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Biorheology

  1. Rudolf Dietrich Bauer,
  2. Tilmann Volk

Published Online: 15 AUG 2009

DOI: 10.1002/3527600434.eap046.pub2

Encyclopedia of Applied Physics

Encyclopedia of Applied Physics

How to Cite

Dietrich Bauer, R. and Volk, T. 2009. Biorheology. Encyclopedia of Applied Physics. 669–710.

Author Information

  1. Institut für Zelluläre und Molekulare Physiologie der Universität Erlangen-Nümberg, Erlangen, Germany

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 AUG 2009

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

  • 1
    Introduction
  • 2
    Rheological Concepts
    • 2.1
      Basic Constitutive Equations
    • 2.2
      Viscoelastic Models
      • 2.2.1
        Transient Tests
      • 2.2.2
        Oscillatory Tests
    • 2.3
      Pressure–Volume Relationships
    • 2.4
      Pressure–Flow Relationships
      • 2.4.1
        Laminar Flow
      • 2.4.2
        Turbulent Flow
      • 2.4.3
        Oscillatory Flow
  • 3
    Rheology of Body Fluids
    • 3.1
      Viscosity of Non-Newtonian Fluids
    • 3.2
      Instrumentation
    • 3.3
      Rheology of Blood
      • 3.3.1
        Macrorheology
      • 3.3.2
        Microrheology
    • 3.4
      Rheology of Viscoelastic Body Fluids
  • 4
    Hemodynamics
    • 4.1
      Heart Mechanics
      • 4.1.1
        Events of the Cardiac Cycle
      • 4.1.2
        Rheological Properties of the Heart
    • 4.2
      Rheological Approaches to Arteries
      • 4.2.1
        Quasistatic Mechanical Properties of Arteries
      • 4.2.2
        Dynamic Mechanical Properties of Arteries
    • 4.3
      Pressure and Flow in the Vascular System
      • 4.3.1
        Systemic Arteries
      • 4.3.2
        Pulmonary System
      • 4.3.3
        Arterial Dynamics
      • 4.3.4
        Pressure and Flow in Veins
  • 5
    Pneumodynamics
    • 5.1
      Functional Anatomy of the Lungs
      • 5.1.1
        Airways
      • 5.1.2
        Lung Volumes
      • 5.1.3
        Ventilation
    • 5.2
      Mechanics of Breathing
      • 5.2.1
        Mechanics of Inspiration
      • 5.2.2
        Mechanics of Expiration
    • 5.3
      Rheology of the Respiratory Tract
      • 5.3.1
        Rheology of the Lung
      • 5.3.2
        Rheology of the Chest
      • 5.3.3
        Rheology of the Lung–Chest System
    • 5.4
      Air Flow in the Respiratory Tract
      • 5.4.1
        Intrapulmonary Pressure
      • 5.4.2
        Distribution of Airway Resistances
      • 5.4.3
        Pressure–Air Flow Relationship
    • 5.5
      Acronyms

Keywords:

  • Voigt model;
  • retardation time;
  • stress relaxation;
  • tangent elastic modulus