Pelvic floor muscle training added to another active treatment versus the same active treatment alone for urinary incontinence in women

  • Protocol
  • Intervention



This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows:

To compare the effects of pelvic floor muscle training (PFMT) combined with another active treatment versus the same active treatment alone in the management of adult women with urinary incontinence.

The comparisons will be:

A Physical

  • PFMT added to life-style intervention (e.g. weight reduction) versus life-style intervention alone (life-style intervention must be structured or supervised)

  • PFMT added to vaginal cones versus vaginal cones alone

  • PFMT added to bladder training versus bladder training alone (bladder training must include scheduled voiding regimen)

B Electrical / magnetic

  • PFMT added to electrical versus electrical stimulation alone (excluding implanted electrodes)

  • PFMT added to magnetic stimulation versus magnetic stimulation alone

C Mechanical

  • PFMT added to pessaries versus pessaries alone

D Drugs

  • PFMT added to drug therapy (e.g. tolterodine) versus drug therapy alone

E Surgery

  • PFMT prior to surgical intervention (e.g. TVT) versus surgical intervention alone

F Other

  • PFMT added to any other stand-alone active treatment versus the same stand-alone active treatment.