The Cryosphere in a Changing Climate

World Climate Research Programme and Climate and Cryosphere Project Workshop; Tromsø, Norway, 16–18 October 2013



The World Climate Research Programme (WCRP) Joint Science Committee has announced a series of “Grand Challenges,” calls to scientists to focus their research on areas that are important in understanding the climate system. One such area is the cryosphere in a changing climate. A 2012 draft white paper on this topic ( served as the basis for a WCRP workshop held in mid-October 2013 in Tromsø, Norway. The workshop centered on four themes: predictions and projections of polar climate; cryosphere model biases and shortcomings; ice sheet models, dynamics, and sea level rise; and permafrost and carbon for Earth system models.