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Keywords:

  • fumonisin;
  • immunoaffinity column;
  • regeneration

Abstract

Eighteen maize samples were assayed for fumonisin B1 (FB1) and B2 content by immunoaffinity column coupled with high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC). The FumoniTest columns were used once for the isolation of fumonisins (single-use column method). In the second part of the assay the columns were regenerated. After elution with methanol, PBS solution was left on the column for one day at room temperature to regenerate the columns (regenerated column method). The efficiency of columns regenerated twice was tested by determining FB1 recovery and the reproducibility of the determinations. The recovery rate of FB1 proved to be 82 % by the single-use column method (RSD: 5.7 %) and 82.6 % (RSD: 5.6 %) by the regenerated column method; 500–8000 ng FB1 loaded onto the columns did not affect column performances. Nearly identical values were obtained when the FB1 content of fumonisin-containing maize samples was determined by both methods. The results indicate that the FumoniTest columns can be regenerated by the method applied at least twice without decrease in column performance. The fumonisin affinity, capacity and specificity of the regenerated columns were not changed. Thus, columns regenerated in this way can be used for determining the fumonisin content of maize samples at least three times. Copyright © 1999 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.