Standard Article

Laser Cooling and Trapping of Neutral Atoms

  1. Harold J. Metcalf1,
  2. Peter van der Straten2

Published Online: 15 JUL 2004

DOI: 10.1002/3527600434.eap031.pub2

Encyclopedia of Applied Physics

Encyclopedia of Applied Physics

How to Cite

Metcalf, H. J. and van der Straten, P. 2004. Laser Cooling and Trapping of Neutral Atoms. Encyclopedia of Applied Physics. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    State University of New York, Department of Physics, Stony Brook, N.Y., USA

  2. 2

    Utrecht University, Debye Institute, Department of Atomic and Interface Physics, Utrecht, The Netherlands

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2004


This article presents a review of some of the principal techniques of laser cooling and trapping that have been developed during the past 20 years. Its approach is primarily experimental, but its quantitative descriptions are consistent in notation with most of the theoretical literature.


  • laser cooling;
  • atom trapping;
  • optical lattice;
  • Bose–Einstein condensation