Toward policies for climate change mitigation: “Barriers for family-sized biogas in the District of Gihanga, Burundi”
Article first published online: 21 MAY 2014
© 2014 The Authors.
This is an open access article under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivs License, which permits use and distribution in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited, the use is non-commercial and no modifications or adaptations are made.
Volume 2, Issue 5, pages 245–255, May 2014
How to Cite
2013), Toward policies for climate change mitigation: “Barriers for family-sized biogas in the District of Gihanga, Burundi”, Earth's Future, 2, doi:10.1002/2013EF000138., , and (
- Issue published online: 11 JUN 2014
- Article first published online: 21 MAY 2014
- Accepted manuscript online: 18 DEC 2013 02:00PM EST
- Manuscript Accepted: 12 DEC 2013
- Manuscript Received: 24 JUL 2013
- University of Brussels
- Biogas energy;
- Local Governance;
- Ordinary Least Squares (OLS);
- Behavioral model
In the context of climate change mitigation and poverty reduction, it has been argued that biogas energy is relevant, as it is economically and ecologically useful. In the 1980s, biogas use played an important role in the development of Burundi. Many schools and public institutions had implemented such installations. Unfortunately, many biogas infrastructures were destroyed in the civil war of the 1990s. This study analyzes what could be done, after a decade of crisis, to develop that sector. It aims to assess how and to what extent the inhabitants of villages are willing to contribute to the development of biogas technologies. We interviewed 150 farmers in order to assess their perception on the ecologic and economic features of biogas plants if implemented in their villages. The influence of socioeconomic, cultural, and demographic factors of households was assessed in this study. Results suggest that the maximum amount that a household is willing to pay each month for biogas use at a family level is positive for large-size households, households that are aware of climate change, consumers of candles, households with high income, households with an educated head, women, and breeders. However, the willingness decreases for households with older head of families. The study concludes that awareness campaigns on biogas benefits and financial and nonfinancial incentives are necessary. This policy should probably and primarily be oriented toward some more receptive categories of the population. Women should be fully involved, considering their positive motivation toward sustaining this sector.