Intervention Review

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Interventions for promoting habitual exercise in people living with and beyond cancer

  1. Liam Bourke1,*,
  2. Kate E Homer2,
  3. Mohamed A Thaha3,
  4. Liz Steed1,
  5. Derek J Rosario4,
  6. Karen A Robb5,
  7. John M Saxton6,
  8. Stephanie JC Taylor7

Editorial Group: Cochrane Gynaecological, Neuro-oncology and Orphan Cancer Group

Published Online: 24 SEP 2013

Assessed as up-to-date: 11 SEP 2013

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD010192.pub2


How to Cite

Bourke L, Homer KE, Thaha MA, Steed L, Rosario DJ, Robb KA, Saxton JM, Taylor SJC. Interventions for promoting habitual exercise in people living with and beyond cancer. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2013, Issue 9. Art. No.: CD010192. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD010192.pub2.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, Centre for Primary Care and Public Health, London, UK

  2. 2

    Barts & The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Centre for Primary Care and Public Health, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK

  3. 3

    Barts & The London School of Medicine & Dentistry, Queen Mary University London, Academic Surgical Unit, National Centre for Bowel Research & Surgical Innovation, Centre for Digestive Diseases, Blizard Institute, London, England, UK

  4. 4

    University of Sheffield, Department of Oncology, Sheffield, UK

  5. 5

    Bart's Hospital, Physiotherapy Department, London, UK

  6. 6

    University of East Anglia, School of Allied Health Professions, Norwich, UK

  7. 7

    Centre for Primary Care and Public Health, Barts & The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, London, UK

*Liam Bourke, Centre for Primary Care and Public Health, Barts and The London School of Medicine and Dentistry, Queen Mary University of London, Blizard Institute, Yvonne Carter Building, 58 Turner Street, London, E1 2AB, UK. l.bourke@qmul.ac.uk.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: Edited (no change to conclusions)
  2. Published Online: 24 SEP 2013

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References

References to studies included in this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
Bourke 2011a {published data only}
  • Bourke L, Thompson G, Gibson DJ, Daley A, Crank H, Adam I, et al. Pragmatic lifestyle intervention in patients recovering from colon cancer: a randomized controlled pilot study. Archives of Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation 2011;92:749-55.
Bourke 2011b {published data only}
  • Bourke L, Doll H, Crank H, Daley A, Rosario D, Saxton JM. Lifestyle intervention in men with advanced prostate cancer receiving androgen suppression therapy: a feasibility study. Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers and Prevention 2011;20:647-57.
Cadmus 2009 {published data only}
Daley 2007a {published and unpublished data}
Drouin 2005 {published and unpublished data}
  • Drouin JS, Armstrong H, Krause S, Orr J, Birk TJ, Hryniuk WM, et al. Effects of aerobic exercise training on peak aerobic capacity, fatigue, and psychological factors during radiation for breast cancer. Rehabilitation Oncology 2005;23:11-7.
  • Drouin JS, Birk TJ, Wirth JC. Random control clinical trial on effect of aerobic exercise training on weight management during radiation treatment for breast cancer. Rehabilitation Oncology 2006;24:6-10.
  • Drouin JS, Young TJ, Beeler J, Byrne K, Birk TJ, Hryniuk WM, et al. Random control clinical trial on the effects of aerobic exercise training on erythrocyte levels during radiation treatment for breast cancer. Cancer 2006;107:2490-5.
Hayes 2009 {published and unpublished data}
Kaltsatou 2011 {published and unpublished data}
  • Kaltsatou A, Mameletzi D, Douka S. Physical and psychological benefits of a 24-week traditional dance program in breast cancer survivors. Journal of Bodywork & Movement Therapies 2011;15:162-7.
Kim 2006 {published and unpublished data}
  • Kim CJ, Kang DH, Smith BA, Landers KA. Cardiopulmonary responses and adherence to exercise in women newly diagnosed with breast cancer undergoing adjuvant therapy. Cancer Nursing 2006;29:156-65.
McKenzie 2003 {published and unpublished data}
Musanti 2012 {published data only}
Perna 2010 {published and unpublished data}
  • Perna FM, Craft L, Freund KM, Skrinar G, Stone M, Kachnic L, et al. The effect of a cognitive behavioral exercise intervention on clinical depression in a multiethnic sample of women with breast cancer: a randomized controlled trial. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology 2010;8:36-47.
Pinto 2003 {published data only}
Pinto 2005 {published and unpublished data}
  • Pinto BM, Frierson GM, Rabin C, Trunzo JJ, Marcus BH. Home-based physical activity intervention for breast cancer patients. Journal of Clinical Oncology 2005;23:3577-87.
  • Pinto BM, Rabin C, Dunsiger S. Home-based exercise among cancer survivors: adherence and its predictors. Psycho-oncology 2009;18:369-76.
  • Pinto BM, Rabin C, Papandonatos GD, Frierson GM, Trunzo JJ, Marcus BH. Maintenance of effects of a home-based physical activity program among breast cancer survivors. Support Care Cancer 2008;16:1279-89.
  • Pinto BM, Trunzo JJ, Rabin C, Cady B, Fenton MA, Herman A, et al. Random control clinical trial on effect of aerobic exercise training on weight management during radiation treatment for breast cancer. Journal of Clinical Psychology in Medical Settings 2004;11:171-8.
  • Rabin C, Pinto BM, Frierson G. Mediators of a randomized controlled physical activity intervention for breast cancer survivors. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology 2006;28:269-84.
Pinto 2011 {published and unpublished data}
  • Pinto BM, Papandonatos GD, Goldstein MG, Marcus BH, Farrell N. Home-based physical activity intervention for colorectal cancer survivors. Psycho-oncology Epub 2011; September 9; doi: 10.1002/pon.2047.

References to studies excluded from this review

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
Ahmed 2006 {published data only}
Ames 2011 {published data only}
Anderson 2012 {published data only}
  • Anderson RT, Kimmick GG, McCoy TP, Hopkins J, Levine E, Miller G, et al. A randomized trial of exercise on well-being and function following breast cancer surgery: the RESTORE trial. Journal of Cancer Survivorship 2012;6:172-81.
Arbane 2011 {published and unpublished data}
  • Arbane G, Tropman D, Jackson D, Garrod R. Evaluation of an early exercise intervention after thoracotomy for non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), effects on quality of life, muscle strength and exercise tolerance: randomised controlled trial. Lung Cancer 2011;71:229-34.
Battaglini 2007 {published and unpublished data}
  • Battaglini C, Bottaro M, Dennehy C, Rae L, Shields E, Kirk D, et al. The effects of an individualized exercise intervention on body composition in breast cancer patients undergoing treatment. Sao Paulo Medical Journal 2007;125:22-8.
Battaglini 2008 {published and unpublished data}
  • Battaglini CL, Mihalik JP, Bottaro M, Dennehy C, Petschauer MA, Hairston LS, et al. Effect of exercise on the caloric intake of breast cancer patients undergoing treatment. Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research 2008;41:709-15.
Campbell 2005 {published data only}
  • Campbell A, Mutrie N, White F, McGuire F, Kearney N. A pilot study of a supervised group exercise programme as a rehabilitation treatment for women with breast cancer receiving adjuvant treatment. European Journal of Oncology Nursing 2005;9:56-63.
Cantarero-Villanueva 2011 {published and unpublished data}
  • Cantarero-Villanueva I, Fernández-Lao C, Díaz-Rodriguez L, Fernández-de-las-Peñas C, del Moral-Avila R, Arroyo-Morales M. A multimodal exercise program and multimedia support reduce cancer-related fatigue in breast cancer survivors: a randomised controlled clinical trial. European Journal of Integrative Medicine 2011;3:e189–e200.
Cantarero-Villanueva 2012 {published and unpublished data}
  • Cantarero-Villanueva I, Fernández-Lao C, Del Moral-Avila R, Fernández-de-Las-Peñas C, Feriche-Fernández-Castanys MB, Arroyo-Morales M. Effectiveness of core stability exercises and recovery myofascial release massage on fatigue in breast cancer survivors: a randomized controlled clinical trial. Evidence-Based Complementary and Alternative Medicine Epub 2011 Jul 17. [DOI: 10.1155/2012/620619]
Carmack Taylor 2004 {published data only}
  • Carmack Taylor CL, Smith MA, de Moor C, Dunn AL, Pettaway C, Sellin R, et al. Quality of life intervention for prostate cancer patients: design and baseline characteristics of the Active for Life After Cancer trial. Controlled Clinical Trials 2004;25:265-85.
Carmack Taylor 2006 {published data only}
Carmack Taylor 2007 {published data only}
  • Carmack Taylor CL, de Moor C, Basen-Engquist K, Smith MA, Dunn AL, Badr H, et al. Moderator analyses of participants in the Active for Life After Cancer trial: implications for physical activity group intervention studies. Annals of Behavioral Medicine 2007;33:99-104.
Carson 2009 {published and unpublished data}
  • Carson JW, Carson KM, Porter LS, Keefe FJ, Seewaldt VL. Yoga of Awareness program for menopausal symptoms in breast cancer survivors: results from a randomized trial. Supportive Care in Cancer 2009;17:1301-9.
Cho 2006 {published data only}
  • Cho OH, Yoo YS, Kim NC. Efficacy of comprehensive group rehabilitation for women with early breast cancer in South Korea. Nursing and Health Sciences 2006;8:140-6.
Coleman 2003 {published data only}
  • Coleman EA, Hall-Barrow J, Coon S, Stewart CB. Facilitating exercise adherence for patients with multiple myeloma. Clinical Journal of Oncology Nursing 2003;7:529-34.
Culos Reed 2010 {published data only}
  • Culos-Reed SN, Robinson JW, Lau H, Stephenson L, Keats M, Norris S, et al. Physical activity for men receiving androgen deprivation therapy for prostate cancer: benefits from a 16-week intervention. Supportive Care in Cancer 2010;18:591-9.
Danhauer 2009 {published data only}
Daubenmier 2006 {published data only}
  • Daubenmier JJ, Weidner G, Marlin R, Crutchfield L, Dunn-Emke S, Chi C, et al. Lifestyle and health-related quality of life of men with prostate cancer managed with active surveillance. Urology 2006;67:125-30.
DeNysschen 2011 {published data only}
  • DeNysschen CA, Brown JK, Cho MH, Dodd MJ. Nutritional symptom and body composition outcomes of aerobic exercise in women with breast cancer. Clinical Nursing Research 2011;20:29-46.
Dolan 2010 {published data only}
  • Dolan LB, Gelmon K, Courneya KS, Mackey JR, Segal RJ, Lane K, et al. Hemoglobin and aerobic fitness changes with supervised exercise training in breast cancer patients receiving chemotherapy. Cancer Epidemiology Biomarkers & Prevention 2010;19:2826-32.
Donnelly 2011 {published and unpublished data}
  • Donnelly CM, Blaney JM, Lowe-Strong A, Rankin JP, Campbell A, McCrum-Gardner E, et al. A randomised controlled trial testing the feasibility and efficacy of a physical activity behavioural change intervention in managing fatigue with gynaecological cancer survivors. Gynecologic Oncology 2011;122:618-24.
Emslie 2007 {published data only}
  • Emslie C, Whyte F, Campbell A, Mutrie N, Lee L, Ritchie D, et al. 'I wouldn't have been interested in just sitting round a table talking about cancer'; exploring the experiences of women with breast cancer in a group exercise trial. Health Education Research 2007;22:827-38.
Fernandez-Lao 2012 {published and unpublished data}
  • Fernández-Lao C, Cantarero-Villanueva I, Fernández-de-Las-Peñas C, del Moral-Ávila R, Castro-Sánchez AM, Arroyo-Morales M. Effectiveness of a multidimensional physical therapy program on pain, pressure hypersensitivity, and trigger points in breast cancer survivors: a randomized controlled clinical trial. The Clinical Journal of Pain 2012;28:113-21.
Frattaroli 2008 {published data only}
  • Frattaroli J, Weidner G, Dnistrian AM, Kemp C, Daubenmier JJ, Marlin RO, et al. Clinical events in prostate cancer lifestyle trial: results from two years of follow-up. Urology 2008;72:1319-23.
Galvao 2010 {published data only}
  • Galvão DA, Taaffe DR, Spry N, Joseph D, Newton RU. Combined resistance and aerobic exercise program reverses muscle loss in men undergoing androgen suppression therapy for prostate cancer without bone metastases: a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Clinical Oncology 2010;28:340-7.
Galvao 2011 {published data only}
  • Galvão DA, Taaffe DR, Spry N, Joseph D, Newton RU. Acute versus chronic exposure to androgen suppression for prostate cancer: impact on the exercise response. The Journal of Urology 2011;186:1291-7.
Gomez 2011 {published data only}
  • Gómez AM, Martínez C, Fiuza-Luces C, Herrero F, Pérez M, Madero L, et al. Exercise training and cytokines in breast cancer survivors. International Journal of Sports Medicine 2011;32:461-7.
Haines 2010 {published data only}
  • Haines TP, Sinnamon P, Wetzig NG, Lehman M, Walpole E, Pratt T, et al. Multimodal exercise improves quality of life of women being treated for breast cancer, but at what cost? Randomized trial with economic evaluation. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 2010;124:163-75.
Hayes 2011 {published and unpublished data}
  • Hayes S, Rye S, Battistutta D, Yates P, Pyke C, Bashford J, et al. Design and implementation of the Exercise for Health trial-a pragmatic exercise intervention for women with breast cancer. Contemporary Clinical Trials 2011;32:577-85.
Headley 2004 {published data only}
Heim 2007 {published data only}
  • Heim ME, v d Malsburg ML, Niklas A. Randomized controlled trial of a structured training program in breast cancer patients with tumor-related chronic fatigue. Onkologie 2007;30:429-34.
Herrero 2006 {published data only}
  • Herrero F, San Juan AF, Fleck SJ, Balmer J, Pérez M, Cañete S, et al. Combined aerobic and resistance training in breast cancer survivors: a randomized, controlled pilot trial. International Journal of Sports Medicine 2006;27:573-80.
Kavanagh 2009 {published data only}
  • Kavanagh MB, von Gruenigen VE, Courneya KS, Gibbons HE, Waggoner SE, Lerner E. Effects of a lifestyle intervention on nutrient intake in overweight/obese endometrial cancer survivors. The European e-Journal of Clinical Nutrition and Metabolism 2009;4:e143-e147.
Kilbreath 2006 {published data only}
  • Kilbreath S, Refshauge K, Beith J, Lee M. Resistance and stretching shoulder exercises early following axillary surgery for breast cancer. Rehabilitation Oncology 2006;24:9-14.
Kilbreath 2012 {published data only}
  • Kilbreath SL, Refshauge KM, Beith JM, Ward LC, Lee M, Simpson JM, et al. Upper limb progressive resistance training and stretching exercises following surgery for early breast cancer: a randomized controlled trial. Breast Cancer Research and Treatment 2012;133:667-76.
Kim 2010 {published data only}
  • Kim do S, Sim YJ, Jeong HJ, Kim GC. Effect of active resistive exercise on breast cancer-related lymphedema: a randomized controlled trial. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2010;91:1844-8.
Klinkhammer-Schalke 2012 {published data only}
  • Klinkhammer-Schalke M, Koller M, Steinger B, Ehret C, Ernst B, Wyatt JC, et al. Regensburg QoL Study Group. Direct improvement of quality of life using a tailored quality of life diagnosis and therapy pathway: randomised trial in 200 women with breast cancer. British Journal of Cancer 2012;106:826-38.
Ligibel 2008 {published and unpublished data}
  • Ligibel JA, Campbell N, Partridge A, Chen WY, Salinardi T, Chen H, et al. Impact of a mixed strength and endurance exercise intervention on insulin levels in breast cancer survivors. Journal of Clinical Oncology 2008;26:907-12.
Ligibel 2009 {published and unpublished data}
  • Ligibel JA, Giobbie-Hurder A, Olenczuk D, Campbell N, Salinardi T, Winer EP, et al. Impact of a mixed strength and endurance exercise intervention on levels of adiponectin, high molecular weight adiponectin and leptin in breast cancer survivors. Cancer Causes & Control 2009;20:1523-8.
MacVicar 1989 {published data only}
Manassero 2007 {published data only}
  • Manassero F, Traversi C, Ales V, Pistolesi D, Panicucci E, Valent F, et al. Contribution of early intensive prolonged pelvic floor exercises on urinary continence recovery after bladder neck-sparing radical prostatectomy: results of a prospective controlled randomized trial. Neurourology and Urodynamics 2007;26:985–9.
McClure 2010 {published data only}
  • McClure MK, McClure RJ, Day R, Brufsky AM. Randomized controlled trial of the Breast Cancer Recovery Program for women with breast cancer-related lymphedema. The American Journal of Occupational Therapy 2010;64:59-72.
McGuire 2011 {published data only}
  • McGuire R, Waltman N, Zimmerman L. Intervention components promoting adherence to strength training exercise in breast cancer survivors with bone loss. Western Journal of Nursing Research 2011;33:671-89.
McNeely 2004 {published and unpublished data}
  • McNeely ML, Parliament M, Courneya KS, Seikaly H, Jha N, Scrimger R, et al. A pilot study of a randomized controlled trial to evaluate the effects of progressive resistance exercise training on shoulder dysfunction caused by spinal accessory neurapraxia/neurectomy in head and neck cancer survivors. Head and Neck 2004;26:518-30.
Mock 1994 {published data only}
  • Mock V, Burke MB, Sheehan P, Creaton EM, Winningham ML, McKenney-Tedder S, et al. A nursing rehabilitation program for women with breast cancer receiving adjuvant chemotherapy. Oncology Nursing Forum 1994;21:899-907.
Mock 1997 {published data only}
  • Mock V, Dow KH, Meares CJ, Grimm PM, Dienemann JA, Haisfield-Wolfe ME, et al. Effects of exercise on fatigue, physical functioning, and emotional distress during radiation therapy for breast cancer. Oncology Nursing Forum 1997;24:991-1000.
Mock 2005 {published data only}
Monga 2007 {published data only}
  • Monga U, Garber SL, Thornby J, Vallbona C, Kerrigan AJ, Monga TN, et al. Exercise prevents fatigue and improves quality of life in prostate cancer patients undergoing radiotherapy. Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation 2007;88:1416-22.
Mulero Portela 2008 {published and unpublished data}
  • Portela AL, Santaella CL, Gómez CC, Burch A. Feasibility of an exercise program for Puerto Rican women who are breast cancer survivors. Rehabilitation Oncology 2008;26:20-31.
Mustian 2008 {published data only}
  • Mustian KM, Palesh OG, Flecksteiner SA. Tai Chi Chuan for breast cancer survivors. Medicine and Sport Science 2008;52:209-17.
Mutrie 2007 {published and unpublished data}
  • Mutrie N, Campbell AM, Whyte F, McConnachie A, Emslie C, Lee L, et al. Benefits of supervised group exercise programme for women being treated for early stage breast cancer: pragmatic randomised controlled trial. BMJ 2007;334:517.
Nieman 1995 {published data only}
  • Nieman DC, Cook VD, Henson DA, Suttles J, Rejeski WJ, Ribisl PM, et al. Moderate exercise training and natural killer cell cytotoxic activity in breast cancer patients. International Journal of Sports Medicine 1995;16:334-7.
Nikander 2007 {published data only}
  • Nikander R, Sievänen H, Ojala K, Oivanen T, Kellokumpu-Lehtinen PL, Saarto T. Effect of a vigorous aerobic regimen on physical performance in breast cancer patients-a randomized controlled pilot trial. Acta Oncologica 2007;46:181-6.
Ohira 2006 {published data only}
Ornish 2005 {published data only}
  • Ornish D, Weidner G, Fair WR, Marlin R, Pettengill EB, Raisin CJ, et al. Intensive lifestyle changes may affect the progression of prostate cancer. The Journal of Urology 2005;174:1065-9.
Ornish 2008a {published data only}
  • Ornish D, Magbanua MJ, Weidner G, Weinberg V, Kemp C, Green C, et al. Changes in prostate gene expression in men undergoing an intensive nutrition and lifestyle intervention. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences in the United States of America 2008a;105:8369-74.
Ornish 2008b {published data only}
Payne 2008 {published data only}
  • Payne JK, Held J, Thorpe J, Shaw H. Effect of exercise on biomarkers, fatigue, sleep disturbances, and depressive symptoms in older women with breast cancer receiving hormonal therapy. Oncology Nursing Forum 2008;35:635-42.
Pickett 2002 {published data only}
Rahnama 2010 {published and unpublished data}
  • Rahnama N, Nouri R, Rahmaninia F, Damirchi A, Emami H. The effects of exercise training on maximum aerobic capacity, resting heart rate, blood pressure and anthropometric variables of postmenopausal women with breast cancer. Journal of Research in Medical Sciences 2010;15:78-83.
Rogers 2009 {published and unpublished data}
  • Rogers LQ, Hopkins-Price P, Vicari S, Pamenter R, Courneya KS, Markwell S, et al. A randomized trial to increase physical activity in breast cancer survivors. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise 2009;41:935-46.
Rogers 2012 {published and unpublished data}
  • Rogers LQ, Fogleman A, Trammell R, Hopkins-Price P, Vicari S, Rao K, et al. Effects of a physical activity behavior change intervention on inflammation and related health outcomes in breast cancer survivors: pilot randomized trial. Integrative Cancer Therapies 2012;4(2013):323-35. [DOI: 10.1177/1534735412449687]
Sandel 2005 {published data only}
  • Sandel SL, Judge JO, Landry N, Faria L, Ouellette R, Majczak M. Dance and movement program improves quality-of-life measures in breast cancer survivors. Cancer Nursing 2005;28:301-9.
Schmitz 2009 {published and unpublished data}
Schmitz 2010 {published and unpublished data}
  • Schmitz KH, Ahmed RL, Troxel AB, Cheville A, Lewis-Grant L, Smith R, et al. Weight lifting for women at risk for breast cancer-related lymphedema: a randomized trial. JAMA 2010;304:2699-705.
Segal 2001 {published and unpublished data}
  • Segal R, Evans W, Johnson D, Smith J, Colletta S, Gayton J, et al. Structured exercise improves physical functioning in women with stages I and II breast cancer: results of a randomized controlled trial. Journal of Clinical Oncology 2001;19:657-65.
Segal 2003 {published and unpublished data}
  • Segal RJ, Reid RD, Courneya KS, Malone SC, Parliament MB, Scott CG, et al. Resistance exercise in men receiving androgen deprivation therapy for prostate cancer. Journal of Clinical Oncology 2003;21:1653-9.
Segal 2009 {published and unpublished data}
  • Segal RJ, Reid RD, Courneya KS, Sigal RJ, Kenny GP, Prud'Homme DG, et al. Randomized controlled trial of resistance or aerobic exercise in men receiving radiation therapy for prostate cancer. Journal of Clinical Oncology 2009;27:344-51.
von Gruengien 2008 {published and unpublished data}
  • von Gruenigen VE, Courneya KS, Gibbons HE, Kavanagh MB, Waggoner SE, Lerner E. Feasibility and effectiveness of a lifestyle intervention program in obese endometrial cancer patients: a randomized trial. Gynecologic Oncology 2008;109:19-26.
von Gruengien 2009 {published and unpublished data}
  • von Gruenigen VE, Gibbons HE, Kavanagh MB, Janata JW, Lerner E, Courneya KS. A randomized trial of a lifestyle intervention in obese endometrial cancer survivors: quality of life outcomes and mediators of behavior change. Health and Quality of Life Outcomes 2009;7:17.
von Gruengien 2012 {published and unpublished data}
  • von Gruenigen V, Frasure H, Kavanagh MB, Janata J, Waggoner S, Rose P, et al. Survivors of uterine cancer empowered by exercise and healthy diet (SUCCEED): a randomized controlled trial. Gynecologic Oncology 2012;125:699-704.
Waltman 2010 {published and unpublished data}
  • Waltman NL, Twiss JJ, Ott CD, Gross GJ, Lindsey AM, Moore TE, et al. The effect of weight training on bone mineral density and bone turnover in post menopausal breast cancer survivors with bone loss: a 24-month randomized controlled trial. Osteoporosis International 2010;21:1361-9.
Wang 2012 {published data only}
Yang 2011 {published data only}
Yeo 2012 {published and unpublished data}
  • Yeo TP, Burrell SA, Sauter PK, Kennedy EP, Lavu H, Leiby BE, et al. A progressive postresection walking program significantly improves fatigue and health-related quality of life in pancreas and periampullary cancer patients. Journal of the American College of Surgeons 2012;214:463-75.
Yuen 2007 {published and unpublished data}
  • Yuen HK, Sword D. Home-based exercise to alleviate fatigue and improve functional capacity among breast cancer survivors. Journal of Allied Health 2007;36:e257-75.

References to studies awaiting assessment

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
Bai 2004 {published data only}

 

Chen 2010 {published data only}

 

Cho 2004 {published data only}

 

Dong 2006 {published data only}

 

Guo 2004 {published data only}

 

LeVu 1997 {published data only}

 

Oliveira 2010 {published data only}

 

Park 2006 {published data only}

 

Wang 2005 {published data only}

 

Zhang 2005 {published data only}

 

Additional references

  1. References to studies included in this review
  2. References to studies excluded from this review
  3. References to studies awaiting assessment
  4. Additional references
Ainsworth 2011
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Bandura 2000
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    Direct Link:
Bandura 2002
Bennett 2007
  • Bennett JA, Lyons KS, Winters-Stone K, Nail LM, Scherer J. Motivational interviewing to increase physical activity in long-term cancer survivors: a randomized controlled trial. Nursing Research 2007;56(1):18-27.
Borg 1982
Bourke 2011
  • Bourke L, Doll H, Crank H, Daley A, Rosario DJ, Saxton J. Lifestyle intervention in men with advanced prostate cancer receiving androgen suppression therapy: a feasibility study. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention 2011;20(4):647-57.
Bourke 2012
Carver 1982
Coleman 2011
  • Coleman MP, Forman D, Bryant H, Butler J, Rachet B, Maringe C, et al. Cancer survival in Australia, Canada, Denmark, Norway, Sweden, and the UK, 1995-2007 (the International Cancer Benchmarking Partnership): an analysis of population-based cancer registry data. Lancet 2011; Vol. 377:127-38.
Courneya 2003
Courneya 2010
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Cramp 2012
Das and Horton 2012
Demark-Wahnefried 2007
  • Demark-Wahnefried W, Clipp EC, Lipkus IM, Lobach D, Snyder DC, Sloane R, et al. Main outcomes of the FRESH START trial: a sequentially tailored, diet and exercise mailed print intervention among breast and prostate cancer survivors. Journal of Clinical Oncology 2007;25(19):2709-18.
Department of Health 2011
  • Department of Health Physical Activity Health Improvement and Protection. Start Active, Stay Active: A report on physical activity from the four home countries’ Chief Medical Officers. http://www.dh.gov.uk/prod_consum_dh/groups/dh_digitalassets/documents/digitalasset/dh_128210.pdf [accessed 4 January 2012].
Department of Health 2012
  • Department of Health. Quality of Life of Cancer Survivors in England: report on a pilot survey using Patient Reported Outcome Measures (PROMS), 2012. https://www.gov.uk/government/uploads/system/uploads/attachment_data/file/127273/9284-TSO-2900701-PROMS.pdf [accessed 01/02/2013].
Elliott 2011
  • Elliott J, Fallows A, Staetsky L, Smith PWF, Foster CL, Maher EJ, et al. The health and well-being of cancer survivors in the UK: findings from a population-based survey. British Journal of Cancer 2011;105:S11–S20.
Fong 2012
Galway 2012
  • Galway K, Black A, Cantwell M, Cardwell CR, Mills M, Donnelly M. Psychosocial interventions to improve quality of life and emotional well being for recently diagnosed cancer patients. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2012;11:CD007064.
Gardner 2011
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Godin 1986
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Greaves 2011
  • Greaves CJ, Sheppard KE, Abraham C, Hardeman W, Roden M, Evans PH, et al. Systematic review of reviews of intervention components associated with increased effectiveness in dietary and physical activity interventions. BMC Public Health 2011;11:119.
Haydon 2006
Higgins 2011
  • Higgins JPT, Green S (Editors). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions Version 5.1.0 [updated March 2011]. The Cochrane Collaboration, 2011. www.cochrane-handboook.org.
Holick 2008
  • Holick CN, Newcomb PA, Trentham-Dietz A, Titus-Ernstoff L, Bersch AJ, Stampfer MJ, et al. Physical activity and survival after diagnosis of invasive breast cancer. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers and Prevention 2008;17(2):379-86.
Holmes 2005
Husebø 2013
Ibrahim 2011
Kamangar 2006
  • Kamangar F, Dores GM, Anderson WF. Patterns of cancer incidence, mortality, and prevalence across five continents: defining priorities to reduce cancer disparities in different geographic regions of the world. Journal of Clinical Oncology 2006;24(14):2137-50.
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