Intervention Protocol

You have free access to this content

Educational programmes for primary prevention of skin cancer

  1. Danette Langbecker1,*,
  2. Abbey Diaz2,
  3. Raymond J Chan3,4,
  4. Louise Marquart5,
  5. David Hevey6,
  6. Janelle Hamilton7

Editorial Group: Cochrane Skin Group

Published Online: 7 APR 2014

DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD011061

How to Cite

Langbecker D, Diaz A, Chan RJ, Marquart L, Hevey D, Hamilton J. Educational programmes for primary prevention of skin cancer (Protocol). Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2014, Issue 4. Art. No.: CD011061. DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD011061.

Author Information

  1. 1

    Queensland University of Technology, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Kelvin Grove, Australia

  2. 2

    Menzies School of Health Research, Charles Darwin University, Epidemiology and Health Systems, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

  3. 3

    Royal Brisbane and Women's Hospital, Cancer Care Services, Brisbane, Queensland, Australia

  4. 4

    Queensland University of Technology, School of Nursing and Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Brisbane, Australia

  5. 5

    QIMR Berghofer Medical Research Institute, QIMR/RBWH Statistics Unit, Brisbane, Australia

  6. 6

    Trinity College Dublin, School of Psychology, Dublin 2, Ireland

  7. 7

    The University of Nottingham, c/o Cochrane Skin Group, Nottingham, UK

*Danette Langbecker, Institute of Health and Biomedical Innovation, Queensland University of Technology, 60 Musk Avenue, Kelvin Grove, 4059, Australia.

Publication History

  1. Publication Status: New
  2. Published Online: 7 APR 2014



Additional references

AIHW 2005
  • The Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW). Health system expenditures on cancer and other neoplasms in Australia, 2000-2001: Health and Welfare Expenditure Series no. 22. Vol. AIHW cat. no. HWE 29, Canberra: AIHW, 2005.
AIHW 2012
  • Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW) & Australasian Association of Cancer Registries (AACR). Cancer in Australia: an overview, 2012. Vol. Cancer series no. 74. Cat no. CAN 70, Canberra: Australian Institute of Health and Welfare (AIHW), 2012b.
Bath-Hextall 2007
Bradford 2010
  • Bradford PT, Anderson WF, Purdue MP, Goldstein AM, Tucker MA. Rising melanoma incidence rates of the trunk among younger women in the United States. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention 2010;19(9):2401-6. [MEDLINE: 20826837]
Buller 2011
  • Buller DB, Cokkinides V, Hall HI, Hartman AM, Saraiya M, Miller E, et al. Prevalence of sunburn, sun protection, and indoor tanning behaviors among Americans: Review from national surveys and case studies of 3 states. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 2011;65(5 Suppl 1):S114.e1-e11.
Burdon-Jones 2010
Cancer Council Australia 2013
  • Cancer Council Australia. Preventing Skin Cancer. (accessed 18 Sept 2013).
Chapman 2011
  • Chapman PB, Hauschild A, Robert C, Haanen JB, Ascierto P, Larkin J, et al. Improved survival with vemurafenib in melanoma with BRAF V600E mutation. New England Journal of Medicine 2011;364(26):2507-16. [MEDLINE: 21639808]
Chen 2001
Cohen 2010
  • Cohen JL. Actinic Keratosis Treatment as a Key Component of Preventive Strategies for Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer. Journal of Clinical & Aesthetic Dermatology 2010;3(6):39-44. [MEDLINE: 20725550]
Cohn-Cedermark 2000
Donaldson 2011
English 1997
Gallagher 2010
  • Gallagher RP, Lee TK, Bajdik CD, Borugian M. Ultraviolet Radiation. Chronic Diseases in Canada 2010;29(Suppl 1):51-68. [MEDLINE: 21199599]
Garbe 2009
Giles 1996
Goulart 2011
  • Goulart JM, Quigley EA, Dusza S, Jewell ST, Alexander G, Asgari MM, et al. Skin cancer education for primary care physicians: a systematic review of published evaluated interventions. Journal of General Internal Medicine 2011;26(9):1027-35. [MEDLINE: 21472502]
Green 1999
  • Green A, Williams G, Neale R, Hart V, Leslie D, Parsons P, et al. Daily sunscreen application and betacarotene supplementation in prevention of basal-cell and squamous-cell carcinomas of the skin: a randomised controlled trial. Lancet 1999;354(9180):723-9. [MEDLINE: 10475183]
Green 2011
Green 2013
Hacker 2013
Harrison 2000
Higgins 2011
  • Higgins JPT, Green S (editors). Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions. Version 5.1.0 [updated March 2011]. The Cochrane Collaboration, 2011. Available from The Cochrane Collaboration. Available from
Hiom 2006
Holick 2007
Housman 2003
  • Housman TS, Feldman SR, Williford PM, Fleischer AB Jr, Goldman ND, Acostamadiedo JM, et al. Skin cancer is among the most costly of all cancers to treat for the Medicare population. Journal of American Academy of Dermatology 2003;48(3):425-9. [MEDLINE: 12637924]
IARC 1992
  • International Agency for Research on Cancers. Solar and ultraviolet radiation. IARC Monographs on the Evaluation of Carcinogenic risks to Humans. Vol. 55, Lyon: WHO-IARC Press, 1992.
Jemal 2008
Kricker 2007
Langbecker 2011
Lasithiotakis 2006
LaVigne 2005
  • LaVigne EA, Oliveria SA, Dusza SW, Geller AC, Halpern AC, Marghoob AA. Clinical and Dermoscopic Changes in Common Melanocytic Nevi in School Children: the Framingham School Nevus Study. Dermatology 2005;211(3):234-9. [MEDLINE: 16205068]
Leiter 2008
Leiter 2012
  • Leiter U, Buettner PG, Eigentler TK, Brocker EB, Voit C, Gollnick H, et al. Hazard rates for recurrent and secondary cutaneous melanoma: an analysis of 33,384 patients in the German Central Malignant Melanoma Registry. Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 2012;66(1):37-45. [MEDLINE: 21700361]
Linos 2009
Livingston 2007
Lomas 2012
Madan 2010
Marcil 2000
  • Marcil I, Stern RS. Risk of Developing a Subsequent Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer in Patients With a History of Nonmelanoma Skin Cancer: A Critical Review of the Literature and Meta-analysis. Archives of Dermatology 2000;136(12):1524-30. [MEDLINE: 11115165]
Markin 2013
Matsuoka 1987
  • Matsuoka LY, Ide L, Wortsman J, MacLaughlin JA, Holick MF. Sunscreens suppress cutaneous vitamin D3 synthesis. Journal of Clinical Endocrinology & Metabolism 1986;64(6):1165-8. [MEDLINE: 3033008]
Michie 2011
Ramos 2004
  • Ramos J, Villa J, Ruiz A, Armstrong R, Matta J. UV dose determines key characteristic of nonmelanoma skin cancer. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Prevention 2004;13(12):2006-2011. [MEDLINE: 15598755]
Reed 2012
  • Reed KB, Brewer JD, Lohse CM, Bringe KE, Pruitt CN, Gibson LE. Increasing incidence of melanoma among young adults: an epidemiological study in Olmsted County, Minnesota. Mayo Clinic Proceedings 2012;87(4):328-34. [MEDLINE: 22469345]
Saraiya 2004
  • Saraiya M, Glanz K, Briss PA, Nichols P, White C, Das D, et al. Interventions to prevent skin cancer by reducing exposure to ultraviolet radiation: a systematic review. American Journal of Preventive Medicine 2004;27(5):422-66. [MEDLINE: 15556744]
Singh 2003
Spratt 1981
Stang 2006
Staples 2006
  • Staples MP, Elwood M, Burton RC, Williams JL, Marks R, Giles GG. Non-melanoma skin cancer in Australia: the 2002 national survey and trends since 1985. Medical Journal of Australia 2006;184(1):6-10. [MEDLINE: 16398622]
Stern 1986
Stern 2010
Thompson 2005
Van der Pols 2006
  • Van der Pols JC, Williams GM, Pandeya N, Logan V, Green AC. Prolonged prevention of squamous cell carcinoma of the skin by regular sunscreen use. Cancer Epidemiology, Biomarkers & Preventions 2006;15(12):2546-8. [MEDLINE: 17132769]
Welsh 2011
WHO 1988
  • World Health Organization. Health Promotion Glossary 1988. (accessed 18 September 2013).
WHO 2012
  • World Health Organization. Health education: theoretical concepts, effective strategies and core competencies: a foundation document to guide capacity development of health educators. World Health Organization. Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean, 2012.
Wolf 2002
  • Wolf F, Guevara JP, Grum CM, Clark NM, Cates CJ. Educational interventions for asthma in children. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews 2002, Issue 4. [DOI: 10.1002/14651858.CD000326]