Exploring Hawaiian Volcanism
AGU Chapman Conference: Hawaiian Volcanoes, From Source to Surface; Waikoloa, Hawai‘i, 20–24 August 2012
Article first published online: 12 FEB 2013
This paper is not subject to U.S. copyright. Published in 2013 by the American Geophysical Union.
Eos, Transactions American Geophysical Union
Volume 94, Issue 7, page 72, 12 February 2013
How to Cite
2013), Exploring Hawaiian Volcanism, Eos Trans. AGU, 94(7), 72., , and (
- Issue published online: 12 FEB 2013
- Article first published online: 12 FEB 2013
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In 1912 the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory (HVO) was established by Massachusetts Institute of Technology professor Thomas A. Jaggar Jr. on the island of Hawaii. Driven by the devastation he observed while investigating the volcanic disasters of 1902 at Montagne Pelée in the Caribbean, Jaggar conducted a worldwide search and decided that Hawai‘i provided an excellent natural laboratory for systematic study of earthquake and volcano processes toward better understanding of seismic and volcanic hazards. In the 100 years since HVO's founding, surveillance and investigation of Hawaiian volcanoes have spurred advances in volcano and seismic monitoring techniques, extended scientists’ understanding of eruptive activity and processes, and contributed to development of global theories about hot spots and mantle plumes.