Intervention Protocol

You have free access to this content

Centre-based early education interventions for improving school readiness

  1. Geraldine Macdonald,
  2. Claire J McCartan*

Editorial Group: Cochrane Developmental, Psychosocial and Learning Problems Group

Published Online: 8 JAN 2014

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD010913

How to Cite

Macdonald G, McCartan CJ. Centre-based early education interventions for improving school readiness (Protocol). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2014, Issue 1. Art. No.: CD010913. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD010913.

Author Information

  1. Queen's University Belfast, Institute of Child Care Research, School of Sociology, Social Policy and Social Work, Belfast, Northern Ireland, UK

*Claire J McCartan, Institute of Child Care Research, School of Sociology, Social Policy and Social Work, Queen's University Belfast, 6 College Park, Belfast, Northern Ireland, BT7 1LP, UK.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New
  2. Published Online: 8 JAN 2014



Additional references

Adelman 2008
  • Adelman HS, Taylor L. School-wide approaches to addressing barriers to learning and teaching. In: Doll B, Cummings J editor(s). Transforming School Mental Health Services: Population-Based Approaches to Promoting the Competency and Wellness of Children. Thousand Oaks, CA: Corwin Press, 2008.
Aiona 2005
  • Aiona S. Assessing school readiness. Educational Perspectives 2005;38(1):47-50.
Alexander 2001
  • Alexander KL, Entwisle DR, Kabbani NS. The dropout process in life course perspective: early risk factors at home and school. Teachers College Record 2001;103(5):760-822.
    Direct Link:
Bracken 1998
  • Bracken BA. Bracken Basic Concept Scale Revised. San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation, 1998.
Brigance 1992
  • Brigance A. Brigance Diagnostic Inventory of Early Development-Revised. North Billerica, MA: Curriculum Associates, 1992.
Brooks-Gunn 1997
Brooks-Gunn 2005
  • Brooks-Gunn J, Markman LB. The contribution of parenting to ethnic and racial gaps in school readiness. The Future of Children 2005;15(1):141-68.
Brownell 2000
  • Brownell R. Expressive One-Word Picture Vocabulary Test. London: Psychological Corporation, 2000.
Camilli 2010
  • Camilli G, Vargas S, Ryan S, Barnett WS. Meta-analysis of the effects of early education interventions on cognitive and social development. Teachers College Record 2010;112(3):579-620.
Caprara 2000
  • Caprara G, Barbaranelli C, Pastorelli C, Bandura A, Zimbardo P. Prosocial foundations of children's academic achievement. Psychological Science 2000;11(4):302-6.
    Direct Link:
  • Consultative Group on Early Childhood Care and Development. Funding the future: strategies for early childhood investment, costing and financing. Co-ordinators Notebook 2008;30:1-79.
Chambers 2010
  • Chambers B, Cheung A, Slavin RE, Smith D, Laurenzano M. Effective Early Childhood Education Programmes: A Best Evidence Synthesis. Berkshire: CFBT, 2010.
Coley 2002
  • Coley RJ. An Uneven Start: Indicators of Inequality in School Readiness. Policy Information Report. Princeton, NJ: Educational Testing Service, 2002.
Connolly 1992
  • Connolly S, Micklewright J, Nickell S. The occupational success of young men who left school at sixteen. Oxford Economic Papers 1992;44:460-79.
Currie 2001
  • Currie J, Thomas D. Early test scores, school quality and SES: longrun effects on wage and employment outcomes. Worker Wellbeing in a Changing Labor Market 2001;20:103-32.
Darrow 2009
  • Darrow CL. Language and literacy effects of curriculum interventions for preschools serving economically disadvantaged children: a meta-analysis. Annual Meeting of the Society for Research on Educational Effectiveness; 2009 Mar. Alexandria, Virginia, 2009.
Datar 2006
Diekstra 2008
  • Diekstra RFW. Effectiveness of school-based social and emotional education programmes worldwide. 2008 (accessed 15 October 2013):1-32.
DiPerna 1999
  • DiPerna JC, Elliott SN. The development and validation of the academic competence evaluation scales. Journal of Psychoeducational Assessment 1999;17:207-25.
Donner 1980
Duncan 1997
  • Duncan G, Brooks-Gunn J. Consequences of Growing Up Poor. New York: Russell Sage Foundation, 1997.
Duncan 2007
Duncan 2010
Dunn 2007
  • Dunn DM, Dunn LM. Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test-Third Edition. San Antonio, TX: Pearson, 2007.
Durlak 2011
Elkind 2001
  • Elkind D, Whitehurst GJ. Young Einsteins. Much too early: much too late. Education Matters 2001;1(2):8-21.
Fleischman 2010
  • Fleischman HL, Hopstock PJ, Pelczar MP, Shelley BE. Highlights from PISA 2009: performance of US 15-year-old students in reading, mathematics, and science literacy in an international context (NCES 2011-004). US Department of Education, National Center for Education Statistics. Washington, DC: US Government Printing Office 2010.
Glascoe 1995
Grantham-McGregor 2007
  • Grantham-McGregor S, Cheung YB, Cueto S, Glewwe P, Richter L, Strupp B. Developmental potential in the first 5 years for children in developing countries. Lancet 2007;369(9555):60-70.
Grolnick 1994
Haines 1980
  • Haines J, Ames LB, Gillespie C. The Gesell Preschool Test Manual. Lumberville, PA: Modern Learning Press, 1980.
Handa 2008
  • Handa S, Sharma A. Economic losses due to failure to provide early childhood development services: empirical evidence from Eastern and Southern Africa. Coordinators Notebook 2008;30:24-6.
Harmon 1988
  • Harmon C, Walker I. Selective Schooling and the Returns to the Quantity and Quality of Education. Dublin: Department of Economics, University College Dublin, 1988.
Head Start Resource Centre 2011
  • Head Start Resource Center. The Head Start Child Development and Early Learning Framework. Promoting Positive Outcomes in Early Childhood Programs Serving Children 3-5 Years Old. Arlington, VA: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Administration for Children and Families, Office of Head Start, 2011.
Helburn 2002
Hertzman 1996
Higgins 2011
  • Higgins JPT, Green S (editors). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. Chichester: John Wiley & Sons, 2011.
Janus 2007
  • Janus M, Brinkman S, Duku E, Hertzman C, Santos R, Sayers M, et al. The Early Development Instrument: A population-Based Measure for Communities. A Handbook on Development, Properties, and Use. Hamilton, Ontario: Orford Centre for Child Studies, McMaster University, 2007.
Kagan 1997
  • Kagan SL, Neuman MJ. Defining and implementing school readiness: challenges for families, early care and education, and schools. In: Weissberg RP, Gullotta TP, Hampton RL, Ryan BA, Adams GR editor(s). Healthy Children 2010: Establishing Preventive Services. Issues in Children's and Families' Lives. Vol. 9, Thousand Oaks, CA, US: Sage Publications, 1997:61-96.
Kern 2009
  • Kern ML, Friedman HS. Early educational milestones as predictors of lifelong academic achievement, midlife adjustment, and longevity. Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology 2009;30(4):419-30.
Kutash 2006
  • Kutash K, Duchnowski AJ, Lynn N. School-Based Mental Health: An Empirical Guide for Decision-Makers. Tampa, FL: University of South Florida, Louis de la Parte Florida Mental Health Institute, Department of Child and Family Studies, Research and Training Center for Children's Mental Health, 2006.
Lacy 1997
  • Lacy GL. Head Start Social Services: Experiences, Perceptions, and Benefits from the Perspective of Head Start Mothers. Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University, 1997.
Lee 2002
  • Lee VE, Burkam DT. Inequality at the Starting Gate: Social Background Differences in Achievement as Children begin School. Washington, DC: Economic Policy Institute, 2002.
Lipina 2009
  • Lipina SJ, Colombo JA. Poverty and Brain Development During Childhood: An Approach from Cognitive Psychology and Neuroscience. Human Brain Development Series. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association, 2009.
Loeber 2000
  • Loeber R, Farrington D. Young children who commit crime: epidemiology, developmental origins, risk factors, early interventions, and policy implications. Development and Psychopathology 2000;12(4):737-62.
Lynch 1997
  • Lynch M, Cicchetti D. Children's relationships with adults and peers: an examination of elementary and junior high school students. Journal of School Psychology 1997;35(1):81-99.
Mardell-Czudnowski 1998
  • Mardell-Czudnowski C, Goldenberg DS. Developmental Indicators for the Assessment of Learning, Third Edition. San Antonio, TX: Pearson, 1998.
McEwan 2008
  • McEwan PJ, Shapiro JS. The benefits of delayed primary school enrollment discontinuity estimates using exact birth dates. Journal of Human Resources 2008;43(1):1-29.
Miller 2012
  • Miller S, Maguire LK, Macdonald G. Home-based child development interventions for preschool children from socially disadvantaged families. Campbell Systematic Reviews 2012;1:1-70. [DOI: 10.4073/csr.2012.1]
National Education Goals Panel 1991
  • National Education Goals Panel. The National Education Goals Report: Building a Nation of Learners. Washington, DC: National Education Goals Panel, 1991.
National Education Goals Panel 1997
  • National Education Goals Panel. Getting a Good Start in School. Washington, DC: National Education Goals Panel, 1997.
Nonoyama-Tarumi 2009
  • Nonoyama-Tarumi Y, Bredenberg K. Impact of school readiness program interventions on children's learning in Cambodia. International Journal of Educational Development 2009;29(1):34-45.
  • Office for Standards in Education. The education of six year olds in England, Denmark and Finland: an international comparative study. HMI 1660 2003.
Pasi 2001
  • Pasi RJ. Higher Expectations: Promoting Social and Emotional Learning and Academic Achievement in your School. New York: Teachers College Press, 2001.
Petrosino 2012
  • Petrosino A, Morgan C. Interventions in developing nations for improving primary and secondary school enrollment of children: a systematic review. Campbell Systematic Reviews 2012;19:1-191.
Pianta 1996
  • Pianta RC, Walsh DJ. High-Risk Children in Schools. Constructing Sustaining Relationships. New York: Routledge, 1996.
Prais 1997
  • Prais SJ. School-readiness, whole-class teaching and pupils' mathematical attainments. National Institute of Economic and Social Research, London 1997.
RevMan 2012 [Computer program]
  • The Nordic Cochrane Centre, The Cochrane Collaboration. Review Manager (RevMan). Version 5.2. Copenhagen: The Nordic Cochrane Centre, The Cochrane Collaboration, 2012.
Robertson 1996
  • Robertson D, Symons J. Do Peer Groups Matter? Peer Group Versus Schooling Effects on Academic Attainment. Working Paper No. 311. London, UK: Centre for Economic Performance, London School of Economics, 1996.
Roid 2003
  • Roid GH. Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales, Fifth Edition. Itasca, IL: Riverside, 2003.
Russell 1986
Save the Children 2004
  • Save the Children. Early Childhood Care and Development: A Positive Impact, Myanmar. Yangon: Nepal Field Office, Save the Children, 2004.
Sawhill 2012
  • Sawhill IV, Winship S, Searle Grannis K. Pathways to the Middle Class: Balancing Personal and Public Responsibilities. Washington, DC: The Brookings Institution: Center on Children and Families, 2012.
Schofield 2006
  • Schofield JW. Migration background, minority-group membership and academic achievement: Research evidence from social, educational, and developmental psychology. AKI Research Review 5. Berlin: Programme on Intercultural Conflicts and Societal Integration (AKI), Social Science Research Center 2006.
Sterne 2011
  • Sterne JA, Egger M, Moher D. Chapter 10: Addressing reporting biases. In: Higgins JP, Green S editor(s). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. Chichester, UK: John Wiley & Sons, 2011.
Stith 2003
Sugai 2000
  • Sugai G, Horner RH, Dunlap G, Hieneman M, Lewis TJ, Nelson CM, et al. Applying positive behavior support and functional behavioral assessment in schools. Journal of Positive Behavior Interventions 2000;2(3):131-43.
Thorndike 1986
  • Thorndike RL, Hagen EP, Sattler JM. Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scale: Fourth Edition. Chicago: Riverside, 1986.
  • UNESCO. EFA Global Monitoring Report 2007: Strong Foundations Early Childhood Care and Education. Paris: UNESCO, 2007.
  • UNICEF. Building a World Fit for Children. New York: United Nations General Assembly Special Session on Children, 2003.
  • UNICEF. School Readiness: A Conceptual Framework. New York: United Nations Children's Fund, 2012.
United Nations 2000
  • United Nations General Assembly Resolution 55/2. United Nations Millennium Declaration. New York: United Nations, 2000.
Walker 2007
Washbrook 2011
  • Washbrook E, Waldfogel J. On Your Marks: Measuring the School Readiness of Children in Low-to-Middle Income Families. London, UK: Resolution Foundation, 2011.
Waters 2005
Wechsler 2002
  • Wechsler D. The Wechsler Individual Achievement Test. San Antonio: Psychological Corporation, 2002.
Wechsler 2003
  • Wechsler D. Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children–Fourth Edition (WISC-IV) Administration and Scoring Manual. San Antonio, TX: The Psychological Corporation, 2003.
West 2000
  • West J, Denton K, Germino-Hausken E. American's Kindergartners: Findings from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study, Kindergarten Class of 1998-99, Fall 1998. Washington, DC: National Center for Education Statistics, US Department of Education, 2000.
Woodhead 1985
World Education Forum 2000
  • World Education Forum. The Dakar Framework for Action. Education for All: Meeting our Collective Commitments. Dakar, Senegal: World Education Forum, 2000.
Yoshikawza 2011
  • Yoshikawza H. Immigrants raising citizens: undocumented parents and their young children. Russel Sage Foundation 2011.
Young 1989
  • Young D. Non-reading Intelligence Tests. London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1989.
Zelazo 2006
Zill 1998
  • Zill N, Loomis LS, West J. The Elementary School Performance and Adjustment of Children who Enter Kindergarten Late or Repeat Kindergarten: Findings from National Survey (NCES No: 98-097). Washington, DC: Department of Education, 1998.
Zins 2004
  • Zins JE, Weissberg RP, Walberg HJ, Wang MC. Building Academic Success on Social and Emotional Learning. New York: Teachers College Press, 2004.