-83.
Wu 2002 {published data only}
Xiao 2009 {published data only}
  • Xiao L, Wu Z, Wang Y, Chen J. Comparison of quality of life for drug addicts in methadone maintenance treatment clinics, community and compulsory detoxification institutions in Sichuan Province [in Chinese]. Journal of Hygiene Research 2009;38(1):67-70.
Xu 2003 {published data only}
  • Xu F-S, Liu J-X, Zhang S-P, Li J, Su Q. Effects of intervening measures on postpartum depression [in Chinese]. Zhonghua Fu Chan Ke Za Zhi 2003;38(12):724-6.
Yildiz 2003 {published data only}
  • Yildiz M, Tural U, Kurdoglu S, Onder ME. An experience of a clubhouse run by families and volunteers for schizophrenia rehabilitation. Turk Psikiyatri Dergisi 2003;14(4):281-7.
Yoo 2006 {published data only}
  • Yoo Y-S, Kang H-S. Effects of a bereavement intervention program on depression and life satisfaction in middle aged widows in Korea. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing 2006;36(8):1367-73.
Zakroyeva 2008 {published data only}
  • Zakroyeva A, Goldberg D, Gask L, Leese M. Training Russian family physicians in mental health skills. European Journal of General Practice 2008;14(1):19-22.
Zavradashvili 2010 {published data only}
  • Zavradashvili N, Donisi V, Grigoletti L, Pertile R, Gelashvili K, Eliashvili M, et al. Is the implementation of assertive community treatment in a low-income country feasible? The experience of Tbilisi, Georgia. Social Psychiatry and Psychiatric Epidemiology 2010;45(8):779-83.
Zencir 2005 {published data only}
Zhengyi 1997 {published data only}
  • Zhengyi F, Baozhen D, Pei G. General evaluation on community nursing intervention of NIDDM patients [in Chinese]. Shanxi Nursing Journal 1997;11(4):145-6.

References to studies awaiting assessment

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
Abdul 2002 {published data only}
  • Abdul RNH, Radwan SAM, Othman Omayma Abou BakrAB. Group support and community - based intervention for caregivers' of Alzheimer's patients. Alexandria Scientific Nursing Journal 2002;2(1):25-43.
Aljanati 2010 {published data only}
  • Aljanati RE, Martinovic M, Raggio V, Aguiar B, Gonzalez N, Julia OA, et al. Clinical impact of the Specific National Program on patients with Alzheimer's disease. Conference: 14th International Congress of Parkinson's Disease and Movement Disorders Buenos Aires Argentina. 13-17th June.. 2010:S423.
Azizi 2010 {published data only}
  • Azizi M, Lamyian M, Faghihzade S, Nematollahzade M. The effect of counseling on anxiety after traumatic childbirth in nulliparous women; a single blind randomized clinical trial. Behbood Journal 2010;14(3):14-5.
Bhadwal 1992 {published data only}
  • Bhadwal SC, Panda PK. The composite effect of a curricular programme on the test anxiety of rural primary school students: a one year study. Educational Review 1992;44(2):205-20.
Blackmon 1985 {published data only}
  • Blackmon B. Networking community services for elderly clients with alcohol problems. In: Freeman EM editor(s). Social Work Practice for Patients who have Alcohol Problems. Charles C Thomas, Publisher; England, 1985:189-201.
Buttorff 2012 {published data only}
  • Buttorff C, Hock RS, Weiss HA, Naik S, Araya R, Kirkwood BR, Chisholm D, Patel V. Economic evaluation of a task-shifting intervention for common mental disorders in India. Bulletin of the World Health Organisation 2012;90:813–821.
Caqueo-Urzar 2010 {published data only}
  • Caqueo-Urzar A, Gutierrez-Maldonado J, Ferrer-Garca M. No Title. International Journal of Neuropsychopharmacology.Conference: 27th CINP Congress Hong Kong. 6-10 June. 2010:215.
Chang 2010 {published data only}
  • Chang CW. Impact of deinstitutionalisation. Asia-Pacific Psychiatry.Conference: 14th Pacific Rim College of Psychiatrists Scientific Meeting Brisbane, QLD Australia. 28-30 October. 2010:A7.
Cherpitel 2009 {published data only}
  • Cherpitel CJ, Bernstein E, Bernstein J, Moskalewicz J, Swiatkiewicz G. Screening, brief intervention and referral to treatment (SBIRT) in a Polish emergency room: challenges in cultural translation of SBIRT. Journal of Addictions Nursing 2009;20(3):127-31.
Chien 2007a {published data only}
  • Chien W-T. Evaluation of the effects of mutual support and psycho-educational group interventions for family caregivers of people with schizophrenia. 2007.
Farahat 2010 {published data only}
  • Farahat TM, El-Shafie AM, El-Rasoul Gaafar MMA, El-Sherief AM, Farag N. Integrated management of epilepsy among basic school children in Menoufiya governorate. Egypt Journal of Neurology Psychiatry and Neurosurgery 2010;47(1):49-58.
Hsiao 2009 {published data only}
  • Hsiao F. The efficacy of the caregiver psychoeducational consultation program in spouse caregivers of resectable colorectal cancer. 2009.
Kumar 2011 {published data only}
  • Kumar CN, Jagadisha T, Kudumallige KS, Basappa KV, Udupi A, Kengeri VK, et al. Four-year follow-up of schizophrenia in a rural community: good outcome and public health implications course of schizophrenia in rural India. Indian Journal of Psychiatry 2011;53(4):4-7.
Lee 2011a {published data only}
  • Lee Y-R, Sung K-T, Kim Y-E. Effects of home-based stress management training on primary caregivers of elderly people with dementia in South Korea. Dementia 2011;11(2):171-9.
Luna 1984 {published data only}
  • Luna AJ. Mental health program and pharmacodependence [Programa de salud mental y farmacodependencia in Seminario clinico internacional sobre adicciones a la hoja de coca y sus derivados]. Ministerio de Salud. Colombia. 1984:19-21.
Malakouti 2010 {published data only}
  • Malakouti SK. Comparing the outcomes and cost-effectiveness of two model of case-manager system for severe mentally ill patients: general practitioner and nurses. Iranian Registry of Clinical Trials. 2010.
Oh 1997 {published data only}
  • Oh KS. Effects of a social support group on burden and well-being of mothers of developmentally delayed children. Journal of Korean Academy of Nursing 1997;27(2):389-400.
Sott 1998 {published data only}
  • Sott OW. Evaluation of the patient's cares in the community, after discharge of its first psychiatric internment [Avaliacao dos cuidados do paciente na comunidade, apos alta de sua primeira internacao psiquiatrica]. Masters Thesis. Escola Nacional de Saude Publica, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil 1998:111.

References to ongoing studies

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
Ager 2011 {published data only}
Araya 2010 {published data only}
  • Araya R. Cluster randomised controlled trial of a school-based intervention to improve the mental health of low-income, secondary school students in Santiago, Chile. 2010.
Ayoughi 2012 {published data only}
  • Ayoughi S, Missmahl I, Weierstall R, Elbert T. Provision of mental health services in resource-poor settings: a randomised trial comparing counselling with routine medical treatment in North Afghanistan (Mazar-e-Sharif). BMC Psychiatry 2012;12(1):14.
Chen 2010 {published data only}
  • Chen EYH, Chan G. Community case management for early psychosis: is two year an optimal duration? A randomized controlled study. National Clinical Trials. NCT01202357 2010.
Chen 2011 {published data only}
  • Chen S, Conwell Y, Xu B, Chiu H, Tu X, Ma Y. Depression care management for late-life depression in China primary care: protocol for a randomized controlled trial. Trials 2011;12:121.
Greenfield 2010 {published data only}
Kauye (in preparation) {published data only}
  • Kauye F, Rahman A, Jenkins R. Training primary health workers in mental health and its impact on service delivery in a developing country, Malawi: A cluster randomized study. In preparation. 2012.
Kobeissi 2011 {published data only}
  • Kobeissi L, Araya R, Kak FE, Ghantous Z, Khawaja M, Khoury B, et al. The relaxation exercise and social support trial-rest: study protocol for a randomized community based trial. BMC Psychiatry 2011;11:142.
Logie 2012 {published data only}
  • Logie C. A community-health worker delivered HIV/STI prevention intervention for internally displaced women in Leogane, Haiti FASY. National Clinical Trials. NCT01492829 2012.
O'Callaghan 2012 {published data only}
  • O'Callaghan P, Shannon C. A family-based, resilience-focused intervention for war-affected communities in north-eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. National Clinical Trials. NCT01542398 2012.
Opoka 2008 {published data only}
  • Opoka RO. Cognitive and psychosocial benefits of caregiver training for Ugandan HIV children. 2008.

Additional references

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
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Ballini 2010
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Bloom 2011
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Boer 2005
Bolton 2001
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Chisholm 2000a
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Harkness 2009
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