Published Online: 15 OCT 2009
Copyright © 2003 by Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA. All rights reserved.
Encyclopedia of Applied Physics
How to Cite
Jameson, R., Bisognano, J. and Lapostolle, P. 2009. Linear Accelerators. Encyclopedia of Applied Physics. 495–532.
- Published Online: 15 OCT 2009
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Linear accelerators (a subcategory of particle accelerators) are essential tools used for fundamental research and practical applications, including particle and nuclear physics, energy production, chemistry, materials and biological sciences, and medicine. Beams of electrons, protons, and many other particles can be generated, requiring a diversity of different accelerator structures. Scientists continue to build higher energy and higher current linear accelerators, making use of and often pushing the progress in many technological fields like high-power radiofrequency sources, precision mechanics, high vacuum, magnetics, superconducting materials, wideband electronics, digital controls, and precision civil engineering.
- accelerator structure;
- beam dynamics;
- beam intensity;
- phase space;
- AG focusing