Standard Article

Equations of State

  1. Marvin Ross

Published Online: 15 JUL 2007

DOI: 10.1002/3527600434.eap136.pub2

Encyclopedia of Applied Physics

Encyclopedia of Applied Physics

How to Cite

Ross, M. 2007. Equations of State. Encyclopedia of Applied Physics. .

Author Information

  1. University of California, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory, Livermore, California, U.S.A.

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 JUL 2007

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

  • 1
    Introduction
  • 2
    Fundamental Principles
    • 2.1
      Intermolecular Forces
    • 2.2
      Statistical Thermodynamics
  • 3
    Overview of the Phase Diagram
    • 3.1
      Critical Point
    • 3.2
      Law of Corresponding States
    • 3.3
      Melting of Solids
    • 3.4
      Superfluids
    • 3.5
      Plasmas—The Saha-Boltzmann Ionization Equation
  • 4
    Statistical Mechanics of Fluids
    • 4.1
      Virial Expansion for a One-Component Gas
    • 4.2
      Van der Waals Equation
    • 4.3
      Computer Simulations—Exact Results
    • 4.4
      Perturbation Theory
    • 4.5
      Integral-Equation Theories
  • 5
    the Theory of Solids
    • 5.1
      The Local-Density Approximation
    • 5.2
      The Mie-Grüneisen Equation of State
    • 5.3
      Thermal Electron Properties
    • 5.4
      Empirical Equations of State
  • 6
    Matter At Extreme Conditions
    • 6.1
      Static Experiments
    • 6.2
      Shock-Wave Experiments
    • 6.3
      Pressure-Induced Transitions
    • 6.4
      Metallic State at Ultrahigh Density
    • 6.5
      Statistical Atom Models
    • 6.6
      Shell-Structure Effects in Compressed Solids
  • 7
    Acknowledgment