Photoemission and Photoelectron Spectra
Published Online: 15 JUL 2004
Copyright © 2003 by WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co KGaA. All rights reserved.
Encyclopedia of Applied Physics
How to Cite
Himpsel, F. J. and Lindau, I. 2004. Photoemission and Photoelectron Spectra. Encyclopedia of Applied Physics. .
- Published Online: 15 JUL 2004
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Applications of photoelectron spectroscopy and related techniques are reviewed. They include photoelectric yield spectroscopy, absorption spectroscopy from core levels, photoelectron spectroscopy of core-level shifts (XPS or ESCA), angle-resolved photoemission and inverse photoemission, EXAFS, and photoelectron diffraction. These techniques provide information about structure, bonding, and electronic states of atoms, molecules, solids, surfaces, and nanostructures. Advances in detectors and light sources, such as high-resolution multidetection and synchrotron radiation from undulators, are breaking ground for new applications. Among those are element-resolved microscopy and high-resolution spectroscopy of the electronic states relevant to magnetism, superconductivity, and transport properties.
- photoelectron spectroscopy;
- electronic states;
- valence electrons;
- core electrons;
- synchrotron radiation