Standard Article


  1. Alv Egeland1,
  2. Nelson C. Maynard2

Published Online: 15 APR 2003

DOI: 10.1002/3527600434.eap188

Encyclopedia of Applied Physics

Encyclopedia of Applied Physics

How to Cite

Egeland, A. and Maynard, N. C. 2003. Ionosphere. Encyclopedia of Applied Physics. .

Author Information

  1. 1

    University of Oslo, Oslo, Norway

  2. 2

    Hanscom Air Force Base, Phillips Laboratory, Massachusetts, U.S.A.

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 APR 2003

Options for accessing this content:

  • If you are a society or association member and require assistance with obtaining online access instructions please contact our Journal Customer Services team.
  • Login via other institutional login options
  • You can purchase online access to this Article for a 24-hour period (price varies by title)
    • If you already have a Wiley Online Library or Wiley InterScience user account: login above and proceed to purchase the article.
    • New Users: Please register, then proceed to purchase the article.

Login via OpenAthens


Search for your institution's name below to login via Shibboleth.

Please register to:

  • Save publications, articles and searches
  • Get email alerts
  • Get all the benefits mentioned below!

Register now >