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Intervention Review

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Helicopter emergency medical services for adults with major trauma

  1. Samuel M Galvagno Jr1,*,
  2. Stephen Thomas2,
  3. Christopher Stephens3,
  4. Elliott R Haut4,
  5. Jon M Hirshon5,
  6. Douglas Floccare6,
  7. Peter Pronovost7

Editorial Group: Cochrane Injuries Group

Published Online: 28 MAR 2013

Assessed as up-to-date: 24 JAN 2012

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD009228.pub2


How to Cite

Galvagno Jr SM, Thomas S, Stephens C, Haut ER, Hirshon JM, Floccare D, Pronovost P. Helicopter emergency medical services for adults with major trauma. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 3. Art. No.: CD009228. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD009228.pub2.

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Maryland, R. Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, Baltimore, MD, USA

  2. 2

    University of Oklahoma School of Community Medicine, Tulsa, OK, USA

  3. 3

    R. Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, University of Maryland, Trauma Anaesthesiology, Baltimore, MD, USA

  4. 4

    The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Division of Acute Care Surgery, Department of Surgery, Baltimore, MD, USA

  5. 5

    University of Maryland School of Medicine, Department of Emergency Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, USA

  6. 6

    Maryland Institute for Emergency Medical Services Systems, Baltimore, MD, USA

  7. 7

    Johns Hopkins Hospital Department of Anesthesiology and Critical Care Medicine, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, Division of Adult Critical Care Medicine, Baltimore, MD, USA

*Samuel M Galvagno Jr, R. Adams Cowley Shock Trauma Center, University of Maryland, Baltimore, MD, 21201, USA. sgalvagno@anes.umm.edu.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New
  2. Published Online: 28 MAR 2013

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References

References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. Additional references
Bartolacci 1998 {published data only}
  • Bartolacci RA, Munford BJ, Lee A, McDougall PA. Air medical scene response to blunt trauma: Effect on early survival. The Medical Journal of Australia 1998;169:612-6.
Baxt 1983 {published data only}
Baxt 1987 {published data only}
  • Baxt WG, Moody P. The impact of advanced prehospital emergency care on the mortality of severely brain-injured patients. The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care 1987;27(4):365-9.
Berlot 2009 {published data only}
  • Berlot G, LaFata C, Bacer B, Biancardi B, Viviani M, Lucangelo U, et al. Influence of prehospital treatment on the outcome of patients with severe blunt traumatic brain injury: A single-centre study. European Journal of Emergency Medicine 2009;16:312-7.
Biewener 2004 {published data only}
  • Biewener A, Aschenbrenner U, Rammelt S, Grass R, Zwipp H. Impact of helicopter transport and hospital level on mortality of polytrauma patients. The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care 2004;56:94-8.
Braithwaite 1998 {published data only}
  • Braithwaite CE, Rosko M, McDowell R, Gallagher J, Proenca J, Spott MA. A critical analysis of on-scene helicopter transport on survival in a statewide trauma system. The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care 1998;45(1):140-6.
Brown 2010 {published data only}
  • Brown JB, Stassen NA, Bankey PE, Sangosanya AT, Cheng JD, Gestring ML. Helicopters and the civilian trauma system: National utilization patterns demonstrate improved outcomes after traumatic injury. The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care 2010;69:1030-6.
Brown 2011 {published data only}
  • Brown JB, Stassen NA, Bankey PE, Sangosanya AT, Cheng JD, Gestring ML. Helicopters improve survival in seriously injured patients requiring interfacility transfer for definitive care. The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care 2011;70:310-4.
Buntman 2002 {published data only}
  • Buntman AJ, Yeomans KA. The effect of air medical transport on survival after trauma in Johannesburg, South Africa. South African Medical Journal 2002;92:807-11.
Cunningham 1997 {published data only}
  • Cunningham P, Rutledge R, Baker C, Clancy TV. A comparison of the association of helicopter and ground ambulance transport with the outcome of injury in trauma patients transported from the scene. The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care 1997;43(6):940-6.
Davis 2005 {published data only}
  • Davis DP, Peay J, Serrano JA, Buono C, Vilke GM, Sise MJ, et al. The impact of aeromedical response to patients with moderate to severe traumatic brain injury. Annals of Emergency Medicine 2005;46:115-22.
Di Bartolomeo 2001 {published data only}
  • Di Bartolomeo S, Sanson G, Nardi G, Scian F, Michelutto V, Lattuada L. Effects of 2 patterns of prehospital care on the outcome of patients with severe head injury. Archives of Surgery 2001;136:1293-300.
Frey 1999 {published data only}
  • Frey C, Dula D, Escalante M. Outcomes associated with helicopter and ambulance transport of motor vehicle accident victims to trauma centers. American Journal of Epidemiology 1999;149(11):79.
Frink 2007 {published data only}
  • Frink M, Probst C, Hildebrand F, Richter M, Hausmanninger C, Wiese B, et al. The influence of transportation mode on mortality in olytraumatized patients. An analysis based on the German Trauma Registry [German]. Unfallchirug 2007;110:334-40.
Koury 1998 {published data only}
  • Koury SI, Moorer L, Stone K, Stapczynski JS, Thomas SH. Air vs ground transport and outcome in trauma patients requiring urgent operative interventions. Prehospital Emergency Medical Care 1998;2:289-92.
McVey 2010 {published data only}
Mitchell 2007 {published data only}
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Moylan 1988 {published data only}
Nardi 1994 {published data only}
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Newgard 2010 {published data only}
  • Newgard CD, Schmicker RH, Hedges JR, Trickett JP, Davis DP, Bulger EM, et al. Emergency medical services intervals and survival in trauma: Assessment of the "Golden Hour" in a North American prospective cohort. Annals of Emergency Medicine 2010;55:235-46.
Nicholl 1995 {published data only}
Phillips 1999 {published data only}
  • Phillips RT, Conaway C, Mullarkey D, Owen JL. One Year's trauma mortality at Brooke Army Medical Center: Is aeromedical transportation of trauma patients necessary?. Military Medicine 1999;164(5):361-5.
Schiller 1988 {published data only}
  • Schiller WR, Knox R, Zinnecker H, Jeevanandam M, Sayre M, Burke J, Young DH. Effect of helicopter transport of trauma victims on survival in an urban trauma center. The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care 1988;28(8):1127-33.
Schwartz 1990 {published data only}
  • Schwartz RJ, Lenworth MG, Juda RJ. A comparison of ground paramedics and aeromedical treatment of severe blunt trauma patients. Connecticut Medicine 1990;54(12):660-2.
Stewart 2011 {published data only}
Sullivent 2011 {published data only}
Talving 2009 {published data only}
  • Talving P, Teixeira PGR, Barmparas G, DuBose J, Inaba K, Lam L, Demetriades D. Helicopter evacuation of trauma victims in Los Angeles: Does it improve survival?. World Journal of Surgery 2009;33:2469-76.
Thomas 2002 {published data only}
  • Thomas SH, Harrison TH, Buras WR, Ahmed W, Cheema F, Wedel SK. Helicopter transport and blunt trauma mortality: A multicenter trial. The Journal of Trauma: Injury, Infection, and Critical Care 2002;52:136-45.
Weninger 2005 {published data only}
  • Weninger P, Trimmel H, Herzer G, Nau T, Aldrian S, Vecsei V. Prehospital trauma care provided by HEMS or ground EMS: Does it make a difference? [German]. Notfall & Rettungsmedizin 2005;8(3):171-81.

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