Intervention Review

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Increased consumption of fruit and vegetables for the primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases

  1. Louise Hartley1,
  2. Ewemade Igbinedion1,
  3. Jennifer Holmes2,
  4. Nadine Flowers1,
  5. Margaret Thorogood3,
  6. Aileen Clarke1,
  7. Saverio Stranges1,
  8. Lee Hooper4,
  9. Karen Rees1,*

Editorial Group: Cochrane Heart Group

Published Online: 4 JUN 2013

Assessed as up-to-date: 27 SEP 2012

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD009874.pub2

How to Cite

Hartley L, Igbinedion E, Holmes J, Flowers N, Thorogood M, Clarke A, Stranges S, Hooper L, Rees K. Increased consumption of fruit and vegetables for the primary prevention of cardiovascular diseases. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 6. Art. No.: CD009874. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD009874.pub2.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Division of Health Sciences, Coventry, Warwickshire, UK

  2. 2

    University of Warwick, Warwick Medical School, Coventry, UK

  3. 3

    Division of Health Sciences, Public Health and Epidemiology, Coventry, UK

  4. 4

    University of East Anglia, Norwich Medical School, Norwich, UK

*Karen Rees, Division of Health Sciences, Warwick Medical School, University of Warwick, Coventry, Warwickshire, CV4 7AL, UK. Karen.Rees@warwick.ac.uk. rees_karen@yahoo.co.uk.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New
  2. Published Online: 4 JUN 2013

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[Figure 1]
Figure 1. Study flow diagram.
[Figure 2]
Figure 2. 'Risk of bias' summary: review authors' judgements about each risk of bias item for each included study.
[Figure 3]
Figure 3. 'Risk of bias' graph: review authors' judgements about each risk of bias item presented as percentages across all included studies.
[Analysis 1.1]
Analysis 1.1. Comparison 1 Advice to eat fruit and vegetables, Outcome 1 Systolic blood pressure, change from baseline (mmHg).
[Analysis 1.2]
Analysis 1.2. Comparison 1 Advice to eat fruit and vegetables, Outcome 2 Diastolic blood pressure, change from baseline (mmHg).
[Analysis 1.3]
Analysis 1.3. Comparison 1 Advice to eat fruit and vegetables, Outcome 3 Total cholesterol, change from baseline (mmol/l).
[Analysis 1.4]
Analysis 1.4. Comparison 1 Advice to eat fruit and vegetables, Outcome 4 LDL cholesterol, change from baseline (mmol/l).
[Analysis 1.5]
Analysis 1.5. Comparison 1 Advice to eat fruit and vegetables, Outcome 5 HDL cholesterol, change from baseline (mmol/l).
[Analysis 1.6]
Analysis 1.6. Comparison 1 Advice to eat fruit and vegetables, Outcome 6 Triglycerides, change from baseline (mmol/l).
[Analysis 2.1]
Analysis 2.1. Comparison 2 Provision of fruit and vegetables, Outcome 1 Systolic blood pressure, change from baseline (mmHg).
[Analysis 2.2]
Analysis 2.2. Comparison 2 Provision of fruit and vegetables, Outcome 2 Diastolic blood pressure, change from baseline (mmHg).
[Analysis 2.3]
Analysis 2.3. Comparison 2 Provision of fruit and vegetables, Outcome 3 Total cholesterol, change from baseline (mmol/l).
[Analysis 2.4]
Analysis 2.4. Comparison 2 Provision of fruit and vegetables, Outcome 4 LDL cholesterol, change from baseline (mmol/l).
[Analysis 2.5]
Analysis 2.5. Comparison 2 Provision of fruit and vegetables, Outcome 5 HDL cholesterol, change from baseline (mmol/l).
[Analysis 2.6]
Analysis 2.6. Comparison 2 Provision of fruit and vegetables, Outcome 6 Trigylcerides, change from baseline (mmol/l).