Opioids for the palliation of refractory breathlessness in adults with advanced disease and terminal illness

  • Protocol
  • Intervention



This is a protocol for a Cochrane Review (Intervention). The objectives are as follows:

To determine the effectiveness of opioid drugs in relieving the symptom of breathlessness in patients with either advanced malignancy, or with advanced respiratory or cardiovascular disease, or receiving palliative care for any other disease.