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Electrical stimulation with non-implanted electrodes for overactive bladder in adults

  • Protocol
  • Intervention

Authors


Abstract

This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows:

To access the effects (both beneficial and harmful) of electrical stimulation with non-implanted electrodes for patients with symptoms or urodynamic diagnoses of overactive bladder in adults.

1. Electrical stimulation with non-implanted electrodes versus no active treatment, placebo, or sham treatment.

2. Electrical stimulation with non-implanted electrodes versus conservative treatment (bladder training, pelvic floor muscle training) alone.

3. Electrical stimulation with non-implanted electrodes versus drugs (anticholinergics and others).

4. Electrical stimulation with non-implanted electrodes versus botulinum toxin (surgery).

5. Electrical stimulation with non-implanted electrodes plus conservative treatment (bladder training, pelvic floor muscle training) versus conservative treatment alone.

6. Electrical stimulation with non-implanted electrodes plus conservative treatment (bladder training, pelvic floor muscle training) versus conservative treatment plus complementary therapy (e.g. acupuncture, homeopathy).