• 1
    Brooks PM. NSAIDs. In: KlippelJH, DieppePA, editors. Rheumatology. London: Mosby; 1998. p.
  • 2
    Robbers JE, Tyler VE. Tyler's herbs of choice: the therapeutic use of phytomedicinals. New York: Haworth Press; 1999.
  • 3
    Kiuchi F, Iwakami S, Shibuya M, Hanaoka F, Sankawa U. Inhibition of prostaglandin and leukotriene biosynthesis by gingerols and diarylheptanoids. Chem Pharm Bull 1992; 40: 38791.
  • 4
    Altman RD, Marcussen KC. Effects of a ginger extract on knee pain in patients with osteoarthritis. Arthritis Rheum 2001; 44: 25318.
  • 5
    Lequesne M, Brandt K, Bellamy N, Moskovits R, Menkes CJ, Pelletier JP. Guidelines for testing slow acting drugs in osteoarthritis. J Rheumatol 1994; 21: 6573.
  • 6
    Bliddal H, Rosetzsky A, Schlichting P, Weidner MS, Andersen LA, Ibfelt H-H, et al. A randomized, placebo-controlled, cross-over study of ginger extracts and ibuprofen in osteoarthritis. Osteoarthritis Cartilage 2001; 8: 912.
  • 7
    Office of Inspector General. Adverse event reporting for dietary supplements: an inadequate safety valve. Publication no. OEI-01-00-00180. Washington (DC): Department of Health and Human Services; 2001: p. 1110.
  • 8
    Ernst E. Harmless herbs? A review of the recent literature. Am J Med 1998; 104: 1708.
  • 9
    Winslow LC, Kroll DJ. Herbs as medicines. Arch Intern Med 1998; 158: 21929.
  • 10
    Ernst E. Possible interactions between synthetic and herbal medicinal products: I: a systematic review of the indirect evidence. Perfusion 2000; 13: 415.
  • 11
    Moore LB, Goodwin B, Jones SA, Wisely GB, Serabjit-Singh CJ, Willson TM, et al. St. John's wort induces hepatic drug metabolism through activation of the pregnane receptor. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 2000; 97: 75002.