We categorize slow slip events at Kilauea Volcano into two distinct families based on GPS measurements of the surface displacement patterns. An event correlation filter confirms that “eastern” and “western” families are statistically distinguishable, with the western family notably self-similar. The western family exhibits quasi-periodicity with regular repeat times, while eastern family events are aperiodic or have complicated periodicity. If the decollement is the source fault for both families of events, it must have varying frictional properties at the ~10 km scale of separation. The temporal slip and spatial scaling behavior are consistent with a simplistic rate- and state-dependent frictional formalism provided that the characteristic slip distance for state evolution, Dc, is of the order of millimeters rather than the 10–100 µm typically found in lab studies, and the shear rigidity is around 2 GPa, consistent with fault gouge material.
If you can't find a tool you're looking for, please click the link at the top of the page to "Go to old article view". Alternatively, view our Knowledge Base articles for additional help. Your feedback is important to us, so please let us know if you have comments or ideas for improvement.