Large-Scale Blast Experiments Examine Subsurface Explosions



Volcanic craters are often formed by multiple subsurface explosions caused by the interaction of magma and groundwater [Lorenz, 1973; Valentine and White, 2012]. To understand the processes and products of such explosions, scientists spent 2 years conducting experiments that produced craters on the meter scale at the Geohazards Field Station in Ashford, N. Y.