This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows:
The aim of this review is to determine the efficacy and safety of VCD versus the traditional methods of MC or MCD, or both, to achieve haemostasis after both retrograde and antegrade percutaneous arterial puncture of the CFA. In addition, the utility of VCDs in the setting of percutaneous EVAR will also be evaluated. This review will provide an overview of existing evidence on the full utility of VCDs and other methods to achieve haemostasis in every aspect of diagnostic and interventional procedures.