The Inner Heliosphere at Fifty

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Abstract

Recent observations show that the Sun's magnetic field is flipping, marking one of the weakest sunspot cycle maxima in recent history. Many consequences have been observed and are under study, from a significant diminishing of the upper atmosphere's density [Solomon et al., 2010] to record low levels of geomagnetic activity [Richardson, 2013] to the large increase of local galactic cosmic ray fluxes starting in the preceding solar minimum [Mewaldt et al., 2010].