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Specially formulated foods for treating children with moderate acute malnutrition in low- and middle-income countries

  1. Marzia Lazzerini*,
  2. Laura Rubert,
  3. Paola Pani

Editorial Group: Cochrane Developmental, Psychosocial and Learning Problems Group

Published Online: 21 JUN 2013

Assessed as up-to-date: 24 APR 2013

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD009584.pub2


How to Cite

Lazzerini M, Rubert L, Pani P. Specially formulated foods for treating children with moderate acute malnutrition in low- and middle-income countries. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 6. Art. No.: CD009584. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD009584.pub2.

Author Information

  1. WHO Collaborating Centre for Maternal and Child Health, Institute for Maternal and Child Health, Unit for Health Services Research and International Health, Trieste, Italy

*Marzia Lazzerini, Unit for Health Services Research and International Health, WHO Collaborating Centre for Maternal and Child Health, Institute for Maternal and Child Health, IRCCS Burlo Garofolo, Trieste, 8232, Italy. lazzerini@burlo.trieste.it.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: Edited (no change to conclusions)
  2. Published Online: 21 JUN 2013

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References

References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
Ackatia-Armah 2012 {published and unpublished data}
  • Ackatia-Armah RS, McDonald C, Doumbia S, Brown KH. Effect of selected dietary regimens on recovery from moderate acute malnutrition in Malian children. The FASEB Journal. April 2012; Vol. 26 (Meeting abstract supplement): 1031.10.
Delchevalerie [pers comm] {unpublished data only}
  • *Delchevalerie P, Van Herp M, Degroot N, Monárrez-Espino J. Ready-to-use supplementary food versus fortified flour in moderate acute malnutrition – a randomized unblinded controlled trial [personal communication]. Email to: P Delchevalerie 17 January 2012.
  • NCT01147198. Ready to use supplementary food in moderate childhood malnutrition. ClinicalTrials.gov. Registered June 2010.
Hossain 2011 {published and unpublished data}
  • Hossain MI, Ahmed T, Brown KH. Improving care of children with moderate acute malnutrition. Oral presentation at the Commonwealth Association of Paediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition (CAPGAN) meeting, 2011 July 21-23; London. http://www.capgan.org/downloads/2011congress/MI%20Hossain%20CAPGAN%202011.pdf. (accessed on 13 January 2011).
Karakochuk 2012 {published and unpublished data}
  • Karakochuk C, Van Den Briel T, Stephens D, Zlotkin S. Treatment of moderate acute malnutrition with ready-to-use supplementary food results in higher overall recovery rates compared to corn-soya blend in children in southern Ethiopia: an operations research trial. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2012;96(4):911-6.
LaGrone 2012 {published and unpublished data}
  • *LaGrone LN, Trehan I, Meuli GJ, Wang RJ, Thakwalakwa C, Maleta K, et al. A novel fortified blended flour, corn-soy blend "plus-plus", is not inferior to lipid-based ready-to-use supplementary foods for the treatment of moderate acute malnutrition in Malawian children. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2012;95(1):212-9.
  • Chang CY, Trehan I, Wang RJ, Thakwalakwa C, Maleta K, Deitchler M, et al. Children successfully treated for moderate acute malnutrition remain at risk for malnutrition and death in the subsequent year after recovery. The Journal of Nutrition 2013;143(2):215-20.
Matilsky 2009 {published data only}
  • Matilsky DK, Maleta K, Castleman T, Manary MJ. Supplementary feeding with fortified spreads results in higher recovery rates than with a corn/soy blend in moderately wasted children. The Journal of Nutrition 2009;139(4):773-8.
Nackers 2010 {published data only}
  • Nackers F, Broillet F, Oumarou D, Djibo A, Gaboulaud V, Guerin PJ, et al. Effectiveness of ready-to-use therapeutic food compared to a corn/soy-blend-based pre-mix for the treatment of childhood moderate acute malnutrition in Niger. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics 2010;56(6):407-13.
Nikiema [pers comm] {unpublished data only}
  • *Nikiema L, Roberfroid D, Lanou H, Huybregts L, Tiendrebeogo S, Séni K, et al. Malnutrition in first line health services: an effectiveness cluster-randomized trial in Burkina Faso [pers comm]. Email to: D Roberfroid 19 January 2012.
  • NCT01115647. Treating moderate malnutrition in 6-24 months old children (LUCOMA). ClinicalTrials.gov. Registered April 2010.

References to studies excluded from this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
Abiodun 1991 {published data only}
  • Abiodun PO. Use of soya-beans for the dietary prevention and management of malnutrition in Nigeria. Acta Paediatrica Scandinavica. Supplement 1991;374:175-82.
Aboud 2008 {published data only}
Aboud 2011 {published data only}
Aburto 2010 {published data only}
  • Aburto NJ, Ramirez-Zea M, Neufeld LM, Flores-Ayala R. The effect of nutritional supplementation on physical activity and exploratory behavior of Mexican infants aged 8-12 months. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2010;64(6):644-51.
Adu-Afarwuah 2007 {published data only}
  • Adu-Afarwuah S, Lartey A, Brown KH, Zlotkin S, Briend A, Dewey KG. Randomized comparison of 3 types of micronutrient supplements for home fortification of complementary foods in Ghana: effects on growth and motor development. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2007;86(2):412-20.
Adu-Afarwuah 2008 {published data only}
  • Adu-Afarwuah S, Lartey A, Brown KH, Zlotkin S, Briend A, Dewey KG. Home fortification of complementary foods with micronutrient supplements is well accepted and has positive effects on infant iron status in Ghana. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2008;87(4):929-38.
Adu-Afarwuah 2011 {published data only}
Aitchison 2000 {published data only}
  • Aitchison TC, Durnin JV, Beckett C, Pollitt E. Effects of an energy and micronutrient supplement on growth and activity, correcting for non-supplemental sources of energy input in undernourished children in Indonesia. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2000;54(Suppl 2):S69-73.
Alarcon 2003 {published data only}
  • Alarcon PA, Lin LH, Noche M, Hernandez VC, Cimafranca L, Lam W, et al. Effect of oral supplementation on catch-up growth in picky eaters. Clinical Pediatrics 2003;42(3):209-17.
Albala 1984 {published data only}
Alderman 2009 {published data only}
  • Alderman H, Ndiaye B, Linnemayr S, Ka A, Rokx C, Dieng K, et al. Effectiveness of a community-based intervention to improve nutrition in young children in Senegal: a difference in difference analysis. Public Health Nutrition 2009;12(5):667-73.
Amadi 2005 {published data only}
  • Amadi B, Mwiya M, Chomba E, Thomson M, Chintu C, Kelly P, et al. Improved nutritional recovery on an elemental diet in Zambian children with persistent diarrhoea and malnutrition. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics 2005;51(1):5-10.
Amagloh 2012 {published data only}
  • Amagloh FK, Hardacre A, Mutukumira AN, Weber JL, Brough L, Coad J. Sweet potato-based complementary food for infants in low-income countries. Food and Nutrition Bulletin 2012;33(1):3-10.
Ashton 2011 {published data only}
  • Ashton R, McCalmont K, Tomedi A, Rohan-Minjares F. Evaluation of the feasibility and effectiveness of a complementary feeding intervention for reduction of childhood malnutrition in Kenya. Journal of Investigative Medicine 2011;59(1):138.
Avula 2011 {published data only}
  • Avula R, Frongillo EA, Arabi M, Sharma S, Schultink W. Enhancements to nutrition program in Indian integrated child development services increased growth and energy intake of children. The Journal of Nutrition 2011;141(4):680-4.
Aziz 2000 {published data only}
  • Aziz S. Local diets for malnutrition in children. Journal of the Pakistan Medical Association 2000;50(12):400-1.
Beckett 2000 {published data only}
  • Beckett C, Durnin JV, Aitchison TC, Pollitt E. Effects of an energy and micronutrient supplement on anthropometry in undernourished children in Indonesia. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2000;54(Suppl 2):S52-9.
Begin 1973 {published and unpublished data}
  • Beghin I, De Mello AV, Costa T, Monteiro E, Lucena A, Varela R. Assessment of biological value of a new corn-soy-wheat noodle through recuperation of Brazilian malnourished children. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1973;26(3):246-58.
Bhandari 2001 {published data only}
  • Bhandari N, Bahl R, Nayyar B, Khokhar P, Rohde JE, Bhan MK. Food supplementation with encouragement to feed it to infants from 4 to 12 months of age has a small impact on weight gain. The Journal of Nutrition 2001;131(7):1946-51.
Bilukha 2011 {published data only}
  • Bilukha O, Howard C, Wilkinson C, Bamrah S, Husain F. Effects of multimicronutrient home fortification on anemia and growth in Bhutanese refugee children. Food and Nutrition Bulletin 2011;32(3):264-76.
Bisimwa 2012 {published data only}
  • Bisimwa G, Owino VO, Bahwere P, Dramaix M, Donnen P, Dibari F, et al. Randomized controlled trial of the effectiveness of a soybean-maize-sorghum-based ready-to-use complementary food paste on infant growth in south Kivu, Democratic Republic of Congo. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2012;95(5):1157-64.
Black 1995 {published data only}
  • Black MM, Dubowitz H, Hutcheson J, Berenson-Howard J, Starr RH. A randomized clinical trial of home intervention for children with failure to thrive. Pediatrics 1995;95(6):807-14.
Bredow 1994 {published data only}
  • Bredow MT, Jackson AA. Community based, effective, low cost approach to the treatment of severe malnutrition in rural Jamaica. Archives of Disease in Childhood 1994;71(4):297-303.
Brown 1995 {published data only}
  • Brown KH, Sanchez-Griñan M, Perez F, Peerson JM, Ganoza L, Stern JS. Effects of dietary energy density and feeding frequency on total daily energy intakes of recovering malnourished children. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1995;62(1):13-8.
Bulusu 2007 {published data only}
Butensky 2001 {published data only}
  • Butensky EA. The role of nutrition in pediatric HIV/AIDS: a review of micronutrient research. Journal of Pediatric Nursing 2001;16(6):402-11.
Buys 2002 {published data only}
  • Buys H, Hendricks M, Eley B, Hussey G. The role of nutrition and micronutrients in paediatric HIV infection. Journal of the South African Dental Association 2002;57(11):454-6.
Carvalho 1992 {published data only}
  • Carvalho NM, Giugliani ERJ, Seffrin CF, Hartmann RM. Follow up of children with moderate or severe malnutrition in an outlying urban population (Brazil) [Seguimento de crianças com desnutriçäo moderada ou grave em populaçäo periférica (Brasil)]. Revista de Saúde Pública 1992;26(4):223-8.
Carvalho 2009 {published data only}
  • Carvalho LG, Saldiva SRDM, Rosa TEDC, Lei DLM. Evolution of the nourishing condition on children submitted to additional feeding program in county of state of São Paulo, Brazil [Evolução do estado nutricional de crianças submetidas a um programa de suplementação alimentar em município do Estado de São Paulo]. Revista de Nutrição 2009;22(2):207-17.
CDC 1981 {published data only}
  • Centers for Disease Control. Supplementary feeding programs - Somalia. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report 1981;30(40):5039.
Chandler 1995 {published data only}
  • Chandler AM, Walker SP, Connolly K, Grantham-McGregor SM. School breakfast improves verbal fluency in undernourished Jamaican children. The Journal of Nutrition 1995;125(4):894-900.
Chandrasekhar 2000 {published and unpublished data}
  • Chandrasekhar U, Devadas RP, Sahayarani WH, Vimalarani M. Efficacy of a food mix based on soy protein isolate in improving the nutritional status of malnourished children (age 1–2 y). The Journal of Nutrition 2000; Vol. 130, issue 3:703s.
Chaparro 2010 {published data only}
Chapko 1994 {published data only}
  • Chapko MK, Prual A, Gamatié Y, Maazou AA. Randomized clinical trial comparing hospital to ambulatory rehabilitation of malnourished children in Niger. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics 1994;40(4):225-30.
Chaves 1989 {published data only}
  • Chaves SP, Stefanini MLR, Lei DLM, Lerner BR. Nutritional status progress of malnourished children admitted to nutritional intervention programs [Evoluçäo do estado nutricional de desnutridos matriculados em programas de intervençäo]. Revista de Nutricao da PUCCAMP 1989;2(2):161-77.
Chilenje 2010 {published data only}
  • The Chilenje Infant Growth, Nutrition and Infection (CIGNIS) Study Team. Micronutrient fortification to improve growth and health of maternally HIV-unexposed and exposed Zambian infants: a randomised controlled trial. PLoS ONE 2010;5(6):e11165.
Choto 1994 {published data only}
  • Choto RG. Clinical evaluation of Nutrition Mix - 1.A. Dietary supplement in sick and undernourished children. Central African Journal of Medicine 1994;40(2):29-32.
Ciliberto 2005 {published data only}
  • Ciliberto MA, Sandige H, Ndekha MJ, Ashorn P, Briend A, Ciliberto HM, et al. Comparison of home-based therapy with ready-to-use therapeutic food with standard therapy in the treatment of malnourished Malawian children: a controlled, clinical effectiveness trial. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2005;81(4):864-70.
Cohen 1994 {published data only}
  • Cohen RJ, Brown KH, Canahuati J, Rivera LL, Dewey KG. Effects of age of introduction of complementary foods on infant breast milk intake, total energy intake, and growth: a randomised intervention study in Honduras. Lancet 1994;344(8918):288-93.
Cooper 2010 {published data only}
  • Cooper PA. The clinical challenge of preventing and treating malnutrition. Nestle Nutrition Workshop Series. Pediatric Programme 2010;66:31-40.
Costa 1994 {published data only}
  • Costa MJC, Rivera MAA, Batista Filho M, Gomes NDN, Carvalho ME. Diet therapy for malnutrition children [Tratamento dietoterápico do desnutrido: experiência do Hospital Universitário de Joäo Pessoa]. CCS 1994;13(4):35-40.
Da Silva Ferreira 2008 {published and unpublished data}
  • Da Silva Ferreira H, De Araújo Cavalcante S, Cabral CR Jr, De Paffer AT. Effects of the consumption of "multimixture" on nutritional status: a community trial involving children from a slum district on the outskirts of Maceió, State of Alagoas, Brazil [Efeitos do consumo da multimistura sobre o estado nutricional: ensaio comunitário envolvendo crianças de uma favela da periferia de Maceió, Alagoas, Brasil]. Revista Brasileria de Saúde Materno Infantil 2008;8(3):309-18.
De Caballero 2004 {published data only}
  • De Caballero E, Sinisterra O, Lagrutta F, Atalah E. Assessment of the nutritional impact of the complementary feeding program of Panama in children under five years old. Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición 2004;54(1):66-71.
Defourny 2009 {published data only}
  • Defourny I, Minetti A, Harczi G, Doyon S, Shepherd S, Tectonidis M, et al. A large-scale distribution of milk-based fortified spreads: evidence for a new approach in regions with high burden of acute malnutrition. PLoS ONE 2009;4(5):e5455.
De La Luz 1977 {published data only}
  • De La Luz AM, Guzman MT, Vial M, Jaque G, Bell K, Gattas V, et al. Descriptive study of Fortesan: a new food product for preschool children. Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutricion 1977;27(4):521-7.
De Oliveira 1981 {published data only}
  • De Oliveira JE, Scatena L, Duarte FA, Humerez DC. The nutritive value of Brazilian soy products tested in malnourished children. Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición 1981;31(1):93-107.
De Silva 2007 {published data only}
  • De Silva DG, Rajindrajith S, Pathmeswaran A, Karunasekera W. An intervention study to monitor weight gain in infants using a home based complementary food recipe and a hand blender. Ceylon Medical Journal 2007;52(3):79-83.
De Tomas 1994 {published data only}
  • De Tomas ME, Mercuri O, De Serres CT, Marin MC, Rodrigo A. Effect of the administration of corn oil on the composition of fatty acids of plasma phospholipids in normal and malnourished infants fed with cow's milk. Medicina 1994;54(5 Pt 1):385-91.
Dewan 2007 {published data only}
  • Dewan P, Kaur I, Chattopadhya D, Faridi MM, Agarwal KN. A pilot study on the effects of curd (dahi) & leaf protein concentrate in children with protein energy malnutrition (PEM). Indian Journal of Medical Research 2007;126(3):199-203.
Dewey 2008 {published data only}
Dube 2009 {published data only}
  • Dube B, Rongsen T, Mazumder S, Taneja S, Rafiqui F, Bhandari N, et al. Comparison of ready-to-use therapeutic food with cereal legume-based khichri among malnourished children. Indian Pediatrics 2009;46(5):383-8.
Elizabeth 2007 {published data only}
  • Elizabeth KE. Locally available & natural therapeutic foods for immunomodulation in protein energy malnutrition. Indian Journal of Medical Research 2007;126(3):179-81.
Engle 2010 {published data only}
  • Engle PL, Fernandez PD. INCAP studies of malnutrition and cognitive behavior. Food and Nutrition Bulletin 2010;31(1):83-94.
Fauveau 1992 {published and unpublished data}
  • Fauveau C, Siddiqui M, Briend A, Silimperi DR, Begum N, Fauvea V. Limited impact of a targeted food supplementation programme in Bangladeshi urban slum children. Annals of Tropical Paediatrics 1992;12(1):41-6.
Ferreira 2008 {published data only}
  • Ferreira HDS, Cavalcante SDA, Cabral CR Jr, Paffer AT. Effects of the consumption of "multimixture" on nutritional status: a community trial involving children from a slum district on the outskirts of Maceió, State of Alagoas, Brazil [Efeitos do consumo da multimistura sobre o estado nutricional: ensaio comunitário envolvendo crianças de uma favela da periferia de Maceió, Alagoas, Brasil]. Revista Brasileria de Saúde Materno Infantil 2008;8(3):309-18.
Field Exchange 2008 {published data only}
  • Field Exchange. WFP Targeted supplementary feeding in Ethiopia. http://fex.ennonline.net/32/wfp (accessed 19 December 2013).
Filteau 2011 {published data only}
  • Filteau S, Baisley K, Chisenga M, Kasonka L, Gibson RS. Provision of micronutrient-fortified food from 6 months of age does not permit HIV-exposed, uninfected Zambian children to catch up in growth to HIV-unexposed children: a randomised controlled trial. Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes 2011;56(2):166-75.
Flax 2008 {published data only}
  • Flax VL, Ashorn U, Phuka J, Maleta K, Manary MJ, Ashorn P. Feeding patterns of underweight children in rural Malawi given supplementary fortified spread at home. Maternal & Child Nutrition 2008;4(1):65-73.
Flax 2008a {published data only}
  • Flax VL, Maleta K, Ashorn U, Manary MJ, Briend A, Ashorn P. Intake of lipid-based nutrient supplements during illness and convalescence among moderately-underweight Malawian children. Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition 2008;26(4):468-70.
Flax 2009 {published data only}
  • Flax VL, Thakwalakwa C, Phuka J, Ashorn U, Cheung YB, Maleta K, et al. Malawian mothers' attitudes towards the use of two supplementary foods for moderately malnourished children. Appetite 2009;53(2):195-202.
Friedlander 1972 {published and unpublished data}
Gaboulaud 2007 {published data only}
  • Gaboulaud V, Dan-Bouzoua N, Brasher C, Fedida G, Gergonne B, Brown V. Could nutritional rehabilitation at home complement or replace centre-based therapeutic feeding programmes for severe malnutrition?. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics 2007;53(1):49-51.
Galvez 2010 {published data only}
  • Gálvez P, Weisstaub G, Araya M. Energy protein intake during nutritional recovery and nutritional status achieved. Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición 2010;60(1):56-63.
García Aranda 1998 {published data only}
  • García Aranda JA, Toussaint G, Galván S, Rangel S, Juárez Soto JM. Nutritional supplementation in malnourished children living in rural areas [Suplementación alimenticia por 9 meses con la papilla HIM-Maiz en niños desnutridos de comunidades rurales]. Boletín Médico Hospital Infantil de México 1998;55(11):627-36.
Gartner 2006 {published data only}
  • Gartner A, Maire B, Traissac P, Kameli Y, Delpeuch F. Determinants of nutrition improvement in a large-scale urban project: a follow-up study of children participating in the Senegal Community Nutrition Project. Public Health Nutrition 2006;9(8):982-90.
Gartner 2006a {published data only}
Gartner 2007 {published data only}
  • Gartner A, Kameli Y, Traissac P, Dhur A, Delpeuch F, Maire B. Has the first implementation phase of the Community Nutrition Project in urban Senegal had an impact?. Nutrition 2007;23(3):219-28.
Gerbouin-Rerolle 1996 {published data only}
  • Gerbouin-Rerolle P. How can food supplementation to young children be improved?. Sante 1996;6(4):229-35.
Ghai 1971 {published data only}
  • Ghai OP, Chaudhuri SN. Feeding trials with lysine fortified wheat flour in protein calorie malnutrition. Indian Journal of Medical Research 1971;59(5):756-9.
Gigante 2007 {published data only}
  • Gigante DP, Buchweitz M, Helbig E, Almeida AS, Araujo CL, Neumann NA, et al. Randomized clinical trial of the impact of a nutritional supplement "multimixture" on the nutritional status of children enrolled at preschools. Jornal de Pediatria 2007;83(4):363-9.
Glatthaar 1986 {published data only}
  • Glatthaar II, Fehrsen GS, Irwig LM, Reinach SG. Protein-energy malnutrition: the role of nutrition education in rehabilitation. Human Nutrition. Clinical Nutrition 1986;40(4):271-85.
Godard 1989 {published data only}
  • Godard C, Bustos M, Muñoz M, Nusslé D. Value of a chicken-based formula for refeeding of children with protracted diarrhea and malnutrition in a developing country. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 1989;9(4):473-80.
Golden 2008 {published data only}
  • Golden M, Grellety Y. Failure to respond to treatment in supplementary feeding programmes. http://fex.ennonline.net/34/failure (accessed 19 December 2013).
Golden 2010 {published data only}
Gonzalez-Cossio 1998 {published data only}
  • Gonzalez-Cossio T, Habicht JP, Rasmussen KM, Delgado HL. Impact of food supplementation during lactation on infant breast-milk intake and on the proportion of infants exclusively breast-fed. The Journal of Nutrition 1998;128(10):1692-702.
Gopalan 1973 {published and unpublished data}
  • Gopalan C, Swaninathan MC, Kumari VK, Rao DH, Vijayaraghavan K. Effect of calorie supplementation on growth of undernourished children. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1973;26(5):563-6.
Goulart 2007 {published data only}
  • Goulart RM, França I Jr, Souza MF. Nutritional rehabilitation of undernourished and nutritionally at-risk children admitted to a supplementary food program in Mogi das Cruzes, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Cadernos de Saude Publica 2007;23(1):147-56.
Goulart 2009 {published data only}
  • Goulart RMM, França I Jr, Souza M. Factors associated to child nutritional recovery in a supplemental feeding program [Fatores associados à recuperação nutricional de crianças em programa de suplementação alimentar]. Revista Brasileria de Epidemiologia 2009;12(2):180-94.
Gowenlock, 1971 {published data only}
  • Gowenlock, Burgess A, Slee PH, Burgess HJ. A lactose-free diet for malnutrition in rural Africa. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1971;65(5):680-1.
Graham 1963 {published data only}
  • Graham GG, Cordano A, Baertl JM. Studies in infantile malnutrition. II. Effect of protein and calorie intake on weight gain. The Journal of Nutrition 1963;81:249-54.
Graham 1966 {published data only}
  • Graham GG, Baertl JM, Cordano A. Studies in infantile malnutrition. V. The effect of dietary protein source on serum proteins. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1966;18(1):16-9.
Graham 1974 {published data only}
  • Graham GG, Baertl JM. Nutritional effectiveness of soy cereal foods in undernourished infants. Journal of the American Oil Chemists' Society 1974;51(1):152-5A.
Graham 1979 {published data only}
Graham 1979a {published data only}
  • Graham GG, Morales E, Placko RP, MacLean WC Jr. Nutritive value of brown and black beans for infants and small children. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1979;32(11):2362-6.
Graham 1980 {published data only}
  • Graham GG, Placko RP, Lean WC Jr. Nutritional value of normal, opaque-2 and sugary-2 opaque-2 maize hybrids for infants and children. 2. Plasma free amino acids. Journal of Nutrition 1980;110(5):1070-5.
Graham 1986 {published data only}
  • Graham GG, MacLean WC Jr, Morales E, Hamaker BR, Kirleis AW, Axtell JD. Digestibility and utilization of protein and energy from Nasha, a traditional Sudanese fermented sorghum weaning food. The Journal of Nutrition 1986;116(6):978-84.
Graham 1990 {published data only}
  • Graham GG, Lembcke J, Morales E. Quality-protein maize as the sole source of dietary protein and fat for rapidly growing young children. Pediatrics 1990;85(1):85-91.
Graham 1993 {published data only}
Graham 1996 {published data only}
  • Graham GG, MacLean WC, Brown KH, Morales E, Lembcke J, Gastañaduy A. Protein requirements of infants and children: growth during recovery from malnutrition. Pediatrics 1996;97(4):499-505.
Grantham-McGregor 1991 {published data only}
  • Grantham-McGregor SM, Powell CA, Walker SP, Himes JH. Nutritional supplementation, psychosocial stimulation, and mental development of stunted children: the Jamaican Study. Lancet 1991;338(8758):1-5.
Grantham-McGregor 1992 {published data only}
  • Grantham-McGregor SM, Cumper G. Jamaican studies in nutrition and child development, and their implications for national development. Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 1992;51(1):71-9.
Grantham-McGregor 1993 {published data only}
  • Grantham-McGregor SM, Walker SP, Himes JH, Powell CA. The effect of nutritional supplementation and stunting on morbidity in young children: the Jamaican study. Transactions of the Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 1993;87(1):109-13.
Grantham-McGregor 2005 {published data only}
  • Grantham-McGregor S, Baker-Henningham H. Review of the evidence linking protein and energy to mental development. Public Health Nutrition 2005;8(7a):1191-201.
Greco 2006 {published data only}
  • Greco L, Balungi J, Amono K, Iriso R, Corrado B. Effect of a low-cost food on the recovery and death rate of malnourished children. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 2006;43(4):512-7.
Gross 2003 {published data only}
  • Gross R, Dwivedi A, Solomons NW. Introduction to the proceedings of the International Research on Infant Supplementation (IRIS) initiative. Food and Nutrition Bulletin 2003;24(3 Suppl):S3-6.
Guaipo 1993 {published data only}
  • Guaipo B, Calderon M, Laprea MT. Formulation and evaluation of a beverage based on whole milk and precooked rice flour. Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutricion 1993;43(2):161-7.
Gupta 2007 {published data only}
  • Gupta N, Gehri M, Stettler N. Early introduction of water and complementary feeding and nutritional status of children in northern Senegal. Public Health Nutrition 2007;10(11):1299-304.
Gutierrez 1998 {published data only}
  • Gutierrez MR, Bettiol H, Barbieri MA. Evaluation of a supplementary nutrition program. Pan American Journal of Public Health 1998;4(1):32-9.
Guyon 2009 {published data only}
  • Guyon AB, Quinn VJ, Hainsworth M, Ravonimanantsoa P, Ravelojoana V, Rambeloson Z, et al. Implementing an integrated nutrition package at large scale in Madagascar: the Essential Nutrition Actions framework. Food and Nutrition Bulletin 2009;30(3):233-44.
Guzman 2008 {published data only}
  • Guzman L, Nanfito G, Rey A, Drut R, Docena G, Cueto Rua EA. Children with chronic diarrhea and undernutrition, weight evaluation using a tripletherapy: diet, hydrolisate and probiotics [Evaluación ponderal de tres alternativas terapéuticas en niños con diarrea crónica y desnutrición: dieta, hidrolizados y probióticos]. Ludovica Pediátrica 2008;10(2):62-70.
Habicht 2010 {published data only}
  • Habicht JP, Martorell R. Probability, plausibility, and adequacy evaluations of the Oriente Study demonstrate that supplementation improved child growth. The Journal of Nutrition 2010;140(2):407-10.
Hansen 1979 {published data only}
  • Hansen JD, MacDougall LG, Thing JR, Thornber MR. Evaluation of high-protein supplements in children with protein energy malnutrition. South African Medical Journal 1979;55(18):715-8.
Harahap 2000 {published data only}
  • Harahap H, Jahari AB, Husaini MA, Saco-Pollitt C, Pollitt E. Effects of an energy and micronutrient supplement on iron deficiency anemia, physical activity and motor and mental development in undernourished children in Indonesia. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2000;54 Suppl 2:S114-9.
Harris 2011 {published data only}
  • Harris S, Jack S. Home-based treatment of acute malnutrition in Cambodian urban poor communities. Food and Nutrition Bulletin 2011;32(4):333-9.
Heikens 1989 {published and unpublished data}
  • Heikens GT, Schofield WN, Dawson S, Grantham-McGregor S. The Kingston project. I. Growth of malnourished children during rehabilitation in the community, given a high energy supplement. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1989;43(3):145-60.
Heikens 1993 {published and unpublished data}
  • Heikens GT, Schofield WN, Dawson S. The Kingston Project. II. The effects of high energy supplement and metronidazole on malnourished children rehabilitated in the community: anthropometry. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1993;47(3):160-73.
Heikens 1993a {published and unpublished data}
  • Heikens GT, Schofield WN, Christie CD, Gernay J, Dawson S. The Kingston Project. III. The effects of high energy supplement and metronidazole on malnourished children rehabilitated in the community: morbidity and growth. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1993;47(3):174-91.
Hendricks 2003 {published data only}
Hendricks 2010 {published data only}
Herrera 1987 {published data only}
  • Herrera AE, Vega FL. Balance in malnourished children, recovering from diarrhea, using three dietary formulas [Estudios de balance en niños desnutridos, convalecientes de diarrea, empleando tres fórmulas dietéticas]. Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México 1987;44(4):207-13.
Hillis 1994 {published and unpublished data}
  • Hillis SD, Weigle K, Miranda CM, McCann M, Bender D, Stewart P. Supplementary feeding in Colombian child-care centers and growth velocity. Pediatrics 1994;6:1066-9.
Holen 2009 {published data only}
  • Holen O. Protein rich ready-to-use food to undernourished children. Tidsskrift for Den Norske Laegeforening 2009;129(20):2144.
Hop Le 2005 {published data only}
  • Hop LET, Berger J. Multiple micronutrient supplementation improves anemia, micronutrient nutrient status, and growth of Vietnamese infants: double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. The Journal of Nutrition 2005;135(3):660-5S.
Hoppe 2008 {published data only}
  • Hoppe C, Andersen GS, Jacobsen S, Molgaard C, Friis H, Sangild PT, et al. The use of whey or skimmed milk powder in fortified blended foods for vulnerable groups. The Journal of Nutrition 2008;138(1):145-61S.
Hossain 2005 {published data only}
  • Hossain MI, Wahed MA, Ahmed S. Increased food intake after the addition of amylase-rich flour to supplementary food for malnourished children in rural communities of Bangladesh. Food and Nutrition Bulletin 2005;26(4):323-9.
Hossain 2011a {published data only}
  • Hossain MI, Nahar B, Hamadani JD, Ahmed T, Brown KH. Effects of community-based follow-up care in managing severely underweight children. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 2011;53(3):310-9.
Ickes 2009 {published data only}
  • Ickes SB, Charles B, Chamiec-Case L, Jilcott SB, Ammerman AS. Development and evaluation of an intervention to promote in-home ready-to-use food (RUF) consumption in a supplemental feeding program for undernourished and stunted children in western Uganda. Experimental Biology. 2009, issue April 21.
Ickes 2012 {published data only}
Imdad 2011 {published data only}
  • Imdad A, Yakoob MY, Bhutta ZA. Impact of maternal education about complementary feeding and provision of complementary foods on child growth in developing countries. BMC Public Health 2011;11 Suppl 3:S25.
Inayati 2012 {published data only}
  • Inayati DA, Scherbaum V, Purwestri RC, Wirawan NN, Suryantan J, Hartono S, et al. Combined intensive nutrition education and micronutrient powder supplementation improved nutritional status of mildly wasted children on Nias Island, Indonesia. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2012;21(3):361-73.
Isanaka 2009 {published data only}
  • Isanaka S, Nombela N, Djibo A, Poupard M, Van BD, Gaboulaud V, et al. Effect of preventive supplementation with ready-to-use therapeutic food on the nutritional status, mortality, and morbidity of children aged 6 to 60 months in Niger: a cluster randomized trial. JAMA 2009;301(3):277-85.
Jaffe 2001 {published data only}
  • Jaffe W, Guerra M. Lactovisoy for the treatment of undernourished children [El lactovisoy en el combate de la desnutrición infantil]. Anales Venezolanos Nutrición 2001;14(2):99-102.
Jansen 1980 {published data only}
  • Jansen R, Harper JM. Application of low-cost extrusion cooking to weaning foods in feeding programmes. Part 1. Food and Nutrition 1980;6(1):2-9.
Jilcott 2010 {published data only}
  • Jilcott SB, Ickes SB, Ammerman AS, Myhre JA. Iterative design, implementation and evaluation of a supplemental feeding program for underweight children ages 6-59 months in western Uganda. Maternal and Child Health Journal 2010;14(2):299-306.
John 1993 {published data only}
  • John C, Gopaldas T. Evaluation of the impact on growth of a controlled 6-month feeding trial on children (6-24 months) fed a complementary feed of a high energy-low bulk gruel versus a high energy-high bulk gruel in addition to their habitual home diet. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics 1993;39(1):16-22.
Jood 2001 {published data only}
  • Jood S, Gupta M, Yadav SK, Khetarpaul N. Effect of supplementation on haemoglobin and serum retinol levels and nutritional status of school children of northern India. Nutrition and Health 2001;15(2):97-111.
Joshi 1988 {published and unpublished data}
Kabir 1994 {published data only}
  • Kabir I, Malek MA, Rahman MM, Khaled MA, Mahalanabis D. Changes in body composition of malnourished children after dietary supplementation as measured by bioelectrical impedance. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1994;59(1):5-9.
Kalimbira 2010 {published data only}
  • Kalimbira AA, MacDonald C, Simpson JR. The impact of an integrated community-based micronutrient and health programme on stunting in Malawian preschool children. Public Health Nutrition 2010;13(5):720-9.
Kapil 2004 {published data only}
  • Kapil U. Impact of single /multiple micronutrient supplementation on child health. Indian Journal of Pediatrics 2004;71(11):983-4.
Kapil 2009 {published data only}
Kasese 2002 {published data only}
Khaled 1995 {published data only}
Khamhoung 2000 {published data only}
  • Khamhoung K, Bodhisane N, Pathammavong C, Ouenvilay S, Senthavisouk B, Pongpaew P, et al. Nutritional status of pre-school children and women in selected villages in the Suvannakhet Province, Lao PDR--an intervention trial. Southeast Asian Journal of Tropical Medicine and Public Health 2000;31 Suppl 2:63-74.
Khan 1994 {published data only}
  • Khan A, Khan S. Preparation of high protein and high caloric value supplements for the children of the southern areas of the north west frontier province of Pakistan. Nutrition research 1994;14(5):639-50.
King 2007 {published data only}
  • King S, Prawitz AD, Umoren J, O'Gorman T. The impact of high diastase malted barley flour on weight and height of malnourished children in Panama. Journal of Hunger & Environmental Nutrition 2007;1(4):23-35.
King 2010 {published data only}
Krahenbuhl 1998 {published data only}
  • Krahenbuhl JD, Schutz Y, Jequier E. High fat versus high carbohydrate nutritional supplementation: a one year trial in stunted rural Gambian children. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1998;52(3):213-22.
Kumar 1992 {published data only}
  • Kumar S, Nath LM, Reddaiah VP. Supplementary feeding pattern in children living in a resettlement colony. Indian Pediatrics 1992;29(2):219-22.
Kumari 1975 {published data only}
  • Kumari VK, Damodaran M, Rau P. Evaluation of domicilliary management of protein-calorie malnutrition. Tropical and Geographical Medicine 1975;27(1):99-102.
Kuusipalo 2006 {published and unpublished data}
  • Kuusipalo H, Maleta K, Briend A, Manary M, Ashorn P. Growth and change in blood haemoglobin concentration among underweight Malawian infants receiving fortified spreads for 12 weeks: a preliminary trial . Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 2006;43(4):525-32.
Lagrone 2010 {published data only}
  • Lagrone L, Cole S, Schondelmeyer A, Maleta K, Manary MJ. Locally produced ready-to-use supplementary food is an effective treatment of moderate acute malnutrition in an operational setting. Annals of Tropical Paediatrics 2010;30(2):103-8.
Lane 1981 {published data only}
  • Lane JM. Evaluation of nutrition intervention programs. Progress in Clinical and Biological Research 1981;67:423-8.
Langendorf 2012 {unpublished data only}
  • Langendorf C, Roederer T. Evaluation of different strategies to prevent malnutrition in Niger [Evaluation de différentes stratégies de distributions préventives de la malnutrition au Niger]. Rapport Intermédiaire Août – Décembre 2011. Paris, France: Epicentre, 2012.
Lartey 1999 {published data only}
  • Lartey A, Manu A, Brown KH, Peerson JM, Dewey KG. A randomized, community-based trial of the effects of improved, centrally processed complementary foods on growth and micronutrient status of Ghanaian infants from 6 to 12 mo of age. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1999;70(3):391-404.
Lei 1989 {published data only}
  • Lei DL, Monteiro CA, Lerner BR, Chaves SP. Assessment of the impact of nutritional rehabilitation programs on preschool children: test of a methodology. Revista de Saude Publica 1989;23(3):230-5.
Lemaire 2011 {published data only}
  • Lemaire M, Islam QS, Shen H, Khan MA, Parveen M, Abedin F, et al. Iron-containing micronutrient powder provided to children with moderate-to-severe malnutrition increases hemoglobin concentrations but not the risk of infectious morbidity: a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, noninferiority safety trial. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2011;94(2):585-93.
Lin 2008 {published data only}
  • Lin CA, Manary MJ, Maleta K, Briend A, Ashorn P. An energy-dense complementary food is associated with a modest increase in weight gain when compared with a fortified porridge in Malawian children aged 6-18 months. The Journal of Nutrition 2008;138(3):593-8.
Linneman 2007 {published data only}
Lopez 2005 {published data only}
  • Lopez De Romana G, Cusirramos S, Lopez De Romana D, Gross R. Efficacy of multiple micronutrient supplementation for improving anemia, micronutrient status, growth, and morbidity of Peruvian infants. The Journal of Nutrition 2005;135(3):646-52S.
Lopriore 2004 {published data only}
  • Lopriore C, Guidoum Y, Briend A, Branca F. Spread fortified with vitamins and minerals induces catch-up growth and eradicates severe anemia in stunted refugee children aged 3-6 y. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2004;80(4):973-81.
Lorri 1997 {published data only}
  • Lorri W. Nutrition programmes in Tanzania. SCN News 1997;15:6.
Lutter 1989 {published data only}
  • Lutter CK, Mora JO, Habicht JP, Rasmussen KM, Robson DS, Sellers SG, et al. Nutritional supplementation: effects on child stunting because of diarrhea. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1989;50(1):1-8.
Lutter 1990 {published data only}
  • Lutter CK, Mora JO, Habicht JP, Rasmussen KM, Robson DS, Herrera MG. Age-specific responsiveness of weight and length to nutritional supplementation. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1990;51(3):359-64.
Lutter 2008 {published data only}
  • Lutter CK, Rodriguez A, Fuenmayor G, Avila L, Sempertegui F, Escobar J. Growth and micronutrient status in children receiving a fortified complementary food. The Journal of Nutrition 2008;138(2):379-88.
Luyken 1977 {published data only}
MacLean 1975 {published data only}
  • MacLean WC Jr, Graham GC. Evaluation of a low-lactose nutritional supplement in malnourished children. Journal of the American Dietetic Association 1975;67(6):558-64.
Maleta 2004 {published and unpublished data}
  • Maleta K, Kuittinen J, Duggan MB, Briend A, Manary M, Wales T, et al. Supplementary feeding of underweight, stunted Malawian children with a ready-to-use food. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 2004;38(2):152-8.
Manary 2004 {published and unpublished data}
Mannar 2006 {published data only}
Mariño 2003 {published data only}
  • Mariño M, Martínez J, Azuaje A. Nutritional recovery of mild and moderately malnourished children under two differents treatment approaches (ambulatory versus day-care) [Recuperación nutricional de niños con desnutrición leve y moderada según dos modalidades de atención: seminternado y ambulatoria]. Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición 2003;53(3):258-66.
Marsh 2002 {published data only}
  • Marsh DR, Pachón H, Schroeder DG, Ha TT, Dearden K, Lang TT, et al. Design of a prospective, randomized evaluation of an integrated nutrition program in rural Viet Nam. Food and Nutrition Bulletin 2002;23(4 Suppl):36-47.
Martinez 1999 {published data only}
  • Martinez H, Campero L, Rodriguez G, Rivera J. Acceptability of food supplements in pregnant or lactating women and children under 5 years of age. Salud Pública de Mexico 1999;41(3):163-9.
Martorell 1980 {published data only}
  • Martorell R, Klein RE. Food supplementation and growth rates in preschool children. Nutrition Reports International 1980;21(3):447-54.
Martorell 1995 {published data only}
Mattinen 2008 {published data only}
  • Mattinen H. Blanket BP5 distribution to under fives in north Darfur. Field Exchange 2008;33:31.
Maulen-Radovan 1999 {published data only}
  • Maulen-Radovan I, Villagomez S, Soler E, Villicana R, Hernandez-Ronquillo L, Rosado JL. Nutritional impact of whole milk supplemented with vitamins and minerals in children. Salud Pública de Mexico 1999;41(5):389-96.
Mayr 2000 {published data only}
Mayurasakorn 2010 {published data only}
  • Mayurasakorn K, Sitphahul P, Hongto PO. Supplement of three eggs a week improves protein malnutrition in Thai children from rural areas. Journal of the Medical Association of Thailand 2010;93(3):301-9.
Mazariegos 2010 {published data only}
  • Mazariegos M, Hambidge KM, Westcott JE, Solomons NW, Raboy V, Das A, et al. Neither a zinc supplement nor phytate-reduced maize nor their combination enhance growth of 6- to 12-month-old Guatemalan infants. The Journal of Nutrition 2010;140(5):1041-8.
Mazo 2006 {published and unpublished data}
  • Mazo SA, Arias SA. Efficacy and safety of milk fermented by lactobacillus (kumis) in nutritional recovery of undernourished children and control of their diarrhea episodes [Eficacia y seguridad de leche fermentada por lactobacilos (kumis) en la recuperación nutricional de niños desnutridos y en el control de sus episodios de enfermedad diarreica]. Revista Facultad Nacional de Salud Pública 2006;24(2):83-97.
Mazumder 1996 {published data only}
  • Mazumder RN, Kabir I, Rahman MM, Khatun M, Mahalanabis D. Absorption of macronutrients from a calorie-dense diet in malnourished children during acute shigellosis. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 1996;23(1):24-8.
Mazumder 1997 {published data only}
  • Mazumder RN, Hoque SS, Ashraf H, Kabir I, Wahed MA. Early feeding of an energy dense diet during acute shigellosis enhances growth in malnourished children. The Journal of Nutrition 1997;127(1):51-4.
Mazumder 2000 {published data only}
  • Mazumder RN, Ashraf H, Hoque SS, Kabir I, Majid N, Wahed MA, et al. Effect of an energy-dense diet on the clinical course of acute shigellosis in undernourished children. The British Journal of Nutrition 2000;84(5):775-9.
McDonald 2008 {published data only}
  • McDonald EL, Bailie RS, Rumbold AR, Morris PS, Paterson BA. Preventing growth faltering among Australian Indigenous children: implications for policy and practice. Medical Journal of Australia 2008;188(8 Suppl):S84-6.
Meeks Gardner 1995 {published data only}
  • Meeks Gardner J, Grantham-McGregor SM, Chang SM, Himes JH, Powell CA. Activity and behavioral development in stunted and nonstunted children and response to nutritional supplementation. Child Development 1995;66(6):1785-97.
Mensah 2003 {published data only}
  • Mensah P, Tomkins A. Household-level technologies to improve the availability and preparation of adequate and safe complementary foods. Food and Nutrition Bulletin 2003;24(1):104-25.
Michaelsen 2011 {published data only}
  • Michaelsen KF, Nielsen AL, Roos N, Friis H, Molgaard C. Cow's milk in treatment of moderate and severe undernutrition in low-income countries. Nestle Nutrition Workshop Series. Pediatric Programme 2011;67:99-111.
Mitchell 1977 {published data only}
  • Mitchell JD, Brand J, Halbisch J. Weight-gain inhibition by lactose in Australian Aboriginal children. A controlled trial of normal and lactose hydrolysed milk. Lancet 1977;1(8010):500-2.
Monte 1998 {published data only}
  • Monte CMG, Ashworth A, Sa MLB, Diniz RLP. Effectiveness of nutrition centers in Ceará state, northeastern Brazil. Revista Panamericana de Salud Pública 1998;4(6):375-82.
Mora 1981 {published data only}
  • Mora JO, Herrera MG, Suescun J, De Nacarro L, Wagner M. The effects of nutritional supplementation on physical growth of children at risk of malnutrition. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1981;34(9):1885-92.
Morales 1993 {published data only}
  • Morales E, Graham GG. Peruvian corn of high protein quality. Digestibility and use in malnourished children. Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutricion 1993;43(2):176-83.
Moreira 1996 {published data only}
  • Moreira FL, Padovani CR, Maffei HV. Anthropometric evolution during hospitalization of severe malnourished children with persistent diarrhea receiving standardized nutritional support [Evoluçäo antropométrica de crianças hospitalizadas com diarréia persistente e desnutriçäo grave, submetidas a suporte nutricional]. Jornal de Pediatria 1996;72(4):235-41.
Mosha 2004 {published data only}
  • Mosha TC, Vicent MM. Nutritional value and acceptability of homemade maize/sorghum-based weaning mixtures supplemented with rojo bean flour, ground sardines and peanut paste. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition 2004;55(4):301-15.
Moussa 1992 {published data only}
  • Moussa WA, Tadros MD, Mekhael KG, Darwish AE, Shakir AH, El-Rehim EA. Some simple methods of home processing and their implication with weaning foods. Nahrung 1992;36(1):26-33.
Mueller 1982 {published data only}
  • Mueller WH, Pollitt E. The Bacon Chow study: effects of nutrition supplementation on sibling-sibling anthropometric correlations. Human Biology 1982;54(3):455-68.
Mugula 1999 {published data only}
  • Mugula JK, Lyimo M. Evaluation of the nutritional quality and acceptability of fingermillet-based tempe as potential weaning foods in Tanzania. International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition 1999;50(4):275-82.
Murahovschi 1990 {published data only}
  • Murahovschi J, Machado JD, Fisberg M, Zoletti W Jr, Elias S, Dias TRP, et al. Nutritional evaluation of children enrolled in a alimentary supplementation program (cow milk) [Avaliaçäo nutricional de crianças inscritas em um programa de suplementaçäo alimentar (leite fluido)]. Revista Paulista de Pediatria 1990;8(29):51-4.
Musgrove 1990 {published data only}
Nazni 2009 {published and unpublished data}
  • Nazni P, Andal S, Pradeepa S. Comparative study on supplementation of potato flour biscuits on the nutritional and cognitive profile of the selected children. Irananian Jourmal of Pediatrics 2009;19(3):285-92.
NCT00890695 {unpublished data only}
  • Berkley J. Effectiveness of supplementary feeding during infection among moderately malnourished children (MODMAL). http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00890695 (accessed 19 December 2013).
Ndekha 2005 {published and unpublished data}
  • Ndekha MJ, Manary MJ, Ashorn P, Briend A. Home-based therapy with ready-to-use therapeutic food is of benefit to malnourished, HIV-infected Malawian children. Acta Paediatrica 2005;94(2):222-5.
Nesse 2011 {published data only}
  • Nesse KO, Nagalakshmi  AP,  Marimuthu P, Singh M. Efficacy of a fish protein hydrolysate in malnourished children. Indian Journal of Clinical Biochemistry 2011;26(4):1-6.
Nestel 2003 {published data only}
  • Nestel P, Briend A, De Benoist B, Decker E, Ferguson E, Fontaine O, et al. Complementary food supplements to achieve micronutrient adequacy for infants and young children. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 2003;36(3):316-28.
Neufeld 2009 {published data only}
  • Neufeld LM. Ready-to-use therapeutic food for the prevention of wasting in children. JAMA 2009;301(3):327-8.
Neumann 1973 {published data only}
Nielsen 2004 {published data only}
  • Nielsen J, Valentiner-Branth P, Martins C, Cabral F, Aaby P. Malnourished children and supplementary feeding during the war emergency in Guinea-Bissau in 1998-1999. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2004;80(4):1036-42.
Obatolu 2003 {published data only}
Odeleye 1992 {published data only}
  • Odeleye OE, Odeleye AA. Effect of caloreen supplementation on some haematological values and urinary iron excretion during protein-energy malnutrition. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1992;46(5):367-71.
Ortega 2008 {published data only}
  • Ortega Alemán EC, Coulson Romero AJ, Ordóñez Argueta LI, Pachón H. The effect of consuming quality protein maize or conventional maize on the growth and morbidity of malnourished Nicaraguan children 1 to 5 years of age. Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición 2008;58(4):377-85.
Ortega Alemán 2008 {published and unpublished data}
  • Ortega Alemán EC, Coulson Romero AJ, Ordóñez Argueta LI, Pachón H. The effect of consuming quality protein maize or conventional maize on the growth and morbidity of malnourished Nicaraguan children 1 to 5 years of age. Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutrición 2008;58(4):377-85.
Ouedraogo 2010 {published data only}
  • Ouedraogo HZ, Traore T, Zeba AN, Dramaix-Wilmet M, Hennart P, Donnen P. Effect of an improved local ingredient-based complementary food fortified or not with iron and selected multiple micronutrients on Hb concentration. Public Health Nutrition 2010;13(11):1923-30.
Owino 2007 {published data only}
  • Owino VO, Kasonka LM, Sinkala MM, Wells JK, Eaton S, Darch T, et al. Fortified complementary foods with or without alpha-amylase treatment increase hemoglobin but do not reduce breast milk intake of 9-mo-old Zambian infants. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2007;86(4):1094-103.
Pachon 2002 {published data only}
  • Pachon H, Schroeder DG, Marsh DR, Dearden KA, Ha TT, Lang TT. Effect of an integrated child nutrition intervention on the complementary food intake of young children in rural north Viet Nam. Food and Nutrition Bulletin 2002;23(4 Suppl):62-9.
Parikh 2010 {published data only}
  • Parikh K, Marein-Efron G, Huang S, O'Hare G, Finalle R, Shah SS. Nutritional status of children after a food-supplementation program integrated with routine health care through mobile clinics in migrant communities in the Dominican Republic. American Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene 2010;83(3):559-64.
Patel 2005 {published data only}
  • Patel MP, Sandige HL, Ndekha MJ, Briend A, Ashorn P, Manary MJ. Supplemental feeding with ready-to-use therapeutic food in Malawian children at risk of malnutrition. Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition 2005;23(4):351-7.
Patnaik 1999 {published data only}
  • Patnaik S, Sarkar A, Sinha S, Roy K. Study of impact of nutrition & health day strategy on the coverage rates of supplementary nutrition and health interventions among the ICDS beneficiaries in a rural block of Madhya Pradesh. Indian Journal of Public Health 1999;43(1):32-6.
Paul 2009 {published data only}
  • Paul K, Muti M, Madzima R, Humphrey JH, Stoltzfus RJ. Counseling on mashing local foods for infants increases nutrient intakes but less than supplementation with a fortified spread in rural Zimbabwe. http://www.fasebj.org/cgi/content/meeting_abstract/23/1_MeetingAbstracts/916.9 (accessed 20 January 2013).
Paul 2012 {published data only}
  • Paul KH, Muti M, Chasekwa B, Mbuya MN, Madzima RC, Humphrey JH, et al. Complementary feeding messages that target cultural barriers enhance both the use of lipid-based nutrient supplements and underlying feeding practices to improve infant diets in rural Zimbabwe. Maternal & Child Nutrition 2012;8(2):225-38.
Pérez-Escamilla 1995 {published data only}
  • Pérez-Escamilla R, Pollitt E. Growth improvements in children above 3 years of age: the Cali Study. The Journal of Nutrition 1995;125(4):885-93.
Perez-Exposito 2009 {published data only}
Pettengill 1998 {published data only}
  • Pettengill MAM, Luizari MR, Javorsky M, Souza M. Integral recuperation of undernourished children project: a proposal for nursing practice. Case report [Projeto de recuperaçäo integral da criança desnutrida: uma proposta de atuaçäo para o enfermeiro. Relato de caso]. Revista da Escola de Enfermagem da USP 1998;32(3):247-54.
Phuka 2008 {published data only}
  • Phuka JC, Maleta K, Thakwalakwa C, Cheung YB, Briend A, Manary MJ, et al. Complementary feeding with fortified spread and incidence of severe stunting in 6- to 18-month-old rural Malawians. Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine 2008;162(7):619-26.
Phuka 2009 {published data only}
Phuka 2009a {published data only}
  • Phuka JC, Maleta K, Thakwalakwa C, Cheung YB, Briend A, Manary MJ, et al. Postintervention growth of Malawian children who received 12-mo dietary complementation with a lipid-based nutrient supplement or maize-soy flour. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2009;89(1):382-90.
Phuka 2011 {published data only}
Pizarro 2003 {published data only}
  • Pizarro T, Rodríguez L, Atalah E. Admission diagnosis and nutritional evolution of the beneficiaries of Corporación para la Nutrición Infantil (CONIN) [Diagnóstico de ingreso y evolución nutricional de los beneficiarios de la Corporación para la Nutrición Infantil (CONIN)]. Revista Médica de Chile 2003;131(9):1031-6.
Pollitt 2000 {published data only}
  • Pollitt E, Jahari A, Walka H. A developmental view of the effects of an energy and micronutrient supplement in undernourished children in Indonesia. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2000;54 Suppl 2:S107-13.
Poudel 2004 {published data only}
  • Poudel KC, Nakahara S, Okumura J, Wakai S. Day-care centre supplementary feeding effects on child nutrition in urban slum areas of Nepal. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics 2004;50(2):116-9.
Puccini 1996 {published data only}
  • Puccini RF, Goihman S, Nóbrega FJ. Evaluation of the Malnourished Children's Recuperation Program in the town of Embu, located in the Metropolitan Area of Säo Paulo [Avaliaçäo do programa de recuperaçäo de desnutridos do município do Embu, na regiäo metropolitana de Säo Paulo]. Jornal de Pediatria 1996;72(2):71-9.
Puri 1984 {published data only}
  • Puri RK, Sachdeva R. Development of low cost supplementary foods for infants and children from locally available foods in Punjab (India). Child: Care, Health and Development 1984;10(4):227-36.
Purwestri 2012 {published data only}
  • Purwestri RC, Scherbaum V, Inayati DA, Wirawan NN, Suryantan J, Bloem MA, et al. Supplementary feeding with locally-produced Ready-to-Use Food (RUF) for mildly wasted children on Nias Island, Indonesia: comparison of daily and weekly program outcomes. Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2012;21(3):374-9.
Quintero 2009 {published data only}
  • Quintero Dip MM, Alcaraz Agüero MA, Saint-Félix TV, Pozo Simón SP, Beatón Lobaina YB. Community intervention in mothers of preschoolers and children at risk of malnutrition [Intervención comunitaria en madres de preescolares y escolares con riesgo de desnutrición]. www.bvs.sld.cu/revistas/san/vol13_5_09/san06509.pdf (accessed 20 January 2013); Vol. 13, issue 5.
Rajalakshmi 1977 {published data only}
  • Rajalakshmi R, Ramakrishnan CV. Formulation and evaluation of meals based on locally available foods for young children. World Review of Nutrition and Dietetics 1977;27:34-104.
Rao 1977 {published data only}
Razafindrakoto 2004 {published and unpublished data}
  • Razafindrakoto O, Ravelomanana N, Rasolofo A, Rakotoarimanana RD, Gourgue P, Coquin P, et al. Goat's milk as a substitute for cow's milk in undernourished children: a randomized double-blind clinical trial. Pediatrics 2004;94(1):65-9.
Richter-Strydom 1985 {published data only}
  • Richter-Strydom LM, Griesel RD, Glatthaar I. Effects of a nutrition education programme on the psychological performance of malnourished children. A 3-year follow-up study. South African Medical Journal 1985;68(9):659-62.
Rio 1981 {published data only}
  • Rio ME, Morasso MD, Piazza N, Closa S, Garcia H, Meredith C, et al. Relative efficiency increases energy and protein in malnourished children [Eficiencia relativa de los incrementos de energia y de proteinas en ninos desnutridos]. Medicina 1981;41(3):343-8.
Rivera 1991 {published and unpublished data}
  • Rivera JA, Habicht JP, Robson DS. Effect of supplementary feeding on recovery from mild to moderate wasting in preschool children. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1991;54(1):62-8.
Rivera 1996 {published and unpublished data}
  • Rivera JA, Habicht JP. The recovery of Guatemalan children with mild to moderate wasting: factors enhancing the impact of supplementary feeding. The American Journal of Public Health 1996;86(10):1430-4.
Rivera 2002 {published data only}
  • Rivera JA, Habicht JP. Effect of supplementary feeding on the prevention of mild-to-moderate wasting in conditions of endemic malnutrition in Guatemala. Bulletin of the World Health Organization 2002;80(12):926-32.
Rivera 2004 {published data only}
  • Rivera JA, Sotres-Alvarez D, Habicht JP, Shamah T, Villalpando S. Impact of the Mexican program for education, health, and nutrition (Progresa) on rates of growth and anemia in infants and young children: a randomized effectiveness study. The Journal of the American Medical Association 2004;291(21):2563-70.
Roberfroid 2009 {published data only}
  • Roberfroid D, Huybregts L, Kolsteren P. Effect of preventive supplementation on young children in Niger. The Journal of the American Medical Association 2009;301(21):2208.
Rodríguez 2007 {published data only}
  • Rodríguez O, Pizarro Q, Benavides M, Atalah SE. Impact evaluation of a nutritional intervention in Chilean children with malnutrition [Evaluación del impacto de una intervención alimentario nutricional en niños Chilenos con malnutrición por déficit]. Revista Chilena de Pediatría 2007;78(4):376-83.
Rojas 2007 {published data only}
  • Rojas D, Flores M, Céspedes K. Outcomes of a food security program in reduction of chronic malnutrition and its causal factors in peruvian children [Resultados de un programa de seguridad alimentaria en la reducción de la desnutrición crónica y sus factores causales en niños peruanos]. Revista Peruana de Medicina Experimental y Salud Publica 2007;24(2):111-20.
Roy 2005 {published and unpublished data}
  • Roy SK, Fuchs GJ, Mahmud Z, Ara G, Islam S, Shafique S, et al. Intensive nutrition education with or without supplementary feeding improves the nutritional status of moderately-malnourished children in Bangladesh. Journal of Health, Population and Nutrition 2005;23(4):320-30.
Roy 2007 {published data only}
  • Roy SK, Jolly SP, Shafique S, Fuchs GJ, Mahmud Z, Chakraborty B, et al. Prevention of malnutrition among young children in rural Bangladesh by a food-health-care educational intervention: a randomized, controlled trial. Food and Nutrition Bulletin 2007;28(4):375-83.
Ruel 2008 {published data only}
  • Ruel MT, Menon P, Habicht JP, Loechl C, Bergeron G, Pelto G, et al. Age-based preventive targeting of food assistance and behaviour change and communication for reduction of childhood undernutrition in Haiti: a cluster randomised trial. Lancet 2008;371(9612):588-95.
Saiyed 2000 {published data only}
  • Saiyed F, Seshadri S. Impact of the integrated package of nutrition and health services. Indian Journal of Pediatrics 2000;67(5):322-8.
Saloojee 2004 {published data only}
Sanchez-Griñan 1992 {published data only}
  • Sanchez-Griñan MI, Peerson JM, Brown KH. Effect of dietary energy density on total ad-libitum energy consumption by recovering malnourished children. European Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1992;46(3):197-204.
Sandige 2004 {published data only}
  • Sandige H, Ndekha MJ, Briend A, Ashorn P, Manary MJ. Home-based treatment of malnourished Malawian children with locally produced or imported ready-to-use food. Journal of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition 2004;39(2):141-6.
Santos 2005 {published and unpublished data}
  • Santos IS, Gigante DP, Coitinho DC, Haisma H, Valle NC, Valente G. Evaluation of the impact of a nutritional program for undernourished children in Brazil. Cadernos de Saude Publica 2005;21(3):776-85.
Saran 2002 {published data only}
Sarni 2005 {published data only}
  • Sarni RO, Souza FI, Catherino P, Kochi C, Oliveira FL, Nobrega FJ. Nutritional support for malnourished hospitalized children: experience of a referral center, Sao Paulo, Brazil. Revista da Associacao Medica Brasileira 2005;51(2):106-12.
Sarojini 1999 {published data only}
  • Sarojini G, Nirmala G, Geetha R. Introduction of red palm oil into the 'ready to eat' used supplementary feeding programme through ICDS. Indian Journal of Public Health 1999;43(4):125-31.
Sazawal 2010 {published data only}
  • Sazawal S, Dhingra U, Dhingra P, Hiremath G, Sarkar A, Dutta A, et al. Micronutrient fortified milk improves iron status, anemia and growth among children 1-4 years: a double masked, randomized, controlled trial. PLoS ONE 2010;5(8):e12167.
Schelp 1990 {published data only}
  • Schelp FP, Sornmani S, Pongpaew P, Vudhivai N, Egormaiphol S, Bohning D. Seasonal variation of wasting and stunting in preschool children during a three-year community-based nutritional intervention study in northeast Thailand. Tropical Medicine and Parasitology 1990;41(3):279-85.
Schroeder 1995 {published data only}
  • Schroeder DG, Martorell R, Rivera JA, Ruel MT, Habicht JP. Age differences in the impact of nutritional supplementation on growth. The Journal of Nutrition 1995;125(4 Suppl):1051-9S.
Schroeder 2002 {published data only}
  • Schroeder DG, Pachón H, Dearden KA, Kwon CB, Ha TT, Lang TT, et al. An integrated child nutrition intervention improved growth of younger, more malnourished children in northern Viet Nam. Food and Nutrition Bulletin 2002;23(4 Suppl):53-61.
Seara 1977 {published data only}
  • Seara LT, De Lucena MA, De Freitas CP. Protein mixture: importance of its presentation forms. Revista Brasileira de Pesquisas Medicas e Biologicas 1977;10(6):397-405.
Sguassero 2005 {published data only}
Sharma 2010 {published data only}
  • Sharma AK, Singh S, Meena S, Kannan AT. Impact of NGO run mid day meal program on nutrition status and growth of primary school children. Indian Journal of Pediatrics 2010;77(7):763-9.
Sibson 2007 {published data only}
  • Sibson V, Golden K. Constraints to achieving Sphere minimum standards for SFPs in west Darfur: a comparative analysis. http://fex.ennonline.net/30/sftpwestdarfur (accessed 18 June 2013).
Simpore 2005 {published data only}
  • Simpore J, Zongo F, Kabore F, Dansou D, Bere A, Nikiema JB, et al. Nutrition rehabilitation of HIV-infected and HIV-negative undernourished children utilizing spirulina. Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism 2005;49(6):373-80.
Simpore 2006 {published and unpublished data}
Singh 2010 {published and unpublished data}
  • Singh AS, Kang G, Ramachandran A, Sarkar R, Peter P, Bose A. Locally made ready to use therapeutic food for treatment of malnutrition a randomized controlled trial. Indian Pediatrics 2010;47(8):679-86.
Siviero 1997 {published data only}
  • Siviero AA, Anti SMA, Bandeira CRS, Russef MM, Fisberg M. Nutritional intervention in preschool children in day care center from Säo Paulo [Intevençäo e orientaçäo nutricional no acompanhamento de crianças desnutridas em creches de Säo Paulo]. Revista Paulista de Pediatria 1997;15(1):7-13.
Smit 2000 {published data only}
  • Smit EN, Oelen EA, Seerat E, Boersma ER, Muskiet FA. Fish oil supplementation improves docosahexaenoic acid status of malnourished infants. Archives of Disease in Childhood 2000;82(5):366-9.
Smith 1992 {published data only}
  • Smith DE, Handy DJ, Holden CE, Stevens MCG, Booth IW. An investigation of supplementary naso-gastric feeding in malnourished children undergoing treatment for malignancy: results of a pilot study. Journal of Human Nutrition and Dietetics 1992;5(2):85-91.
Solomons 1984 {published data only}
  • Solomons NW, Torun B, Caballero B, Flores-Huerta S, Orozco G. The effect of dietary lactose on the early recovery from protein-energy malnutrition. I. Clinical and anthropometric indices. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1984;40(3):591-600.
Sotelo 1987 {published data only}
  • Sotelo A, Hernandez M, Larracilla J, Arenas ML, Palapa E. Use of chickpea (Cicer arietinum L.) in non-dairy formulas. II. Nitrogen balance in children with lactose intolerance, fed with a formula based on chickpea and a commercial soybean product. Archivos Latinoamericanos de Nutricion 1987;37(3):468-79.
Sripaipan 2002 {published data only}
  • Sripaipan T, Schroeder DG, Marsh DR, Pachon H, Dearden KA, Lang TT. Effect of an integrated nutrition program on child morbidity due to respiratory infection and diarrhea in northern Viet Nam. Food and Nutrition Bulletin 2002;23(4 Suppl):70-7.
Stefanak 1989 {published data only}
  • Stefanak MA, Jarjoura D. Weight gain in supervised and take-home feeding programmes in Chad. Journal of Tropical Pediatrics 1989;35(5):214-7.
Stein 2003 {published data only}
  • Stein AD, Barnhart HX, Hickey M, Ramakrishnan U, Schroeder DG, Martorell R. Prospective study of protein-energy supplementation early in life and of growth in the subsequent generation in Guatemala. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 2003;78(1):162-7.
Stein 2004 {published data only}
  • Stein AD, Barnhart HX, Wang M, Hoshen MB, Ologoudou K, Ramakrishnan U, et al. Comparison of linear growth patterns in the first three years of life across two generations in Guatemala. Pediatrics 2004;113(3 Pt 1):e270-5.
Stephens 1972 {published data only}
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Super 1990 {published data only}
  • Super CM, Herrera MG, Mora JO. Long-term effects of food supplementation and psychosocial intervention on the physical growth of Colombian infants at risk of malnutrition. Child Development 1990;61(1):29-49.
Tagwireyi 1997 {published data only}
  • Tagwireyi J. Community Food and Nutrition Programme, Zimbabwe. SCN News 1997, issue 15:8.
Tatala 2007 {published data only}
  • Tatala S, Ndossi G, Ash D, Mamiro P. Effect of germination of finger millet on nutritional value of foods and effect of food supplement on nutrition and anaemia status in Tanzanian children. Tanzania Health Research Bulletin 2007;9(2):77-86.
Tellier 1996 {published data only}
  • Tellier V, Luboya N, De Grave G, Beghin I. Ambulatory management of moderately and severely malnourished children in the rural health district of Kapolowe in Shaba, Zaire. Sante 1996;6(4):213-9.
Thakwalakwa 2010 {published and unpublished data}
  • Thakwalakwa C, Ashorn P, Phuka J, Cheung YB, Briend A, Puumalainen T, et al. A lipid-based nutrient supplement but not corn-soy blend modestly increases weight gain among 6- to 18-month-old moderately underweight children in rural Malawi. The Journal of Nutrition 2010;140(11):2008-13.
Thistle 2007 {published data only}
  • Thistle P, Wight J, Saeed H, Schwarz D. Therapeutic feeding at a rural hospital in Zimbabwe. Central African Journal of Medicine 2007;53(9-12):52-7.
Ticas 1978 {published data only}
  • Ticas JM. Food mixtures of high nutritional value and low cost in the fight against protein-calorie malnutrition. Boletin de la Oficina Sanitaria Panamericana 1978;85(1):26-39.
Tonete 2003 {published data only}
  • Tonete VLP, Carvalhaes MABL, Trezza EMC. Nutritional progress of needy children attended by a supplementary feeding program [Evolucao nutricional de criancas carentes atendidas por programa de suplementacao alimentar]. Pediatria (São Paulo) 2003;25(3):101-8.
Treche 1996 {published data only}
  • Treche S. The effect of energy density and viscosity of porridges on the energy intake of infants. Sante 1996;6(4):237-43.
Van Der Kam 2012 {published data only}
  • Van Der Kam S, Swarthout T, Niragira O, Froud A, Sompwe EM, Mills C, et al. Ready-to-use therapeutic food for catch-up growth in children after an episode of plasmodium falciparum malaria: an open randomised controlled trial. PLoS One 2012;7(4):e35006.
Van Eys 1998 {published data only}
  • Van Eys J. Benefits of nutritional intervention on nutritional status, quality of life and survival. International Journal of Cancer. Supplement 1998;11:66-8.
Vásquez 1987 {published data only}
  • Vásquez Garibay E, Jiménez García A. Feeding with soybean flour and rice cereal in malnourished children during the nutritional recovery [Alimentación con harina de soya y cereal de arroz en el niño desnutrido en fase de recuperación]. Boletín Médico del Hospital Infantil de México 1987;44(10):603-9.
Vieira 1998 {published data only}
  • Vieira M, Solymos GMB, Souza MH, Ferrari AA, Unegru H, Sawaya AL. Pattern evaluation of nutritional recovery in malnourished children attended in center of nutritional educational and recuperation [Avaliaçäo do padräo de recuperaçäo nutricional de crianças desnutridas atendidas no centro de recuperaçäo e educaçäo nutricional]. Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira 1998;44(4):294-300.
Waber 1981 {published data only}
  • Waber DP, Vuori-Christiansen L, Ortiz N, Clement JR, Christiansen NE, Mora JO, et al. Nutritional supplementation, maternal education, and cognitive development of infants at risk of malnutrition. The American Journal of Clinical Nutrition 1981;34(Suppl 4):4-13.
Wai 1980 {published data only}
  • Wai TN, Supasri R, Florencio CA. Rehabilitation of malnourished preschool children with Nutri-Pak. Medical Journal of Malaysia 1980;35(2):122-8.
Waitzberg 1985 {published data only}
  • Waitzberg DL, Pinto PE Jr, D'Albuquerque LA, Ciosak SI, Gomes ML, Imakado CS, et al. Efficacy and tolerance of a new dietetic enteral formula in malnourished patients. AMB: Revista da Associação Médica Brasileira 1985;31(11-12):214-22.
Walia 1982 {published data only}
  • Walia BN, Rugmini PS, Khurana S. Dietary management of malnutrition. Indian Journal of Pediatrics 1982;49(397):219-25.
Walka 1997 {published data only}
  • Walka H, Pollitt E, Triana N, Janari AB. Early supplemental feeding and spontaneous play in West Java, Indonesia. Paper presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development 62nd; 1997 April 3-6, Washington (DC). 1997.
Wang 2007 {published data only}
  • Wang Y, Chen C, Wang F, Wang K. Effects of nutrient fortified complementary food supplements on growth of infants and young children in poor rural area in Gansu Province. Journal of Hygiene Research 2007;36(1):78-81.
Weisstaub 2003 {published data only}
Wheeler 1975 {published data only}
  • Wheeler EF. Changes in anthropometric measurements of children recovering from protein-energy malnutrition. The Proceedings of the Nutrition Society 1975;34(1):35-6A.
Williams 2009 {published data only}
  • Williams D. Impact of nutritional supplementation amongst PLHIV in Zambia. Field Exchange 2009;36:25.
Yeudall 2005 {published data only}
  • Yeudall F, Gibson RS, Cullinan TR, Mtimuni B. Efficacy of a community-based dietary intervention to enhance micronutrient adequacy of high-phytate maize-based diets of rural Malawian children. Public Health Nutrition 2005;8(7):826-36.

References to studies awaiting assessment

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
ISRCTN 72956594 {published data only}
  • Devaera Y. Comparing compliance and efficacy of isocaloric oral supplementation using 1.5 Kcal/mL or 1 Kcal/mL sip feeds in mild to moderate malnutrition in children. ClinicalTrials.gov. Registered April 2011.
NCT00941434 {published data only}
  • Bhutta Z. Community based management of malnutrition. ClinicalTrials.gov. Registered July 2009.

References to ongoing studies

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
ISRCTN 19918531 {published data only}
  • Friis H. The WinFood Intervention Study: The effects of improved complementary foods on nutrition and health among Cambodian infants and children, a randomised, single-blind study. ClinicalTrials.gov. Registered February 2011.
NCT01154803 {published data only}
  • Van der Kam S. Effectiveness of nutritional supplementation in preventing malnutrition in children with infection. ClinicalTrials.gov. Registered June 2010.

Additional references

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. References to ongoing studies
  5. Additional references
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