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Electronic cigarettes for smoking cessation and reduction

  • Protocol
  • Intervention



This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows:

The primary objective is to evaluate the efficacy of electronic cigarettes (ECs) for helping people who smoke to achieve long-term cessation.

The secondary objectives are to evaluate the efficacy of ECs for helping smokers to substantially reduce cigarette use and to assess potential adverse effects.