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Particle Impact Phenomena

  1. Norman H. Tolk,
  2. Michael Albert,
  3. Justin Gregory,
  4. Glennys Mensing,
  5. Andrew Steigerwald,
  6. Travis Wade

Published Online: 15 OCT 2009

DOI: 10.1002/3527600434.eap310.pub2

Encyclopedia of Applied Physics

Encyclopedia of Applied Physics

How to Cite

Tolk, N. H., Albert, M., Gregory, J., Mensing, G., Steigerwald, A. and Wade, T. 2009. Particle Impact Phenomena. Encyclopedia of Applied Physics. 375–402.

Author Information

  1. Vanderbilt University, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Nashville, USA

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 15 OCT 2009

Abstract

The article contains sections titled:

  • 1
    Introduction
  • 2
    Scattering from a Coulomb Potential
  • 3
    Electron Impact
    • 3.1
      Interaction Mechanisms
      • 3.1.1
        Collisions with Electrons in the Solid
      • 3.1.2
        Scattering from the Lattice
      • 3.1.3
        Bremsstrahlung
    • 3.2
      Phenomena
      • 3.2.1
        Plasmons
      • 3.2.2
        Radiative Transitions
      • 3.2.3
        Auger Processes
      • 3.2.4
        Desorption Induced by Electronic Transitions (DIET)
      • 3.2.5
        Secondary Electron Emission
    • 3.3
      Applications
      • 3.3.1
        Scattered-Beam Electrons
      • 3.3.2
        Electrons from the Target
      • 3.3.3
        Fluorescence Measurements
  • 4
    Ion Impact
    • 4.1
      Interaction Mechanisms
      • 4.1.1
        Elastic Collisions with Target Atoms
      • 4.1.2
        Collisions with Electrons in the Solid
    • 4.2
      Phenomena
      • 4.2.1
        Depth Dependence of Backscattering
      • 4.2.2
        Sputtering
      • 4.2.3
        Channeling
      • 4.2.4
        Damage and amorphization
      • 4.2.5
        Electronic Excitations
    • 4.3
      Applications
      • 4.3.1
        Measuring Beam Particles
      • 4.3.2
        Recoil Target Atoms
      • 4.3.3
        Fluorescence Measurements
  • 5
    Photon Impact
    • 5.1
      Interaction Mechanisms
      • 5.1.1
        Electronic Absorption
      • 5.1.2
        Nuclear Scattering
      • 5.1.3
        Coupling to Vibrational and Rotational Modes
    • 5.2
      Phenomena
      • 5.2.1
        Photoelectric Effect
      • 5.2.2
        Compton Scattering
      • 5.2.3
        Raman Scattering
      • 5.2.4
        Two-Phonon Absorption
      • 5.2.5
        Resonant Bond Breaking
      • 5.2.6
        Laser Ablation
      • 5.2.7
        Exciton Creation
      • 5.2.8
        Pockels and Kerr Effects
      • 5.2.9
        Coherent Phonon Generation
      • 5.2.10
        Sum Frequency Generation
    • 5.3
      Applications
      • 5.3.1
        Scattered or Absorbed Incident Light
      • 5.3.2
        Electrons from the Target
      • 5.3.3
        Measuring Scattered Light
      • 5.3.4
        Mode Locking Lasers
  • 6
    Neutron Impact
    • 6.1
      Interaction Mechanisms
      • 6.1.1
        Scattering from Target Nuclei
      • 6.1.2
        Elastic Scattering from a Lattice
      • 6.1.3
        Neutron Activation
    • 6.2
      Neutron-Bombardment Phenomena
      • 6.2.1
        Phonon Emission and Absorption
      • 6.2.2
        Decay-Product Energy Loss
    • 6.3
      Applications
      • 6.3.1
        Elastic Scattering
      • 6.3.2
        Inelastic Scattering
      • 6.3.3
        Reaction Products
      • 6.3.4
        Spallation
  • 7
    Conclusion

Keywords:

  • Rutherford backscattering;
  • particle beams;
  • Coulomb potential;
  • dipole matrix;
  • photon irradiation;
  • plasmons;
  • lattice vectors